• Title, Summary, Keyword: breed-specific DNA marker

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Identification of Korean Native Goat Meat using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) DNA Markers (Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) DNA Marker를 이용한 한국 재래흑염소육 감별)

  • 정의룡
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.301-309
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to develop the breed-specific DNA markers for breed identification of Korean native goat meat using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP)-PCR techniques. The genomic DNAs of Korean native goat, imported black goat and four dairy goat breeds(Saanen, Alpine, Nubian and Toggenburg) were extracted from muscle tissues or blood. Genomic DNA was digested with a particular combination of two restriction enzymes with 4 base(Mse I and Taq I) and 6 base(EcoR I and Hind III) recognition sites, ligated to restriction specific adapters and amplified using the selective primer combinations. In AFLP profiles of polyacrylamide gels, the number of scorable bands produced per primer combination varied from 36 to 74, with an average of 55.5. A total of 555 bands were produced, 149(26.8%) bands of which were polymorphic. Among the ten primer combinations, two bands with 2.01 and 1.26 kb in M13/H13 primer and one band with 1.65 kb in E35/H14 primer were found to be breed-specific AFLP markers in Korean native goat when DNA bands were compared among the goat breeds. In the E35/H14 primer combination, 2.19, 2.03, 0.96 and 0.87 kb bands detected in imported black goat, 2.13 kb band in Saanen breed and 2.08 kb band in Nubian breed were observed as breed-specific bands showing differences between goat breeds, respectively. The E35/H14 primer combination produced four DNA bands distinguished between Korean native goat and Saanen breed. The is study suggested that the breed specific AFLP bands could be used as DNA markers for the identification of Korean native goat meat from imported black goat and dairy goat meats.

Genetic Diversity Analysis of the Cheju Horse Using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNAs (PCR-RAPD를 이용한 제주말의 유전적 다양성분석)

  • Cho, Byung-Wook;Lee, Kil-Wang
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.521-524
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    • 2004
  • This experiment was carried out to analyze genetic characteristics and to develop the breed specific DNA marker for Cheju-native horse. If this marker contains high repetitive sequences, it is possible to convert a RAPD marker of interest into a single-locus PCR marker called a sequence characterized amplified region(SCAR). Twenty six Cheju-native horse and Fifty thoroughbred genomic DNA were pooled and PCR. were accomplished using 800 random primers. Comparing the pooled DNA from Cheju-native horse and thoroughbred, we found 9 primers which identified markers present in the pooled DNA from breed but absent in the other breed. Among 9 random primers, 6 primers were thoroughbred specific and 3 primers were Cheju-native horse specific. Testing individual horse revealed that 5 marker showed the similar band pattern between Cheju-native horse and Thoroughbred. However, 4 marker were wholly absent in breed while present in the other breed. UBC $126_{3500bp}$, UBC $162_{500bp}$, and UBC $244_{1200bp}$ was detected only Thoroughbred and UBC $562_{560bp}$was detected Cheju-native horse, respectively. After determining of the cloned breed-specific fragment sequence, we designed the SCAR-primers and carried out PCR. Compared to random primer, RAPD-SCAR primer didn't show significantly higher specific band. However, RAPD analysis is useful for genetic characterization of Cheju-native horse.

Identification of Korean Native Pork Using Breed-Specific DNA Marker of KIT Gene

  • Chung, Eui-Ryong;Chung, Ku-Young
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.403-409
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    • 2010
  • Accurate methods for the identification of closely related species or breeds in raw and processed meats must be developed in order to protect both consumers and producers from mislabeling and fraud. This paper describes the development of DNA markers for the discrimination and improvement of Korean native pig (KNP) meat. The KIT gene is related to pig coat color and is often used as a candidate marker. A 538 bp fragment comprising intron 19 of the pig KIT gene was amplified by PCR using specific primers, after which the PCR amplicons of a number of meat samples from KNP and three major improved breeds (Landrace, Duroc and Yorkshire) were sequenced in order to find a nucleotide region suitable for PCR-RFLP analysis. Sequence data showed the presence of two nucleotide substitutions, g.276G>A and g.295A>C, between KNP and the improved pig breeds. Digestion of KIT amplicons with AccII enzyme generated characteristic PCR-RFLP profiles that allowed discrimination between meats from KNP and improved pig. KNP showed three visible DNA bands of 264/249, 199, and 75 bp, whereas DNA bands of 249, 199, and 90 bp were detected in the three improved pig breeds. Therefore, the 75 bp DNA fragment was specific only to KNP, whereas the 90 bp DNA fragment was specific to the improved breeds. The breed-specific DNA markers reported here that target the KIT gene could be useful for the identification of KNP meat from improved pig meats, thus contributing to the prevention of falsified breed labeling.

Utilization of DNA Marker-Assisted Selection in Korean Native Animals

  • Yeo, Jong-sou;Kim, Jae-Woo;Chang, Tea-Kyung;Pake, Young-Ae;Nam, Doo-Hyun
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2000
  • The recent progress od DNA technologies including DNA fingerprinting (DFP) and random amplified DNA polymorphism (RAPD) analysis make it possible to identify the specific genetic trits of animals and to analyze the genetic diversity and relatedness between or withinspecies or populations. Using those techniquse, some efforts to identify and develop the specific DNA markers based on DNA polymorphism, which are related with economic traits for Korean native animals, Hanwoo(Korean native cattle),Korean native pig and Korean native chicken, have been made in Korea for recent a few years. The developed specific DNA markers successfully characterize the Korean native animals as the unique Korean genetic sources, distinctively from other imported breeds. Some of these DNA markers have been related to some important economic traits for domestic animals, for example, growth rate and marbling for Honwoo, growth rate and back fat thinkness fornative pig, and growth rate, agg weight and agg productivity for native chicken. This means that those markers can be used in important marker-assised selection (MAS) of Korean native domestic animals and further contribute to genetically improve and breed them.

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A Genetic Marker for the Korean Native Cattle (Hanwoo) Found by an Arbitrarily Primed-Polymerase Chain Reaction (AP-PCR)

  • Lee, Ji-Seon;Lee, Chang-Hee;Nam, Doo-Hyun;Jung, Young-Ja;Yeo, Jung-Sou
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.208-212
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    • 2000
  • In order to develop a specific genetic marker for the Korean native cattle (Hanwoo), an arbitrarily-primed polymerase chain reaction (AP-PCR) analysis of 6 different cattle breeds was attempted. Eight different arbitrary primers, each longer than 20-mer nucleotides, were used. In comparison to the AP-PCR patterns, several distinctive DNA bands that are specific for a certain breed were detected. When the primer Kpn-X was employed, a 280bp DNA fragment was found to be specific only for Hanwoo. In an individual analysis of Hanwoo, this AP-PCR marker was observed in 123 head of cattle among the 153 that were tested (80.4%). Nucleotide sequencing revealed that this fragment has a short microsatellite sequence of tandem repeat, $A(G)_{1-2}\;(C)_{1-3}AGAG$. According to the analysis of AP-PCR band patterns, Hanwoo was discovered to be genetically most closely-related with Holstein among the various cattle breeds.

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Identification of Beef Breed using DNA Marker of Coat Color Genes (모색 발현 유전자의 DNA Marker를 이용한 쇠고기 품종 판별)

  • Chung Eui-Ryong;Chung Ku-Young
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.355-360
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    • 2004
  • In Korean beef market, one of the major problems is mislabeling or fraudulent distribution of Holstein dairy meat or imported beef as domestic Hanwoo meat. Therefore, there has been a great need for a development of technology to identify beef breeds in meat and meat products. This study was carried out to develop the accurate and reliable method for the identification of beef breed using PCR-RFLP marker of MC1R, MGF and TYRPl genes affecting coat colors in cattle. A single base substitution (G\longrightarrowT transition) at the codon for amino acid position 104 of MC1R gene was identified between Hanwoo and Holstein and Angus breeds. The change at this position creates Msp I restriction site in Holstein and Angus, but not in Hanwoo. When the DNA amplified products (537 bp) was digested with Msp I, Hanwoo meat showed a single band of 537bp, while two fragments of 329bp and 208 bp were observed in Holstein meat and Angus breed, respectively. Thus, breed-specific RFLP marker in the MC1R gene can be used to distinguish between Hanwoo meat and Holstein and Angus meats. In the RFLP genotype of MGF gene, the frequency of r/r type was 75% in Manwoo, whereas the frequency of R/R was 80% in Hereford breed. Holstein and Angus breeds showed 100% for R/r type. Therefore, Hanwoo meat showed significant difference in the MGF genotype frequencies compared with those of Holstein meat and imported beef cattle breeds. However, TYRP1 gene showed the same genotype in all breeds examined. Thus, this TYRP1 gene can not be used as a molecular marker for breed identification. As a consequence, we suggest that RFLP markers of the MC1R and MGF coat color genes could be used as DNA marker for identification of Hanwoo meat from Holstein and imported meats.

Detection of a Large White-Specific Duplication in D-loop Region of the Porcine MtDNA (돼지 mtDNA D-loop 지역의 Large White 특이 중복현상 탐지)

  • Kim, Jae-Hwan;Han, Sang-Hyun;Lee, Sung-Soo;Ko, Moon-Suk;Lee, Jung-Gyu;Jeon, Jin-Tae;Cho, In-Cheol
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.467-471
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    • 2009
  • The entire D-loop region of the porcine mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was amplified from six pig breeds (Landrace, Duroc, Large White, Korean native pig, Berkshire, and Hampshire) using a primer set designed on the basis of reported porcine mtDNA sequences. From analyses through cloning, DNA sequencing and multiple sequence alignment, an 11-bp (TAAAACACTTA) duplication was observed after known tandem repetition in the D-loop region, which promoted hetroplasmy in mtDNA. Although the existence of the 11-bp duplication has been previously reported in Duroc and Japanese native pigs, there have not been any attempts to know the characteristics of this duplication in other breeds so far. A 150 bp fragment containing the 11-duplication was amplified and typed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). All Large Whites had two duplication units and Duroc showed heteromorphic patterns, 11.2% (9/80) of the animals had the 11-bp duplication in total. On the other hand, Landrace, Berkshire, Hampshire and Korean native pigs were non-duplicated. This result showed that the 11-bp duplication could be used as a breed-specific DNA marker for distinguishing pure Landrace and Large White breeds.

Development of Sequence Characterized Amplified Regions (SCAR) Showing for Cheju Native Horse (품종 특이성을 이용한 제주마 판별 표지인자 재발)

  • Cho Byung Wook
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.474-478
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to analyze genetic characteristics and to develop the specific marker for Cheju native horse (Coo) at the level of sequence characterized amplified regions (SCARs). We collected blood samples from Cheju native horse and Thoroughbred horse (Th) and obtained genomic DNA from the blood of 50 individuals randomly selected within the breeds. Seven hundred primers were chosen randomly and were used to examin the polymorphism and 40 kinds of primers showed polymorphic RAPD band patterns between two breeds. Thirty primers of them showed horse specific bands. With the primer MG 30, amplified band of 2.0 kb showed the specificity to Cheju native horse (Cnh). Additionally MG 53 detected the thoroughbred horse (Th) specific markers at size of 2.3 kb. As the next, 2.3 kb band from MG 53 was checked with the all individuals from all the breeds of this study, and it maintained the reproducible breed specificity to thoroughbred horse (Th). With this results, 2.3 kb band was cloned into plasmid vector and sequenced bidirectionally from both ends of the cloned fragment. With the obtained sequences 10 nucleotide extended primers including the original arbitray primer were designed as a SCARs primer. Finally, the primer with extended sequence showed the reproducible breed differentiation pattern and it was possible to identify Cheju native horse (Cnh) from other breeds. The SCARs marker 2.3 kb from MG 53 could be used to identify Cheju native horse (Cnh) for not only registration but also horse breeding programe.

분자유전학적인 기술을 이용한 육 감별법

  • Kim, Tae-Heon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources Conference
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    • pp.59-75
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to develop a DNA marker for identifying between Korean cattle (Hanwoo) and other breeds. First experiment was performed to isolate Hanwoo specific DNA marker at sequence characterized amplified regions (SCARs). Five breeds of cattle including Hanwoo, Holstein, Hereford, Angus and Charolais were represented with the from 8 to 20 individuals. Fourteen primers of 300 arbitrary primers of 10 nucleotides showed reproducible polymorphism across the breeds. An amplified band of 0.9 kb in the primer MG-3 showed the specificity to Holstein breed. And MG-6 and MG-12 detected the Hereford and Hanwoo specific markers at the size of 2.0 kb and 1.0 kb, respectively. A 1.0 kb band of MG-12 was cloned and sequenced. A SCAR primer was designed based on the obtained sequences. It was possible to identify the Hanwoo from Holstein breed. Second experiment was carried out to observe the genotype frequencies of MC1R in 1,044 samples of imported beef and eight different cattle breeds including Hanwoo, Holstein, Angus, Brown-Swiss, Charolais, Limousin, Simmental and Hereford. The primers for the amplification of bovine MC1R gene were designed based on a bovine MC1R gene sequence (GenBank accession no.Y19103). A size of 350 bp was amplified by polymerase chain reaction(PCR), digested with two different restriction enzyme, BsrFI and MspA II, and electrophoresed in 2.5% Metaphore agarose gel for determination of genotypes. Genotype frequencies of Hanwoo were 0.10 in E+e and 0.90 in ee. Allele ED was shown in all of Holstein and Angus breeds tested which have black coat color phenotypes. We suggested that SCAR marker and the bovine MC1R gene could be used as a DNA marker for distinguishing beef between Hanwoo and Holstein.

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Identification of Hanwoo Meat by DNA Analysis (DNA 분석법에 의한 한우고기 판별)

  • Oh, Hong-Rock;Lee, Chang-Soo;Sang, Byung-Chan;Song, Kwang-Taek
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2006
  • This study was deal with the development of breed-specific DNA marker which is able to identify Hanwoo and European cattle breeds(Non-Hanwoo) meat. Genetic differentiation between Korean cattle(Hanwoo) and European cattle breeds was examined by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA(RAPD) analysis. The RAPD patterns were identical among Non-Hanwoo, such as Holstein, Hereford, Aberdeen Angus, Brown Swiss, Limousin or Simmental, but the above pattern was different from that of Hanwoo. All bands detected in the Hanwoo samples were observed in Non-Hanwoo cattle samples, but one of the common bands found in samples was not detected in the Hanwoo samples. The band(1.4kb) may be useful as a marker for identifying a meat of Hanwoo from imported cattle meat. Actually, the detection of the DNA marker was tested by DNA analysis with 929 samples which were prepared from bloods of 673 Hanwoo cattles and 141 Holstein cattles, from 115 imported cattle meats. The DNA marker was absent in 644 of 673 Hanwoo cattles (96%) but present in 245 of 256 Non-Hanwoo cattles (95%). These results show that the DNA marker is effective to characterize Hanwoo and Non-Hanwoo meat by its detection. This DNA marker, however, was not useful in detecting unwanted crossbreeding between two cattle breeds, because the band pattern in hybrid cattle shows one of two band patterns in Hanwoo and Non-Hanwoo.

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