• Title, Summary, Keyword: cancer cell lines

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Cell Growth Inhibitory Effect of Tissue Cultured Root of Wild Panax ginseng C.A. Mayer Extract on Various Cancer Cell Lines

  • Park, Jeong-Sook;Lee, Tae-Woong;Han, Kun
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2009
  • This study was performed to investigate the cell growth inhibitory effect of tissue cultured root of wild Panax ginseng C.A. Mayer (tcwPG). The human stomach carcinoma cell line, MKN 74, was incubated with 70% EtOH extract of tcwPG or Panax ginseng C.A. Mayer (PG) for 24 hrs. tcwPG inhibited cell growth at a concentration of $250{\mu}g/ml$. However, Panax ginseng extract did not inhibit cell growth at the same concentration. We also tested the ethyl acetate and $H_2O$ fractions of tcwPG. The inhibitory effect of the ethyl acetate fraction on cell proliferation in MKN 74 cells was more potent than that of the crude extract, and the inhibitory effect of the $H_2O$ fraction was less than that of the ethyl acetate fraction. When we separated tcwPG into polar and non-polar saponin fractions and then measured cell growth inhibition, the non-polar saponin in tcwPG exhibited cytotoxicity. To compare the effects of tcwPG on various cancer cell lines, we measured cytotoxicity in MKN 74 (stomach cancer cell line), SW 620 (colon cancer cell line) and PC 3 (prostate cancer cell line). All three cell lines showed cell growth inhibition, and the cell growth inhibitory effects were not quite different in the various cell lines. The non-polar saponins of tcwPG arrested PC 3 cells at G1-phase as did Panax ginseng.

Synergism of Cytotoxicity Effects of Triptolide and Artesunate Combination Treatment in Pancreatic Cancer Cell Lines

  • Liu, Yao;Cui, Yun-Fu
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.5243-5248
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    • 2013
  • Background: Triptolide, extracted from the herb Tripteryglum wilfordii Hook.f that has long been used as a natural medicine in China, has attracted much interest for its anti-cancer effects against some kinds of tumours in recent years. Artesunate, extracted from the Chinese herb Artemisia annua, has proven to be effective and safe as an anti-malarial drug that possesses anticancer potential. The present study attempted to clarify if triptolide enhances artesunate-induced cytotoxicity in pancreatic cancer cell lines in vitro and in vivo. Methods: In vitro, to test synergic actions, cell viability and apoptosis were analyzed after treatment of pancreatic cancer cell lines with the two agents singly or in combination. The molecular mechanisms of apoptotic effects were also explored using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. In vivo, a tumor xenograft model was established in nude mice, for assessment of inhibitory effects of triptolide and artesunate. Results: We could show that the combination of triptolide and artesunate could inhibit pancreatic cancer cell line growth, and induce apoptosis, accompanied by expression of HSP 20 and HSP 27, indicating important roles in the synergic effects. Moreover, tumor growth was decreased with triptolide and artesunate synergy. Conclusion: Our result indicated that triptolide and artesunate in combination at low concentrations can exert synergistic anti-tumor effects in pancreatic cancer cells with potential clinical applications.

Synthesis and Preliminary Cytotoxicity Evaluation of New Diarylamides and Diarylureas Possessing 2,3-Dihydropyrrolo[3,2-b]quinoline Scaffold

  • Kim, Hyun-Jin;El-Gamal, Mohammed I.;Lee, Yong Sup;Oh, Chang-Hyun
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.34 no.8
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    • pp.2480-2486
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    • 2013
  • A new series of diarylamides and diarylureas having 2,3-dihydropyrrolo[3,2-b]quinoline scaffold was synthesized. Their in vitro antiproliferative activities were tested over NCI-60 cancer cell lines of nine different cancer types. Some target compounds showed good inhibition percentages over different cell lines. Among all the target compounds, compound 1f possessing 6,7-dimethoxy-2,3-dihydropyrrolo[3,2-b]quinoline nucleus, amide linker, and 4-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl terminal ring showed high selectivity against MCF7 and MDA-MB-468 breast cancer cell lines more than the other tested cell lines. Its inhibition percentages at $10{\mu}M$ concentration over those two cell lines were 84.97% and 87.13%, respectively.

Aqueous Extract of Anticancer Drug CRUEL Herbomineral Formulation Capsules Exerts Anti-proliferative Effects in Renal Cell Carcinoma Cell Lines

  • Verma, Shiv Prakash;Sisoudiya, Saumya;Das, Parimal
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.18
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    • pp.8419-8423
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: Anti-cancer activity evaluation of aqueous extract of CRUEL (herbomineral formulation) capsules on renal cell carcinoma cell lines, and exploration of mechanisms of cell death. Materials and Methods: To detect the cytotoxic dose concentration in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cells, MTT assays were performed and morphological changes after treatment were observed by inverted microscopy. Drug effects against RCC cell lines were assessed with reference to cell cycle distribution (flow cytometry), anti-metastatic potential (wound healing assay) and autophagy(RT-PCR). Results: CRUEL showed anti-proliferative effects against RCC tumor cell lines with an IC50 value of ${\approx}4mg/mL$ in vitro., while inducing cell cycle arrest at S-phase of cell cycle and inhibiting wound healing. LC3 was found to be up-regulated after drug treatment in RT-PCR resulting in an autophagy mode of cell death. Conclusions: This study provides the experimental validation for antitumor activity of CRUEL.

Preferential Killing of Human Lung Cancer Cell Lines with Mitochondrial Dysfunction by Non-Thermal Dbd Plasma

  • Panngom, Kamonporn;Baik, Ku Youn;Nam, Min-Kyung;Rhim, Hyang-Shuk;Choi, Eun Ha
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.199-199
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    • 2013
  • The distinctive cellular and mitochondrial dysfunctions of a human epithelial lung cancer cell line (H460) from a human lung fibroblastic normal cell line (MRC5) have been studied by dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma treatment. The DBD plasma device have generated large amount of H2O2 and NOx in culture media which is dependent on plasma exposure time. It is found that the cell number of lung cancer cell H460 has been reduced more than the lung normal cell MRC5 as being increased exposure and incubation time. Also these both cell lines have showed mitochondria fragmentation under 5 minutes' plasma exposure, which is a clue of apoptosis. It is noted in this study that AnnexinV staining has showed not only early apoptosis, but also late apoptosis in lung cancer cell H460. Mitochondria enzyme activity and ATP generation have been also much reduced in lung cancer cell H460. Their mitochondrial membrane potential (${\Delta}{\psi}m$) has been found to be reduced in magnitude and shifted to the induced-potential level of cccp, while MRC5 mitochondrial membrane potential has been shifted slightly to that. These distinctively selective responses of lung cancer cell H460 from lung normal cell MRC5 gives us possibility of applying plasma to cancer therapy.

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The Regulation of FOXP3 Expression by the Treatment of TGF-${\beta}$ and the Modification of DNA Methylation in Lung Cancer Cell Lines

  • Um, Sang-Won;Lee, Sang-Hee;Kim, Ho-Joong;Kwon, O-Jung;Kim, Hang-Rae;Kang, Jae-Seung;Lee, Wang-Jae
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.70 no.3
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    • pp.206-217
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    • 2011
  • Background: Transcription factor FOXP3 characterizes the thymically derived regulatory T cells. FOXP3 is expressed by cancer cell itself and FOXP3 expression was induced by TGF-${\beta}$ treatment in pancreatic cancer cell line. However, the expression of FOXP3 expression is not well known in patients with lung cancer. This study was conducted to investigate the expression of FOXP3 in patients with lung cancer and to investigate the regulation of FOXP3 expression by the treatment of TGF-${\beta}$ and DNA methyltransferase inhibitor in lung cancer cell lines. Methods: FOXP3 expression in the tissue of patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. The regulation of FOXP3 expression was investigated by Western blot and RT-PCR after lung cancer cell lines were stimulated with TGF-${\beta}1$ and TGF-${\beta}2$. The regulation of FOXP3 expression was also investigated by RT-PCR and flow cytometry after lung cancer cell lines were treated with DNA methyltransferase inhibitor (5-AZA-dC). Results: FOXP3 expression was confirmed in 27% of patients with NSCLC. In NCI-H460 cell line, TGF-${\beta}2$ decreased FOXP3 mRNA and protein expressions. In A549 cell line, both TGF-${\beta}1$ and TGF-${\beta}2$ decreased FOXP3 mRNA and protein expressions. 5-AZA-dC increased FOXP3 mRNA expression in NCI-H460 and A549 cell lines. Moreover, 5-AZA-dC increased intracellular FOXP3 protein expression in A549 cell lines. Conclusion: It was shown that FOXP3 is expressed by cancer cell itself in patients with NSCLC. Treatment of TGF-${\beta}2$ and DNA methyltransferase inhibitor seems to be associated with the regulation of FOXP3 expression in lung cancer cell lines.

Inhibition of Cell Proliferation and Induction of Apoptosis by Diallyl Disulfide in Human Colon Cancer Cell lines (사람 대장암 세포주에서 Diallyl Disulfide의 세포증식억제 및 Apoptosis 유도 효과)

  • Kim Tae Myoung;Ryu Jae Myun;Kwon Hyun Jung;Woo Koan Sik;Jeong Heon Sang;Hong Jin Tae;Kim Dae Joong
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.355-360
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    • 2005
  • Epidemiological and laboratory studies provide insight into the anti-carcinogenic potential of garlic and its constituent compounds. Garlic is appealing as an anti-carcinogenic agent due to its ability to induce apoptosis in vitro. Diallyl disulfide (DADS) is one of the major components of garlic that used to determine inhibition of cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in human colon cell lines. In this study, human colorectal cancer cell lines (LOVO, HCT-116, SW-480) were exposed to DADS. The inhibitory effects of DADS dose level more than $50\;{\mu}M$ in the cell viability of all cell lines. Cell growth activity inhibits of human colon cancer cell lines. The inhibitory effects of DADS dose level more than $25\~50\;{\mu}M$ in the cell growth using MTT assay. We found that DADS may have the apoptosis action (chromatin condensation, DNA fragmentation) using DAPI staining and increased the expression of caspase-3 at the dose level more than $100\;{\mu}M$, decreased the expression level of $\beta-catenin$ at dose dependent in the western blotting. We suggest that DADS may have a potential candidate as cancer chemopreventive agents.

The effect of the stem of Spatholobus suberectus Dunn on the proliferation and gene expression related apoptosis in human cervical cancer cells (계혈등(鷄血藤)이 자궁경부암세포의 세포자멸사 유도와 관련 유전자 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Byounghoe;Baek, Seunghee
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.169-180
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    • 2005
  • Objective : Spatholobus Suberectus Dunn stems, Chinese vine plants, have been used for the relief of menstrual disorders and rheumatic arthralgia. In this study, we investigated the antitumor effect of Spatholobus Suberectus Dunn on cervical cancer in vitro. Methods : HeLA cervical cancer cell lines were used as targets. We examined the effect of water extract from Spatholobus Suberectus Dunn on cell proliferation, cell cycle regulation and cell cycle-regulating gene expression. Further, we investigated the apoptotic effects of Spatholobus Suberectus Dunn on cervical cancer cell lines. Results : Spatholobus Suberectus Dunn significantly inhibited the proliferation of cervical cancer cell lines in a dose-dependent and time dependent manner. Fluorescence activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis indicated that Spatholobus Suberectus Dunn induced G1 cell cycle arrest. Spatholobus Suberectus Dunn enhanced the expression of $p21^{waf1}$ and $p27^{kip1}$ with cell cycle arrest. Further, Spatholobus Suberectus Dunn stimulated apoptosis via caspase3 pathway. Conclusions : These findings suggest that Spatholobus Suberectus Dunn is a candidate agent for the treatment of cervical cancer. p21waf1 and $p21^{waf1}$ and $p27^{kip1}$ may play an important role in Spatholobus Suberectus Dunn-induced cell cycle arrest and cell growth inhibition.

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Cytotoxicity of Cratoxylum Formosum Subsp. Pruniflorum Gogel Extracts in Oral Cancer Cell Lines

  • Promraksa, Bundit;Daduang, Jureerut;Chaiyarit, Ponlatham;Tavichakorntrakool, Ratree;Khampitak, Tueanjit;Rattanata, Narintorn;Tangrassameeprasert, Roongpet;Boonsiri, Patcharee
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.16
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    • pp.7155-7159
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    • 2015
  • Background: Oral cancer is a health problem in Thailand. Cratoxylum formosum subsp. pruniflorum Gogel (Teawdang), normally consumed in northeast Thailand, has proven cytotoxic to cervical cancer cell lines including HeLa, SiHa and C-33A. Recently, Asian oral cancer cell lines, ORL-48 and ORL-136, were established. Therefore, we aimed to study cytotoxicity of Teawdang in these. Total phenolic (TPC) and flavonoid content (TFC), and antioxidant activity of Teawdang were also determined. Materials and Methods: Teawdang was purchased from Khon Kaen market during June-October 2013. Hexane (CHE), ethyl acetate (CEE) and methanol (CME) extracts of its edible part were analyzed for TPC by the folin-ciocalteau method and for TFC by an aluminium colorimetric method. Antioxidant activity and cytotoxicity in normal Vero cells and oral cancer cells were investigated. Cell viability was assessed using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays. Results: CME and CEE had higher TPC and TFC and antioxidant activity than CHE. Both CME and CEE, at $200{\mu}g$ dry wt/mL, were cytotoxic to the studied oral cancer cell lines. However, CME was cytotoxic to Vero cells whereas CEE was not. Compared to Vero cells, CEE significantly inhibited ORL-48 and ORL-136 growth (p=0.03 and p=0.02, respectively). Conclusions: CEE exhibited cytotoxic effects on the studied oral cancer cell lines but not normal Vero cells. The bioactive compounds in CEE should be further purified and elucidated for their mechanisms of action for development as anticancer agents.

Effects of Aloe vera on the Cytotoxicity of Anticancer Drugs in Vitro (Aloe vera가 항암제의 세포독성에 미치는 영향)

  • 표명윤;윤지현
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.104-110
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    • 1999
  • We investigated effects of methanol extract of Aloe vera on anticancer drugs(cisplatin, mitomycin C, 5-fluorouracil)-induced growth inhibition in p388, L1210, HCT-15, SK-HepG-1 as cancer cell lines and mouse splenocytes as a normal cell by MTT assay, respectively. We also examined the effects of aloe extract and mitomycin C on the mitogen(Con, A, LPS)-induced splenocyte proliferation. Aloe extract(0.25 mg/m , 1.25 mg/m , 2.5 mg/m , 5.0 mg/m ) showed dose-dependently selective cytotoxicity against the cancer cell lines. In contrast, Aloe extract increased the growth and proliferation of the normal mouse splenocytes. The combination of aloe extract with anticancer drugs showed an additive effect for the cytotoxicity against cancer cell lines. However, that combination reduced clealy the anticancer drugs-induced toxicity against the normal mouse splenocytes.

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