• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidant

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Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata) Phytochemicals with Antioxidant and Anti-inflammatory Potential

  • Rokayya, Sami;Li, Chun-Juan;Zhao, Yan;Li, Ying;Sun, Chang-Hao
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.6657-6662
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    • 2013
  • Background: The objective of this study was to investigate antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of cabbage phytochemicals. Materials and Methods: Color coordinates were evaluated by colorimetry, and the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities were analyzed by spectrophotometer for some common cabbage varieties. Results: Red heads had the highest total antioxidant contents followed by Savoy, Chinese and green heads. The Chinese variety had the highest ABTS (2,2-azino-di-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-sulfonic acid) antioxidant activity, was 5.72 ${\mu}mol$ TE/g fw (Trolox equivalent). The green variety had the highest DPPH (free radical scavenging activity) antioxidant activity, which was 91.2 ${\mu}mol$ TE/g fw. The red variety had the highest FRAP (ferric reducing antioxidant power) antioxidant activity, which was 80.8 ${\mu}mol$ TE/g fw. The total phenol amounts were 17.2-32.6 mM trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) and the total flavonoid amounts were 40.0-74.2 mg quercetin per gram. Methanolic extracts of different cabbage heads showed different anti-inflammatory activity values. Chinese, Savoy and green heads had the highest anti-inflammatory activity, while red heads had the lowest. Conclusions: The results suggest that these varieties of cabbage heads could contribute as sources of important antioxidant and anti-inflammatory related to the prevention of chronic diseases associated to oxidative stress, such as in cancer and coronary artery disease.

Comparison of Relative Antioxidant Capacity and Antiperoxidation Activity of Traditional Medicines in Vitro

  • Yeom Gee Bok;Lee Hyung Cheol;Ju Sung Min;Kim Kun Jung;Kim Won Sin;Lee Chae Ho;Jang Ho Yeon;Kang Jeong Ho;Park Shin Ki;Lee Key Sang;Jeon Byung Hun
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1528-1532
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    • 2003
  • To investigate the antioxidant capacity of traditional Korean medicines, water extracts from 57 species were tested on their antioxidant activity using radical scavenging effects against ABTSㆍ+. Of which, Rhus javanica, Caesalpinia sappan, Rosa rugosa, Spatholobus suberectus, and Magnolia obovata showed strong antioxidant capacities at 10㎍ concentration. Therefore, antioxidant capacities of 5 traditional medicine extracts in the different concentration (1㎍, 5㎍, and 10㎍) were determined. The 5 traditional medicine extracts was detected in antioxidant capacity dose dependently. R. javanica was showed the highest antioxidant capacity, the antioxidant activity at 1 ㎍ of herbal extract being 0.85 mM TE. At the same time, the antiperoxidation effects of these 5 medicines were determined. Lipid peroxidation in brain homogenates induced by NADPH and ADP-Fe/sup 2+/ was strong inhibited by S, suberectus, R. rugosa, and M. obovata. Extract of C. sappan was showed the highest inhibition against lipid peroxidation compared with 4 herbal extracts in vitro. These traditional medicines are a potent antioxidant capacity and antiperoxidation activity, further investigation into the in vivo antioxidant therapeutic potential for treatment of human disorders such as Alzheimer's disease.

Antioxidant and Nicotine Degradation Effects of Medicinal Herbs

  • Lee, Ho-Jae;Hur, Sung-Ho;Shin, Eui-Cheol;Lee, Yang-Bong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.289-293
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    • 2003
  • Antioxidant activity and nicotine degradation activity (NDA) of 21 medicinal herbs were determined by using a 1,1-diphenol-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method and a PLC/PRF5 human liver cell line method, respectively, to develop an anti-smoking aid. The highest and lowest antioxidant activities represented by $IC_{50}$/ value were 30 $\mu$g/mL of Eugenia caryophyllus and 3,270 $\mu$g/mL of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer, respectively. Antioxidant activity of Eugenia caryophyllus was equal to 38.0$\pm$1.2 mg VCEAC(vitamin C equivalent antioxidant capacity)/ g herb. The highest and lowest NDA values were 1.81 of Astrgalus membranaceus Bunge and 1.01 of Raphani seed and Lespedeza tomentosa Sieb, respectively. Eleven medicinal herbs with high antioxidant activity and/or NDA were selected to make an herbal tea. The herbal tea had high antioxidant activity (50 $\mu$g/mL $IC_{50}$/ and 22.4$\pm$1.4 mgVCEAC/g) and NDA (1.243). The medicinal herb tea could help smokers quitting smoking by degrading and exhausting nicotine accumulated in body and removing reactive oxygen species.

Antioxidant activity and analysis of proantbocyanidins from pine (Pinus densiflora)needles

  • Park, Yong-Soo;Jeon, Min-Hee;Hwang, Hyun-Jung;Park, Mi-Ra;Lee, Sang-Hyeon;Kim, Sung-Gu;Kim, Mi-Hyang
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.281-287
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    • 2011
  • In this study, we evaluated the antioxidant activity of pine needle extracts prepared with hot water, ethanol, hexane, hot water-hexane (HWH), and hot water-ethanol (HWE), using the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical method. The hot water extract possessed superior antioxidant activity than the other extracts. We also compared the antioxidant activity of pine needle extracts through ROS inhibition activity in a cellular system using MC3T3 E-1 cells. The hot water extract exhibited the lowest ROS production. The pattern of HPLC analysis of each extract indicated that the hot water extract contained the highest proanthocyanidin level. The pine needle hot-water extract was then isolated and fractionated with Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography to determine the major contributor to its antioxidant activity. The No.7 and 12 fractions had high antioxidant activities, that is, the highest contents of proanthocyanidins and catechins, respectively. These results indicate that the antioxidant activity of procyanidins from the hot water extract of pine needles is positively related to not only polymeric proanthocyanidins but also to monomeric catechins. Moreover, the antioxidant activity of the pine needle hot water extract was similar to well-known antioxidants, such as vitamin C. This suggests that pine needle proanthocyanidins and catechins might be of interest for use as alternative antioxidants.

Evaluation of the Antioxidant Activity of Cooked Gomchwi (Ligularia fischeri) Using the Myoglobin Methods

  • An, Sejin;Park, Hee-Sook;Kim, Gun-Hee
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.34-39
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    • 2014
  • This study evaluated the influence of cooking methods (blanching, pan-frying, and microwaving) on the antioxidant activity of Ligularia fischeri (LF) using myoglobin methods against five different reactive oxygen species (ROS) (i.e., 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), hypochlorite ions, hydroxyl radicals, peroxyl radicals, and peroxynitrite ions). With respect to DPPH scavenging activity, the antioxidant activities of blanched LF and pan-fried LF were significantly higher (P<0.05) than that of fresh LF for all cooking times. Pan-fried LF and microwaved LF showed higher antioxidant activities against hydroxyl radicals and peroxyl radicals than uncooked LF, while the protective effect of blanched LF was low, except for the at the 3 min cooking time point. Microwaved LF showed high antioxidant activity against all ROS at the 2 min cooking time point. Interestingly, LF that had been microwaved for 2 min and 3 min had high antioxidant values, whereas blanched LF and pan-fried LF had low antioxidant values. The activities of cooked LF against five different ROS were characterized comprehensively by 5-axe cobweb charts.

Effects of Different Cooking Methods on the Antioxidant Properties of Red Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)

  • Hwang, In Guk;Shin, Young Jee;Lee, Seongeung;Lee, Junsoo;Yoo, Seon Mi
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.286-292
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    • 2012
  • We investigated the effect of various cooking methods (boiling, steaming, stir-frying, and roasting) and three cooking times (5, 10, and 15 min) on the antioxidant properties of red pepper. Raw and cooked peppers were measured for proximate composition, ascorbic acid (AsA) content, total carotenoid content (TCC), total polyphenol content (TP), and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging activities. Results showed that the proximate composition, AsA content, TCC, TP, and antioxidant activities were significantly (p<0.05) affected by the cooking procedure; the loss rate varied among individual compounds. Boiling and steaming significantly reduced AsA content (24.3~66.5%), TP (13.9~54.9%), and antioxidant activity (21.7~60.5%) in red pepper, while stir-frying and roasting slightly reduced AsA content (2.7~25.9%), TP (1.8~4.9%), and antioxidant activity (4.9~17.9%). The highest loss was observed after boiling, followed by steaming, roasting, and stir-frying. Stir-frying and roasting better preserved AsA content, TCC, TP, and antioxidant activity. In conclusion, dry-heat cooking methods such as stir-frying and roasting may be preferred to retain the nutrient compositions and antioxidant properties of red pepper.

The Effect of Antioxidant in the Electrical Properties of Homemade Insulating Oil (국산절연유의 전기적 특성에 미치는 산화방지제의 효과)

  • 성영권;김은배;김호윤;이덕출
    • 전기의세계
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.30-34
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    • 1973
  • The main purporse of this paper is to study on the influence of temperature effect on electrical-properties, i.e., dielectric breakdown voltage, dielectric constant and resitivity of homemade insulating oil containing antioxidant. Transformer oil manufactured in Korea is taken for a sample, and this sample is classified into seven samples in which antioxidant is contained and not contained, and antioxidant is divided into three kinds of amount: 0.3%, 0.5%, 0.8%. Changing the tempe5rature of the samples by oil bath, the electric properties measured from the samples are as follows: (1) the variation of either the dielectric breakdown voltage or the resistivity are considerably large, but the dielectric constants are almost unchanging. (2) In view of electrical characteristic, the deterioration rate of the samples containing antioxidant is somewhat lower than that of other samples. (3) Nearly the same value is shown in the dielectric-breakdown voltage of the samples, in which contained the different amount of antioxidant: 0.3%, 0.5%, 0.8%, but the decrease rate of resitivity is lowest, 0.3%, of all. As the result of the experiment, This study can suggest that 0.3% be the optimum amount of antioxidant which will be added transformer oil manufactured in Korea and is useful for the understanding about the electrical properties of transformer oil containing antioxidant.

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Antioxidant Activity of Amino Acid-Xylose Browning Reaction Products 1. Antioxidant Activity of Various Amino Acids and Their Browning Reaction Products (Amino산-Xylose 갈변반응 물질의 항산화성 1. 아미노산과 갈변 반응 물질의 항산화성)

  • YOU Byeong-Jin;LEE Kang-Ho;KIM Chang-Yang;LEE Jong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1986
  • In order to isolate and clarify the antioxygenic substances from the browning reaction products, the antioxidant activity of various amino acids and their browning reaction products were measured when they were reacted with xylose. Among nonpolar amino acids Met and Trp appeared to have stronger antioxidant effect than others. Most of polar and basic amino acids, however, did not have antioxidant activity. Ser and Cys showed a rather slight prooxidant effect. The browning reaction products of Trp and His had a higher level of antioxidant activity than that they were reacted as free amino acids. But the browning product of Met did not show the antioxidant activity. When all amino acids were divided on their polar characteristics, the higher optical density of the browning reaction products showed, the stronger antioxidant activity revealed.

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Comparison of Antioxidant Activities in Tomato Leaves and Stems

  • Lee, Kyung Jun;Lee, Gi-An;Lee, Jong-Ro;Chung, Jong-Wook;Cho, Yang-Hee;Kang, Hee-Kyoung;Ma, Kyung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.642-649
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to investigate the antioxidant activity in the leaves and stems of 50 tomato accessions, in order to examine the possibility of using tomato by-products as a functional material. The extracts of the leaves (LE) and stems (SE) were analyzed for DPPH, ABTS, and total polyphenol content (TPC). Antioxidant activities and TPC differed significantly between the LE and SE of the 50 tomato accessions. TPC in LE and SE showed wide variation, ranging from 24.4 to 60.6 and 12.5 to 18.8 mg GAE/g, respectively. The DPPH and ABTS antioxidant activities of LE ranged from 10.0 to 38.2% (scavenging effect) and 20.8 to 59.0 mg ASC/g, respectively, while the DPPH and ABTS measurements of SE were 1.4 to 8.8% and 2.2 to 22.5 mg ASC/g, respectively. As assessed by the relative antioxidant capacity index (RACI), IT033117 and IT203466 had the highest antioxidant activity in LE and SE, respectively. These results will expand the knowledge of antioxidant activity and provide information on tomato accessions valuable for the development of functional foods and food additives.

Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Extracts of Marine Green-algae Enteromorpha intestinalis (거대녹조류 창자파래 추출물의 항균, 항산화 활성)

  • Kim, Dong-Hyun;Jeong, Gwi-Taek
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.92-97
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    • 2014
  • In this study, we investigate the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of extracts of Enteromorpha intestinalis. To evaluate the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities, three solvents (hexane, chloroform and methanol) were applied to obtain extracts. The extraction yields are hexane (A) 1.11%, chloroform (B) 0.94%, and methanol (C) 8.2%. Also, the contents of total phenolic compounds of extract A, B, C are 4.03%, 8.15%, and 2.33%, respectively. In the results of antimicrobial activity, extract A and B have higher activity than that of extract C. Especially, Vibrio vulificus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli are more sensitive than others. In antioxidant activity, extract A and B present the higher DPPH activity than that of control (BHA and ascorbic acid). The DPPH radical scavenging activity and SOD-like activity are ordered as B>C>A. However, extract C show high value in ferric reducing antioxidant power assay. In nitrite scavenging activity, extract A is relatively higher than others. However, the antioxidant activities are lower than that of controls (ascorbic acid and BHA). The antioxidant activities are presented the increasing pattern of increasing by the increasing of extract concentration.