• Title/Summary/Keyword: Wasps

Search Result 48, Processing Time 0.088 seconds

Occurrence of Hymenoptera (wasps and bees) and their foraging in the southwestern part of Jirisan National Park, South Korea

  • Choi, Moon Bo;Kwon, Ohseok
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
    • /
    • v.38 no.3
    • /
    • pp.367-374
    • /
    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence and foraging of social and other wasps and bees in Jirisan National Park (JNP, South Korea), in particular in an apiary. Sixty one traps were placed in the southwestern part of JNP to identify social wasps from July to September 2014, and the damage to the apiary caused by wasps or bees was observed once a month from May to December 2014 between 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. In total, 10 species of Vespidae were collected by trapping. Vespa crabro was the most abundant (245 individuals, 28.3%), followed by Vespa velutina (162 individuals, 18.7%). In the apiary, however, V. velutina was the most frequent species. V. velutina visited a maximum of 167 times a day in September, which corresponded to one visit in 2.5 min. Accordingly, these data are in line with the most serious impact of V. velutina on the apiaries in South Korea. V. simillima was the second most frequent species; both Vespa species hawked honeybees. Even though the occurrence of V. mandarinia was low, this species caused serious damage by mass slaughter of honeybees. The occurrence of V. crabro, V. analis and V. ducalis was quite low and their impact on honeybees was negligible. There have been few reports of V. dybowskii foraging for honeybees, but they are considered to be a new pest because their impact on apiaries is considerable. Most Vespa species attacked the apiary from June to October, with a maximum in September. However, V. velutina visited until November to early December. Vespula species are not more serious pests than Vespa species, but many adults were observed stealing honey from beehives. Polistes, Orancistrocerus, and Bombus species had no impact on honeybee colonies in the apiary.

Environmental Evaluation by using Hymenoptera Induced by Bamboo Pipe Traps Indicated by Eumenid Wasp (Hymenoptera: Eumenidae) (대통 트랩에 유인된 벌류를 이용한 환경 평가법 개발)

  • Kim, Jong-Gil;Choi, Young-Cheol;Choi, Ji-Young;Kim, Sam-Eun;Kim, Keun-Young;Kim, Jung-Kyu;Lee, Jong-Eun
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
    • /
    • v.44 no.4
    • /
    • pp.307-315
    • /
    • 2005
  • In this study we tried to develop a biological method for evaluating environment using the potter wasps as an indicator. Wasp species in family Eumenidae, were collected from 13 locations including agricultural area using nest trap. The wasps collected were classified and selected candidate species as an environmental evaluation indicator. Seven species were collected and the Anterhynchium flavomarginatum was the most dominant species. The number of the nest of potter wasps was 12.8/m both in the non-fertilizer and the non-pesticide areas and 7.2/m in the general agricultural areas. The number of nests was 13.4/m in the location where the Degree of Green Naturality (DGN) was high (4.28) and it was 1.2/m where the DGN was low (1.00), suggesting that the index of both richness and diversity tend to increase in locations with more nests. Based on these results, A. flavomarginatum, Orancistrocerus drewseni (Saussure), Isodontia nigellus and Chalicodoma sculpturalis were selected as indicator species for the evaluation of environment including agricultural ecosystem. And a standard for grading an environment (I to IV) was made based on the occurrence, the total number of nesting and the species diversity of potter wasps.

Ecological studies on the Chestnut gall wasp, Dryocosmus kuriphilus $Y^{ASUMATSU}$ and Observations on the Chestnut trees by its insect (밤나무 혹벌의 생태와 피해조사)

  • CHO Do Yeon;LEE Sang Ok
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
    • /
    • v.2
    • /
    • pp.47-54
    • /
    • 1963
  • The chestnut gall wasp, Dryocosmus kuriphilus $Y^{ASUMATSU}$, has been recently distributed and chestnut trees have teen seriously damaged by this insects in Korea. However, this insect pest has not been investigated in Korea. This paper gives an account of field and Laboratory observations on the seasonal occurrence and the life history of the chestnut gall wasp, and the damage of the chestnut trees by. its insects. This study was carried out at Chungchungpukdo, Kangwon-do and Kyungi-do in Korea, from 1961 to 1963, inclusive. 1. The Chestnut gall wasp (Dryocosmus kuriphilus $Y^{ASUMATSU}$) has one generathion per year and females are only known. 2. The adult wasps were observed from late June to late July with peak of wasp emergence about early and middle July. Most of new adult wasps were coming out from, the galls in the morning rather than the afternoon. 3. Each wasp produced auerage 198.5 eggs and about 4.89 eggs was observed in each bud of the chestnut tree. 4, The egg period of wasps was about 30 days and they were hatching from July to August. 5. The larval period of wasps were from middle of August to middle of next June and pupation took places about early June to middle of July. 6. The adult wasps were ovipositing into the buds and from early May next year, galls were growing. They caused stunting of growth and no fruiting or dying of the chestnut tries. 7. The first observation of the wasp was made at Chaechun of Chungchung-pukdo in 1958. Up to 1963 this insects are distributed in Kangwon-do, Kyunggi-do, north part of Chungchung-pukdo and north part of Kyungsangpukdo

  • PDF

Distribution of Social Wasps in Two Metropolitan Cities (Busan and Daegu) of South Korea

  • Kim, Chang-Jun;Choi, Moon Bo
    • Proceedings of NIE
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.101-107
    • /
    • 2021
  • The objective of this study was to analyze social wasps' urban distribution tendency based on 10 species found in two metropolitan cities (Busan and Daegu) of South Korea. There 10 species included six species (Vespa mandarinia, V. ducalis, V. crabro flavofasciata, Vespula koreensis koreensis, Parapolybia indica, and Polistes snelleni) of forest dwellers that inhabited urban main forests and satellite forests, two species (V. simillima simillima and V. analis parallela) of facultative dwellers that nested at diverse sites of urban areas with greater preference for urban forest, and two species (V. velutina nigrithorax and P. rothneyi koreanus) of urban dwellers that nested at almost all sites, including urban and forest areas. These urban dwellers were found to adapt well to an urban environment based on their far higher rate of urban nesting compared to facultative dwellers. When distribution tendencies of facultative dwellers and urban dwellers in Busan and Daegu were compared, a regular distribution was mostly observed in Busan with a dense forest network. For Daegu that lacked forest connectivity, the greatest distribution of species was found in the nearby urban forest. For Daegu, a city further away from forests, urban dwellers occurred far beyond forest sites compared to Busan with a dense forest network.

Species Composition and Seasonal Distribution of the Endoparasitoids on Acronicta rumicis (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae)

  • Cho, Young-Ho;Kwon, Oh-Seok;Nam, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
    • /
    • v.29 no.1
    • /
    • pp.55-60
    • /
    • 2006
  • Forty six individuals out of 200 Acronicta rumicis larva were parasitized (23 %) in 2000, 14 individuals out of 60 (23.33 %) in 2001, and 14 individuals out of 62 (22.58 %) in 2002. The mean parasitism rate was $22.97{\pm}0.38%$. The parasitism rate was 36.36 % in May and 52.78 % in October, 2000, 75 % and 50% in May and October 2001, 71.4% and 47.37% in May and October 2002 and it was much higher than other months. Parasitism was occurred from May to October 2000, but it was not in June and August 2001 and June 2002. There was no difference in the monthly mean parasitism rate, but the rate was the highest in May and October. The parasitoid of the larva of A. rumicis was the highest by 77.02% of parasitic wasps, and 13.51% of parasitic flies. It was found that multiparasitism was 4.05 % and hyperparasitism was 5.41 %. In case of parasitic wasps whose parasitism rate is the highest, the rate of Braconidae and Ichneumonidae was 70.18 % and 29.82 % respectively. That is, the former has much higher parasitism rate. The parasitism rate of the larva of A. rumicis was found that Microplitis sp. is $5.28{\pm}0.63%$, Glyptapanteles liparidis $8.62{\pm}3.70%$, and Diadegma sp. $4.02{\pm}1.28%$ respectively.

Development of Water Quality Management System in Reservoirs Using Expert System and GIS (전문가시스템과 GIS를 이용한 저수지 수질 정보시스템 개발)

  • Lee, Ju-Seung;Goh, Hong-Seok;Goh, Nam-Young;Cho, Min-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information Science
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.71-80
    • /
    • 2005
  • Recently, water quality problems are emerging as important social issues since water quality in rivers and lakes are significantly deteriorated. Thus, an accurate prediction system on reservoir water quality is required, as well as an integrated system which can provide a solution for taking away contaminated materials. This research aims to develop an intelligent decision support system, which uses a GIS enabling management and spatial analysis. The developed system is a prototype that can be applied into real spot. This research area includes the following main subjects; system analysis and design, geometry data collection and database implementation, data acquisition and analysis on reservoir water quality, interface design and development GIS, and development of an expert system for water quality forecasting by WASPS.

  • PDF

Water Quality Simulation of Juam Reservoir Depend on Total Pollution Loads Control (총량규제에 따른 주암호의 장래 수질 예측)

  • Jang, Sung-Ryong;An, Ki-Sun;Kwon, Young-Ho;Han, Jae-Ik
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.39-45
    • /
    • 2010
  • When the Juam multipurpose dam which is connected with existing large water supply facilities is finished, water environment is changed from stream to lake. The changed quality of water should be examined. In this study, the result of water quality forecasting is analysed and an effective management plan of water quality is presented. Tn this study, the WASPS model that is a dynamic water quality simulation model was selected to forecast the water quality. This model forecasts movement of change of pollutants. For an application of the model, the subject areas were divided into seventeen sub-areas by considering change temperature depending measuring points and on depth of water. Meteorological data collected by the meteorological observatory and data about quality measured by the Korea Water Resources Development Corporation were used for an operation of the model. As a result of quality examination through quality data and estimated pollutant loading, the water quality environment criterion was grade II and the nutritive condition was measured as meso-graphic grade. In this study, an effective management was planned to improve water quality by reducing pollution load. According to the result of examination, when more than 30% of BOD was reduced it was recorded that the environment standard of water quality was improved to the second grade.

New Records of the Two Genera of Parasitoid Wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea) from South Korea (한국산 미기록 기생벌 2속(벌목: 맵시벌상과)에 대한 보고)

  • Yu, Yeonghyeok;Choi, Subin;Sohn, Juhyeong;Han, Hee-Won;Kim, Hyojoong
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
    • /
    • v.59 no.4
    • /
    • pp.311-315
    • /
    • 2020
  • Two genera with two species of the superfamily Ichneumonoidea, Testudobracon pleuralis Ashmead 1906 and Diadromus subtilicornis Gravenhorst 1829, are reported for the first time from South Korea. Diagnosis, distribution, and illustration are provided.