• Title, Summary, Keyword: beautiful face

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Anthropometric Studies on the Analysis of Women's Beautiful Face (20대 여성의 미인형 분석을 위한 계측학적 연구)

  • Park, Oak-Reon;Song, Mi-Young
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.813-820
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    • 2005
  • The beauty itself cannot be changed by the time, but the concept of the beauty can be influence by the time and cultural background. The purpose of this study is to analyze the beautiful faces or ugly faces among the young women and to provide useful guideline to make up for the modem concept of beauty. The facial photographs of 180 adlut women(aged between 20 and 29) in Pusan and Ulsan area were sampled to be measured and classified as the beautiful or ordinary or ugly faces. Data were analyzed by Frequencies, Mean, Duncan's Multiple Range Test. The major results were as followings; the Beautiful face has a relatively small face with a broad forehead and a small lower face. It also has a wide palpebral fissure, narrow intercanthal distance, a narrow nose and a big mouth. Physiognomic face length was 182.38mm, the upper face length was 59.82mm, the middle face length 60.82mm, the lower face length 61.76mm, and the index of face length to face breadth was 1.35. And also the faces within the figures are considered as the beautiful or ordinary or ugly faces from those measurements like face length/bizygion breadth, intercanthal distance, mouth width, upper vermilion height, lower vermilion height.

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A Study on Preferred Morphologic Feature and Proportion of Facial Aesthetic Subunit by Korean General Public (일반인이 선호하는 얼굴의 미적 단위별 형태와 비율 연구)

  • Yoon, Yong-Il;Lee, Dong-Lark;Yoo, Jung-Seok;Rhee, Seung-Chul;Hur, Gi-Yeun;Kim, Ju-Yeon
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.351-360
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: As the influence of mass media increases, the general standard of attractiveness or beauty of a face also changes. The primary purpose of the study is to find out the factors of the attractive and beautiful face recognized by public. Methods: We picked out standard model photography and operated with Adobe$^{(R)}$ Photoshop$^{(R)}$ and Monariza$^{(R)}$ virtual plastic surgery program. The contour of face, eye, nose, forehead, zygoma, chin and proportion of upper, middle, lower face were changed. The interview survey was conducted through structured standard photo for 310 respondents. That was utilized in the final analysis. Multiple regression analysis was executed by SPSS 12.0. It was used to deal with statistical data and all the other necessary analysis. Results: According to general characteristics of the respondents, many differences were found in preferred face and facial aesthetic subunits. The younger generation preferred the lozenge and inverted triangle shape contour. The respondents over 40 of age preferred the egg shape contour. In chin and zygoma contour, the respondents at the age of 20 preferred distinctly small chin and relatively small lower face. On the other hand, the respondents over 40 of age preferred the wide zygoma relatively. In the proportion of upper, middle, lower face, 51.0% of respondents answered 1 : 1 : 1. If they want to have an aesthetic operation, they preferred protruding forehead. Also they preferred the small chin and V-shaped chin in frontal view. Conclusion: Many respondents preferred to have a plastic surgery for the better facial subunit. The statistical evidence from this study suggests that the harmony and balance of facial aesthetic subunits make attractive and beautiful face.

The affective components of facial beauty (아름다운 얼굴의 감성적 특징)

  • 김한경;박수진;정찬섭
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.23-28
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, we investigated the affective components of facial beauty. In study 1, we did factor analysis of affective evaluations of the faces, and about 65% of the variances are explained by only two factors. Two factors were named 'sharp' and 'soft', respectively. In study 2, the correlation between facial beauty and affective evaluations was analyzed, and the correlation between facial beauty and sharp factor was significant. In study 3, we made the new images by morphing and warping the faces: 'average', 'high-ranked', and 'exaggerated'. The participants evaluated the 'high-ranked' face more beautiful than the 'average' face, and the 'exaggerated' face more beautiful than the 'high-ranked' face. The rating of affective words on the faces showed that the 'average' face was related to 'soft' impression, the 'high-ranked' image to 'sharp' impression, and the 'exaggerated' face might have double impression. These results might support the directional hypothesis for the facial beauty.

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A study on affective space model for Celebrity's face (스타얼굴의 감성모형 연구)

  • Kim, Soo-Jeoung;Park, Soo-Jin;Chung, Chan-Sup
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.298-301
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to observe the changes in trend of a beautiful face defined in different time frames. Affective space model was used in this study, for physical components of a face are far too complicated and undistinguishable from simple categorization of a face by facial characteristics. It is because using a facial model defined only by its physical characteristics renders a complicated and multi-dimensional space, whereas an emotional facial model enables a 2-dimensional space for easier observation and explanation. Scope of the study is focused on faces of the Korean female celebrities, looking at the media frequency, popularity rankings in well-known portal sites, and popularity ratings by reliable search organizations as of 2006. Celebrities in their 20s and early 30s were selected. In addition, to observe any trend in a beautiful face with the passage of time, the study looked at changes or trends in the last 5 years by comparing the faces of celebrities in year 2006 with their faces stored in the database since five years ago.

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Easy Facial Analysis Using Facial Golden Mask (안면부 황금 분할 마스크를 이용한 간편한 안면 윤곽 분석)

  • Choi, Chan;Kim, Yong Ha
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.168-174
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    • 2006
  • For over two thousand years, many artists and scientists have tried to understand or quantify the form of the perfect, ideal, or the most beautiful face both in art and in vivo(life). However, this mathematical relationship has been consistently and repeatedly reported to be present in beautiful things. This particular relationship is referred to as the golden ratio. It is a mathematical ratio of 1.618 : 1 that seems to appear recurrently in beautiful things in nature as well as in other things that are seen as beautiful. Dr. Marquardt made the facial golden mask that contains and includes all of the 1-dimensional and 2-dimensional geometric golden element formed from the golden ratio. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of the golden facial mask. In our cases(n=40), the authors applied the facial golden mask to the preoperative and postoperative photographs, and scored each photograph. Compared with the average scores of the facial mask applied photographs and none applied photographs using non-parametric test, statistical significance was not checked (p > 0.05). It means that the facial golden mask can be used for facial analysis. The facial golden mask is easy to apply, cheap and relatively objective. So, the authors introduce the one of useful facial analyses.

Fine Structure of Damaged Hair Shaft by Daily Treatment of Heat for a Beautiful Face (미용을 위한 일상적인 열처리에 의해서 손상된 모발의 미세구조)

  • Chang, Byung-Soo
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.215-222
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    • 2003
  • The ultrastructure of damaged hair shaft from blow-drying at typical temperature $40{\sim}170^{\circ}C$ for daily beautiful face have been investigated by using transmission electron microscope and scanning electron microscope. When we used to hair dryer for a long time in our everyday life, the following morphological alternations were found in hair. First, the partial of scales in outer cuticle were detached simultaneously with separation of intercellular membrane complex of cuticle cells. Then hair broke cuticle off and exposed to cortex. Secondly, the cortical cell in the cortex was fissured into its macrofibril. The melanin granules were scattered between macrofibrils. As a result, I confirmed that blow-drying removed the hair's bonded water and made hard on hair which lost elasticity. After all, hair showed irregular, rough surface and vanished its luster.

Aesthetic Characteristics of Face in the Late Joseon-dynasty's Beauty Paintings (조선후기 미인화에 표현된 얼굴의 미적 특성)

  • Lee, Hyun-Ok;Ku, Yang-Suk
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.918-927
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    • 2012
  • This study identified the aesthetic characteristics of the face description in late Joseon Dynasty beauty paintings. A total of 24 beauty paintings were selected as representative of the late Joseon Dynasty genre of painting works. The paintings were analyzed by the shape, color, and physiognomy of beauty trends from the components of women's faces expressed in the works of artists. The results of this study showed that the shape of the face components expressed a round, curved and thin line. Colors were expressed through Obang-sack (a traditional Korean color). Also the physiognomy of the late Joseon Dynasty's women was soft, wise, economical and brilliant. A round-forehead meant that economical and virtuous housekeeper, thin crescent shaped eyebrows denoted women of wisdom and excellent sensitivity. Single long thin eyelids and implied a women of longevity. A round curved nose were eager tobe a wise mother and a good wife. Small concave lips were desired eagerly by gentle and intelligent women. A curve face implied a subjective women of insight and good memory. In conclusion, the late Joseon Dynasty beauty paintings expressed a traditional Korean beauty face and a modern baby face. The data are useful for the aesthetic standards of modern through meaning of Korean traditional beauty.

Multi-modal treatment strategy for achieving an aesthetic lower face

  • Jeong, Tae Kwang;Chung, Chang Ho;Min, Kyung Hee
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.256-262
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    • 2020
  • Background Most women consider an oval-shaped face to be youthful and beautiful. In recent years, demand has grown for surgical procedures with a shorter downtime and fewer complications. These minimally invasive procedures include botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) injection, filler injection, suction-assisted liposuction (SAL), laser-assisted lipolysis (LAL), thread lifting, and fat grafting. This study aims to introduce an effective method for creating an aesthetically pleasing lower face using a combination of minimally invasive procedures. Methods From March 2017 to March 2019, 94 patients simultaneously underwent LAL, SAL, and thread lifting. Ancillary procedures such as BoNTA injections, hyaluronic acid filler injections, and removal of the buccal fat pad (BFP) were selectively performed according to the patient's condition. Results Patients rated their postoperative satisfaction as very satisfied, satisfied, dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied. Approximately 83% of all respondents were satisfied with the results, whereas the remaining respondents had complaints regarding the outcomes. The most common reasons for dissatisfaction were a longer-than-expected recovery time and undercorrection, and the most severe complaint was skin depression as a result of overcorrection. Conclusions Our method of simultaneously performing LAL, SAL, and thread lifting, while adding BoNTA, filler injections, and BFP removal as needed, was capable of producing consistent and reliable aesthetic outcomes for the lower face.

Assessment of Soil Loss at Military Shooting Range by RUSLE Model: Correlation Between Soil Loss and Migration of Explosive Compounds (RUSLE 모델에 의한 군사격장 피탄지 토양유실량 평가: 토양 유실과 오염 화약물질 이동 상관성)

  • Gong, Hyo-Young;Lee, Kwang-Pyo;Lee, Jong-Yeol;Kim, Bumjoon;Lee, Ahreum;Bae, Bumhan;Kim, Ji-Yeon
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.119-128
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    • 2012
  • The applicability and accuracy of Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) model on the estimation of soil loss at impacted area of shooting range was tested to further the understanding of soil erosion at shooting ranges by using RUSLE. At a shooting range located in northern Kyunggi, the amount of soil loss was estimated by RUSLE model and compared with that estimated by Global Positioning System-Total Station survey. As results, the annual soil loss at a study site (202 m long by 79 m wide) was estimated to be 2,915 ton/ha/year by RUSLE and 3,058 ton/ha/year by GPS-TS survey, respectively. The error between two different estimations was less than 5%, however, information on site conditions should be collected more to adjust model coefficients accurately. At the study shooting range, sediments generated by rainfall was transported from the top to near the bottom of the sloping face through sheet erosion as well as rill erosion, forming a gully along the direction of the storm water flow. Coarser fractions of the sediments were redeposited in the limited area along the channel. Distribution characteristics of explosive compounds in soil before and after summer monsoon rainfall in the study area were compared with the erosion patterns. Soil sampling and analyses results showed that the dispersion of explosive compounds in surface soil was consistent with the characteristics of soil erosion and redeposition pattern of sediment movements after rainfalls.

Face Design of Korean Traditional Fashion Doll (한국 전통 패션인형 얼굴 디자인)

  • Hwang, Eui-Sook;Kim, Soh-Hyeon;Lee, Yoon-Joo;Chin, Son-Hei;Kim, Hye-Soo;Park, Sang-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.157-174
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    • 2013
  • This study aims to develop a proper face design for traditional fashion doll so that the Korean traditional doll can achieve its stand in the modern collection with the new face design based on researching documents, analyzing the examples and delivering a customer survey. The majority of dolls in traditional costume has an innocent look with inverted triangle shape face. But the inverted triangle or oval shape as well as the refined look of well balanced facial features are preferred. An oval face, elongated eyes with no double eyelid or inner double eyelid, plump lips and round and high nose are considered beautiful in the traditional figure. Based on this result, a new design is configured with an inverted triangular face with slightly plump cheeks, eyes with reduced eye, pupil and double eyelid, round nose without tuning up and small and full lower lip.