• Title/Summary/Keyword: cancer cell lines

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Comparative Cytotoxic Activities of Various Ginsengs on Human Cancer Cell Lines

  • Sung Ryong Ko;You
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.18-21
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    • 1998
  • Comparative cytotoxic activities of petroleum ether soluble fraction from various ginsengs of Panax species were evaluated using A549 (human lung adenocarcinoma) and SK-OV-3(human ovary carcinoma) cancer cell lines. Korean red ginseng, Korean white ginseng, American ginseng and Canadian ginseng were found to show more potent cytotoxicitles on A549 and SK-OV-3 cell lines than Chinese red ginseng, Japanese red ginseng and Sanchi ginseng. It is noteworthy that especially, red ginseng prepared from the root of Panax ginseng cultivated in Korea shows relatively stronger cytotoxic activities than those cultivated in China and Japan.

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Downregulation of ARFGEF1 and CAMK2B by promoter hypermethylation in breast cancer cells

  • Kim, Ju-Hee;Kim, Tae-Woo;Kim, Sun-Jung
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.44 no.8
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    • pp.523-528
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    • 2011
  • To identify novel genes that are regulated by promoter methylation, a combinational approach involving in silico mining followed by molecular assay was performed. From the expression microarray data registered in the European bioinformatics institute (EBI), genes showing downregulation in breast cancer cells were initially screened and then selected by e-Northern analysis using the Unigene database. A series of these in silico methods identified CAMK2B and ARFGEF1 as candidates, and the two genes were revealed to be hypermethylated in breast cancer cell lines and hypomethylated in normal breast cell lines. Additionally, cancer cell lines showed downregulated expression of these genes. Furthermore, treatment of the cancer cell lines with a demethylation agent, 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine, recovered expression of CAMK2B and ARFGEF1, implying that hypermethyaltion silenced gene activity in cancer cells. Taken together, promoter methylations of CAMK2B and ARFGEF1 are novel epigenetic markers identified in breast cancer cell lines and can be utilized for the application to clinical cancer tissues.

Effects of Aloe vera on the Cytotoxicity of Anticancer Drugs in Vitro (Aloe vera가 항암제의 세포독성에 미치는 영향)

  • 표명윤;윤지현
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.104-110
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    • 1999
  • We investigated effects of methanol extract of Aloe vera on anticancer drugs(cisplatin, mitomycin C, 5-fluorouracil)-induced growth inhibition in p388, L1210, HCT-15, SK-HepG-1 as cancer cell lines and mouse splenocytes as a normal cell by MTT assay, respectively. We also examined the effects of aloe extract and mitomycin C on the mitogen(Con, A, LPS)-induced splenocyte proliferation. Aloe extract(0.25 mg/m , 1.25 mg/m , 2.5 mg/m , 5.0 mg/m ) showed dose-dependently selective cytotoxicity against the cancer cell lines. In contrast, Aloe extract increased the growth and proliferation of the normal mouse splenocytes. The combination of aloe extract with anticancer drugs showed an additive effect for the cytotoxicity against cancer cell lines. However, that combination reduced clealy the anticancer drugs-induced toxicity against the normal mouse splenocytes.

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ANTICANCER EFFECT OF CKD-602(BELOTECAN, CAMTOBELL$^{(R)}$) ON THE ORAL CANCER CELL LINES (구강암 세포주에 대한 CKD-602의 항암 효과)

  • Yun, Pil-Young;Ok, Yong-Ju;Myoung, Hoon;Lee, Jong-Ho;Kim, Myung-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: CKD-602, a newly developed water-soluble campthotecin analogue, is a anticancer agent which act as a DNA topoisomerase I inhibitor. CKD-602 is known as more potent and tolerable agent. The main purposes of this study were to measure the cytotoxic effect of CKD-602 on the oral cancer cell lines and to evaluate the apoptotic aspect of dead cells. Materials and Methods: To determine the cytotoxic effect of CKD-602 on the oral cancer cell lines in comparison with various cell lines, such as lung cancer and colon cancer cell lines, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide(MTT) assay was performed. And apoptosis was analyzed using fluorescence-activated cell sorting(FACS) system. Results: CKD-602 decreased the viability of malignant cells in a dose dependent manner and in a time dependent manner. CKD-602 showed excellent cytotoxicity to the oral cancer cell lines. Also, apoptotic portion was increased in a dose dependent manner. Conclusion: These findings indicated that CKD-602 induced apoptotic cell death in the various cell lines including oral cancer cell lines. From the results, it was suggested that CKD-602 would be a potential therapeutic agent for the oral cancer. More successive researches on the anticancer effect of CKD-602 should be performed.

Effects of Chitosan on the Cytotoxicity of Anticancer Drugs in vitro (In vitro에서 chitosan이 항암제의 세포독성에 미치는 영향)

  • Min, Soon-Hong;Pyo, Myoung-Yun
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.263-269
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    • 2007
  • Chitosan is a depolymerized and partially deacetylated derivative of chitin. We investigated the cytotoxicity of chitosan in cancer cell lines, such as P388, L1210, HCT-15, SK-HepG-1 and mouse splenocytes as a normal cell by MTT assay. To clarify whether chitosan enhances cytotoxicity of anticancer drugs, we also examined the cytotoxicity of combined treatment with chitosan and anticancer drugs, such as cisplatin, mitomycin C, and 5-fluorouracil in cancer cell lines in vitro. Chitosan ($37.5\;{\mu}g/mL,\;75\;{\mu}g/mL,\;112.5\;{\mu}g/mL,\;and\;150\;{\mu}g/mL$) showed concentration-dependent cytotoxicity in the cancer cell lines. In addition, chitosan showed relatively lower cytotoxicity in normal cells than in the cancer cell lines. Particularly, this trend was significant at high doses of chitosan, i.e. $112.5\;{\mu}g/mL,\;and\;150\;{\mu}g/mL$. Thus, these results suggest that chitosan may selectively induce the growth inhibition in cancer cell lines, compared to normal cells. Furthermore. the co-treatment of chitosan and anticancer drugs exhibited an apparant synergistic cytotoxicity in murine lymphoma cell lines, i.e. P388 and L1210 at $37.5\;{\mu}g/mL$ of chitosan rather than at $75\;{\mu}g/mL$ of chitosan, but such phenomenon could not be observed in solid tumor cell lines, i.e. HCT-15 and SK-HepG-1. However, chitosan did'nt reduced the cytotoxicity against normal mouse splenocytes induced by anticancer drugs. Therefore, it is concluded that the combination of chitosan and anticancer drugs might be useful for the cancer chemotherapy.

Antiproliferative Effect of the Salviae miltiorrhizae Radix Extracts on the Cancer Cell Lines (단삼 추출물이 암세포주에 미치는 세포증식 억제 효과)

  • Yang, Weo-Ho;Jung, Tae-San;Choi, Chang-Won
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to identify antiproliferative effects of Salviae miltiorrhizae Radix(SM) extracts against cancer cell lines. Methods : We used 2 kinds of cancer cell lines such as colon cancer cells(HT-29), human oral epitheloid carcinoma cells(KB). MTT assay was performed to examine the efficacy of SM extracts on the cytostaticity of cancer cells in proportion to time and doses. Apoptosis was evaluated by DNA laddering and DAPI nuclei staining. Results : The MTT absorbances against HT-29 and KB of SM extracts were significantly decresed. DNA ladders could be identified in KB of SM extracts. The morphological change were observed and number of cells were decreased by SM extracts. Conclusions : SM extracts is considered to be effective to induce apoptosis and inhibit cancer cell proliferation.

Synergism of Cytotoxicity Effects of Triptolide and Artesunate Combination Treatment in Pancreatic Cancer Cell Lines

  • Liu, Yao;Cui, Yun-Fu
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.5243-5248
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    • 2013
  • Background: Triptolide, extracted from the herb Tripteryglum wilfordii Hook.f that has long been used as a natural medicine in China, has attracted much interest for its anti-cancer effects against some kinds of tumours in recent years. Artesunate, extracted from the Chinese herb Artemisia annua, has proven to be effective and safe as an anti-malarial drug that possesses anticancer potential. The present study attempted to clarify if triptolide enhances artesunate-induced cytotoxicity in pancreatic cancer cell lines in vitro and in vivo. Methods: In vitro, to test synergic actions, cell viability and apoptosis were analyzed after treatment of pancreatic cancer cell lines with the two agents singly or in combination. The molecular mechanisms of apoptotic effects were also explored using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. In vivo, a tumor xenograft model was established in nude mice, for assessment of inhibitory effects of triptolide and artesunate. Results: We could show that the combination of triptolide and artesunate could inhibit pancreatic cancer cell line growth, and induce apoptosis, accompanied by expression of HSP 20 and HSP 27, indicating important roles in the synergic effects. Moreover, tumor growth was decreased with triptolide and artesunate synergy. Conclusion: Our result indicated that triptolide and artesunate in combination at low concentrations can exert synergistic anti-tumor effects in pancreatic cancer cells with potential clinical applications.

A Study on Cytotoxicity of Dangkwi-Yonghoe-Hwan (당귀용회환의 세포독성(細胞毒性)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Moon, Jong-Jin;Sun, Joong-Ki
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.261-277
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate cytotoxicity of DangkwiYonghoe-Hwan(DYH) and the constitutive crude drugs on several cancer cell-lines, thymocytes, splenocytes and 3T3 cells. The DYH consists of Coptidis Rhizoma, Scutellariae Radix, Phellodendri Cortex, Gardeniae Fructus, Gentianae scabrae Radix, Indigo pulverata Levis, Aloe, Rhei Rhizoma, Moschus, Saussureae Radix and Angelicae Gigantis Radix. The cytotoxicity was determined by MTT method. The DYH inhibited the proliferation of MOLT-4, K562, HL-60, Jurkat, L1210, P815, S180 and Yac-1, thymocyte, splenocyte and 3T3 cells. The cytotoxicity of Coptidis Rhizoma on the cancer cell-lines was the most potent in the constitutive crude drugs. The proliferation of cancer cell-lines was partly inhibition and partly increase by the treatment of Scutellariae Radix, Gardeniae Fructus, Gentianae scabrae Radix, Indigo pulverata Levis, Aloe, Rhei Rhizoma, Moschus and Angelicae Gigantis Radix. Phellodendri Cortex and Saussureae Radix had a poor cytotoxicity on cancer cell-lines. Coptidis Rhizoma and Phellodendri Cortex inhibited the proliferation of thymocyte, splenocyte and 3T3 cells.

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Cytotoxicity of Cratoxylum Formosum Subsp. Pruniflorum Gogel Extracts in Oral Cancer Cell Lines

  • Promraksa, Bundit;Daduang, Jureerut;Chaiyarit, Ponlatham;Tavichakorntrakool, Ratree;Khampitak, Tueanjit;Rattanata, Narintorn;Tangrassameeprasert, Roongpet;Boonsiri, Patcharee
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.16
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    • pp.7155-7159
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    • 2015
  • Background: Oral cancer is a health problem in Thailand. Cratoxylum formosum subsp. pruniflorum Gogel (Teawdang), normally consumed in northeast Thailand, has proven cytotoxic to cervical cancer cell lines including HeLa, SiHa and C-33A. Recently, Asian oral cancer cell lines, ORL-48 and ORL-136, were established. Therefore, we aimed to study cytotoxicity of Teawdang in these. Total phenolic (TPC) and flavonoid content (TFC), and antioxidant activity of Teawdang were also determined. Materials and Methods: Teawdang was purchased from Khon Kaen market during June-October 2013. Hexane (CHE), ethyl acetate (CEE) and methanol (CME) extracts of its edible part were analyzed for TPC by the folin-ciocalteau method and for TFC by an aluminium colorimetric method. Antioxidant activity and cytotoxicity in normal Vero cells and oral cancer cells were investigated. Cell viability was assessed using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays. Results: CME and CEE had higher TPC and TFC and antioxidant activity than CHE. Both CME and CEE, at $200{\mu}g$ dry wt/mL, were cytotoxic to the studied oral cancer cell lines. However, CME was cytotoxic to Vero cells whereas CEE was not. Compared to Vero cells, CEE significantly inhibited ORL-48 and ORL-136 growth (p=0.03 and p=0.02, respectively). Conclusions: CEE exhibited cytotoxic effects on the studied oral cancer cell lines but not normal Vero cells. The bioactive compounds in CEE should be further purified and elucidated for their mechanisms of action for development as anticancer agents.

The Growth Inhibition Effect of L-1210 and S-180 Cancer Cell Lines by the Extract from Anemarrhena Asphodeloides (지모(知母) 추출물이 L-1210 및 S-180 암세포주 성장 억제에 미치는 영향)

  • Yim, Chi-Hye;Cho, Jae-Seung;Kim, Hyo-Soo;Kwon, Seung-Man;Kim, Shin;Kim, Il-Hwan;Park, Hye-Sun
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.170-178
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    • 2007
  • 1. Objective This study was aimed to screen the potential antitumor activity of one kinds of Korean medicinal herb extracts against cancer cell lines and to evaluate the growth inhibition effect of L-1210 and S-180 cancer cell lines. 2. Methods It confirmed Anemarrhena asphodeloides extracts to screen the potential antitumor activity. Then, it was extracted with 4 kinds of solvents ; hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol and $H_2O$, and the Growth inhibition effect of these extracts were determined against cancer cell and normal cell. The results were as follows : The IC50(50% inhibitory concentration) values of Anemarrhena asphodeloides extracts were shown to be $253{\mu}g/ml$ against L-1210 cell lines. The IC50 values of ethyl acetate extracts were shown to be $915{\mu}g/ml$ against L-1210 cell lines. The IC50 values of butanol extracts were shown to be $52.3{\mu}g/ml$, $485{\mu}g/ml$ against L-1210, S-180 cell lines, respectively. The butanol extracts were more selectively effective than other extracts to cancer cell lines. 3. Conclusion From these data, it could be concluded that the Anemarrhena asphodeloides extracts to the Growth inhibition effect of L-1210 and S-180 cancer cell lines.

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