• Title, Summary, Keyword: care label

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Comparative Review on the Pantyhose Labels according to Producing Countries (팬티스타킹 품질표시에 대한 국가별 비교)

  • 최종명;권수애
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.45-56
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the pantyhose labels of domestic products which contain fiber content, size spec., care symbol, performance properties with those of foreign-made ones, in order to propose a desirable model of label description for the domestic products. The results were as follows: 1) There were differences in the fiber content and fiber mixture ratio of pantyhose on the label according to the countries. The pantyhoses made in Korea and Japan were described only fiber name on the label, while the pantyhoses made in U.S.A., Taiwan, and England were described fiber name and percent of fiber mixture ratio in detail on the label. 2) Most of the pantyhose size produced and sold in Korea were same Free size, but the products from other countries (U.S.A., England, Japan, Taiwan) were sold in various sizes. 3) There were differences, according to the countries, in the care symbol and related explanation of pantyhose on the label. The pantyhoses made in Korea and Taiwan were described care symbol only on the label, while the pantyhoses made in other countries were described additional explanation for care as well as care symbol on the label. 4) It was known that, unlike Korea, other countries were developing and marketing various types of functional pantyhose. For example, U.S.A. and England were focusing on appearance and comfort aspects of pantyhose, while Japan and Taiwan were focusing to develop functional pantyhose like anti-bacterial and anti-ultraviolet ray pantyhose.

The Actual Condition of Care Label Attached to Clothing and Consumers' Perception (의류제품 취급표시 부칙 실태 및 소비자 의식)

  • Choo, Tae-Gue;Song, Jung-A
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.331-338
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    • 2000
  • To study on the actual condition of care label attached to clothing and consumers' perception, 250 summer clothes sold at department store-blouse, trousers, one-piece dress, knit cardigan and skirt-were investigated during July 2000. In addition, a questionnaire was administered to 192 women in Taegu during August. The fiber contents of surveyed clothes were polyester 100% & polyester blend (26%), rayon 100% & rayon blend (18%), cotton 100% & cotton blend (17%), wool 100% & wool blend (14%) and others. All clothes surveyed were attached care label and the signals showed on care labels were 4~6 kinds about cleaning, squeezing, drying, bleaching, and ironing methods. 92% of clothes had to be dry-cleaned and only 8% could be wet-cleaned. Considered the surveyed clothes were for summer which needs frequent washing and the clothing items, the number of clothes had to dry-cleaned were too many. The bleaching instructions were no chlorine bleach (74%), no bleaching (21%) and others. The ironing instructions were cool ironing ($80{\sim}120^{\circ}C$) with cover (24%) and warm ironing ($140{\sim}160^{\circ}C$) with cover (69%) primarily. The drying instructions was dry on a hanger in the shade (54%) and 38% had no signal or incorrect signal. The properties of summer clothes considered important by consumers were wrinkled hardly, hand-washable, machine-washable, needed no iron and etc. Actually most of summer clothes were hand or machine-washed. Also, the majority of respondents felt inconvenient to have to dry-clean summer clothes. More than 80% respondents looked over care label and fiber content label before buying clothes. However most of respondents did not followed that instructions exactly and thought care label instructions were not correct. Considered this results, the suppliers have to make efforts to attach correct and appropriate care label which furnish the correct information to consumers.

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Care Labeling Compliance (의류제품에 부착된 Care Label 에 관한 연구)

  • 박광희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.159-166
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of the present study is to investigate how closely care labels comply with the 1984 version of the Care Labeling Rule, as well as the change in degree of compliance prior to and after the 1988 IFI care label campaign. Label information was analyzed on the basis of country of origin. The information was also divided into two sets. The basis for dividing the data into two sets was the beginning of the IFI care label campaign in 1988 The data were obtained from 1147 checklists. The information for 1147 samples in six clothing categories were collected from department, specialty, and discount stores. Chi-square analyses were conducted to test hypotheses. While there was no significant difference in the number of incorrect labels on domestically produced garments compared to imported garments in set 1, there was a significant difference in set 2. Also, there was a significnat differnece in the number of incorrect labels between in set 1 and in set 2.

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A Study on the Care Labels of Blue Jeans (청바지의 취급상 주의표시에 관한 연구)

  • 홍지명;신혜원
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.716-724
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the washing methods specified on care labels of blue jeans and to examine the appropriateness of the specification. In the study, the present condition of care labels on 100% cotton blue jeans was investigated and the consumers' washing methods of blue jeans were surveyed. Also, the shrinkage of blue jeans after washing was measured. The major results were as follows: 1. In spite of the fact that same materials of 100% cotton denim were used in all cases, washing signs on care labels showed very differently and the symbols of hand wash, using light duty detergent, no wring, drying in shade, and warm ironing with a covering cloth were demanding too high level of care for the protection of blue jeans. 2. Almost all consumers didn't follow instructions proposed on care labels because they didn't anticipate problem. In reality, most consumers washed blue jeans by machine in cold water with heavy duty detergent at standard course, dried under the sun, and didn't iron. The 40.8% of consumers didn't have problems even if they didn't follow instructions. Most problems happened after washing were shrinkage in length, but in shrinkage test after 15 times washings, it was found that there was no serious shrinkage problem. 3. For ideal care of blue jean, it is necessary for manufacturers to recognize the importance of care label and to stick correct appropriate care label. Also, consumers have to trust and follow instructions on care label.

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Consumers' Attitude toward Care Label Instructions on Children's Clothing (유.아동복의 취급상 주의사항 레이블에 대한 소비자들의 태도 조사)

  • Hong, Kyung-Hee;Lee, Yoon-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.680-691
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    • 2007
  • The increased diversity in designs, colors, and materials of children's clothing these days call for extra caution in care of these garments; however, the lack of customer's trust and efforts in complying with the care label combined with the enterprises's inadequate label attachments have led to various problems and disputes. This research attempts to examine customer's recognition, perception, and attitude towards the care labels on children's clothing. This research used the data collected from a total of 292 housewives raising children less than 7 year old. Descriptive statistics such as means, standard deviations, frequencies were calculated and ANOVAS followed by Duncan tests were carried out using SPSS 10.0. The results are as follows: First, 84.3% of the housewives admitted that they know about care labels; individuals with higher education level reported higher recognition. Second, as for the perception/attitude toward care labels, 46.9% perceived that care labels 'require additional knowledge for washing clothes' and 30.2% answered that they trust care labels. Third, 51.7% answered that they 'check the symbol instruction'; this tendency was higher among those with higher education levels. Fourth, 31.5% answered they comply with the instructions on care labels. Fifth, as for the reasons for not complying, 60.3% answered they neglect care labels because 'based on my experience, no major problems would occur'; this tendency was higher for those with greater personal income. Sixth, when asked whether any information on the care label kept them from buying a particular garment, 59.2% responded they did not purchase a garment because 'laundry costs appeared to outweigh the product price'; this response was higher among individuals with a higher level of income or education.

Consumers' Attitude toward Care Label Instructions and Care of Winter Outerwear (겨울 아우터웨어의 품질표시에 대한 소비자 태도와 관리)

  • Han, Ho-Jung;Chung, Haewon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.942-952
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    • 2014
  • Winter outerwear includes various clothes such as classical jackets/coats, padded jackets/coats, wind breakers, leather and fur jackets/coats. This research surveyed care-label instructions attached to 100 jackets/coats dropped off at five drycleaners in the Gyungin area. University students' perception and attitudes towards care labels and management of winter outerwear were examined using a questionnaire. Data collected from 230 respondents were analyzed by frequency analyses, t-tests, ANOVAs and Duncan tests with PASW 20.0. Half of the padding jackets/coats were labelled to be dry cleaned and dry cleaning was more excessively labelled than necessary. University students confirmed more care symbols than fiber compositions such as more at time of cleaning than at purchasing. Clothing-related major students understood care label symbols better than non-clothing major students. Consumers laundered some winter outerwear at home, even though they thought dry cleaning was a proper cleaning method. The appropriate cleaning method for padded jackets/coats is laundering; however, consumers who answered dry cleaning as an appropriate method were three times as those who answered washing, and those performed dry cleaning were two times as those who performed washing. Winter outerwear manufacturers should provide adequate and more specified care-information to consumers in order to maintain initial appearance and performance over longer periods.

A Study on the Clothing Purchasing Behavior and the Recognition of Care Label of the Chinese Students (중국 유학생의 의복 구매실태와 레이블에 대한 인식)

  • Kim, Soon-Boon
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.887-895
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    • 2009
  • The purposes of this study were to provide informations to apparel companies and to contribute the education of clothing consumers through finding out the present status of clothes purchasing behaviors and the degree of the recognition and the application of care labels of the Chinese students in Daegu area. The data were collected from 166 Chinese students through the questionnaire and analyzed by the frequence, t-test, ANOVA, and Scheffe-test using SPSS 12.0. The results were as follows: 1. The main purchasing place was road shops of well-known brands, and the most decisive factor of purchasing was the display style of goods. They purchased 'any time when necessary' and impulsively. They payed mostly by cash and the most affecting factor of purchasing decision was the degree of fitting. 2. The recognition of the necessity of care label was found in 36.7% of respondent and their most rationale was 'for the management of clothes'. The recognition of care labels showed the highest in reliability and the lowest in application. There were significant differences in satisfaction of care label between male and female and in application according to purchasing places. In conclusion, the recognition of the necessity of care labels showed a little high level but relatively low in the understanding and the application.

A Study on Consumer Complaints over Lables on children's Clothing (유.아동복 레이블의 불만에 관한연구)

  • 박선경;홍지명;이정순;신혜원;유호선
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.307-313
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    • 1999
  • This study investigated material the type(sewn-in stamped-on etc) of the label and its placement(location on the product) on children's clothing in order to survey consumer complaints to suggest the improvement. The data were collected from label-producing companies by surveying children's clothing displayed at department store as well as by questionnaire to 205 consumers who were mothers of preschool children. The results were as follows : 1. 100% polyester was the most used raw material for brand labels and nylon was for care labels. 2. Most brand labels were one piece labels and located inside the back of neck line by sewn-in either on the top on each sides or on all four sides, Care labels were usually sewn-in on the inside of left-side seam line. The texture of care label was softer than that of brand label and two pieces of care labels were widely used, 3. 67.3% of consumers complained of its stiffness while 36.1% of consumers complained of rough surface and edge 85.4% of consumers complained of an itch caused by brand labels and claimed to detach labels. For care labels 36.6% expressed displeasure of stiffness of labels while 39% complained of annoyance due to too many pieces of labels. 4. Major suggestions from the consumers were change of raw materials and relocation of brand labels. For the care labels changes of material form and type of labels were suggested and one piece of label and smaller size were preferable.

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An Analytical Study of National and International Care Label Systems of Textile and Apparel Products

  • Sanad, Reham A.;Kang, Zi Young
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.331-342
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    • 2018
  • This paper enables stakeholders involved in textile industry to gain an overview of standards used for care labelling and help establish a common standard that could be used as a universal standard. This study provides a comprehensive and detailed analytical study of care labelling standards adopted by common countries in the textile market. It was found that the development of a universal system for care labeling could enhance the trade of textile articles and assist consumers in caring for textile articles. Universal care label systems could be characterized by two main features of inclusiveness and comprehensiveness. The range of instructions and symbols presented were found different among standards. Insignificant differences in symbols' shapes were found between standards for bleaching, ironing and professional cleaning. The washing process had the widest variety of instructions; in addition, options were provided by stated standards. Different meanings were found for similar shapes in some tumble drying symbols. The study findings show the importance of enhancing text based standards or the development of an understandable format across as many cultures as possible. The unification of symbols and meanings may be needed to provide global consumers consistent guidance. The efficiency of a detailed standard that provides and covers a wide range of instructions is an important aspect. The visibility and practicality of offering variable options/symbols in one standard is an important aspect for developing a universal care label system.

A Study on the Care Label of Vapor-Permeable and Water-proofed Fabric Clothes and Consumer's Understanding (투습방수포 제품 취급주의표시 레이블의 실태조사와 이에 대한 소비자의 인식조사)

  • Choi, Hae-Young;Lee, Jung-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.333-347
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to find out the washing methods specified on the care labels of vapor-permeable & water-proofed fabrics and to investigate the consumers' real washing methods in their home and their cognition. In this study, the condition of care labels on 35 products was investigated and consumers' washing methods and cognition were surveyed. The subjects were consisted of majoring clothing textiles' female, female student attending in other major and married-women. Data were analyzed SPSS 10.0. The major results were as follows : 1. The care labels of Vapor-permeable & waterproofed fabric products used in this survey followed the rule of KS K that is stated that care labels must include over 3 instructions. It was the most popular type of care labels to organize with washing methods, bleaching methods, weaving methods, drying methods, ironing methods. 2. Most consumers have vapor-permeable & waterproofed fabric products, but their consciousness of this fabric is low. The rate of consumer confirming the care labels was 76.6% but 67.8% of them answered they take care of textile products with their experiences. 3. Consumers' understanding of care instructions on care labels was investigated that most consumers understand domestic care instruction, but they didn't know almost all international one.

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