• Title/Summary/Keyword: cancer cell lines

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Adiponectin Induces Growth Arrest and Apoptosis of MDA-MB­231 Breast Cancer Cell

  • Kang Jee Hyun;Lee Yoon Young;Yu Byung Yeon;Yang Beom-Seok;Cho Kyung-Hwan;Yoon Do Kyoung;Roh Yong Kyun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.28 no.11
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    • pp.1263-1269
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    • 2005
  • Recently, it was reported that reduction in serum adiponectin levels is correlated with the incidence of breast cancer. As an effort to explain this, we screened various human breast cancer cell lines to identify those in which proliferation is directly controlled by adiponectin. Among the five tested cell lines, proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cancer cell was significantly suppressed by adiponectin within the range of physiological concentration. Furthermore, prolonged adiponectin treatment caused cell growth arrest and even apoptosis of MDA-MB-231. This result is the first to show that adiponectin can directly control cancer cell growth and provides a rationale for the theory that reduction in plasma adiponectin levels could be a risk factor for breast cancer.

SIRT7 Exhibits Oncogenic Potential in Human Ovarian Cancer Cells

  • Wang, Hong-Ling;Lu, Ren-Quan;Xie, Su-Hong;Zheng, Hui;Wen, Xue-Mei;Gao, Xiang;Guo, Lin
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.3573-3577
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    • 2015
  • Background: Sirtuin7 (SIRT7) is a type of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide oxidized form (NAD+)-dependent deacetylase and the least understood member of the sirtuins family; it is implicated in various processes, such as aging, DNA damage repair and cell signaling transduction. There is some evidence that SIRT7 may function as a tumor trigger for human malignancy. Here, we aimed to explore the biological function of SIRT7 in ovarian carcinoma cells and its potential mechanism. Materials and Methods: Expression of SIRT7 in ovarian cancer cell lines was detected by western blotting. Transduced cell lines with SIRT7 knockdown or overexpression were constructed. Cell viability, cologenic, apoptosis-associated and motility assays were performed to elucidate the biological function of SIRT7 in ovarian cancer cells. Results: SIRT7 demonstrated a higher level in ovarian cancer cell lines compared with normal cells. On the one hand, down-regulation of SIRT7 significantly reduced ovarian cancer cell growth, repressed colony formation and increased cancer cell apoptosis; on the other hand, up-regulation promoted the migration of cancer cells. Additionally, repression of SIRT7 also induced change in apoptosis-related molecules and subunits of the NF-${\kappa}B$ family. Conclusions: In the present study, our data indicated that SIRT7 might play a role of oncogene in ovarian malignancy and be a potential therapeutic target.

Label-Free Quantitative Proteomics and N-terminal Analysis of Human Metastatic Lung Cancer Cells

  • Min, Hophil;Han, Dohyun;Kim, Yikwon;Cho, Jee Yeon;Jin, Jonghwa;Kim, Youngsoo
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.457-466
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    • 2014
  • Proteomic analysis is helpful in identifying cancerassociated proteins that are differentially expressed and fragmented that can be annotated as dysregulated networks and pathways during metastasis. To examine metastatic process in lung cancer, we performed a proteomics study by label-free quantitative analysis and N-terminal analysis in 2 human non-small-cell lung cancer cell lines with disparate metastatic potentials - NCI-H1703 (primary cell, stage I) and NCI-H1755 (metastatic cell, stage IV). We identified 2130 proteins, 1355 of which were common to both cell lines. In the label-free quantitative analysis, we used the NSAF normalization method, resulting in 242 differential expressed proteins. For the N-terminal proteome analysis, 325 N-terminal peptides, including 45 novel fragments, were identified in the 2 cell lines. Based on two proteomic analysis, 11 quantitatively expressed proteins and 8 N-terminal peptides were enriched for the focal adhesion pathway. Most proteins from the quantitative analysis were upregulated in metastatic cancer cells, whereas novel fragment of CRKL was detected only in primary cancer cells. This study increases our understanding of the NSCLC metastasis proteome.

In Vitro Cytotoxic Activity of Seed Oil of Fenugreek Against Various Cancer Cell Lines

  • Al-Oqail, Mai Mohammad;Farshori, Nida Nayyar;Al-Sheddi, Ebtesam Saad;Musarrat, Javed;Al-Khedhairy, Abdulaziz Ali;Siddiqui, Maqsood Ahmed
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.1829-1832
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    • 2013
  • In the present study, investigations were carried out to screen the anticancer activities of fenugreek seed oil against cancer cell lines (HEp-2, MCF-7, WISH cells), and a normal cell line (Vero cells). Cytotoxicity was assessed with MTT and NRU assays, and cellular morphological alterations were studied using phase contrast light microscopy. All cells were exposed toi 10-1000 ${\mu}g/ml$ of fenugreek seed oil for 24 h. The results show that fenugreek seed oil significantly reduced the cell viability, and altered the cellular morphology in a dose dependent manner. Among the cell lines, HEp-2 cells showed the highest decrease in cell viability, followed by MCF-7, WISH, and Vero cells by MTT and NRU assays. Cell viability at 1000 ${\mu}g/ml$ was recorded as 55% in HEp-2 cells, 67% in MCF-7 cells, 75% in WISH cells, and 86% in Vero cells. The present study provides preliminary screening data for fenugreek seed oil pointing to potent cytotoxicity against cancer cells.

Inhibition of proliferation of human breast cancer cell (SK-BR3) and liver cancer cell(SK-Hepl) in tissue culture by the CCCA from Cordyceps militaris

  • Lee, Seung-Jeong;Han, Shin-Ha;Park, Eun-Jung;Lee, Chong-Kil;You, Byeong-Jin;Cho, Kyung-Hee;Ha, Nam-Joo;Kim, Kyung-Jae
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.140.1-140
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    • 2003
  • Permanent cell culture lines derived from human cancer tissue are important experimental models in the study of human cancer cell proliferation. The in vitro effects of C. militaris and its extracted fractions on the human breast cancer (SK-BR3), liver cancer (SK-Hep1, HepG2), kidney cancer (p15), lymphoma (Jurkat) were studied. F1 (CCCA, crude cordycepin containing adenosine), F2 (ethanol precipitation), F3 (ethanol soluble supernatant) and F4 (fraction of through SK-1B) significantly stimulated in vitro cytotoxic in human cancer cell lines. (omitted)

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Antineoplastic Effect of Extracts from Traditional Medicinal Plants and Various Plants (III) (전통 약용식물 및 각종 식물의 항암 효과에 대한 연구 (III))

  • Hyun, Jin-Won;Lim, Kyoung-Hwa;Sung, Min-Sook;Kang, Sam-Sik;Paik, Woo-Hyun;Bae, Kun-Woo;Cho, Hyun;Kim, Hyoung-Ja;Woo, Eun-Rhan;Park, Ho-Koon;Park, Jae-Gahb;Yang, Yong-Man
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 1996
  • Antineoplastic activity against human gastric and colon carcinoma cell lines was tested in eighty-three species of Korean plants including Korean medicinal plants which have been frequently used in oriental herb prescriptions. The plant materials were extracted with methanol and the cytotoxic activity was tested using a calorimetric tetrazolium assay (MTT assay). Twenty-six plant extracts against gastric carcinoma cell line, eighteen extracts against colon carcinoma cell line and fourteen plant extracts against both carcinoma cell lines showed antineoplastic activity at the concentration of less than $100{\mu}g/ml$. The effective components from four species have been isolated and reported.

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Effects of Non-Cytotoxic Concentration of Anticancer Drugs on Doxorubicin Cytotoxicity in Human Breast Cancer Cell Lines

  • Lee, Yoon-Ik;Lee, Young-Ik
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.314-320
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    • 1996
  • The effects of non-cytotoxic concentrations of tamoxifen, verapamil, and trifluoperazine on doxorubicin cytotoxicity in five human breast cancer cell lines were studied. A non-cytotoxic concentration of tamoxifen resulted in enhanced doxorubicin cytotoxicity in HTB-123, HTB-26, and MCF-7. In these three cell lines, a combination of tamoxifen with verapamil resulted in even more increased doxorubicin cytotoxicity. Addition of verapamil or trifluoperazine alone did not influence the doxorubicin cytotoxicity significantly. Only in HTB-19 did coincubation with verapamil increase the doxorubicin cytotoxicity. In HTB-123, combination of tamoxifen with trifluoperazine increased the doxorubicin cytotoxicity significantly. In the cell lines where co-incubation with tamoxifen increased doxorubicin sensitivity, high estrogen receptor expression was detected. However, HTB-20, where tamoxifen did not enhance doxorubicin action, was also estrogen receptor positive. None of the cell lines had multidrug resistance related drug efflux and drug retention was not increased by the treatment with tamoxifen and verapamil. Cell cycle traverses were not altered by incubation with tamoxifen, verapamil or combinations thereof. These observatlons suggest mechanism of non-cytotoxic concentrations of tamoxifen and verapamil on doxorubicin cytotoxicity may involve one or more other cellular processes besides those of interference of estrogen binding to its receptor, cell cycle perturbation, or drug efflux blocking.

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The effects of C. annuum L. var. angulosum Mill on cancer cell lines and each organ of the mouse

  • Chung, Yong-Za;Lee, Jeong-Hee
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.152.1-152
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    • 2003
  • Under the vigorous search for active novel agents for cancer prevention and treatment, some agents have been found from plants and animals which are easily available. Our review of literature on them revealed that C. annuum L. var. angulosum Mill had high antiproliferating effect on cancer cells. Thus we investigated the efficacy of C. annuum L. var. angulosum Mill on cancer cell lines and to examined its effect on the mouse to detect other side effect and mechnism by which the extrat of C. annuum L. var. angulosum Mill had the anti-cancer efficacy on cancer. (omitted)

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shRNA Mediated RHOXF1 Silencing Influences Expression of BCL2 but not CASP8 in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 Cell Lines

  • Ghafouri-Fard, Soudeh;Abdollahi, Davood Zare;Omrani, Mirdavood;Azizi, Faezeh
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.5865-5869
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    • 2012
  • RHOXF1 has been shown to be expressed in embryonic stem cells, adult germline stem cells and some cancer lines. It has been proposed as a candidate gene to encode transcription factors regulating downstream genes in the human testis with antiapoptotic effects. Its expression in cancer cell lines has implied a similar role in the process of tumorigenesis. The human breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 were cultured in DMEM medium and transfected with a pGFP-V-RS plasmid bearing an RHOXF1 specific shRNA. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR was performed for RHOXF1, CASP8, BCL2 and HPRT genes. Decreased RHOXF1 expression was confirmed in cells after transfection. shRNA knock down of RHOXF1 resulted in significantly decreased BCL2 expression in both cell lines but no change in CASP8 expression. shRNA targeting RHOXF1 was shown to specifically mediate RHOXF1 gene silencing, so RHOXF1 can mediate transcriptional activation of the BCL2 in cancers and may render tumor cells resistant to apoptotic cell death induced by anticancer therapy. shRNA mediated knock down of RHOXF1 can be effective in induction of apoptotic pathway in cancer cells via BCL2 downregulation, so it can have potential therapeutic utility for human breast cancer.

Bracken-fern Extracts Induce Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis in Certain Cancer Cell Lines

  • Roudsari, Motahhareh Tourchi;Bahrami, Ahmad Reza;Dehghani, Hesam;Iranshahi, Mehrdad;Matin, Maryam Moghadam;Mahmoudi, Mahmud
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.6047-6053
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    • 2012
  • Bracken fern [Pteridium aquilinem (L.) kuhn (Dennstaedtiaceae)] is one of the most common species on the planet. It has been consumed by humans and animals for centuries. Use by some human groups is because they believe bracken fern is good for health as plant medicine. However, it is also one of the few known plants that can cause tumors in farm animals. Many interested groups have focused their attention on bracken fern because of these interesting features. In order to evaluate the biological effects of exposure to this plant in cellular level, human cancer cell lines were treated with the fern dichloromethane extracts and the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects were studied. Anti-proliferative/cytotoxic effects were evaluated by cell count, MTT assay and flow cytometry methods with three different cancer cell lines, TCC, NTERA2, and MCF-7, and two normal cells, HDF1 and HFF3. Pro-apoptotic effects of the extracts were determined by DAPI staining and comet assay, on TCC cancer cells compared to the normal control cell lines. Cellular morphology was examined by light microscopy. Our present study showed that the extract caused DNA damage and apoptosis at high concentrations ($200{\mu}g/mL$) and also it may induce cell cycle arrest (G2/M phase) at mild concentrations (50 and $30{\mu}g/mL$) depending on the cell type and tumor origin. These results indicate that bracken fern extract is a potent source of anticancer compounds that could be utilized pharmaceutically.