• Title, Summary, Keyword: athletes

Search Result 575, Processing Time 0.051 seconds

Evaluation of Consistency on Kinematic Factors in Women Javelin Throw (여자 창던지기 운동학적 요인의 일관성 평가)

  • Hong, Soon-Mo;Lee, Young-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.65-71
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate variability of kinematic factors affecting the record in women's javelin throwing. For this study, 8 female-javelin thrower participated in this experiment. The three digital video cameras (Sony, 120x) were used to record motions. Kwon3D 2.1 was used to process data and they were analyzed with Excell for factors. The sampling rate of a camera was 60Hz and shutter speed of a camera was 1/1000sec. The coordinate data were filtered using a fourth-order Butterworth low pass filtering with an estimated optimum cut-off frequency of 6Hz. The results were as follows: 1. From cross step to landing of delivery, the average velocities of CoM of non-dominant athletes were greater than dominant athletes and those of CoM of non-dominant athletes less than dominant athletes, but at release dominant athletes had a lower average velocity and a variability than non-dominant athletes. 2. From cross step to landing of delivery, the average throwing velocities and variabilities of a javelin of dominant athletes were greater than dominant athletes, but at release, dominant athletes had a higher velocity than dominant athletes and had a equal variability. 3. At every events, a forward or backward angles and variabilities of non-dominant athletes were greater than dominant athletes. 4. From cross step to landing of delivery, dominant athletes' elbow average angles were greater than non-dominant athletes and the variabilities of latter less than non-dominant athletes, but at release dominant athletes' variabilities were smaller than non-dominant athletes. 5. At landing of delivery, dominant athletes' knee average angles and variabilities of a supporting foot were a greater than non-dominant athletes, and at release, dominant athletes' knee average angles was a greater but variabilities less than non-dominant athletes. In conclusion, the dominant threw javelins fast while having stable postures and the range of elbow's angle large.

Physical Stress Symptoms and Health Risk Behaviors between Adolescent Athletes and High School Students (일부 체육고등학교와 인문계 고등학교 남학생의 신체적 스트레스 증상과 건강위험행위 비교)

  • Park Sun-Nam;Moon Young-Im;Park Ho-Ran
    • Child Health Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.8 no.3
    • /
    • pp.251-259
    • /
    • 2002
  • The purpose of the study was to investigate physical stress symptoms and health risk behaviors of adolescent athletes and high school students as a basis for providing a health promotion program of adolescent athletes. The subjects consisted of 160 male students of a physical education high school(athletes) in Kyonggi and 147 male high school students(non-athletes) in Seoul. Data was obtained from the physical stress symptoms and the health risk behaviors questionnaire. The result were as follows : 1. Physical stress symptoms didn't make significant difference between groups. GI symptom, as the subscale of physical stress symptoms of non-athletes were higher then those of athletes. The highest ranked physical stress symptoms in athletes was cardiopulmonary symptom Ⅱ(upper respiratory symptoms) and in non- athletes was central-neurological symptoms. 2. Health risk behaviors didn't make significant difference between groups. Weight control, as the subscale of health risk behaviors of athletes were higher then those of non-athletes. The highest ranked health risk behaviors in athletes was alcohol and in non-athletes was smoking. 3.There were the low positive correlation between physical stress symptoms and health risk behaviors.

  • PDF

An analysis of physique growth of at menarche of athletes and non-athletes (운동선수와 일반학생의 초경시 체격발육 분석)

  • Baek, Un-Hyo
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.139-148
    • /
    • 2009
  • The present study was conducted for analyzing changes in physique of at menarche of athletic and non-athletes. The maximum growth age of height and weight during menarche was not different between non-athletes and the athletes. Second, among non-athletes, those who had menarche late were taller and heavier than those who did early, and among the athletes, those who had menarche late were taller but lighter. The development rate of height was higher and the development duration was longer in the athletes than in the non-athletes. The development rate of weight was similar between the non-athletes and the athletes, but the maximum rate was higher in the athletes.

  • PDF

Sweating Reaction of Men Adults - Centered on Athletes and Non-Athletes - (성인(成人) 남자(男子)의 발한(發汗) 반응(反應)에 관한 연구 - 운동선수(運動選手)와 비운동선수(非運動選手)를 중심(中心)으로 -)

  • Shim, Boo-Ja
    • Journal of Fashion Business
    • /
    • v.3 no.1
    • /
    • pp.125-137
    • /
    • 1999
  • The present study aims to reveal the sweating reaction of male adults, focused on athletes. With six subjects (3 athletes and 3 non-athletes) in two different conditions of ambient temperature (I : $25\pm1.0^{\circ}C$, II : $29.5\pm1.0^{\circ}C$), their total sweat rate, local sweat rate, skin temperature, physiological reaction (rectal temperature, blood pressure, and pulse rate), and psychological reaction (thermal, moisture, comfort, and perceptive sweat sensations) were measured. The comparison gave the following results: Total sweating rate was greater in non-athletes, while the two groups had more perspiration in ambience II. Local sweating rate in both ambiences was the greatest in the central breast area (athletes) and the infrascapular area (non-athletes). The mean skin temperature had more changes of increase and decrease in athletes. As to physiological reaction, non-athletes had lower rectal temperature and blood pressure as well as higher pulse rate. As for psychological reaction in Ambience II, the 4 sensations were mostly 'hot', 'humid', 'uncomfortable', and 'sweaty'.

  • PDF

Nutritional Knowledge, Attitudes, and Food Practices among Competitive Athletes, Recreational Athletes and Non-Participants

  • Mihye Kym;Lee, Myungchun
    • Nutritional Sciences
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.34-39
    • /
    • 2002
  • The objective of tole study was to compare nutritional knowledge, attitudes and food practices of competitive athletes, recreational athletes and non-participants. All students enrolled at the University of Nebraska in an Introductory Nutrition course in which sports nutrition was stressed, were asked to participate in the study. The course was typical of many introductory nutrition courses ; about two thirds of the students were from the Department of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, and most of the students were encouraged to take this course by their advisers. The students were divided into three groups : 20 competitive athletes (mostly runners, swimmers, basketball players and football players for the University), 14 recreational athletes (who were involved in a planned exercise program at least 2 hours per week), and 19 non-participants. At the beginning of the semester, students completed a food frequency questionnaire, and a 24-hour food record based on the Food Guide Pyramid. A nutrition knowledge and attitude questionnaire was formulated specifically for this study, covering normal nutrition and sports nutrition. The results showed that consumption of foods from all Food Guide Pyramid food groups except the fats/oils/sweets group was not significantly different among the three student groups. Regarding the fats/oils/sweets group, competitive athletes consumed significantly more numbers of servings than recreational athletes, while the recreational athletes consumed significantly more than non-participants (p<0.01). The total mean scores from the nutrition attitude and knowledge questionnaire were not significantly different among the three student groups. However, combined athletes (competitive athletes and recreational athletes) obtained significantly higher scores on some of the nutrition attitude questions (p<0.05). The results of the study indicate that athletes, significantly lower scores on some of the nutrition knowledge questions (p<0.05). The results of the study indicate that athletes, whether competitive or some of the nutrition knowledge questions (p<0.05). The results of the study indicate that athletes, whether competitive or recreational, had a very positive attitude regarding the effects of nutrition on their sports performance and health: however, these athletes did not appear to apply scientific principles of sports nutrition to their diet. In conclusion, advising athletes to simply increase or decrease their intakes of certain foods is too simplistic an approach for maintenance of good health and for better sporting performance. Athletes and non-athletes need continuous nutrition education to help with improving their competitive edge and food choices.

Association of health risk behavior, exercise stress, OHIP-14 and quality of life in university athletes (대학 운동선수의 건강위험행위, 운동스트레스, 구강건강영향지수 및 삶의 질과의 연관성)

  • Paek, Kyung-Hwa;Jang, Jong-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
    • /
    • v.10 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1015-1024
    • /
    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study was to investigate the level of health risk behavior, athletes stress, quality of life(WHOQOL-BREF) and oral health related quality of life(OHIP-14) and the clinical factors influencing quality of life in athletes Methods : Data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey of 202 university athletes. Data was obtained by means of questionnaire from October 11 to October 15, 2010. Health risk behaviors(Q-F index and smoking), athletes stress, WHOQOL-BREF and OHIP-14 were measured. The data was analysed with t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression using the SPSS program. Results : The prevalence of alcohol drinking, smoking were 84.2% and 37.9%, respectively. Alcohol drinking and cigarette consumption were not related to quality of life though there were the negative correlation between athletes stress and quality of life. Powerful predictors of quality of life were athletes stress, OHIP-14 and perceived health for athletes. Conclusions : Based on the findings, quality of life has a significantly impact on athletes stress, OHIP-14 and perceived health. These results suggest that the implementation of health promotion program should be considered which was decreased athletes stress and was increased level of oral health and perceived health in athletes.

A Study of Dietary Habits, Nutrition Intake Status and Serum Copper and Zinc Concentrations of Adolescent Athletes (청소년기 운동선수의 식습관 및 영양섭취 상태와 혈청 구리, 아연 함량에 관한 연구)

  • Lee Ji-Sun;Kim Mi-Hyun;Bae Yun-Jung;Choe Yon-Ho;Sung Chung-Ja
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.38 no.6
    • /
    • pp.465-474
    • /
    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the dietary habits, nutritional status, and serum copper and zinc concentrations of adolescent athletes. 50 high school adolescent athletes (29 male, 21 female) took part in physical education high school and 47 high school adolescent non-athletes (21 male, 26 female) in general high school. Questionnaires, anthropometric measurements, 24-hour dietary recalls and blood analysis were conducted. In the males, the mean height, weight and body fat percents of athletes and non-athletes were 174.0/172.9 cm, 67.4/68.3 kg, and 8.9/20.0% (p<0.001) respectively. In the females, the mean height, weight and body fat percents of athletes and non-athletes were 163.7/159.3 cm (p<0.01), 58.7/55.7 kg (p<0.05), and 18.6/30.1 % (p<0.001) respectively. In both male and female athletes, intakes of animal fat were significantly higher and intakes of vitamin C were significantly lower than those of non-athletes. There was no significantly difference in zinc and copper intakes between athlete and non-athlete groups. The average serum zinc level of male athletes was significantly lower than that of male non-athlete. The average serum copper levels of male and female athletes were significantly lower than those of male and female non-athletes. Based on these results, exercise may effect on zinc and copper utilization of adolescent. Further studies on zinc and copper nutrition of adolescent athletes were needed to understand more mineral nutrition and exercise.

Comparison of the Electrocardiographic Characteristics of Junior Athletes and Untrained Subjects

  • Park, Sang Ku;Kang, Ji-Hyuk
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
    • /
    • v.44 no.3
    • /
    • pp.136-141
    • /
    • 2012
  • The hearts of highly trained athletes show morphologic and electrocardiographic (ECG) changes that suggest the presence of cardiovascular disease, including sinus bradycardia, a striking increase in precordial R-wave or S-wave voltages, ST segment depression, and T-wave inversions. Despite a number of previous observational surveys, the determinants of abnormal ECG patterns in trained athletes remain largely unresolved. In this study, we compared the electrocardiographic characteristics of athletes to determine any sensitive indicators. Comparison between ECG patterns and cardiac physiology was performed in 21 junior athletes and 25 untrained subjects with no signs of cardiac disease. Sinus bradycardia was detected in a subset of athletes but not statistically significant between the athletes ($69.9{\pm}11.1bpm$) and the control ($72.7{\pm}9.9bpm$) group. The mean values of the PR and QTc intervals in the athletes' group were $149.2{\pm}15.4ms$ and $402.3{\pm}28.8ms$, respectively. Also, there were no significantly differences between control group and the athletes' group. In addition, the athletes demonstrated a spectrum of alterations in the 12-lead ECG pattern, including marked increase in precordial R-wave or S-wave voltages ($$SV_1+RV_5{\geq_-}35mm$$, 23.8%), QRS duration ($${\geq_-}90ms$$, 90.5%), suggestive of left ventricular hypertrophy. However, left axis deviation, ST segment depression, and T-wave changes in V5, V6 were not observed in either the athletes or control group. Our findings suggest that sinus bradycardia, precordial R-wave or S-wave voltages, and QRS duration seem to be more sensitively detected in athletes than in control group. Further researches on the electrocardiographic patterns of athletes should be carried out to improve the sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic criteria.

  • PDF

Comparative Analysis of Open- Spike between Excellent and Non-excellent Players in Volleyball (배구 우수선수와 비우수선수간의 오픈 스파이크 동작의 비교 분석)

  • Kim, Chang-Bum;Kim, Young-Suk;Shin, Jun-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.253-264
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study aims at finding the structure of spike technique by analysing comparatively the spike action by excellent and by non-excellent players throughout the section from a flying jump to the time of landing for the correct analysis of spike action and tries to help athletes and coaches to execute a scientific training. For the objected person of this study, six of H College athletes three of excellent athletes and three of non-excellent athletes, presently registered as athlete with the Korea Volleyball federation) were chosen, and the factors of analysis were analysed upon performance time of action by section, human body centered displacement, change of articulation angle, speed change of articulation of the upper limbs, uniformity of the articulation of the upper limbs upon impact, etc. The conclusion of this study is as follow: 1. In the time required for taking action, it shows to take $1.067{\pm}0.057$ seconds for the group of excellent athletes and $1.034{\pm}0.033$ seconds for the group of non-excellent athletes. Although there was not big difference between two groups in the performance time of action, it showed that the group of excellent athletes takes longer compared to the group of non-excellent athletes. And it was found by the result of this study that the group of excellent athletes stays longer in the duration of flight. 2. In the displacements of horizontal movement and vertical movement, it was found that the group of excellent athletes have moved more than the group of non-excellent athletes in the horizontal movement of the center of human body 3. In the angles of wrist and knee, it was found that the excellent athletes have shown little than the non-excellent athletes in the entire sections, but that in the angle of elbow, the non-excellent athletes have shown bigger than the excellent athletes.. 4. In the speed of the articulation of the upper limbs upon impact, it was found that the group of excellent athletes have shown bigger than the group of non-excellent athletes, and that in the maximum value of the articulation of the upper limbs, the maximum value for the hand was indicated upon impact and that forearm and upper arm have shown the maximum value just before the impact. 5. In the uniformity of articulation of the upper limbs at the time of impact, the group of excellent athletes showed bigger than the group of non-excellent athletes in all the articulations.

Dietary Behaviors, Self Perception of Body Image, Hematological Index and Nutrient Intake of Female Athletes in Incheon

  • Cheong, Sun-Hee;Hyuni Sung;Kim, Soon-Ki;Cho, Mi-Hye;Chang, Kyung-Ja
    • Proceedings of the KSCN Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.1048-1048
    • /
    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate dietary behaviors, body image, hematological index and nutrient intake of female athletes in Incheon. The subjects were 112 female athletes (field and track: n=32, firing: n=27, fencing: n=29, swimming: n=14, badminton: n=10) from middle and high schools in Incheon. This cross-sectional study was conducted by a self-administered questionnaire. Fasting blood samples were obtained and analyzed for hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit(Hct), ferritin, serum iron, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), unsaturated iron binding capacity (UBC), total iron binding capacity (TIBC) and transferrin saturation (TS). Nutrient intakes collected from 3 day-recalls were analyzed by the Computer Aided Nutritional Analysis Program. Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS 10.0 program. The results are summarized as follows: Average age of field and track athletes, firing, fencer and swimmer was 14 years and that of badmintoner was 17 years. Most of female athletes had dietary problems such as unbalanced meals, skipping meals, and preference of processed foods. More than 60% of female athletes skipped breakfast. As for perception of body image, most of female athletes perceived themselves fatter compared to normal body image. Especially, field and track athletes were more significantly experienced weight control compared to the other athletes (p<0.05). As for physical burden during exercise, 56.3% of swimmer and 31.3% of field and track athletes answered “very hard”, which showed a significant difference (p<0.001) More than 80% of female athletes had experienced a vertigo during exercise (p<0.01). Also, more than 50% of female athletes except badmintoner had experienced an irregular menstruation (p<0.05). Average serum iron level (p<0.05) and TS (p<0.05) of field and track athletes were significantly lower compared to the other athletes. Serum ferritin of badmintoner, field and track athletes and fencer was significantly lower compared to firing and swimmer (p<0.05). Nutrient intakes of female athletes except vitamin B6, niacin and phosphorus were lower than the Korean RDA. Especially, calcium and iron intakes of female athletes were under the 50% of the Korean RDA. Therefore, proper nutrition education and supplementation are required for female athletes to encourage desirable food habits as well as to improve their nutritional status and exercise performance.

  • PDF