• Title/Summary/Keyword: Waste Management

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A Study of the Resource-Recycling Waste Management at Schools (자원 순환형 학교 폐기물 관리 방안 연구)

  • Nam Young-Sook;Ji Seung-Hyun;Woo Jung-Ae;Jo Yi-Sang;Ahn Young-Hee
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.69-80
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    • 2006
  • A 'Resource recycling society' is the common goal to reduce environmental impact from human activities and to conserve natural resources. The Resource-Recycling Waste Management is necessary to explicitly show objectives, and to evaluate the achievement level gained by school administration. In this paper, focusing on resource-recycling school waste management, three indicators are designed to evaluate the present conditions of school waste management, which include evaluation of school policy, waste management and education for waste management by school administration. Each indicator is made up of three or four questions that are supposed to be answered by school managers, teachers and students. Questionnaire surveys, which is based on the resource-recycling school waste management indicators, were carried out in elementary school, middle school and high school in the National Capital region. The resulting of indicators well describe the situation of school waste management among these schools. Influential strategies towards resource-recycling school waste management have been found in analysis.

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Integrated Solid Waste Management for the Environmentally Sound and Sustainable Development (환경적으로 지속가능한 개발을 위한 폐기물의 통합적 관리 방안)

  • Hong, Sang-Pyo;Nam, Kie-Chang
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.87-98
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    • 2000
  • The costs of solid waste management have continued to increase. Stricter environmental regulations have been applied to waste management units. Future integrated solid waste management should be balanced between source reduction, recycling, energy recovery, and land disposal. To achieve more balanced solid waste management programs, more local governments must adopt diversion and recycling goals and finance to meet those goals. The hierarchy of integrated solid waste management must be enforced in a manner that is flexible enough to allow local governments to implement waste management facilities that match the communities' ability to pay for them. In establishing a hierarchy of integrated solid waste management, local governements have difficulties in implementing source reduction and recycling because of a lack of local control and inability to pay for new facilities. Integrated solid waste management involves selecting compatible options for facilities to manage the collection, recovery of energy and materials(transformation), and disposal of solid wastes efficiently. Waste Collection, transformation, and disposal must support source reduction and recycling activities.

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A Review of Solid Waste Management using System Dynamics Modeling

  • Popli, Kanchan;Sudibya, Gamal Luckman;Kim, Seungdo
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.26 no.10
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    • pp.1185-1200
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    • 2017
  • Solid waste management is currently a topic of concern, particularly in the protection of humans and the environment from toxic pollutants and hazardous materials. The importance of solid waste management is recognized at international, national, and community levels. Different agendas have been prioritized and assigned to improve quality of life, productivity, and health, and reduce the burden of pollution. Suitable management of solid waste requires appropriate technology that is affordable, socially accepted, and environmentally friendly. The use of a smart management system involving system dynamics can save energy, money, and labor. System dynamics is a computer-based approach that aids in predicting the behavioral patterns of variables, and correlating dependent and independent variables. The inclusion of system dynamics-based models in solid waste management has recently become more common. In this review, we used system dynamics to determine methods to disentangle solid waste management systems and analyzed different studies on solid waste management using system dynamics in different countries in detail. We also discussed the various software packages that are available for system dynamics and their usefulness for waste management. This review may help in understanding current solid waste management practices using system dynamics.

Integrated Solid Waste Management in Ecopolis -Applying LCA- (생태도시 조성을 위한 통합폐기물 관리방안 - 전과정평가(LCA) 기법의 응용 -)

  • Kim, Ik Soo
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 1999
  • Applicability of LCA in establishing the integrated solid waste management were examined. Data were collected from current waste management system. LCA method was then applied to find environmentally sustainable waste management. The process comprises five steps : (1) collecting data, comparing the data with comprehensive urban planning as well, (2) analyzing the current waste treatment procedure leading to the database establishment, (3) LCA for the waste management system, (4) finding alternative scenarios based on the former steps, (5) establishing the optimum method in Ecopolis, best fitted to the local situation. The results and suggestions in this study are expected to yield comprehensive analysis as to current practices in waste management. More importantly it will be a valuable data in minimizing environmental burdens in connecting with living environments of Ecopolis. Information regarding the urban system and total environmental quality are expected from this study.

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Estimation of greenhouse gas emissions: An alternative approach to waste management for reducing the environmental impacts in Myanmar

  • Tun, Maw Maw;Juchelkova, Dagmar
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.618-629
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    • 2019
  • Along with growing population and economic development, increasing waste generation rates in developing countries have become a major issue related to the negative impacts of waste management on the environment. Currently, the business-as-usual waste management practices in Myanmar are largely affecting the environment and public health. Therefore, this study developed an alternative approach to waste management for reducing the environmental impacts in Myanmar by highlighting the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from business-as-usual practices and three proposed scenarios during 2018-2025. The calculation methods of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and Institute for Global Environmental Strategies were used for estimating the GHG emissions from waste management. It was estimated that the current waste management sector generated approximately 2,000 gigagrams of CO2-eq per year in 2018, trending around 3,350 Gg of CO2-eq per year in 2025. It was also observed that out of the proposed scenarios, Scenario-2 significantly minimized the environmental impacts, with the lowest GHG emissions and highest waste resource recovery. Moreover, the GHG emissions from business-as-usual practices could be reduced by 50% by this scenario during 2018-2025. The target of the similar scenario could be achieved if the local government could efficiently implement waste management in the future.

A Review of the Domestic Construction Waste Management Guidelines (국내 건설폐기물 관리 지침 고찰)

  • Kim, Jee-Hye;Cha, Hee-Sung;Shin, Dong-Woo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • pp.425-430
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    • 2007
  • Although waste management in construction industry has a significant impact on both economical and environmental issues, the current level of waste management performance in Korean construction is reported as relatively low. In this context, this study aimed to suggest the considerations for the improved construction waste management guideline, which leads to the effective waste management on a construction site. In order to reach this goal, the existing domestic construction waste management guidelines were analyzed based on the criteria of the environmental management procedure of ISO 14001. These considerations were described in three aspects such as "planning", "implementation and operation", and "checking and corrective actions".

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A comprehensive optimization model for integrated solid waste management system: A case study

  • Paul, Koushik;Chattopadhyay, Subhasish;Dutta, Amit;Krishna, Akhouri P.;Ray, Subhabrata
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.220-237
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    • 2019
  • Solid waste management (SWM) is one of the poorly rendered services in developing countries - limited resources, increasing population, rapid urbanization and application of outdated systems leads to inefficiency. Lack of proper planning and inadequate data regarding solid waste generation and collection compound the SWM problem. Decision makers need to formulate solutions that consider multiple goals and strategies. Given the large number of available options for SWM and the inter-relationships among these options, identifying SWM strategies that satisfy economic or environmental objectives is a complex task. The paper develops a mathematical model for a municipal Integrated SWM system, taking into account waste generation rates, composition, transportation modes, processing techniques, revenues from waste processing, simulating waste management as closely as possible. The constraints include those linking waste flows and mass balance, processing plants capacity, landfill capacity, transport vehicle capacity and number of trips. The linear programming model integrating different functional elements was solved by LINGO optimization software and various possible waste management options were considered during analysis. The model thus serves as decision support tool to evaluate various waste management alternatives and obtain the least-cost combination of technologies for handling, treatment and disposal of solid waste.