• Title, Summary, Keyword: cognitive status

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Nutritional Status and Cognitive Status of the Elderly Using Public Health Center in Ulsan (울산지역 보건소 이용 노인들의 영양상태와 인지상태)

  • 이영수;김혜경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.35 no.10
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    • pp.1070-1080
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    • 2002
  • This study was designed to obtain the information concerning food intake, dietary habits, functional status, health condition and cognitive status of the elderly using public health center in Ulsan area. The subjects of this study consisted 154 elderly persons aged 60~82 years. Interviews were conducted using the health habits and food frequency questionnaires to provide basic information for nutrition education program. We evaluated the current food intake, dietary cholesterol intake (cholesterol index), functional status, cognitive function and blood analysis of the subjects. The results of this study were as follows : Mean age of the subjects was 68.7 $\pm$ 6.7years. The average cognitive status score of the subjects was 7.9 $\pm$ 2.0 (full score was 10.0). Male had a higher cognitive status score than female. There was significant difference between cognitive status score and age, education level, pocket money, physical activity and living condition. The subjects who had a higher cognitive status score ate more fish and meats group and milk and milk products than the subjects had a lower cognitive status score. And hemoglobin level, serum triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol and atherogenic index affected to cognitive status while fasting blood glucose and LDL-cholesterol did not any effect on cognitive status. These results have demonstrated that various socioeconomic variables and food intake pattern and nutritional status affect on cognitive status with aging and suggest that proper nutrition education and adequate nutrient intake in quality and quantity are essential in maintaining cognitive status in later life.

Relationship of Socioeconomic Status and Food Intake to Cognitive Status of the Older Population

  • Kim, Hye-Kyung
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.173-177
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    • 2003
  • This study was done to investigate the relationship of socioeconomic status and food intake to cognitive status of the older population. The subjects of this study consisted of 214 older persons aged 60 - 84 years. Interviews were conducted using the health-related habits and food frequency questionnaires to provide basic information for nutrition education program. We evaluated the current food consumption-pattern and cognitive status of the subjects. The results of this study were as follows: Mean age of the subjects was 69.7${\pm}$7.4 years. The average cognitive function score of the subjects was 7.9${\pm}$2.0 (full score was 10.0). Male had a higher cognitive status score than female. There was significant difference between cognitive status score and age, education level, pocket money, physical activity and family type. The subjects who had a higher cognitive status score ate more fish and meats group and milk and milk products than the subjects that had a lower cognitive status score. These results have demonstrated that various socioeconomic variables and food intake pattern affect on cognitive status with aging and suggest that proper nutrition education and adequate nutrient intake in quality and quantity are essential in maintaining cognitive status in later life.

A Study on Degree of Cognitive Impairment and Health Status of the Aged in Seoul Area (서울지역 일부 양노시설 노인과 재가노인 인지장애정도와 건강상태에 관한 연구)

  • Tak Sung Hee;Rhee Seonja;Oh Jin Joo
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.21-49
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    • 1992
  • This study was carried out to assess the degree of cognitive impairment and health status for the aged people in seoul area. The subjects were selected 117 aged at the nursing home and 101 residents from the community. To assess the cognitive function, Mini-Mental Status Examination(MMSE-K) and the assessement tool of health status for the elderly which was developed by Lee(1989) used to check the health status. The followings are the results of the Survey Study; 1. The elderly who were assessed as a cognitive impairment status was $47.9\%$ of the nursing home people and $42.6\%$ of the ordinary community residency elderly. 2. Health status of the community residency elderly was much better condition than the status of the nursing home residency elderly. 3. There was a significant relationship between the degree of cognitive impairment and the physical health status.

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Comparison of Hand Functions According to Cognitive Status and Age (인지상태와 연령에 따른 손 기능의 비교)

  • Chae, Jung-Byung;Han, Seung-Hyup
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.217-224
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze the hand functions of elderly persons according to their cognitive status and age. Methods: A total of 65 persons voluntarily participated in the study. The subjects were divided into three groups: impairment cognitive group, normal cognitive group, adult group (persons in their twenties). Assessment of cognitive status was performed using a mini-mental state examination for Koreans (MMSE-K). Hand function was assessed using the Purdue pegboard test. The collected data were analyzed using a one-way ANOVA and Pearsonn Acorrelation. Results: There were significant differences in hand functions in the three groups. Post-hoc test results showed significant differences between each group. There were statistically significant differences in the correlation among hand functions, cognitive status, and age. The findings of this study suggest that hand functions have a positive correlation with cognitive status. However, a negative correlation was found between hand function and age. Conclusion: According to the study's results, hand functions are correlated with age and cognitive functions in elderly persons. This study suggests that hand rehabilitation with cognitive intervention increases hand functions in elderly persons.

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Factors Influencing Physical Activity in Elderly Women at Senior Citizen Centers (경로당 여성노인의 신체활동에 대한 영향요인)

  • Seo, Kyung Hee;Eun, Young
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.236-244
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate physical activity of elderly women at senior citizen centers and to identify factors influencing physical activity. Methods: The study was conducted from February 22 to April 20, 2013 for 200 elderly women at senior citizen centers in J City. Levels of physical activity, cognitive function, and nutritional status were measured. Results: The total physical activity amount was $2118.94{\pm}2.36$ MET-min. The average cognitive function score was $21.17{\pm}4.63$, and the average nutritional status score was $24.04{\pm}3.37$. There were significant relationships among physical activity, cognitive function, and nutritional status. In addition, there were significant differences of groups of physical activity by levels of cognitive function and nutritional status. Cognitive function, nutritional status, and age were significantly associated with level of physical activity in elderly women. Conclusion: The results showed many older women were doing moderate physical activity. Physical activity was associated with cognitive function and nutritive conditions. Integrated health promotion program needs to be implemented to increase physical activity level, the cognitive function, and nutritive conditions in elderly women.

Fluid intake, hydration status and its association with cognitive function among adolescents in Petaling Perdana, Selangor, Malaysia

  • Tung, Serene En Hui;Ch'ng, Yi Zhang;Karnan, Thaneswary V;Chong, Pei Nee;Zubaidah, Jamil Osman;Chin, Yit Siew
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.490-500
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    • 2020
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: A cross-sectional study was undertaken to evaluate fluid intake and hydration status in association with cognitive function among 230 adolescents (10-14 years of age) in Petaling Perdana, Selangor, Malaysia. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Urine color was used to measure hydration status, while fluid intake was assessed using the 15-item beverage intake questionnaire. Cognitive function was assessed using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition. RESULTS: More than half of the adolescents were mildly or moderately dehydrated (59.6%) and only one-third (33.0%) were well hydrated. Among the daily fluid types, intakes of soft drinks (r = -0.180; P = 0.006), sweetened tea (r = -0.184; P = 0.005) and total sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) (r = -0.199; P = 0.002) were negatively correlated with cognitive function. In terms of hydration status, cognitive function score was significantly higher (F-ratio = 4.102; P = 0.018) among hydrated adolescents (100.38 ± 12.01) than in dehydrated (92.00 ± 13.63) counterparts. Hierarchical multiple linear regression analysis, after adjusting for socio-demographic factors, showed that soft drinks (β = -0.009; P < 0.05) and sweetened tea (β = -0.019; P < 0.05) negatively predicted cognitive function (ΔR2 = 0.044). When further control for sources of fluid, hydration status (β = -2.839; P < 0.05) was shown to negatively predict cognitive function (ΔR2 = 0.021). The above variables contributed 20.1% of the variance in cognitive function. CONCLUSIONS: The results highlight the links between fluid intake (soft drinks, sweetened tea, total SSBs) and hydration status with cognitive function in adolescents. Interventions aimed at decreasing the consumption of SSBs and increasing hydration status through healthy fluid choices, such as water, could improve cognitive performance in adolescents.

Gender Differences in the Cognitive Function and Nutritional Status in Older Age: A Representative Nationwide Data of Korean Elders (노인의 성별에 따른 인지기능과 영양관리상태의 차이)

  • Shin, Sujin;Hwang, Eunhee
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.209-219
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the gender differences in the cognitive function and nutritional status among elderly people living in the community. Methods: This study used data from the 2014 National Survey on the Elderly and focused on 10,054 respondents who answered that they did not have dementia. The Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination for Dementia Screening and the Nutrition Screening Initiative were used. IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 was used to conduct statistical analyses. Results: The cognitive function score was 25.30 for men, which was higher than for women. The percentage of subjects who showed cognitive decline was 25.5% for males and 50.2% for females, which was statistically significant (p<.001). There were statistically significant differences in the nutritional status between males and females (p<.001). There was a statistically significant negative correlation between the cognitive function and nutritional status in both men and women (p<.001, p<.001). Conclusion: These results showed that the intervention to maintain cognitive functioning should be provided to elderly women with a low education level or high number of chronic diseases and medication, and an intervention to prevent the cognitive decline of the elderly should include nutritional management for health and function maintenance.

The Effect of Depression, Nutritional Status and Cognitive Function on Life Satisfaction of the Elderly (노인의 우울, 영양상태 및 인지기능이 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Yeong-Kyong
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.623-634
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    • 2019
  • Our study aims to assess life satisfaction and evaluate its relationship with depression, nutritional status and cognitive function among the elderly. This study is a pathway analysis study using 9089 elderly people and was conducted as a supplemental analysis using the data from the 2017 Korean Elderly Examination Survey. As a result, depression, nutritional status, cognitive function and life satisfaction showed significant correlation. Nutritional status(.46, p=.007), and cognitive function(-.27, p=.014) were directly affected by depression. Both nutritional status(.08, p=.009) and cognitive function(-.03, p=.010) had effect on life satisfaction but life satisfaction was mediated by nutritional status and cognitive function in affecting to life satisfaction. It suggests that nursing intervention is needed for nutritional status and cognitive function for life satisfaction of the elderly.

Effects of Depression on Cognitive Function of the Elderly: Focusing on the Mediating Effects of Health Status and the Moderating Effects of Economic Activities (노인의 우울이 인지기능에 미치는 영향: 건강상태의 매개효과 및 경제활동의 조절효과)

  • Sohn, Keunho;Kim, Kyoungho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.686-698
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    • 2021
  • This study was conducted to analyze the mediating effect of health status and the moderating effect of economic activity in the relationship between depression and cognitive function of the elderly. For this, the data of 2017 National survey of Older Koreans that was collected all over country by Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs were analyzed using Structural Equation Model for statistical analysis method. The results are as follows. First, the elderly's depression was found to have a negative effect on cognitive function and health status. Second, the health status of the elderly was found to have a positive effect on cognitive function. Third, a significant mediating effect of health status was founded in the relationship between depression and cognitive function. Fourth, the moderating effect of the elderly's economic activity was found in the path through which depression affects health status and health status affects cognitive function. Based on these research results, implications of social welfare were suggested.

A Study on Pain, Physical Function, Cognitive Function, Depression and Agitation in Elderly Women with Dementia (여성 치매 노인의 통증, 신체적 기능, 인지적 기능, 우울, 초조에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Sung Ja;Ryoo, Eon Na;Park, Kyung Sook
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.401-412
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between assessed pain, functional status, and emotional status in elderly women with dementia. Methods: The method was a descriptive correlational design. Subjects were sampled from 75 elderly women with dementia who were resident in nursing home. and their pain, functional status(physical function, cognitive function), emotional status(depression, agitation) were measured. The collected data were analyzed for correlations between pain and functional status and for emotional status using the SPSS 11.0 statistical program. Results: The pain degree of the aged women in dementia were as follows; between 0 and 27 points, average 4.04 points, which was a possible point extent. Looking at the grades in detail items, the wry face expression was shown highest, an average of 0.84 points. The relation with cognitive function was(r=-.259, p<.025) a minus relation. And the relation with physical function was (r=.406, p<.001) a plus one. The relation with depression was (r=.462, p<.001), plus one. And (r=.592, p<.001) a plus relation was found with agitation. Conclusion: Pain is associated with impaired functional and emotional status. Major efforts are needed to improve nursing assessment and management of pain in this cognitive impaired population.

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