• Title/Summary/Keyword: blend fat

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Effects of Dietary Fats on Plasma Lipids and the Level of Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Enzymes in Rats Treated with Dimethylhydrazing (Dimethylhydrazine을 투여한 쥐에서 식이 지방이 혈장 지질 조성과 조직의 과산화물형성 및 항산화효소 수준에 미치는 영향)

  • 박현서
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.232-241
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    • 1996
  • This study was designed to compare the effect of different dietary fats on plasma lipids, the degree of lipid peroxidation and the activity of antioxidant enzymes in RBC and liver rats treated with or wighout 1, 2-dimethylhydrazing (DMH). Male Sprague Dawley rats, at 7 weeks-old, were divided into control and DMH-treated grous, and each group was again subdivided into four were perilla oil (PO), blend fat (BF) containing ten different kinds of dietary oil, beef tallow (BT), corn oil (CO). At the same time, each rat was injected intramusculary with saline(for control) or DMH twice a week for 6 weeks to give total dose of 180 mg/kg body weight. Compared with BT feeding, BF reduced plasma total choesterol level and PO and Co reduced plasma TG levels (p<0.05). DMH injection decreased plasma cholesterol in all dietary groups. However, PO decreased tocopherol levels and increased TBARS levels in RBC compared to BT. The degree of hemolysis in PO group was higher than that of BT group (p<0.05 only in control group. Fatty acid composition of hepatic microsome was reflected by dietary fatty acid profile. The peroxidizability index and TBARS level in hepatic micorsome were significantly increased but tocopherol level was lowered in PO group compared to BT group. Activites of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in RBC and hepatic cytosol were not influenced y dietary fats and DMH treatment(p<0.05). Overall, perilla oil rich in $\omega$3 $\alpha$-linolenic acid could be a very important dietary source in reducing plasma lipids and blend fat was also good dietary oil mixture in reducing plasma cholesterol. However, the degree of lipid peroxidation was greater in tissue by perilla oil feeding and it is very difficult to use only perilla oil as oil source for meal preparation, so that it could be suggested to use more perilla oil and fish to give an equal effect of blend fat in order to reduce the risk factors against cardiovascular disease.

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Effect of $\alpha$-Linolenic Acid Rich Perilla oil on Colonic Mucosal Levels of Biomarkers(Fatty Acid Profile, DAG, Eicosanoid) in Colon Carcinogenesis of DMH-Treated Rats (들기름이 Dimethylhydrazine으로 처리한 쥐에서 대장암의 Biomarker인 지방산조성과 1, 2-Diacylglycerol 및 Eicosanoid 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • 김채종
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.112-121
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    • 1996
  • The study was designed to observe the effect of blend fat calculated from the foods consumed in Korean with those of perilla oil, beef tallow and corn oil on colonic mucosal phospholipid fatty acid composition and the levels of TXB2 and diacylglycerol (DAG) which were known as biomarkers for cancer. Male Sprague Dawley rats, at 7 weeks of age, were divided into control and 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-treated group, and each group was subdivided into four groups. The experimental diets contained one of four dietary fats, blend fat (BF), perilla oil(PO), beef tallow (BT) or corn oil (CO), at 15% (w/w) level. At the same time, each rat was injected with saline for control group or DMH twice a week for 6 weeks to give total dose of 180mg/kg body weight. DMH injection, regardless of the type of dietary fats, significantly increased the levels of PGE2 and TXB2 in colonic mucosal layer compared to control (p<0.01). However, the level of eicosanoids was influenced by the types of dietary fats in both control and DMH group. In control groups, colonic mucosal level of TXB2 was higher in beef tallow group, but lower in perilla oil group compared to that of blend fat (p<0.01). In DMH groups, the level of TXB2 was higher in beef tallow and corn oil groups(p<0.05). The level of PGE2 showed the same trends with TXB2 and beef tallow most significantly increased the level of PGE2. DMH treatment did not influence on tissue fatty acid profile, which was directly reflected by dietary fatty acid composition. Proportions of C18 : 2 in colonic mucosal phospholipid well reflected dietary level of C18 : 2 showing the order CO>BF>PO>BT. The precentage of arachidonic acid(AA) in mucosal phospholipid was the highest by CO adn BT groups and the lowest by PO group. The incorporation of $\alpha$-linolenic acid in colonic mucosal phospholipid in perilla oil group was negatively correlated to the content of AA. Dietary level of C18 : 2 might not be the only controlling factor for the production of eicosanoids in colonic mucosa layer and might function with $\omega$3 fatty acids. The level of DAG was significanlty lower in PO group than that of BT group. Therefore, $\omega$3 $\alpha$-linolenic acid rich perilla oil could be very important dietary sourec in controlling eicosanoid production DAG level in cloln and recommenced to use more often in meal preparation to reduce the risk factor against colon cancer.

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Dietary ${\omega}6/{$\omega}3$ ratios on the preneoplastic lesions and lipid peroxidation in diethylnitrosamine initiated rat hepatocarcinogenesis (화학적 발암과정에서 식이의 ${\omega}6/{$\omega}3$비율이 쥐간의 전암성병변 및 지질과산화물 형성에 미치는 영향)

  • 지선경;최혜미
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 1996
  • To study the effect of dietary $\omega 6/\omega 3$ fatty acid ratios on the preneoplastic lesions and lipid peroxidation in rat hepatocellular chemical carcinogenesis, placental glutathione S-transferase(GST-P) positive foci area and numbers, glucose 6-phosphatase(G6Pase) activity, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were measured. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed 5 different diets-low $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio with fish oil (Low-F), low $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio with perilia oil(Low-P), moderate ratio with perilia oil(Moderate), blend of 10 different commercial fats and oils(High-BL) and high $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio(High)-for 8 weeks. Hepatocarcinogenesis was induced by modified Ito model. The area of GST-P positive loci was the lowest in Moderate group and in ascending order of Low-F < Low-P < High-BL < High. But statistically, only Moderate and High groups were significantly different. The number of GST-P positive foci showed the same trend as foci area. The activities of G6Pase, membrane stability marker, were increased as $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio decreased. Lipid peroxidation values (TBARS) were the lowest in Low-F group and it is significantly different from Moderate, High-BL and High groups. When dietary $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio was moderate(4.06), hepatocarcinogenesis was suppressed compared with high or low $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratios. Blend fat, commonly consumed among Koreans, did not show any suppressive effect on carcinogenesis because of high ratio(6.7). These results suggest that dietary $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio influences hepatocellular chemical carcinogenesis. It is recommended that appropriate $\omega 6/\omega 3$ ratio should be around 4.0. and we recommend to use more $\omega 3$ fatty acid in food preparation to reduce the risk of hepatocarcinogenesis.

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Effect of Different Dietary Fats on Colonic Epithelial Cell Phospholipid and Phosphatidyl Inositol Composition in DMH-treated Rats (서로 다른 종류의 식이지방이 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine으로 처리한 쥐의 대장점막 인지질 및 Phosphatidyl Inolsitol의 지방산조성에 미치는 영향)

  • 김채종;남정혜
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.59-68
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    • 1996
  • The study was designed to observe the effects of different dietary fat consumed in Korea with those of three other fats on colonic epithelial cell phospholipid and phosphatidyl inositol composition, which were known as biomarker for colon cancer. Male Sprague Dawley rats, at 7 weeks of age, were divided into control and 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) -treated group that was again subdivided into four groups. The experimental diets contained one of four dietary fats at 15%(w/w) level, those were, blend fat(BF), beef tallow(BT), corn oil (CO) or perilla oil (PO) At the same time, each rat was injected nth saline for control group or DMH twice a week for 6 weeks to five total dose of 180 mg/kg body weight. Dietary fatty acid composition influenced the fatty acid compositions of tissues. Proportions of C18:2 colonic mucosal phospholipid well reflected dietary level of C18:2 showing in decending CO>BF>PO> BT. The percentage of C20:4 in phospholipid was the higher in CO and BT groups and the lowest in PO groups. Incorporation of -linolenic acid in colonic mucosal lipid In perilla oil group was negatively correlated to the content of C20:4. Therefore, $\omega$3-linolenic acid rich in perilla oil could be a very important dietary source in controlling arachidonic acid level in colon epithelial cell. Therefore it could be recommend to use more perilla oil in meal preparation to reduce the risk factor against colon cancer.

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