• Title/Summary/Keyword: bone growth

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MULTIPLE ANKYLOSIS ON MAXILLARY AND MANDIBULAR PRIMARY MOLARS WITHOUT PERMANENT SUCCESSOR (계승치의 결손을 동반한 상, 하악 유구치의 다발성 유착에 대한 증례보고)

  • Jung, Hwi-Hoon;Choi, Hyung-Jun;Kim, Seong-Oh;Choi, Byung-Jai;Lee, Jae-Ho
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.403-408
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    • 2005
  • Ankylosis is defined as a fusion of cementum or dentine with alveolar bone. Due to the loss of the periodontal ligament on the ankylotic area, the tooth is incapable of continued eruption and hence is unable to follow the normal vertical development of the neighboring teeth and alveolar process. A 6-year-old female was referred to the Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry for ankylosis of primary molars and congenital missing of permanent premolars on both jaws. She had neither specific past medical history nor trauma and infection history in oral and maxillofacial region. Radiographic finding is that the maxillary primary molars were the early onset of ankylosis and had fast root resorption rate. However the mandibular primary molars were ankylosed later and being resorbed slower than maxillary primary molars. The object of treating this case is to maintain the proper alveolar bone growth and retention of deciduous molars. The point of managing this case is as follows: Proper treatment (observation, restoration, or extraction) should be established after thorough consideration of the time of onset, the root resorption rate, progression of infraocclusion and the development of alveolar bone support. We should consider the timing of extraction of the ankylosed teeth without problem of neighbouring alveolar bone growth and tilting of adjacent teeth in the view of growth spurt. Early diagnosis is important to avoid many of the complications with infraoccluded primary molars.

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Bone graft material using teeth

  • Kim, Young-Kyun
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.134-138
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    • 2012
  • Autogenous tooth bone graft material contains organic and inorganic components for osteoinductive and osteoconductive healing. The clinical availability and safety of this material have been confirmed by various experimental and clinical studies. In the future, allogenic and xenogenic tooth bone graft materials, ideal scaffold using teeth for stem cells and bone growth factors, and endodontic and tooth restorative material will be developed.

Effect of Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes on Bone and Heart Development in Juvenile Rats

  • Kim, Joo-Heon;Lee, Young-Jeon;Lee, Sang-Un;Suzuki, Takao;Lee, Sang-Kil;Kang, Tae-Young;Hong, Yong-Geun
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 2010
  • Our objective of current study was to investigate the development of bone and heart in association with diabetes mellitus (DM). DM was induced by administering an intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ; 60 mg/kg) to 4-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats. Body weight and blood glucose were monitored, and rats were sacrificed after 2 or 5 weeks. The left ventricle (LV), including the interventricular septum, was weighed, and body weight and tibial bone length were assessed. Young diabetic rats showed reduced growth in terms of tibial length and body weight compared to controls. Moreover, diabetic males showed more significant growth suppression and reduced LV size than diabetic females. Morphometric analysis of tibiae from diabetic rats revealed suppressed bone growth at 2 and 5 weeks, with no difference between genders. STZ-induced diabetes decreased bone growth and retarded pre-pubertal heart development. As a result, diabetes may increase cardiovascular risk factors and lead to eventual heart failure. Therefore, new therapeutic approaches are required for diabetic children exhibiting growth retardation. Heart growth factor, exercise, and cardiopulmonary physical therapy may be required to promote heart development and physiological function.

Effect of KH-BaRoKer-SeongJangTang based on traditional medicine theory on longitudinal bone growth

  • Kim, Min-Ho;Jeong, Hyeonseok;Park, Myungduek;Moon, Phil-Dong
    • CELLMED
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.14.1-14.6
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    • 2014
  • KH-BaRoKer-SeongJangTang (KBS) is a recently developed formulation by using traditional drugs considering traditional medical theory of Oriental books such as ShinNongBonChoGyeong and JuRye, which has been used to improve the growth of child in Korea. Although KBS is usually prescribed to many children who are in retard for their age, its pharmacological effects have not been fully understood in experimental models. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of KBS on bone growth. Growth plate thickness and bone parameters such as bone volume/tissue volume (BV/TV), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular number (Tb.N), connection density (Conn.D), and total porosity were analyzed by means of microcomputed tomography. Serum insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Hepatic IGF-I mRNA expression was analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription5 (STAT5) was investigated using Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry. The thickness of growth plate was increased by KBS. BV/TV, Tb.Th, TbN, Conn.D, and total porosity were improved by KBS. Hepatic IGF-I mRNA and serum IGF-I levels were elevated by KBS. Phosphorylation of STAT5 was increased with administration of KBS. These results suggest that KBS would be helpful to children who are in retard for their age through the elevation of IGF-I.

Dual Effects of Calorie and Protein Restricted Diet Supplemented by Sugar on Albino Rat (주식에 첨가된 간식이 흰쥐의 체내대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hyun-Kyong;Kim, Sook-He
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.23-36
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    • 1973
  • This study was designed to compare the effect of dietary intakes on different quality protein & levels of caloric consumption supplemented by sugar at the level of 26% of total caloric intakes. 30 males and same number of females of Albino rats, aged 30-40 days were devided into following six groups, 5 rats each. ACO Group: Ad libitum, Casein, no sugar group ACS Group: Ad libitum, Casein, 26% sugar supplemented group RBO Group: 50% restriction,Bean, no sugar group RBS Group: 50% restriction, Bean, 26% sugar supplemented group RAO Group: 50% restriction, Anchovy, no sugar group RAS Group: 50% restriction, Anchovy, 26% sugar supplemented group The rats were kept in individual cage and given 6 different diet for 12 weeks. The result of this study were elucidated as follow. Body weight gained and organ weight showed no significant differences between sugar supplemented group and the others. It was noteworthy that the shrinkage of female sex organ supplemented by sugar in the diet showed lower degree than that of compared groups in this study. In other word, degree of shrinkage due to protein-caloric restriction was decreased by sugar supplementation. Nitrogen Metabolism and total nitrogen retention were not observed any significant differences between sugar supplemented group and the others. Dental caries showed higher incidence for sugar supplemented groups. Hematology and bone growth showed no differences in this study. The similar results on the metabolic effects concerned the above view Points were obtained in the different protein groups such as bean & anchovy as protein sources in the diet. Caloric restriction Produced a lower growth-rate, lower body weight and poorer long bone growth. But composition of bone ash, concentration of nitrogen, calcium and blood glucose, liver fats and liver water content maintenanced at the same levels of standard group.

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Bone Changes in Femoral Bone of Mice Using Calcein Labeling (Mice에서 Calcein 표지를 이용한 골 변화 관찰)

  • Shim, Moon-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.114-117
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    • 2016
  • In vivo labeling of bone with fluorochromes is a widely used method for assessment of bone formation and remodeling processes. In particular, calcein is used as a marker for identification of bone growth, which is indicated by a green color. Calcein green is a calcium chelator that adheres to regions of mineralizing bone thereby allowing localization of new bone. Bone formation and remodeling in vivo can be assessed by calcium-binding calcein labeling. In this study, changes in the femoral bone of a normal mouse model at both 4 and 8 weeks were evaluated using calcein labeling. Intense deposition of calcium in the bone was observed after application for 8 weeks. A mouse model is suitable for application in in vivo experiments using genetically modified mice, such as knock-out mice, however data regarding femoral cross sectional bone in young mice are limited. The current study confirmed calcein as a useful marker for identification of bone growth, which was indicated by a green color on photomicrographs. This methodological process may provide basic information for interpreting bone formation and regeneration to pharmacologic or genetic manipulation in mice.

Determining the Proportions of Bone and Cartilage Growth in the Crucian Carp (carassius auratus) Using the Modified Simultaneous Differential Staining Technique

  • Lee, Jin-Heon
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.337-341
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    • 2010
  • The modified simultaneous differential staining technique, which enables double staining of cartilage and bones, needs to be improved to prevent soft tissues from being damaged during the staining process. Key factors influencing the extent to which soft tissues are damaged include the fixative used, macerating time, potassium hydroxide concentration, incubation temperature and the removal of skin from specimens. Here we describe a protocol that enables the hardening of tissues during bleaching and maceration. We also describe a method for objectively measuring rates of cartilage and bone growth. The use of formalin as a fixative rendered soft tissues more rigid due to the resulting chemical bonds formed between proteins. Blotted specimens were immersed in 1% potassium hydroxide (KOH) and incubated at $37^{\circ}C$ for 1 day (smaller specimens) or 2-3 days (larger specimens). The 1% KOH solution was also used as the diluent solution for the subsequent immersion in a graded series of 30%, 50%, 70%, 90%, 100% glycerol solutions, a procedure that made soft tissues even more transparent and hardened. It was not necessary to remove the skin of specimens shorter than 2 cm, since the macerating solution could easily penetrate their thin skin layer and continuously remove those pigments hindering visibility. Since excessive osmosis is another factor that can damage soft tissues in the macerating process by causing the rupture of those cells not able to withstand the osmotic pressure, here it was minimized by balancing the salt concentration between the interior and exterior of cells with the addition of 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl) in the macerating solution. Finally, to determine the proportions of cartilage and bone growth, photographs of the stained specimens were taken with a dissecting microscope and sections corresponding to the cartilage and bones were cut out from the printed pictures and weighed. Our results show that this method is suitable for the objective evaluation of bone and cartilage growth.

Growth Hormone Signaling in the Regulation of Acid Labile Subunit

  • Kim, Jin Wook;Boisclair, Yves R.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.754-768
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    • 2008
  • The past decades have seen enormous advances in our understanding of how GH acts. GH is a pituitary-derived polypeptide hormone that has diverse physiological effects including the regulation of bone growth, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. The effects of GH are mediated directly and indirectly through IGF-I. In addition, GH stimulates the hepatic production of ALS. In postnatal life, IGF-I and -II circulate as 150 kDa ternary complexes consisting of one molecule each of IGFBP-3 or IGFBP-5, IGF-I or IGF-II and ALS. It is now known that ALS increases significantly the half-lives of the IGFs, IGFBP-3 and -5, and therefore is responsible for maintaining a circulating reservoir for each of these proteins.

THE EFFECTS OF HIGH PULL HEADGEAR IN MIXED DENTITION WITH CLASS II MALOCCLUSION (혼합치열기 II급 부정교합에 대한 high pull Headgear의 효과)

  • Kwon, Soo-Yong;Chung, Kyu-Rhim
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.555-567
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study is to observe the effect of high pull headgear on the craniofacial structures of mixed dentition with Class II malocclusion. The cephalometric headplates of 16 children treated by high pull headgeaar during 6 months and 18 children during 12 months were traced, digitized and statistically analyzed. The results were as follows. 1. Inhibition of foreward growth of maxilla was observed in both group. 2. Clockwise rotation of maxilla was observed in both group. 3. There were distal movement of maxillary 1st molar and inhibition of alveolar bone growth of maxilla. 4. There was compensatory extrusion on mandibular 1st molar. 5. The ratio of anterior facial height to posterior facial height was almostly not changed. In the treatment plan of C II malocclusion by high pull headgear, ire must prevent the mandibulasr 1st molar from extruding and for orthopedic effect, at least 6 months is needed.

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OLIGODONTIA WITH FAMILIAL HISTORY -A case report- (가족력을 동반한 부분적 무치증에 대한 증례보고)

  • Jeong, Hye-Seon;Lee, Jae-Ho;Choi, Hyung-Jun;Choi, Byung-Jai
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.179-185
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    • 1997
  • The prevalence of congenital teeth missing is about 2-10% of population and it is more common in permanent dentition than primary dentition. In the patients with congenital missing teeth symptoms such as conical tooth, prolonged retention of primary tooth, tooth attrition. and deficient alveolar bone growth can be accompanied. In this paper the results of clinical observation of the congenital teeth missing brothers and their familial history are presented.

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