• Title, Summary, Keyword: body weight

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The Effects of Body Image Satisfaction on Obesity Stress, Weight Control Attitudes, and Eating Disorders among Female Junior High School Students (여자 중학생들의 체형 만족도에 따른 비만 스트레스, 체중 조절 태도, 식이장애 정도 비교)

  • Kim, Ji-Yeon;Son, Say-Jin;Lee, Ji-Eun;Kim, Jung-Hyun;Jung, In-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.49-59
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    • 2009
  • he purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of body weight and body image perception on body image satisfaction of female junior high school students in Seoul. We further examined if body image satisfaction was related to obesity stress, weight control attitudes. From the 327 students surveyed, 6.1% were overweight and 38.8% of subjects were underweight. Over half of the subjects (54.4%) considered themselves to be more fat than their actual body shape. This manifested itself in low body satisfaction. Subjects less satisfied with their body shape suffered from high stress about obesity, were much more interested in weight control programs, and had more experience in weight control attempts. Among the subjects with low body image satisfaction, 25.7 % of them had eating disorder. It is our suggestion that school curriculum should include proper nutritional programmes to help students correctly recognize their body shape and to maintain healthy weight.

The Effect of Subjective Body Type Recognition on Weight Change in Women with Normal BMI (체질 량 지수가 정상인 여성의 주관적 체형 인식이 체중변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Seo-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.313-320
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to establish the effects of subjective body-forming perception on weight-controlling behavior and weight loss, and to suggest the need for proper information and education. Using the data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in the 6th period (2013-2015), 6,238 women aged 19 and over who have a body mass index of $18.5-25kg/m^2$ were analyzed. As a result, the higher the level of education and income level, the higher they were perceived to be obese, the more they chose to lose exercise and diet in order to lose weight across the board. The weight loss effort rate was higher in the obese body type recognition group, but the body weight type was the highest in the one year body weight change group (p < .001). As a result, subjective perception of body shape affected not only weight control behavior but also weight change (p < .001). Accordingly, it is necessary to have a systematic education on healthy weight-controlling behaviors, proper body image, and healthy body type recognition.

Body Image, Eating Behavior, and Weight Control Practices among Korean Adolescent Girls

  • Kim, Jung-Hyun;Lee, Myung-Hee;Lee, Joung-Ja
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.245-255
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    • 2002
  • This study was designed to investigate body image, objective and subjective measurements of body size and shape, eating behavior, and weight control practices in 650 Korean adolescent girls; 500 of the subjects were 14 years old and enrolled in middle schools, while the remaining 150 were 17 years old and enrolled in high schools. Subjects responded anonymously to a self-administered questionnaire. The results showed that average height and weight of the subjects were 157cm and 49.5kg, respectively, while subjects ideal heights and weights averaged 164cm and 48kg, respectively. The ideal adult body heights and weights proposed by the subjects averaged 172cm and 55kg respectively. Over 50% of the subjects were dissatisfied with their body image; the degree of dissatisfaction with body image was higher in those who believed themselves to be fat. Most of the subjects wanted to lose weight and had tried to lose weight. Self-reported weight control practice methods included reducing food intake (31.9%), skipping meals (29.6%), exercise (25.8%), using slimming machines (6.9%), and using diet pills (5.1%). The heavier the subjects weight was, the greater the difference between the subjective and objective evaluations of body size. The body image scores of subjects who perceived themselves as fat were significantly lower than those of subjects who perceived themselves as normal or underweight. The difference between subjective and objective evaluations of body size, and the degree of obesity, were significantly higher in those subjects who had experience of weight control than those who had no experience of weight control. These results suggest that nutrition and health education programs for adolescent girls should be researched and implemented in order to establish a more realistic body image, positive habits in weight control, and healthful eating habits.

The Relationship of Food Behaviors with Body Image and BMI of Female College Students in Jeonbuk Province (전북지역 일부 여대생의 체형인식도 및 신체질량지수와 식생활 행동과의 관련성)

  • Kim, Byung-Sook;Lee, Young-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.231-243
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between body image and BMI with satisfaction of own body image, snack intake practices, food intake practices and weight control practices of 226 female college students in Jeonbuk province using questionnaire. The results were summarized as follows : 1. The average height, weight and BMI was 162.08cm, 52.02kg and 19.78, respectively. The average ideal body weight of the subjects was 48.92kg. Ninety percent of the subjects was dissatisfied with their body image. The degree of dissatisfaction was higher in the group who recognized themselves as fat. Most of subjects wanted to lose weight, but as the group having a recognition of thin body image significantly wanted to gain weight (p<0.001). 2. The subjects preferred fruits and juices for snack. The more subjects recognized themselves as fat, the more they restricted snack intake (p<0.05). 3. The rate of skipping meal tends to increase. The subjects did not intake balanced meals and skipped breakfast most (20.7%). The number of food groups taken at breakfast, lunch and dinner was 1.84, 2.25 and 2.55, respectively and the most variable food groups were taken at dinner(p<0.001). Dairy food group intake was low. The duration of meal time was longer in the underweight group by BMI regardless of body image recognition (p<0.05). 4. The weight controlling method was concentrated mostly on decreasing food intake. The more subjects recognized themselves as fat, the more they tried to control weight (p<0.001). Even though 59.5% of the subjects with no weight control experience had no future weight control plans, 50% of the group who recognized themselves as normal or fat did not want to control weight in the future (p<0.01). These results suggest that nutrition education programs and correction programs of food behaviors and weight control should start from focusing on the accurate recognition of body image for college female students.

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SERIAL INVESTIGATION ON THE INTERRELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BODY HEIGHT, WEIGHT AND SELECTED CRANIOFACIAL DIMENSIONS DURING MIXED DENTITION PERIOD (혼합치열기 학동에서 신장 및 체중과 두개안면부사이의 상호관계에 관한 연구)

  • Sung, Jae Hyun
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.81-93
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    • 1980
  • The interrelationships between growth rates (and size) of the selected cranifacial dimensions and body dimensions (height and weight) were investigated in the longitudinal data of primary school children from 6 to 11 years of age. The data were obtained from serial cephalometric radiographs and health record which were taken at one year interval. Regression analyses were used to analyze the data. The main concludions might be summarized as follows; 1. Size relationships between body height (and weigh) and S-Gn, posterior facial height (s-Go), total mandibular length (Ar-Gn) showed high significant correlation, but no association between body height, weight and anterior cranial base length (S-N). 2. Correlation coefficients between facial dimensions and body height (and weight) were getting lower with age increase. 3. At all age groups, significant prediction equation for some facial dimensions with body height and weight were obtained. 4. In this sample, the growth rates of facial dimensions and body height and weight showed almostly constant during this age period and the growth rate of body height and weight of girls was exceeded that of boys. 5. A relatively high degree of variation between individuals existed in the sample. 6. A positive correlation was found for the relationship between the growth rates of facial dimensions and those of body height (and weight) in boys and girls, but was not found in total samples.

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Effect of Decreasing Body Weight with Plant Extracts Containing Rubi Fructus (복분자 함유 생약추출물의 체중 조절 효과에 관한 연구)

  • 라정찬;이항영;최미경;박형근;강경선
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.167-172
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    • 2004
  • Obesity is one of causes of the all adult diseases. We investigated the body weight decrease effect of the selected plants by digestive enzyme activity inhibition test. In a preliminary test, Inonotus obliquus and Rubus coreanus Miq. were found to be effective. Based on this result & previous result, we manufactured the mixture of plant extracts named as Misol$^{TM}$. Misol is applied anti-obesity beverage and rice. When we administered Miso/ sub TM/ to rats, it was found to be effective in body weight decrease. Result that is experimented during 20 weeks, is effective body weight and total cholesterol, triglyceride decrease. In case of human, anti-obesity beverage administered group showed 5.65% body weight decrease, 4% waist length decrease and 6% abdomen length decrease respectively. And anti-obesity rice administered group showed 2.3 kg body weight decrease, 2.9 cm waist length decrease and 3.74 cm abdomen length decrease respectively. This body control effect was supported by plant extracts in the Misol, anti-obesity beverage and rice - administered group. From these results, we suggest that this functional food could be helpful for body weight controlling obesity.

Effects of Maternal Factors on Day-old Chick Body Weight and Its Relationship with Weight at Six Weeks of Age in a Commercial Broiler Line

  • Jahanian, Rahman;Goudarzi, Farshad
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.302-307
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    • 2010
  • The present study aimed to investigate the effects of maternal factors on body weight at hatching (day-old) and at six weeks of age in a commercial broiler line. A total of 6,765 records on body weight at day-old (BWTDO) and 115,421 records on body weight at six weeks of age (BWT6W), originated from a commercial broiler line during 14 generations, were used to estimate genetic parameters related to the effects of maternal traits on body weight of chicks immediately after hatch or six weeks thereafter. The data were analyzed using restricted maximum likelihood procedure (REML) and an animal model with DFREML software. Direct heritability ($h^{2}{_a}$), maternal heritability ($h^{2}{_m}$), and maternal environmental variance as the proportions of phenotypic variance ($c^{2}$) for body weight at day-old were estimated to be 0.050, 0.351, and 0.173, respectively. The respective estimated values for body weight at six weeks of age were 0.340, 0.022, and 0.030. The correlation coefficient between direct and maternal genetic effects for six-week-old body weight was found to be -0.335. Covariance components and genetic correlations were estimated using a bivariate analysis based on the best model determined by a univariate analysis. Between weights at hatching and at six week-old, the values of -0.07, 0.53 and 0.47 were found for the direct additive genetic variance, maternal additive genetic variance and permanent maternal environmental variance, respectively. The estimated correlation between direct additive genetic effect influencing weight at hatch and direct additive maternal effect affecting weight at six weeks of age was -0.21, whereas the correlation value of 0.15 was estimated between direct additive maternal effect influencing weight at hatch and direct additive genetic effect affecting weight at six-week-old. From the present findings, it can be concluded that the maternal additive genetic effect observed for weight at six weeks of age might be a factor transferred from genes influencing weight at hatch to weight at six-week-old.

Effect of Weight Loads Applied to the Ankle on Walking Factors of a Stroke Patient (발목에 적용한 무게 부하가 뇌졸중 환자의 보행요소에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Su-Kyoung
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.179-185
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the visual and spatial elements of the gait of a stroke patient who had diverse ankle weight loads applied, according to weight changes. Methods: The subject was a 57-year-old stroke patient diagnosed and hospitalized with a left intracerebral hemorrhage. A weight equivalent to 0%, 1%, and 2% of his body weight was applied to the area 5cm upward from the ankle using a Velcro strap. He was then trained on a treadmill, receiving a six-minute walk test to evaluate his gait ability. A gait analyzer was used to collect visual and spatial elements, such as gait distance, gait velocity, cadence, step length, stride length, and swing phase, according to a weight load equivalent to 0%, 1%, and 2% of his body weight. Results: According to the results of applying 0%, 1%, and 2% of his body weight on the ankle, except for gait velocity, his gait distance, cadence, step length, stride length, and swing phase were higher when 1% of his body weight was applied compared to 0% or 2% of his body weight. Conclusion: Applying a weight equivalent to 1% of the body weight to the ankle positively affected the visual and spatial element of the gait and heightened the efficiency of exercise during treadmill training, a gait-training tool generally used for stroke patients. However, the result is difficult to generalize because the number of subjects was small with only one subject.

Classification of Eating Disorder Patterns of Female Middle School Students and their Association with Self-body Image, Weight Control Behavior, and Eating Behavior (여자 중학생의 섭식장애 패턴 분류와 이에 따른 체형인식, 체중조절행태 및 식습관과의 관계에 대한 연구)

  • Lee Ji-Eun;Lee Lil-Ha
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.89-103
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    • 2006
  • This study was performed to provide sources of nutrition education for female adolescents by identifying eating disorder patterns and their relationships with self-body image, weight control, and eating behavior. A total of 329 female middle school students were recruited and completed a general characteristics survey, the Eating Attitudes Test(EAT-26), a perception of self-body image survey, a concern for weight control survey, an eating behavior survey, and the Mini Dietary Assessment Index(MDA). Eating disorder patterns were identified to be obesity stress and weight control(OW), risk of binge eating(RB), and dietary restraint(DR) by factor analysis. OW pattern was related with stout body shape, body dissatisfaction, experience of weight control, skipping of dinner, and low MDA score. RB pattern was associated with lean body shape, body satisfaction, indiscreet snack behavior, and the eating time of snacks. The DR pattern was associated with normal body shape, regular meal times, desirable snack behavior, and high MDA scores. The results indicated that the eating patterns of adolescent were not identical to existing diagnostic categories. Furthermore, each eating pattern displayed different characteristics of perception on self-body image, concern for weight control, and eating behavior. In conclusion, nutrition education for female middle school students could reflect the different characteristics of each eating disorder pattern.

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Effects of Change of Body Weight on Racing Time in Thoroughbred Racehorses (더러브렛 경주마의 체중변화가 주파기록에 미치는 효과)

  • Cho, Kwang-Hyun;Son, Sam-Kyu;Cho, Byung-Wook;Lee, Hak-Kyo;Kong, Hong-Sik;Jeon, Gwang-Joo;Park, Kyung-Do
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.741-746
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    • 2008
  • The objective of this study was to estimate the effects of change in body weight on racing time in Thoroughbred racehorses, using total 8,197 horses and 155,656 racing records collected from Korea Racing Association(KRA). The average body weight of the racehorses was 449kg, and the average body weights of stallion, gelding and mare were 460kg, 454kg and 441kg, respectively. Body weight of stallion was the greatest. The considerable loss of body weight was observed in March, April and May for mare, and in May, Jun and July for stallion and gelding. Overall, the body weight of the racehorses decreased in spring and summer, and increased in autumn and winter. The estimated heritability and repeatability for racing time were 0.237 and 0.525, respectively. The heritability for body weight estimated from total records was 0.612. The estimated heri- tabilities for body weight were 0.472, 0.578 and 0.555 for gelding, stallion and mare, respectively. As the change of body weight was greater than ±10kg, the racing time increased significantly. When the body weight changed more than ±20kg in comparison to the changes of body weight of ±5kg, the racing time increased by 0.3 second. When the change of body weight was ±0.5% of body weight, the racing time was the best(fastest). When the change of body weight was more than ±2.5%, racing performance decreased considerably.