• Title, Summary, Keyword: autoregressive cross-lagged modeling

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Longitudinal Relationships between Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem Using Cross-Lagged Autoregressive Modeling (Cross-lagged Autoregressive Model을 적용한 청소년의 학업성취와 자아존중감 간 종단관계연구)

  • Lee, Kyung-Eun;Lee, Ju-Rhee
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2008
  • This longitudinal study investigated the causal relationships between academic achievement and self-esteem using data from a 4-year investigation(2003-2006). Academic achievements and self-esteem were assessed for a sample of adolescents (male 187, female 201) in KYPS (Korea Youth Panel Survey). Cross-lagged autoregressive analyses indicated that for academic achievement and self-esteem, these two variables were reciprocally interrelated in middle school. However, thereafter, middle school 3rd grade students' self-esteem influenced high school 1st grade students' academic achievement, while high school 1st grade students' academic achievement influenced high school 2nd grade students' self-esteem.

The Longitudinal Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Peer Relationship in Adolescence: Using Autoregressive Cross-Lagged Modeling (청소년의 자아존중감과 또래관계의 자기회귀교차지연효과검증)

  • Lee, Boram;Park, Hye Jun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.5-17
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    • 2016
  • Objective: This study focused on the longitudinal associations between self-esteem and peer relationships in Korean adolescents while considering gender and timing-early and late adolescence-differences. Methods: The study made use of data from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey. Three waves of data collected from 2,351 adolescents were analyzed by means of autoregressive cross-lagged modeling. Results: The results indicated that self-esteem predicted subsequent changes in peer relationship but not vice versa. Further, the results that longitudinal associations between self-esteem and peer relationships differed between male and female adolescents and between early and late adolescence. Conclusion: The findings revaluated the longitudinal relationship between self-esteem and peer relationships. Both gender and timing should be considered when planning interventions related issues about self-esteem and peer relationships in adolescence.

The Reciprocal Relationship Between Young Children's Vocabulary Ability and Physical Aggression: A Longitudinal Study Using Autoregressive Cross-lagged Modeling (유아기의 어휘력과 신체적 공격성 간의 상호 영향: 자기회귀교차지연모형을 활용한 종단연구)

  • Han, Sae-Young;Joo, Ji-Yeong
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.23-45
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    • 2019
  • Objective: The purpose of this study is to identify the longitudinal reciprocal relationship between young children's vocabulary ability and physical aggression in young children. Methods: Two waves of panel data(2013/2015) from the Panel Study of Korean Children were analyzed in this study by using an adapted version of Autoregressive cross-lagged modeling. A total of 306 five-year-old and seven-year-old preschoolers, and their mothers participated in the study. Autoregressive cross-lagged modeling for multiple groups was conducted by using AMOS 24.0. Results: First, vocabulary ability and physical aggression showed stability over time. Second, young children's vocabulary ability(t) had a statistically significant effect on physical aggression(t+1). Conclusion/Implications: This study confirmed the interrelationships of young children's vocabulary ability and physical aggression by examining longitudinal data using the longitudinal analysis method. This study highlights the importance of developing interventions to support language development with aggressive children. The results of the present study can be used as a source in developing policies for aggressive children and their parents.

The Causal Relationship between Maternal Parenting Stress and Self-Efficacy by Employment Status (어머니의 취업여부에 따른 양육스트레스와 자기효능감 간의 인과적 종단관계 분석)

  • Shin, Nary;Ahn, Jaejin
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.135-154
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the causal relationships between parenting stress and self-efficacy of Korean mothers with an infant according to employment status using the second through fourth wave data of the Panel Study of Korean Children (PSKC). Autoregressive cross-lagged modeling was performed to test the longitudinal reciprocal relationships between the two constructs. Our results indicated that both maternal parenting stress and self-efficacy were consistent over time. The results also indicated that there was a significant cross-lagged effect of maternal parenting stress on their self-efficacy, rather than vice versa. No differences between working and non-working mothers were found in the relationship between the two constructs.

The Reciprocal Relationship between Caregiver Relations and Peer Relations of Children in Out-of-home Care: Longitudinal Study Using Autoregressive Cross-lagged Modeling (가정외보호 아동의 양육자 관계와 교우관계의 상호 영향: 자기회귀교차지연모형을 활용한 종단연구)

  • Kim, Dami;Kang, Hyunah
    • Journal of Child Welfare and Development
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.109-135
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the longitudinal causal relationship between caregiver relations and peer relations of children in out-of-home care. We analyzed the three years(2011-2013) of longitudinal data from the Panel Study on Korean Children in Out-of-Home Care. The autoregressive cross-lagged model (ARCL) was used to measure the longitudinal causal relationship between caregiver relations and peer relations. As a result, first, caregiver relations and peer relations showed stability over time. In other words, the results of the measurement at three time points showed that the caregiver relations and peer relations at the previous time had a significant effect on the caregiver relations and peer relations at the later time point. Second, the previous caregiver relations had a significant effect on the subsequent peer relations over time. Third, the previous peer relations had a significant effect on the subsequent caregiver relations over time. This study confirmed the interrelationships of caregiver relations and peer relations of children in care by examining the longitudinal data using the longitudinal analysis method.

Mediating Effects of Work-Family Balance on the Relationship of Role Recognition in the Family, Marital Intimacy and Job Satisfaction of Married Women: Using Latent Growth Curve Modeling and Autoregressive Cross-Lagged Modeling (기혼여성이 지각한 가족 내 역할 인식 및 부부친밀감과 직무만족도의 관계에서 일-가정양립 인식의 매개효과: 잠재성장모형 및 자기회귀교차지연모형 연구)

  • Han, Hye Rim;Lee, Ji Min
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.263-274
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    • 2017
  • The purposes of this study were to verify the longitudinal mediating effects of work-family balance on the relationship of role recognition in the family, marital intimacy and job satisfaction of married women, and to introduce longitudinal mediating effects by using latent growth curve modeling and autoregressive cross-lagged modeling. The subjects were married women from the third year data of the Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women and Family. Structural equational models were conducted with Amos ver. 21.0. The major findings are as follows. First, the result of the longitudinal mediating effects of latent growth modeling is the rate of change of work-family balance mediated between the rate of change of role recognition in the family and the rate of change of job satisfaction, and the rate of change of work-family balance mediated between the rate of change of marital intimacy and the rate of change of job satisfaction. Second, when using the autoregressive cross-lagged modeling, the more role recognition and marital intimacy of third year were the more work-family balance of fourth year, job satisfaction of fifth year. In both models, work-family balance mediated between role recognition in the family, marital intimacy and job satisfaction. Therefore, through this study, mediating effects of work-family balance can be found that there was a longitudinal effects.

A Short-Term Longitudinal Study on the Reciprocal Relations between Mothers' Depression and Their Preschoolers' Emotional Problems (어머니의 우울과 학령전기 유아의 정서 문제 간의 상호적 관계에 대한 단기 종단연구)

  • Chang, Young Eun;Han, Hyo Jeong
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.54 no.5
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    • pp.551-564
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    • 2016
  • This study examined the causal relationship between a mothers' depression and the emotional problems of their preschool-aged children as indicated by anxiety, depression and emotional reactivity. We analyzed data from 1,528 mothers and their children from the Panel Study of Korean Children (PSKC) collected when the children were 4 years old and 5 years old. Autoregressive cross-lagged modeling was conducted using AMOS ver. 23.0 to investigate the longitudinal reciprocal effects between mothers' depression and children's emotional problems. The results indicated that both mothers' depression and children's emotional problems were relatively stable between the ages of 4 to 5. There were significant cross-lagged effects from the mothers' depression to children's emotional problems and from children's emotional problems to mothers' depression. Mothers reported higher levels of depression when the children were 4 years old and the children showed more anxiety, depression and emotional reactivity when they were 5 years old. Emotional problems when the children were 4 predicted greater depression among mothers 1 year later. We also examined the group difference (between boys and girls) in the study model. Gender differences were not statistically supported. The results suggested that early assessment and intervention for mothers' depression and children's emotional problems are essential for a healthy mother-child relationship and later child outcomes.

The Longitudinal Relationship between Self-directed Learning Ability and Career Maturity using Autoregressive Cross-lagged Modeling by Middle and High School Students in Seoul (자기주도학습능력과 진로성숙도 간 자기회귀교차지연 효과검증: 서울지역 중·고등학생을 중심으로)

  • Jung, Joo-Young;Park, Kyun-Yeal;Lee, In-su;Lee, Su-jin
    • Journal of vocational education research
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.89-107
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the causal relationship between self-directed learning ability and career maturity by Middle and High School Students in Seoul. This study used Seoul Education Longitudinal Study(SELS) data. Using autoregressive cross-lagged modeling, the results was followed. first, self-directed learning ability value was had a statistically significant positive effect in accordance with the time course from middle school 1st grade to high school 3rd grade. Second, career maturity also had a statistically significant positive effect in accordance with the time course from middle school 1st grade to high school 3rd grade. Third, previous self-directed learning ability had significant positive effect on the later career maturity, but the previous career maturity had no significant effect on later self-directed learning ability.

A Study on the Longitudinal Relation Between Early Adolescents' Mobile Phone Dependency and Self-Regulated Learning Using an Autoregressive Cross-Lagged Modeling: Multigroup Analysis Across Gender (초기청소년의 휴대전화의존도와 자기조절학습 간 자기회귀교차지연 효과 검증: 성별 간 다집단 분석)

  • Hong, Yea-Ji;Yi, Soon-Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.17-29
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the bidirectional relation between mobile phone dependency (MPD) and self-regulated learning (SRL) of early Korean adolescents in $4^{th}$, $6^{th}$ and $8^{th}$ grade, while taking into account gender differences. Methods: The study made use of panel data from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Study (KCYPS), and three waves of data collected from 2,264 adolescents were analyzed by means of autoregressive cross-lagged modeling. Results: The results can be summarized as follows. Firstly, MPD and SRL were consistently stable for adolescents in $4^{th}$, $6^{th}$ to $8^{th}$ grades. Secondly, a bidirectional relations between MPD and SRL were confirmed. In other words, there was a significant influence of a high level of MPD on a subsequent low level of SRL, and the high level of SRL also had a significant effect on the lower level of MPD across time. According to multi-group analysis, no gender differences were found in the relations between two constructs during the studied period. Conclusion: Findings highlighted not only the necessary media usage education but also parenting intervention strategies may help early adolescents to be prevented from negative effects of media usage and to enhance self-regulated learning ability. Based on the results, more implications were also discussed.

Reciprocal Influences between Self-esteem and Academic Achievementamong Elementary School Students (초등학생의 자아존중감과 학업성취 간 통시적 상호영향)

  • Lee, Kyung-Eun;Lee, u-Lie
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2009
  • The present longitudinal study examined reciprocal influence between self-esteem and academic achievement using cross-lagged autoregressive model. This study employed data(four wave) from Korea Youth Panel Survey. Participants were 300 students(143 boys, 157 girls) who were 4th graders in 2004 and 7th graders in 2007. The results of this study indicated that 4th graders' self-esteem influenced 5th graders' academic achievement, in turn, 5th graders' academic achievement influenced 6th graders' self-esteem. However, students' self-esteem in 6th grade did not influence their academic achievement during 7th grade. Conversely, 6th graders' academic achievement influenced 7th graders' self-esteem.