• Title/Summary/Keyword: calcium utilization

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Effects of Caffeine and calcium iIn take Calcium Utilization in Female Ratsof Different Age (카페인과 칼슘의 섭취수준이 연령이 다른 암쥐의 체내 칼슘 이용에 미치는 영향)

  • 최미경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.10
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    • pp.1160-1169
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of caffeine and calcium levels on calcium utilization in female rats of different ages. Calcium utilization was compared in female rats of different age( 4 weeks and 12 months) fed various levels of caffeine(0 and 7 mg/100g body weight) and calcium (50, 100 and 200% of requirement) for 3 weeks. Feed intake of the caffeine groups were lower than that of the no-caffeine groups. body weight gain was lowest in the high-caffeine and low-calcium group. Serum calcium levels of young rats were higher than those of adult rats. There were no significant differences in tibial calcium content among the caffeine and calcium -groups. Fecal calcium excretion increased as the level of dietary calcium was increased. Urinary calcium excretion increased as the levels of caffeine and dietary calcium were increased. With increasing levels of dietary calcium , daily calcium retention was accelerated, but apparent calcium absorbability was diminished. The results of this study suggest that caffeine consumption promotes urinary calcium excretion. However, increase in dietary calcium resulted in higher calcium retention . These findings indicate that high caffeine consumption may increase dietary calcium requirements. Therefore, it could be suggested that the supplementation of dietary calcium may counteract the negative effect of caffeine intake on calcium utilization.

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Effects of Caffeine Intake on Calcium Utilization in Rats of Different Age and Sex (카페인 섭취수준이 연령이 다른 흰쥐의 체내 칼슘 이용에 미치는 영향)

  • 최미경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.8
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    • pp.911-919
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of caffeine levels on calcium utilization in rats of different age and sex. Calcium utilization was compared in rats of different age(4 weeks and 10 months) and sex that were fed various levels of caffeine (0, 3.5, and 7mg/100g body weight) for 3 weeks. There was no significant difference in feed intake, serum calcium level, and ash content in tibia among the groups. Fecal calcium excretion was lower in young rats than in adults, Urinary calcium excretion significantly higher in the caffeine groups than that in the no-caffeine group. Daily retention and apparent absorbability of calcium in young rats were higher than those in adult rats. However, there was no significant difference among groups of different sex and caffeine levels. The results of this study suggest that caffeine consumption promotes urinary calcium excretion.

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Effect of Calcium Supplement on Bioavailability of Calcium in Rats Fed Soy Protein Diet (칼슘 보충제가 콩단백식이를 급여한 흰쥐의 체내 칼슘 이용성에 미치는 효과)

  • 원향례;오주환
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2002
  • This study is to find out how the 4 types of calcium salt such as calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, calcium lactate and calcium citrate in soy protein diet, the vegetable protein source, affect the calcium utilization in the body. To do so, calcium, phosphate and creatinine concentration and ALP activity in blood as well as the content of calcium and ash, the length, weight strength, and the calcium utilization in the bone were measured. Four groups of Sprague-Dawley male rats with the weight of around 180g were fed for 3 weeks with the experimental diet. Each group was fed with the isolated soy protein containing 14% of the diet and the above mentioned 4 types of calcium salt as the calcium source. The results are as follows; 1. There were no differences of the feed intake, weight gain, and feed efficiency among groups. 2. ALP activity in blood was sinificantly high in calcium lactate group(P<0.05), but there were no differences of concentration of calcium, phosphates, and creatinine in blood among groups. 3. The weight, calcium content, calcium ratio in ash and the strength of bone were low when calcium lactate was provided(P<0.05). 4. The content of calcium in the liver was high in calcium lactate group and calcium citrate group(P<.0.05). 5. The exceretion of feces was low in calcium lactate group(P<0.05) and the excretion of urine was also relatively low. In addition, the ratio of absorption and the retention of calcium were high(P<0.05). In summary, out of four types of calcium salt such as calcium carbontate, calcium phosphate, calcium lactate and calcium citrate when calcium lactate was provided the ALP activity in blood was high and the weight, calcium content, calcium ratio in ash and the strength of bone were low. In calcium utilization, the ratio of absorption and retention of calcium were high, however it has lower effect than 3 other calcium types in improving weight, the content of calcium and the strength of bone.

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Effect of golden needle mushroom (Flammulina velutipes) stem waste on laying performance, calcium utilization, immune response and serum immunity at early phase of production

  • Mahfuz, Shad;Song, Hui;Liu, Zhongjun;Liu, Xinyu;Diao, Zipeng;Ren, Guihong;Guo, Zhixin;Cui, Yan
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.705-711
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    • 2018
  • Objective: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of golden needle mushroom (Flammulina velutipes) stem waste (FVW), on organic eggs production, calcium utilization, antibody response, serum immunoglobulin, and serum cytokine concentration at early phase of production in laying hens. Methods: A total 210, 19 weeks old aged ISA Brown layers were randomly assigned into 5 equal treatment groups, with 7 replications of 6 hens each. Dietary treatment included a standard basal diet as control; antibiotic (0.05% flavomycin); 2% FVW; 4% FVW; and 6% FVW. The experimental duration was 10 weeks. Results: There was no significant differences (p>0.05) on hen day egg production, egg weight, egg mass, feed intake, and feed conversion ratio (FCR) among experimental groups. Unmarketable eggs were significantly lower (p<0.05) both in 4% FVW and 6% FVW fed groups than control group. The calcium retention and calcium in egg shell deposition were significantly higher (p<0.05) in FVW inclusion groups than control and antibiotic groups. Antibody titers against Newcastle diseases were significantly higher (p<0.05) in 6% FVW fed group (except combined with 4% FVW at day 147) and infectious bronchitis were significantly higher (p<0.05) in FVW fed groups (except 2% FVW and 4% FVW at day 161) than control and antibiotic groups. Serum immunoglobulin sIgA was significantly higher (p<0.05) in all levels of FVW and IgG was significantly higher (p<0.05) in 4% FVW than control and antibiotic groups. Serum cytokine concentration interleukin-2 (IL-2) was significantly higher (p<0.05) in 6% FVW; IL-6 and tumor necrotic $factor-{\alpha}$ were significantly higher (p<0.05) both in 4% FVW and 6% FVW than control and antibiotic groups; IL-4 was significantly higher (p<0.05) in antibiotic, 2% FVW and 4% FVW fed groups than control. Conclusion: F. velutipes mushroom waste can be used as a novel substitute for antibiotic for organic egg production and sound health status in laying hens.

Effects of Multiple-Cycle Operation and SO2 Concentration on CO2 Capture Capacity of Three Limestones in a Fluidized Bed Reactor (유동층 반응기에서 세 가지 석회석의 CO2 흡수능력에 미치는 반복횟수와 SO2 농도의 영향)

  • Ryu, Ho-Jung
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.44-51
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    • 2006
  • Effects of multiple-cycle operation and $SO_2$ concentration on $CO_2$ capture characteristics of three limestones were investigated in a fluidized bed reactor. For each of these sorbents, the measured $CO_2$ capture capacity decreased as the number of cycles increased and as the $SO_2$ concentration increased. On the other hand, the $SO_2$ capture increased with the increased number of cycles and the $SO_2$ concentration. The total calcium utilization decreased as the number of cycles increased, but the effect of $SO_2$ concentrations on the total calcium utilization depended on the type of limestone. For Strassburg limestone, the total calcium utillization decreased with increasing $SO_2$ concentration. However, for Luscar and Danyang limestones, the total calcium utilization was almost independent of $SO_2$ concentration for the range investigated. The results showed that $SO_2$ in flue gas reduced the $CO_2$ capture capacity of limestone and that the sulfation pattern affected the $CO_2$ capture capacity.

Interaction of Dietary Wheat Bran and Dietary Calcium Levels ell Calcium Utilization and Bone Mass in Post-breeding Female Rats

  • Park, Young-Sook
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.16-21
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to determine the interaction of dietary wheat bran and dietary calcium levels n)n calcium utilization in post-breeding female rats. It was designed to compare the effects of four different levels (2.5, 5, 10 and 20%) of wheat bran and two different levels (0.5 and 1%) of calcium on bone and calcium balance in post-breeding female rats over a ten-week period. The effects of diet on animal weight gain, serum calcium, femur weight, femur calcium concentration, bone mass and calcium balance were determined and statistically analyzed. The addition of 20% wheat bran significantly (p$\leq$0.05) decreased the weight gain of rats. Serum calcium and bone calcium contents were more affected by dietary calcium level than by dietary wheat bran level. There was no significant difference in fat-free solid, ash, percentage of ash to fat-free solid and percentage of calcium to ash among groups. Groups fed the 1% calcium diet had a higher percentage of calcium to fat-free solid. All rats were in positive calcium balance during the three-4ay experimental period. The average calcium balance of the rats fed 1% calcium diet ranged from 25.34 to 53.90mg and the average calcium balance of the rats fed the 0.5% calcium diet ranged from 26.71 to 32.90mg. In rats receiving 2.5% wheat bran, the difference in calcium balance between the group fed the 1% calcium diet and the group fed the 0.5% calcium diet was only 1.37mg, which was not significantly (p$\leq$0.05) different. In rats receiving 20% wheat bran, the difference in calcium balance between the group fed the 1% calcium diet and the group fed the 0.5% calcium diet was 19.S7mg, which was significantly (p$\leq$0.05) different. The addition of wheat bran caused an increase in the calcium balance of the rats adminslesed the 1% calcium diet. On the other hand, the addition of wheat bran had no effect on the calcium balance of the rats adminislesed the 0.5% calcium diet. In conclusion, calcium utilization of rats wire more positively affected by the interaction of both dietary wheat bran levels and dietary calcium levels than either dietary wheat bran levels or dietary calcium levels alone. Moderate wheat bran consumption did not interfere with the calcium metabolism of rats when calcium intake was high enough.

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Effect of Imipramine on Calcium Utilization of Single Cells Isolated from Canine Detrusor

  • Shim, Ho-Shik;Choi, Hyoung-Chul;Jeong, Young-Sook;Kim, Jong-Ho;Lee, Kwang-Youn;Sohn, Uy-Dong;Ha, Jeoung-Hee;Kim, Won-Joon
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.439-445
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    • 1999
  • This study is to investigate the mechanism of inhibitory effect of imipramine on the calcium utilization in single cells isolated from canine detrusor. 2 mm thick smooth muscle chops were incubated in 0.12% collagenase solution at $36^{circ}C,$ and aerated with 95% $O_2/5%\;CO_2,$ and then cell suspension was examined. Acetylcholine (ACh) evoked a concentration-dependent contraction of the isolated detrusor cells in normal physiologic salt solution (PSS), and the ACh-induced contraction was significantly inhibited by imipramine. In $Ca^{2+}-free$ PSS, ACh-induced contraction was less than those in normal PSS and it was not affected by the pretreatment with imipramine. $Ca^{2+}-induced$ contraction in $Ca^{2+}-free$ PSS was supressed by imipramine, but addition of A 23187, a calcium ionophore, overcomed the inhibitory effect of imipramine. High potassium-depolarization (40 mM KCl) evoked cell contraction, which was inhibited by imipramine. Caffeine, a releasing agent of the stored $Ca^{2+}$ from sarcoplasmic reticulum, evoked a contraction of the cells that was not blocked by the pretreatment with imipramine. These results suggest that imipramine inhibits the influx of calcium in the detrusor cells through both the receptor-operated- and voltage-gated-calcium channels, but does not affect the release of calcium from intracellular storage site.

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Correlation among Serum and Urinary Calcium, Zinc, Magnesium and Other Factors in Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetic Women (인슐린 비의존형 당뇨병 여성환자의 혈청과 뇨중 칼슘, 아연 및 마그네슘 함량과 관련인자들과의 상관관계)

  • 주은정;차연수;박은숙
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.601-607
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    • 1996
  • Nineteen non-insulin-dependent diabetic(NIDD) and healthy control women were investigated to study the relationship between glycemic control and the level of calcium, zinc, and magnesium in the serum and urine. Urinary calcium, zinc and magnesium levels in the NIDD women were significantly higher(p<0.01) than those of the control women. There were no difference in serum magnesium and zinc levels between the two groups, but se겨m calcium level was lower(p<0.01) in the NIDD women compared to that of the control group. In the NIDD women, serum magnesium was negatively related to fasting blood glucose(r=-0.533 : p<0.05), urinary glucose(r=-0.767 ; P<0.001), urinary protein(r=-0.476 : p<0.05), and urine volume(r=-0.571 : p<0.05). The levels of zinc in both serum (r=0.515, p<0.05) and urine(r=0.623 : p<0.01) were related to urinary protein but only urinary zinc level(r=0.570 : p<0.01) was related to serum albumin. Urinary magnesium, not calcium was correlated with the urinary glucose(r=0.563 : p<0.05) and urinary protein(r=0.568 ; p<0.05). Fasting blood glucose was positively correlated with duration of diabetes, as well as dietary fat and calorie intake. The results of this study suggest that NIDD alters all magnesium, zinc, and calcium utilization, particularly magnesium is involved in glycemic control in this condition.

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An Ecological Analysis of the Relationship between Diet Diversity and Nutrient Intake (식품 섭취의 다양성과 영양소 섭취 수준과의 관련성에 대한 생태학적 분석)

  • Kim, Jung-Yeon;Moon, Soo-Jae
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.309-316
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    • 1990
  • The relationship between diet diversity and nutrient intake was studied. Diet diversity, caloric intake and dietary nutrient density values were examined as contributors to the level of selected nutrients with the use of data obtained from 14-day dietary records of 60 college women. The subjects were grouped into quartiles on the basis of level of intake of each of the specific nutrients. The indexes of diet diversity were the number of different food items and Shannon & Weaver's diversity index. Differences in diet diversity were found among nutrients and indexes. In general, calorie and protein intake were more diverse, on the other hand, intake of vitamins A and C were less diverse. With the exception of calcium, iron, vitamin $B_1$, niacin and vitamin C, the number of food items increased at each quartile of intake of specific nutrients. It was concluded that for some nutrients(as with fat), the number of food items consumed may be useful in estimating nutrient intakes. For other nutrients(as with calcium), utilization of nutrient-specific diversity indexes is necessary. Increased nutrient intake was accompanied by increased caloric intake(except vitamins A and C) and dietary nutrient density for all nutrients.

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Efficacy of Supplemental Lecithin-free Egg Yolk at Different Dietary Calcium Levels on Growth Performance and Ca Absorption of Laying Hens (계란 난황 레시틴 추출 부산물이 사료 내 Ca 함량을 조절한 산란계의 생산성과 Ca 흡수에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Jong-Kwon;Oh, Mihyang;Nam, Jungok;Ji, Kibbeum;Sim, Insuk;Park, Keun-Tae
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.58-62
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    • 2015
  • A 3-weeks feeding trial with 288 laying hens were conducted to determine the efficacy of lecithin-free egg yolk at different levels of dietary Ca on performance and Ca absorption. Laying hens were divided into 6 groups according to calcium level and testing agent; 0% calcium feed (A), 0.2% calcium feed (B), 0.4% calcium feed (C, normal feed), 0.6% calcium feed (D), 0.4% calcium feed + 0.2% egg byproduct (C+0.2), 0.4% calcium feed + 0.4% egg byproduct (C+0.4). The final body weight gain of C+0.2 and C+0.4 groups were higher by 1.5% and 7.4% respectively than group C. Tibia ash contents did not show significantly difference, but calcium contents increase (p<0.05) in C+0.2 and C+0.4 groups. Parallel undecalcified tibia joint sections were stained for calcium absorption by the von Kossa's stain. This result show that lecithin free egg byproduct supplementation to normal calcium feed improved growth performance and calcium utilization in laying hens.