• Title, Summary, Keyword: campus buildings

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A Study on the Image Evaluation of Buildings in the University Campus (대학캠퍼스 건축물에 대한 이미지평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Cheon-Il;Kim, Ick-Hwan
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 2012
  • In this study, we performed the psychological analysis on campus facilities for university students with the observation that the evaluation on the physical environment of the campus is related to the image evaluation of the campus users. Specifically, we investigated the cognitive structure and the image evaluation structure of users, i.e., students, on the architectural and morphological elements of campus buildings. The investigation results are summarized as follows. 1) The cognitive structure of students on the architectural and morphological elements was different from building to building. In the case of architectural elements, the campus buildings were rated high, if they were designed with emphasis on symbolic elements, while the campus buildings with simple design were rated low. However, the morphological elements exhibited the opposite results. 2) We extracted six factors by performing the factor analysis for image evaluation. From the analysis results, we found that students showed a different structure of image evaluation for each building. In addition, the image evaluation structures were found to be related with the cognitive structures on architectural and morphological elements. 3) We also performed the correlation analysis between image evaluation structure and cognitive structure on architectural and morphological aspects. The analysis results indicated that each building showed different correlation patterns. In addition, the overall image became better, as they appraised "clarity" and "uniformity" more highly.

The Planning of Common and Living Space in the Dormitory Buildings on Campus - Focused on the Dormitory Buildings in Chung-chung Province - (대학기숙사의 공용 및 개인생활공간 계획 - 충청권 소재 대학기숙사 사례를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Jung-Eun;Kim, Mi-Kyoung
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.274-282
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    • 2013
  • This study aims to investigate planning characteristics of common and living space in the dormitory buildings on campus in Chungcheong province. A document research method was used to analyze and classified into floor-plan, zoning and area. Also site visits were conducted at 8 dormitory buildings of 4 universities, and drawings were collected and compared for this research. The results of this study were as follows; 1)Most floor plans of public spaces had corridor types and integrated public space types. The typical floorplan of living space was 2person-1bedroom and apartment type which shared livingroom, bathroom, restroom and shower between bedrooms. The living space type of dormitory buildings was more complex and growth in size. Unit community combined 2-4person per 1bedroom in floor plan can help student with identity and affiliated formation. 2)The types of the spatial composition in public spaces were devided into three zones; study, living and administrative zones such as seminar room, public bathroom and storage, etc. This results shows that various types of public space for the improvement of community of small group has recently become more important than basic sanitary space in public space of dormitory buildings on campus.

A Study on the Pattern of Spatial Structure in University Campus (대학 캠퍼스 공간구조 유형에 관한 연구)

  • 구민아;김영대
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.135-143
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    • 1999
  • This study is about the pattern of spatial structures of major university campuses in Korea. The pattern is composed of buildings, circulation, and open space within the campus. It is physical structural system which makes campus more educational environment as well as new academic landscape. The pattern is checked on the basis of existing sub-patterns of eleven universities with base data by using computer program, Autocad and Landcadd. The result is that most of campus spatial structures consists of simple and unified grid pattern. Basic educational facilities are at the center of the whole structure as well. Some universities are located in suburb and have large site which makes it more open space oriented pattern, more various exterior space and more specific circulation system. So the campus patterns of recently built is more diverse and has more design components. In most cases, campus does not have strong spatial coherence among its buildings, circulation, and open space. It is important to develop Korean formal campus spatial structure which is intrinsic to its site and is proper to its academic plan. Campus spatial structure should be formulated to embrace diverse demands of university and to accumulate unique university landscape.

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Probabilistic analysis of spectral displacement by NSA and NDA

  • Devandiran, P.;Kamatchi, P.;Rao, K. Balaji;Ravisankar, K.;Iyer, Nagesh R.
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.439-459
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    • 2013
  • Main objective of the present study is to determine the statistical properties and suitable probability distribution functions of spectral displacements from nonlinear static and nonlinear dynamic analysis within the frame work of Monte Carlo simulation for typical low rise and high rise RC framed buildings located in zone III and zone V and designed as per Indian seismic codes. Probabilistic analysis of spectral displacement is useful for strength assessment and loss estimation. To the author's knowledge, no study is reported in literature on comparison of spectral displacement including the uncertainties in capacity and demand in Indian context. In the present study, uncertainties in capacity of the building is modeled by choosing cross sectional dimensions of beams and columns, density and compressive strength of concrete, yield strength and elastic modulus of steel and, live load as random variables. Uncertainty in demand is modeled by choosing peak ground acceleration (PGA) as a random variable. Nonlinear static analysis (NSA) and nonlinear dynamic analysis (NDA) are carried out for typical low rise and high rise reinforced concrete framed buildings using IDARC 2D computer program with the random sample input parameters. Statistical properties are obtained for spectral displacements corresponding to performance point from NSA and maximum absolute roof displacement from NDA and suitable probability distribution functions viz., normal, Weibull, lognormal are examined for goodness-of-fit. From the hypothesis test for goodness-of-fit, lognormal function is found to be suitable to represent the statistical variation of spectral displacement obtained from NSA and NDA.

Rapid seismic performance assessment method for one story hinged precast buildings

  • Palanci, Mehmet;Senel, Sevket Murat
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.257-274
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    • 2013
  • In this study, seismic performance of one story hinged precast buildings, which represents the majority of existing lightweight industrial building stock of Turkey, was assessed. A lot of precast buildings, constructed in one of the important seismic zones of western Turkey, were investigated and building inventories were prepared. By this method, structural properties of inventory buildings and damaged precast buildings in recent earthquakes were compared. Damage estimations based on nonlinear analysis methods have shown that estimated damage levels of inventory buildings and observed damage levels in recent earthquakes are similar. Accuracy of damage estimation study and the simplicity of the one story precast building models implied that rapid seismic performance assessment method for these buildings can be developed. In this assessment method, capacity curves and vibration periods of precast buildings were calculated by using structural properties of precast buildings. The proposed assessment method was applied to inventory buildings by using two different seismic demand scenarios which reflect moderate and soft soil conditions. Comparison of detailed analysis and rapid assessment methods have indicated that reliable seismic performance estimations can be performed by using proposed method. It is also observed that distribution of damage estimations is compatible in both scenarios.

A Case of the Early American College Building Tradition in Korea

  • Kim, Young Chul
    • Architectural research
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 1999
  • During the first twenty-six years of its existence from 1954 to 1980, Keimyung University established on its Daemyung Campus a unique community of Western period-style buildings which recalls an old liberal arts college in America. During the first fifteen years, Keimyung built basically in the neo-Georgian style in accordance with the visions of the first two presidents, both of American nationality. During the next eleven years when Keimyung considerably expanded its facilities, it built in the neo-Classical style. The architecture of the Daemyung Campus is not without dynamism as it shows some efforts to integrate the expressions of the historical and the modern, culminating in the Main Library. The Daemyung Campus thus presents an interesting case study of how Western period-style architecture was assimilated in a provincial Korean city with a sense of an on-going building tradition.

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A Study on Spatial Characteristics of Indoor Rest Zones in the Campus Buildings (대학 캠퍼스 건물 내부휴게공간의 공간적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Joon-Soo;Kim, Sung-Ah;Suh, Ki-Young;Park, Chang-Hui;Yi, Seong-Chang
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2003
  • This study investigates the physical characteristics of indoor rest zones using the Space Syntax Method. A conceptual framework is based on analysis of design works presented in competitions(544 rest zones of 24 buildings on 7 campuses). The analysis on the unit type of rest zones showed that they were mostly available as open type, followed by semi-open type and outdoor rest places. On the other hand, by classifying the shape of whole building into traffic lines and nodal points, it was found that the buildings with 3 or more traffic lines have lower availability than others, because the buildings required more nodal points along a little higher complexity and zoning formed at increased nodal points between building masses. The analysis on the location of rest zones on traffic lines showed that hall type was most excellent in the level of availability. Finally, the analysis on the floor height showed that hall-like open rest places and outdoor places like rooftop garden functioned as a factor to enhance the integration of different spaces. In conclusion, this research will help the follow-up studies make spatial creation planning that may enhance the spatial efficiency and availability of Indoor rest zones on the campus.

Study of the composition and spatial characteristics of IIT campus by Mies van der Rohe (미스 반 데어 로에의 IIT 캠퍼스의 구성과 공간적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Chul-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.6915-6921
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the composition and spatial characteristics of the Illinois Institute of Technology (1939-1959) campus by Mies van der Rohe. Studies of the Mies' architecture has been focused mostly on "universal space", structural rationality for a single building. Therefore, it is interesting to study an IIT campus through which Mies composed public space dealing with several buildings together. To determine the relationships with his previous works and the design intentions for IIT campus, this paper studied his preliminary sketches, perspective drawings etc.. By doing so, the paper presents the following conclusions. First, Mies composed the IIT campus with simple linear buildings as walls to create the "flowing space" through the campus. Secondly, the IIT campus could become the "neutral frame" integrating the campus with urban space. Third, Mies also created an open, continuous public space in the center of the campus that allows protective, quiet seclusion for the students.

Evaluation of scalar structure-specific ground motion intensity measures for seismic response prediction of earthquake resistant 3D buildings

  • Kostinakis, Konstantinos G.;Athanatopoulou, Asimina M.
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.1091-1114
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    • 2015
  • The adequacy of a number of advanced earthquake Intensity Measures (IMs) to predict the structural damage of earthquake resistant 3D R/C buildings is investigated in the present paper. To achieve this purpose three symmetric in plan and three asymmetric 5-storey R/C buildings are analyzed by nonlinear time history analysis using 74 bidirectional earthquake records. The two horizontal accelerograms of each ground motion are applied along the structural axes of the buildings and the structural damage is expressed in terms of the maximum and average interstorey drift as well as the overall structural damage index. For each individual pair of accelerograms the values of the aforementioned seismic damage measures are determined. Then, they are correlated with several strong motion scalar IMs that take into account both earthquake and structural characteristics. The research identified certain IMs which exhibit strong correlation with the seismic damage measures of the studied buildings. However, the degree of correlation between IMs and the seismic damage depends on the damage measure adopted. Furthermore, it is confirmed that the widely used spectral acceleration at the fundamental period of the structure is a relatively good IM for medium rise R/C buildings that possess small structural eccentricity.

Differences on specified and actual concrete strength for buildings on seismic zones

  • De-Leon-Escobedo, David;Delgado-Hernandez, David Joaquin;Arteaga-Arcos, Juan Carlos;Flores-Gomora, Jhonnatan
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.349-357
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    • 2017
  • The design of reinforced concrete structures strongly depends on the value of the compression concrete strength used for the structural components. Given the uncertainties involved on the materials quality provided by concrete manufacturers, in the construction stage, these components may be either over or under-reinforced respect to the nominal condition. If the structure is under reinforced, and the deficit on safety level is not as large to require the structure demolition, someone should assume the consequences, and pay for the under standard condition by means of a penalty. If the structure is over reinforced, and other failure modes are not induced, the builder may receive a bonus, as a consequence of the higher, although unrequested, building resistance. The change on the building safety level is even more critical when the structure is under a seismic environment. In this research, a reliability-based criteria, including the consideration of expected losses, is proposed for bonification/penalization, when there are moderated differences between the supplied and specified reinforced concrete strength for the buildings. The formulation is applied to two hypothetical, with regular structural type, 3 and 10 levels reinforced concrete buildings, located on the soft soil zone of Mexico City. They were designed under the current Mexican code regulations, and their responses for typical spectral pseudoaccelerations, combined with their respective occurrence probabilities, are used to calculate the building failure probability. The results are aimed at providing objective basis to start a negotiation towards a satisfactory agreement between the involved parts. The main contribution resides on the explicit consideration of potential losses, including the building and contents losses and the business interruption due to the reconstruction period.