• Title/Summary/Keyword: cell cycle arrest

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Growth Inhibitory Activity of Honokiol through Cell-cycle Arrest, Apoptosis and Suppression of Akt/mTOR Signaling in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells

  • Hong, Ji-Young;Park, Hyen Joo;Bae, KiHwan;Kang, Sam Sik;Lee, Sang Kook
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.155-159
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    • 2013
  • Honokiol, a naturally occurring neolignan mainly found in Magnolia species, has exhibited a potential anti-proliferative activity in human cancer cells. However, the growth inhibitory activity against hepatocellular carcinoma cells and the underlying molecular mechanisms has been poorly determined. The present study was designed to examine the anti-proliferative effect of honokiol in SK-HEP-1 human hepatocellular cancer cells. Honokiol exerted anti-proliferative activity with cell-cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase and sequential induction of apoptotic cell death. The cell-cycle arrest was well correlated with the down-regulation of checkpoint proteins including cyclin D1, cyclin A, cyclin E, CDK4, PCNA, retinoblastoma protein (Rb), and c-Myc. The increase of sub-G1 peak by the higher concentration of honokiol ($75{\mu}M$) was closely related to the induction of apoptosis, which was evidenced by decreased expression of Bcl-2, Bid, and caspase-9. Hohokiol was also found to attenuate the activation of signaling proteins in the Akt/mTOR and ERK pathways. These findings suggest that the anti-proliferative effect of honokiol was associated in part with the induction of cell-cycle arrest, apoptosis, and dow-nregulation of Akt/mTOR signaling pathways in human hepatocellular cancer cells.

Anticancer Effects of the Isoflavone Extract from Chungkukjang via Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis in MDA-MB-453 Cells (청국장에서 얻은 Isoflavone의 MDA-MB-453세포에서 항암효과 및 관련 기전)

  • Shin, Jin Young;Kim, Taehee;Kim, An Keun
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.58 no.1
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    • pp.33-39
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this study is to evaluate the anticancer effects of the isoflavone extract from Chungkukjang in human breast cancer, MDA-MB-453 cells. For this study, MDA-MB-453 cells were treated with 12.5, 25, and $50{\mu}g$ isoflavone extract for 24, 48, and 72 hr. Cell proliferations were decreased in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Reduced cell proliferation was suspected by apoptosis or cell cycle arrest. Therefore, after treatment of $50{\mu}g$ isoflavone extract, apoptotic cells were investigated by annexin V staining. The results indicated that isoflavone extract increased the number of early apoptotic cells compared with control. Cleaved PARP was also increased. Next, we investigated the cell cycle and related proteins. The isoflavone extract leads to cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase. Moreover isoflavone extract had influenced cell cycle relate proteins such as cyclin B1, cyclin A, and p21. These results suggest that isoflavone extract from Chungkukjang induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase via regulation of cell cycle-related proteins in MDA-MB-453 cells.

Heme Oxygenase-l Induced by Aprotinin Inhibits Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation Through Cell Cycle Arrest in Hypertensive Rats

  • Choi, Hyoung-Chul;Lee, Kwang-Youn;Lee, Dong-Hyup;Kang, Young-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.309-313
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    • 2009
  • Spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR) are an established model of genetic hypertension. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from SHR proliferate faster than those of control rats (Wistar-Kyoto rats; WKY). We tested the hypothesis that induction of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 induced by aprotinin inhibits VSMC proliferation through cell cycle arrest in hypertensive rats. Aprotinin treatment inhibited VSMC proliferation in SHR more than in normotensive rats. These inhibitory effects were associated with cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase. Tin protoporphyrin IX (SnPPIX) reversed the anti-proliferative effect of aprotinin in VSMC from SHR. The level of cyclin D was higher in VSMC of SHR than those of WKY. Aprotinin treatment downregulated the cell cycle regulator, cyclin D, but upregulated the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, p21, in VSMC of SHR. Aprotinin induced HO-1 in VSMC of SHR, but not in those of control rats. Furthermore, aprotinin-induced HO-1 inhibited VSMC proliferation of SHR. Consistently, VSMC proliferation in SHR was significantly inhibited by transfection with the HO-1 gene. These results indicate that induction of HO-1 by aprotinin inhibits VSMC proliferation through cell cycle arrest in hypertensive rats.

Molecular mechanisms of luteolin-7-O-glucoside-induced growth inhibition on human liver cancer cells: G2/M cell cycle arrest and caspase-independent apoptotic signaling pathways

  • Hwang, Yu-Jin;Lee, Eun-Ju;Kim, Haeng-Ran;Hwang, Kyung-A
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.46 no.12
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    • pp.611-616
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    • 2013
  • Luteolin-7-O-glucoside (LUT7G), a flavone subclass of flavonoids, has been found to increase anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, as well as cytotoxic effects. However, the mechanism of how LUT7G induces apoptosis and regulates cell cycles remains poorly understood. In this study, we examined the effects of LUT7G on the growth inhibition of tumors, cell cycle arrest, induction of ROS generation, and the involved signaling pathway in human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells. The proliferation of HepG2 cells was decreased by LUT7G in a dose-dependent manner. The growth inhibition was due primarily to the G2/M phase arrest and ROS generation. Moreover, the phosphorylation of JNK was increased by LUT7G. These results suggest that the anti-proliferative effect of LUT7G on HepG2 is associated with G2/M phase cell cycle arrest by JNK activation.

G0/G1 Cell Cycle Arrest and Activation of Caspases in Honokiol-mediated Growth Inhibition of Human Gastric Cancer Cells

  • Kang, You-Jin;Chung, Hwa-Jin;Min, Hye-Young;Song, Ja-Young;Park, Hyen-Joo;Youn, Ui-Joung;Bae, Ki-Hwan;Kim, Yeong-Shik;Lee, Sang-Kook
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.16-21
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    • 2012
  • Honokiol, a naturally occurring neolignan mainly found in Magnolia species, has been shown to have the anti-angiogenic, anti-invasive and cancer chemopreventive activities, but the molecular mechanism of actions has not been fully elucidated yet. In the present study, we investigated the effect of honokiol on the growth inhibitory activity in cultured SNU-638 human gastric cancer cells. We found that honokiol exerted potent antiproliferative activity against SNU-638 cells. Honokiol also arrested the cell cycle progression at the G0/G1 phase and induced the apoptotic cell death in a concentration-dependent manner. The cell cycle arrest was well correlated with the downregulation of Rb, cyclin D1, cyclin A, cyclin E, and CDK4 expression, and the induction of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27. The increase of sub-G1 peak by honokiol was closely related to the induction of apoptosis, which was evidenced by the induction of DNA fragmentation, the cleavage of poly(ADPribose) polymerase, and the sequential activation of caspase cascade. These findings suggest the cell cycle arrest and induction of apoptosis might be one possible mechanism of actions for the anti-proliferative activity of honokiol in human gastric cancer cell.

Kaempferol induced the apoptosis via cell cycle arrest in human breast cancer MDA-MB-453 cells

  • Choi, Eun-Jeong;Ahn, Woong-Shick
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.322-325
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    • 2008
  • The aim of present study was to investigate the effects of kaempferol on cellular proliferation and cell cycle arrest and explore the mechanism for these effects in human breast carcinoma MDA-MB-453 cells. Cells were treated with kaempferol at various concentrations (ranging from 1 to $200\;{\mu}M$) for 24 and 48 hrs. Kaempferol significantly inhibited cancer cell growth in cells exposed to 50 and $10\;{\mu}M$ of kaempferol and incubated for 24 and 48 hrs, respectively. Exposure to kaempferol resulted in cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase. Of the G2/M-phase related proteins, kaempferol down-regulated CDK1 and cyclin A and B in cells exposed to kaempferol. In addition, small DNA fragments at the sub-G0 phase were increased by up to 23.12 and 31.90% at 10 and $50\;{\mu}M$ incubated for 24 and 48 hrs, respectively. The kaempferol-induced apoptosis was associated with the up-regulation of p53. In addition, the phosphorylation of p53 at the Ser-15 residue was observed with kaempferol. Kaempferol inhibits cell proliferation by disrupting the cell cycle, which is strongly associated with the induction of arrest at G2/M phase and may induce apoptosis via p53 phosphorylation in human breast carcinoma MDA-MB-453 cells.

NADPH oxidase inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium induces p53 expression and cell cycle arrest in several cancer cell lines (NADPH oxidase 저해제인 diphenyleneiodonium의 p53 발현 및 암세포의 성장억제에 대한 연구)

  • Jo, Hong-Jae;Kim, Kang-Mi;Song, Ju-Dong;Park, Young-Chul
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.778-782
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    • 2007
  • The Diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) is widely used as an inhibitor of flavoenzymes, particularly NADPH oxidase. In this study, we investigated the effect of DPI on the cell growth progression of human colon cancer cells HCT-116 (wild-type p53), HT-29 (p53 mutant) and human breast cancer cells MCF-7 (wild-type p53). DPI treatment in cancer cells evoked a dose- and time-dependent growth inhibition, and also induced the cell cycle arrest in C2/M phase. The peak of cell population arrested in C2/M phase was observed at12 hr after treatment of DPI. In addition, DPI significantly induced the expression of p53, which induces proapoptotic genes in response to DNA damage or irreparable cell cycle arrest, at 6 hr in DPI-stimulated cells. However, a catechol apocynin, which inhibits the assembly of NADPH oxidase, did not induce p53 expression. This suggest that p53 expression induced by DPI is not associated with the inhibition of NADPH oxidase. In conclusion, we suggest that DPI induces the expression of wild-type p53 by ROS-in-dependent mechanism in several cancer cells, and upregulated p53 may be involved in regulatory mechanisms for growth inhibition and cell cycle arrest at C2/M phase in DPI-stimulated cells.

S Phase Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis is Induced by Eugenol in G361 Human Melanoma Cells

  • Rachoi, Byul-Bo;Shin, Sang-Hun;Kim, Uk-Kyu;Hong, Jin-Woo;Kim, Gyoo-Cheon
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.129-134
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    • 2011
  • Eugenol is an essential oil found in cloves and cinnamon that is used widely in perfumes. However, the significant anesthetic and sedative effects of this compound have led to its use also in dental procedures. Recently, it was reported that eugenol induces apoptosis in several cancer cell types but the mechanism underlying this effect has remained unknown. In our current study, we examined whether the cytotoxic effects of eugenol upon human melanoma G361 cells are associated with cell cycle arrest and apoptosis using a range of methods including an XTT assay, Hoechst staining, immunocyto-chemistry, western blotting and flow cytometry. Eugenol treatment was found to decrease the viability of the G361 cells in both a time- and dose-dependent manner. The induction of apoptosis in eugenol-treated G361 cells was confirmed by the appearance of nuclear condensation, the release of both cytochrome c and AIF into the cytosol, the cleavage of PARP and DFF45, and the downregulation of procaspase-3 and -9. With regard to cell cycle arrest, a time-dependent decrease in cyclin A, cyclin D3, cyclin E, cdk2, cdk4, and cdc2 expression was observed in the cells after eugenol treatment. Flow cytometry using a FACScan further demonstrated that eugenol induces a cell cycle arrest at S phase. Our results thus suggest that the inhibition of G361 cell proliferation by eugenol is the result of an apoptotic response and an S phase arrest that is linked to the decreased expression of key cell cycle-related molecules.

Anticancer Effects of Curcuma C20-Dialdehyde against Colon and Cervical Cancer Cell Lines

  • Chaithongyot, Supattra;Asgar, Ali;Senawong, Gulsiri;Yowapuy, Anongnat;Lattmann, Eric;Sattayasai, Nison;Senawong, Thanaset
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.15
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    • pp.6513-6519
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    • 2015
  • Background: Recent attention on chemotherapeutic intervention against cancer has been focused on discovering and developing phytochemicals as anticancer agents with improved efficacy, low drug resistance and toxicity, low cost and limited adverse side effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of Curcuma C20-dialdehyde on growth, apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in colon and cervical cancer cell lines. Materials and Methods: Antiproliferative, apoptosis induction, and cell cycle arrest activities of Curcuma C20-dialdehyde were determined by WST cell proliferation assay, flow cytometric Alexa fluor 488-annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) staining and PI staining, respectively. Results: Curcuma C20 dialdehyde suppressed the proliferation of HCT116, HT29 and HeLa cells, with IC50 values of $65.4{\pm}1.74{\mu}g/ml$, $58.4{\pm}5.20{\mu}g/ml$ and $72.0{\pm}0.03{\mu}g/ml$, respectively, with 72 h exposure. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that percentages of early apoptotic cells increased in a dose-dependent manner upon exposure to Curcuma C20-dialdehyde. Furthermore, exposure to lower concentrations of this compound significantly induced cell cycle arrest at G1 phase for both HCT116 and HT29 cells, while higher concentrations increased sub-G1 populations. However, the concentrations used in this study could not induce cell cycle arrest but rather induced apoptotic cell death in HeLa cells. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the phytochemical Curcuma C20-dialdehyde may be a potential antineoplastic agent for colon and cervical cancer chemotherapy and/or chemoprevention. Further studies are needed to characterize the drug target or mode of action of the Curcuma C20-dialdehyde as an anticancer agent.