• Title/Summary/Keyword: asymmetric interdependence

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Asymmetric Interdependence and the Selective Diversification of Supply Chains

  • Nagy, Stephen R.;Nguyen, Hanh
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.237-258
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    • 2021
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the risks of an over-concentration of supply chains in one country. It has motivated stakeholders to pursue diversification strategies. However, a paradox exists. Stakeholders have shied away from a complete decoupling and preferring to selectively enhance economic ties with China. This article explores this paradox by examining supply chain concentration in China as a form of asymmetric interdependence and the countermeasures from the U.S., Japan, Australia, and India to minimize vulnerabilities. It argues that while the COVID-19 disruptions have brought to light the risk of supply chain overconcentration in China, countermeasures are also driven by coercive diplomacy and the deepening U.S.-China rivalry. The paper also examines the feasibility of diversification efforts by focusing on the capacity and capabilities of alternative supply chain hubs. It finds that while states are actively seeking ways to prevent China from using asymmetric interdependence of supply chains and trade to gain political leverage, there are structural limits to the degree of diversification in the short to mid-term.

Renewable energy statecraft and asymmetric interdependence: how the solar energy industry is wielding China with geopolitical power

  • Vasconcelos, Daniel de Oliveira
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.259-277
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    • 2021
  • This article investigates the geopolitics of the energy transition era, concentrating on China's solar photovoltaic (PV) industry. Authors have noted that the rise of renewables is changing the geopolitical landscape of world energy systems, but these new energy sources carry their own technical characteristics and geopolitical implications. Bearing this in mind, this research answers the questions: What are the structural factors that facilitate China's use of renewable energy to achieve political goals, and what are their implications? In order to analyze the data, I devise an analytical framework based on the energy statecraft literature and contrast rival explanations, particularly the "prosumer theory" and the premise of less geopolitical interdependence in a renewable-centered world. I show that asymmetric interdependence in the solar PV sector is already a reality. China's solar PV industry is a case that suffices all conditions (centrality in industrial capacity, market share, and companies' compliance, but to a lesser extent in critical materials and technological endowments) in the solar PV sector to devise effective strategies aimed at reaping benefits out of its asymmetric interdependence with the rest of the world.

A Study on the Non-linear Relationship between Asymmetric Interdependence and Conflict (불균형적 상호의존성과 갈등간 비선형적 관계에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Keun;Kim, Jae-Wook
    • Journal of Distribution Research
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.49-72
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    • 2005
  • As interdependence and conflict are important to the understanding of channel interactions, many researchers have studied their relationship. Identifying the relationship between interdependence and conflict will help understanding an exchange relationship. In social science, the relationship between interdependence and conflict is explained by two contradictory theories, and there are also inconsistent results in marketing science. The authors suggest non-linear relations between asymmetric interdependence and conflict, based on bilateral deterrence theory and conflict spiral theory. Using survey data from industrial market, we demonstrate that there is an inverted U-shaped relationship between asymmetric interdependence and interfirm conflict. The result show, as the magnitude of interdependence is high. the hypothesis on the non-linear relationship between asymmetric interdependence and conflicts is acceptable on both suppliers and distributors. Finally, we discuss several theoretical implications and suggest limitations and future research issues.

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A new epoch of Sino-Russian relations and their regional and global influence

  • Cimek, Gracjan
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.138-156
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    • 2021
  • The aim of this article is to describe direction of Sino-Russian relations toward a new epoch - as the decision-making centers of both countries define them - indicating the commitment to building the future international order. It includes the synthesis of evolution of relations, descriptions of cooperation building of mutual confidence by both sides in variety of institutions; analyses of geo-economic relations emphasizing their geostrategic dimension and finally dynamics showing how two great powers want to achieve new areas of cooperation focused on building multipolar world order which is the essence of "new epoch". The argument goes towards recognizing the relationship as a "hhybrid alliance". This hybridity is a structural factor that can constrain the use of new dimensions of asymmetric interdependence as political leverage especially by United States against the two non-western powers but also facilitate to use it against West.

Donald Trump Presidency and the Transformation of Sino-American Relations: Does Asymmetric Economic Interdependence Matter?

  • Grabowski, Marcin;Duggan, Niall
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.174-196
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    • 2021
  • Even though Sino-American relations of the Donald Trump era were perceived as predominately confrontational, with a symbolic trade war between the two, the scale of economic interdependencies between the United States and China results in either a need for collaboration or in serious losses on both sides in the case of lack of cooperation. The paper aims at analyzing economic relations between the United States of America and the People's Republic of China at the time of the Trump presidency. Analysis is based on the complex interdependence theory of Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye. The main hypothesis analyzed in the paper states: Asymmetric interdependence between the People's Republic of China and the United States of America limits the scope, intensity and length of a trade war. For the sake of the paper, economic interdependence will be analyzed. Apart from the reference to the state of the art, the document analysis and descriptive statistics are to be applied in the paper.