• Title/Summary/Keyword: competitive partners

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Japan's "Last Hope": Myanmar as an arena for Sino-Japanese competition, coordination and global standardization

  • Zappa, Marco
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.278-297
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    • 2021
  • Despite competing strategical interests over Southeast Asia that have emerged in the last decade, with the launch of wide scope geopolitical strategies Chinese and Japanese initiatives have been characterized by a certain degree of implicit coordination, particularly in offering support to the Myanmar state's territorializing strategies for economic development. The case of the Thilawa Special Economic Zones (SEZ) is exemplary, as it was a Japan-led project which became a model and benchmark example for similar development initiatives supported by the People's Republic of China.