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The Importance of Artificial Intelligence to Economic Growth

  • HE, Yugang
    • Korea Journal of Artificial Intelligence
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 2019
  • The rapid development of artificial intelligence technology has exerted a great influence on all fields of the world, which of course also affects the world economy. This has also aroused a large number of economists' interest in this proposition. Since the definition of artificial intelligence is not unified yet, the results from previous researches are not reliable enough. At present, most scholars use the neoclassical growth model or task-based model to explore the path of artificial intelligence on economic variables. There into, most of them use the degree of automation to represent the artificial intelligence. They find that the degree of automation can change the proportion of industries. This only verifies that artificial intelligence can affect the economic variables. But the magnitude of artificial intelligence on economic variables can not be correctly estimated. Therefore, in order to have a better understanding on the impact of artificial intelligence on economic growth, this paper systematically reviews and collates previous literature on this topic. The results of this paper indicate that both in theoretical and empirical studies, artificial intelligence has a positive effect on economic growth. Then, some suggestions and limitations have also been put forward accordingly.

A Study on Industrial Potential of Artificial Intelligence through the Cases of Film and Artificial Intelligence Art (예술에서 살펴본 인공지능의 미래 산업화 가능성 - 영화와 인공지능 예술을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hee-Young
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.423-452
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    • 2018
  • The possibility of future industrialization of artificial intelligence was studied through aspects of artificial intelligence art and movie. The field of artificial intelligence is developing by imitating humans through past and present, so it can be inferred that it is important to grasp the future image presented in movie and artificial intelligence art. Human values are represented differently in artificial intelligence films and arts. Artificial intelligence film and art are concerned with the external and internal aspects of human values, respectively. The AI movie looks at similar external aspects in human and AI shape and function, but artificial intelligence art deals with human alienation and lack of communication due to artificial intelligence technology development. Artificial intelligence in movies is a direction to visualize the imagination for artificial intelligence technology, and artificial intelligence art is expressed in the way of making and implementing works using technology. The future of artificial intelligence, which we have shown in imagination in movies today, is being realized technologically. Artificial intelligence art reflects the problems of artificial intelligence technology that can be appeared through current technology, and human problems that may arise from artificial intelligence technology development. Movies and artificial intelligence art reflect the current problems, and through them we can see the future of artificial intelligence. The future of artificial intelligence in movies is an artificial intelligence service that provides human convenience, cyborg artificial intelligence industry, industry that uses exoskeleton robot and exoskeleton suit, and artificial intelligence secretary. If we look at the future of artificial intelligence through the artificial intelligence art in terms of the problems of artificial intelligence technology and the problem of human value, there are artificial intelligence to learn from trial and error or mistakes, self-expression and communication by lifelogging, recovery of miscommunications by a reflective thinking, and an expansion of the area of artificial intelligence artist through human uncertainty. The future industrialization potential of artificial intelligence as study through aspects of artificial intelligence art and movie is an industry that extends the five senses, an industry that improves the insufficient physical ability of the human, an industry that enhances the physical ability of the human being, and an industry that maintains psychological and mental well-being.

A Study on the Determinants of Artificial Intelligence Industry: Evidence from United Kingdom's Macroeconomics

  • He, Yugang
    • Korea Journal of Artificial Intelligence
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2018
  • Recently, the rapid development of artificial intelligence industry has resulted in a great change in our modern society. Due to this background, this paper takes the United Kingdom as an example to explore the determinants of artificial intelligence industry in terms of United Kingdom's macroeconomics. The quarterly time series from the first quarter of 2010 to the fourth quarter of 2017 will be employed to conduct an empirical analysis under the vector error correction model. In this paper, the real GDP, the employment figure, the real income, the foreign direct investment, the government budget and the inflation will be regarded as independent variables. The input of artificial intelligence industry will be regarded as a dependent variable. These macroeconomic variables will be applied to perform an empirical analysis so as to explore how the macroeconomic variables affect the artificial intelligence industry. The findings show that the real GDP, the real income, the foreign direct investment and the government budget are the driving determinants to promote the development of artificial intelligence industry. Conversely, the employment figure and the inflation is the obstructive determinants to hamper the development of artificial intelligence industry.

The Effect of Artificial Intelligence on Economic Growth: Evidence from Cross-Province Panel Data

  • HE, Yugang
    • Korea Journal of Artificial Intelligence
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.9-12
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    • 2019
  • With the Chinese government's attention to the artificial intelligence industry, the Chinese government has invested a lot in it recently. Of course, the importance of artificial intelligence industry for China's economic development is increasingly significant. The advent of artificial intelligence boom has also triggered a large number of scientists to analyze the impact of artificial intelligence on economic growth. Therefore, this paper use 31 China's cross-province panel data to study the effect of artificial intelligence on economic growth. Via empirical analyses under a series of econometric methods such as the province and year fixed effect model, the empirical result shows that artificial intelligence has a positive and significant effect on economic growth. Namely, the artificial intelligence is a new engine for economic growth. Meanwhile, the empirical results also indicate that the investment and consumption has a significant and positive effect on economic growth. Oppositely, the inflation and government purchase have a significant negative effect on economic growth. These findings in this paper also provide some important evidences for policy-makers to perform precise behaviors so as to promote the economic growth. Moreover, these finding enriches existing literature on artificial intelligence and economic growth.

An Analysis of the Influence of Block-type Programming Language-Based Artificial Intelligence Education on the Learner's Attitude in Artificial Intelligence (블록형 프로그래밍 언어 기반 인공지능 교육이 학습자의 인공지능 기술 태도에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Lee, Youngho
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.189-196
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    • 2019
  • Artificial intelligence has begun to be used in various parts of our lives, and recently its sphere has been expanding. However, students tend to find it difficult to recognize artificial intelligence technology because education on artificial intelligence is not being conducted on elementary school students. This paper examined the teaching programming language and artificial intelligence teaching methods, and looked at the changes in students' attitudes toward artificial intelligence technology by conducting education on artificial intelligence. To this end, education on block-type programming language-based artificial intelligence technology was provided to students' level. And we looked at students' attitudes toward artificial intelligence technology through a single group pre-postmortem. As a result, it brought about significant improvements in interest in artificial intelligence, possible access to artificial intelligence technology and the need for education on artificial intelligence technology in schools.

Seoul PACT : Principles of Artificial Intelligence Ethics and its Application Example to Intelligent E-Government Service (인공지능 윤리 원칙 Seoul PACT를 적용한 지능형 전자정부 서비스 윤리 가이드라인)

  • Kim, Myuhng Joo
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.117-128
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    • 2019
  • The remarkable achievements of the artificial intelligence in recent years are also raising awareness about its potential risks. Several governments and public organizations have been proposing the artificial intelligence ethics for sustainable development of artificial intelligence by minimizing potential risks. However, most existing proposals are focused on the developer-centered ethics, which is not sufficient for the comprehensive ethics required for ongoing intelligent information society. In addition, they have chosen a number of principles as the starting point of artificial intelligence ethics, so it is not easy to derive the guideline flexibly for a specific member reflecting its own situation. In this paper, we classify primitive members who need artificial intelligence ethics in intelligent information society into three : Developer, Supplier and User. We suggest a new artificial intelligence ethics, Seoul PACT, with minimal principles through publicness (P), accountability (A), controllability (C), and transparency (T). In addition, we provide 38 canonical guidelines based on these four principles, which are applicable to each primitive members. It is possible for a specific member to duplicate the roles of primitive members, so that the flexible derivation of the artificial intelligence ethics guidelines can be made according to the characteristics of the member reflecting its own situation. As an application example, in preparation for applying artificial intelligence to e-government service, we derive a full set of artificial intelligence ethics guideline from Seoul PACT, which can be adopted by the special member named Korean Government.

Exploring Elementary School Students' Image of Artificial Intelligence (인공지능에 대한 초등학생들의 이미지 탐색)

  • Shin, Sein;Ha, Minsu;Lee, Jun-Ki
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.126-146
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    • 2018
  • The current study explores students' views about artificial intelligence (AI) through analyses of their drawings and perceptions. The data were gathered from a total of 177 elementary school students. The constant comparative analysis was used as the data analysis method. Based on the result, the current study found that students' views about artificial intelligence were constructed into two distinct dimensions: form and relationship. The form dimension, students' views about artificial intelligence were categorized into human, household goods, machine, smart computer, electronic chip/algorithm, or the hybridized form related to the game of go such as AlphaGo. On the relationship dimension, students' views about artificial intelligence were categorized into servants, friends or enemy. Given the combination of two dimensions, the current study found two noted patterns. The first, students who viewed artificial intelligence as human form perceived artificial intelligence as a friend or an enemy. However, those who viewed artificial intelligence as non-human form perceived artificial intelligence as a servant or an enemy. Based on these results, educational implications related to the preparation of artificial intelligence era for elementary science education are discussed.

Artificial Intelligence and the meaning of language - focusing on the meaning of language in Wittgenstein's philosophy - (인공지능과 언어의 의미 - 비트겐슈타인의 '언어의 의미'를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Jeong-sik;Jeong, Chang-rok
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.143
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    • pp.141-164
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    • 2017
  • Artificial intelligence may be said like a human being. What is different thing between artificial intelligence and human intelligence? The people think that the artificial intelligence understands the meaning of the word to see artificial intelligence saying. However, it is different that artificial intelligence is identified as understanding a human being. We apply Wittgenstein's philosophy to this problem whether the artificial intelligence understands a meaning of language. We think that the artificial intelligence does not understand a live meaning of human life.

A Study on the Impact of Artificial Intelligence Industry on Macroeconomy: Evidence from United States of America

  • He, Yugang
    • The Journal of Business Economics and Environmental Studies
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - The artificial intelligence industry plays an increasingly significant role in stimulating the development of United States of America's economy. On account of this background, this paper attempts to explore the impact of artificial intelligence industry on United States of America's macroeconomy. Research design, data, and methodology - This paper mainly focuses on the impact of artificial intelligence industry on GDP, employment, real income, import, export and foreign direct investment. Furthermore, the Phillips-Perron test and Canonical cointegrating regression will be employed to examine the impact of artificial intelligence industry on United States of America's macroeconomy with a sample form 2010-Q1 to 2017-Q4. Results - Via the empirical analysis, the results reveal that the artificial intelligence industry has a positive effect on United States of America's GDP, employment, real income, export and foreign direct investment. Conversely, the artificial intelligence industry has a negative effect on United States of America's import. Conclusions - In summary, the impact of artificial intelligence industry on United States of America's macroeconomy is positive and significant in statistics. Therefore, the government of United States of America should put more input into artificial intelligence industry.

A study on the relationship between artificial intelligence and change in mathematics education (수학교육의 변화와 인공지능과의 연관성 탐색)

  • Ee, Ji Hye;Huh, Nan
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.23-36
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    • 2018
  • Recently, we are working to utilize it in various fields with the expectation of the potential of artificial intelligence. There is also interest in applying to the field of education. In the field of education, machine learning and deep learning, which are used in artificial intelligence technology, are deeply interested in how to learn on their own. We are interested in how artificial intelligence and artificial intelligence technologies can be used in education and we have an interest in how artificial intelligence can be applied to mathematics education. The purpose of this study is to investigate the direction of mathematics education as the change of education paradigm and the development of artificial intelligence according to the development of information and communication technology. Furthermore, we examined how artificial intelligence can be applied to mathematics education.