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A Study on the Demand and Utilization of Volunteers in Health Centers (보건소의 자원봉사자 요구도 및 활용도에 대한 관련요인 분석)

  • Choi, Eun-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.37-66
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    • 2000
  • Volunteers activities in Health Centers are strategically important for the efficient utilization of human resource and local people's health promotion in community. With these backgrounds. this study is conducted to examine significant factors in relation to demand and utilization of volunteers in Health Centers. and the factors are the characteristics of Health Centers. volunteer management factors and external environment factors. Subjects in this study were 245 Health Centers all chosen. Data were collected from April. 12. 1999 to May. 31. 1999. and the data for analyses were ones of 116 respondents. Then. the data coded and submitted to Fisher's exact test. NPAR1WAY ANOVA, Correlation analysis. multiple regression analysis, multiple logistic regression analysis with SAS program. The key results from this study can be epitomized as follows: 1. 43.1% of responding health centers answered that they 'utilize volunteers'. The average number of volunteers who were engaged in responding health centers was 43, out of which 7 were men and 36 were women. As for the adequacy of the number of the volunteers. 55.1% responded 'not enough' and 30.6% responded 'adequate'. The more the number of volunteers needed. the more the number of utilizing volunteers is. When asked about their views concerning the utilization of volunteers in Health Centers. 88.7% of all respondents answered in the affirmative. The accountable factor for the utilization of volunteers was the present utilization of volunteers. 2. Concerning the reasons for using volunteers. 'to induce local people's participation in health services' was the highest comprising 76% of the responding health centers. 3. Most of volunteers were housewives and independent enterprisers. The most type of volunteer activities was 'just simple labor'. 4. As for the action duration of volunteers. 69.4% answered 'under 6 months'. The factor was significant difference with the action duration of volunteers was 'to provide social meeting' in the middle of rewards for volunteers. 5. Asked about the problem in utilizing volunteers. 53.2% answered 'the difficulty of recruitment and education for volunteers'. and 42.6% answered 'lack of budget and manpower needed for the utilization of volunteers.' 6. Concerning the evaluation of the performance by volunteers. 88% answered 'satisfactory'. With regards to the reason for that. 29.3% answered 'volunteers can provide various kinds of services' 7. 88.7% of responding health centers answered that they will continuously or newly utilize volunteers in the future. 8. The main health program services which expect utilization of volunteers were visiting health services(63.2%). old people's health services (25.3%). These were not significant difference with any explanatory variable. 9. The average number of volunteer needed in responding health centers was 38. The more the average number of utilizing volunteers. the more the number of volunteers needed is. The more the degree of financial independence. the more the number of volunteers needed is. In conclusions. Health centers are necessary to promote their role of recruitment. education and training for volunteers. the development of volunteer activities programs.

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Differences in Characteristics and Dietary Habits between Volunteers and Selected Subjects in Nutrition Survey (영양조사 참여 자원자와 임의 선정자의 일반적 특성 및 식습관의 차이)

  • 김완수;김미정;현태선
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.511-518
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    • 2004
  • This study was designed to compare general characteristics and dietary habits between volunteers for a nutrition survey and non-volunteers using a questionnaire. Volunteers were recruited by advertising on the homepage of a university to assess nutritional status by examining dietary intake for three days and blood analysis. Non-volunteers were selected from some classes not related to nutrition. There were no significant differences in sex, monthly allowances, eating-out cost, drinking and exercise between the two groups, while the proportion of self-boarding was higher in the volunteer group than in the non-volunteer group, and smoking rate of volunteers was approximately 2.4 times lower than that of non-volunteers. Volunteers were less concerned about their diet than non-volunteers. No significant differences in concern about health, considering factors in their diet, self-evaluation of their diet, learning experience about nutrition, and vitamin/mineral supplement use were observed. The frequency and the place of eating-out for dinner were significantly different between the two groups. More proportions of volunteers tended to eat regularly and eat breakfast. Volunteers consumed seaweeds more frequently, and milk, fruits and fast foods less frequently than non-volunteers. Our results indicate that some characteristics and dietary habits of volunteers are different from those of non-volunteers. However, we could not show that volunteers were more interested in their diet and had desirable dietary habits than non-volunteers. Further research on the characteristics of volunteers who participate in nutrition survey may be helpful to interpret and generalize the survey results.

호스피스 자원봉사활동의 실태 및 지원에 관한 연구 - 대전ㆍ충청권을 중심으로

  • Hwang, Yeong-Suk;Mo, Seon-Hui
    • Korean Journal of Hospice Care
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.14-25
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to examine the present state, types of services, difficulties, education programs, motivation, satisfaction and attitude of hospice volunteers and also to suggest supporting programs for the volunteer. For these purposes, a questionnaire was distributed among the 200 hospice volunteers in ten hospice organizations in Daejeon and Chungcheong province. In this research, 85.5% of the respondents were women and most of them were housewives in their forties and fifties. The majority of hospice volunteers had an education background of more than high school. Christianity (94%) was the dominant religion of volunteers. Among the service area of the hospice, emotional caring, such as listening closely and establishing empathy were the most frequently done by the respondents and the next one was spiritual care. Hospice volunteers who had started with altruistic motivation show more dynamic activities in emotional, spiritual, physical caring and so on, than those with non-altruistic motivation. Most of the respondents expressed that they felt a hospice volunteer was valuable. However they had a hard time to overcome the sorrow coming from sharing empathy with the dying patients. Those who had started with altruistic motivation usually took part in two times per a week and had more positive attitude. Volunteers who had been working more than five years showed better attitude than those who had been working less than three years. The longer the voluntary services, the more positive attitude experienced by volunteers. Hospice volunteers encountered the most considerable difficulty with lack of background knowledge and their actual capability. Insufficiency of time was the next reason for the considerable difficulty of the hospice volunteer. On the other hand, those who served more than twice per week replied that lack of background knowledge and their capability were the least considerable difficulty. Insufficiency of time was the reason of difficulty for male volunteers, as well as for females under thirty and those in their forties and fifties respectively. Generally most of the hospice volunteers (70%) were satisfied with their services and they usually satisfied with physical caring, spiritual caring, hospice's family caring. The less difficulty in voluntary services, more satisfaction for the volunteers in the end. There is a positive correlation between a attitude of the hospice volunteer and frequency of voluntary services while the volunteers' difficulty affect negatively their attitude as well as the frequency of voluntary services. Most of the hospice volunteers want to have more education about basic skills, volunteer's attitude and role, spirituality, the way of attending on the hospice and so on. Most of them considered discussion and sharing different cases as the most effective method. They also wish to had more supporting programs for the hospice volunteers(in the order of their needs) such as regular events, newsletters, personal concern, social meetings among the volunteers, insurance and minimum expenses. Based on the study results, more programs should be run in order to activate the voluntary services regardless of their gender and education background. A continuous practical supporting policy and education programs are required in order to provide special education and training courses considering every field of voluntary services. Expanding the role of the volunteers allows them more opportunities to take part in voluntary services and th activate participation. It is necessary to establish a new hospice system as a part public medical system, which can not only facilitate the voluntary services for a hospice but also enhance professional hospice volunteers. Finally, experts are needed to operate the voluntary services effectively.

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A Study on the Utilization of Volunteers in the Visiting Health Services of Health Centers (보건소의 방문보건사업에서 자원봉사자 활용에 관한 연구)

  • 최은숙;정헤선
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.103-119
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    • 2000
  • This study is conducted to promote the activation of volunteer activities on the basic of the voluntaarry participation of local by investigating the utillzation of volunteers and analyzing this realted factors in the visiting health services of health centers. Subjects in this study were the whole 245 health centers. Data were collected from April, 12, 1999 to May, 31, 1999, and data for analyses were ones of 41 respondents, which answer " they utilize volunteers in visting health services". The summary of resulth was as follows : 1. In case that the type of health centers is one of county, in case that the number of staff in health center is over 80, in case that model business in not performed, in case that the degree of local financial independence is over 50%, and in case that the location of health centers in not good, there had more of volunteers in visiting health services. 2. 51.2% of analysing health centers answered that the utilization of volunteers has been done since 1998. 56.1% answered that they utillzed volunteers "over 4 hours" per person in a week. The average number of volunteers who was engaged at those visiting health services was 43.3. 3. Most of volinteers were housewives(73.2%). As for the action duration of volunteers. 68.8% answered " under 6 months". 4. As to the tasks of volunter activities, 75.6% were "home services" and 63.4% were "movable bath services". As for the tasks they intend to utilize, 90.2% answered " home services", 73.2% answered "movable health services". 5. Asked abount the purpose in utilizing volunteers, 75.6% answered "to induce the participation og local people". 65.9% answered "to provide various kinds of services". 66.7% provided some kind of education and training for volunteers. 6. Concerming evaluation of performance by volunteers, 90.2% answered " satisfactory". With reagards to the reason for that, 52.9% answered " volunteers can provide kinds of services". and 50.0% answered " volunteers can help local people to care their health". As for the obstacles to the utilization, 51.2% answered " the diffculty of recruitment for volunteers" and 43.9% answered "lack of budget and manpower needed for the utilization of volunteers".lty of recruitment for volunteers" and 43.9% answered "lack of budget and manpower needed for the utilization of volunteers".lunteers&".ot;.

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호스피스 자원봉사자의 활동과 영적안녕에 관한 연구

  • Cha, Yeong-Nam;Han, Hye-Sil;Jeong, Jeong-Suk;Yun, Mae-Ok;Choe, Eun-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Hospice Care
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.41-57
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    • 2002
  • This study was done to examine spiritual well-being of hospice care service volunteers for the purpose of providing them with programs promoting coping skills in response to the wholistic needs of patient effectively, also providing data for professional or nonprofessional hospice training program. Subjects were 123 volunteers serving in 6 hospice centers in Jeonbuk province at present. Data collection were done from 16 Oct. 2000 to 17 Nov. 2000. questionnairs were consisted of activities of hospice care service volunteer and spiritual well-being. The study results were as follows 1.Mean of activities of hospice care service volunteers were 2.433, those activities were divided into 5 categories such as spiritual, activities of volunteer for themselves, psychosocial, physical area and bereavement. The highest mean score was spiritual area 2.578, activities of volunteers for themselves 2.525, psychosocial area 2.456, physical area was 2.359 and the lowest mean score was bereavement area 2.130. 2.Spiritual well-being of hospice care service volunteers was 5.25, the highest mean. In subcategories of spiritual well-being, religious spiritual well-being was higher than existential spiritual well-being, mean score for each one was 5.41, 5.10. 3.Statistically significant relations among demographic characteristics such as gender(t=2.72, P=.008), status of marriage(t=6.067, P=.003), occupation(F=3.795, P=.025), frequency of visiting for volunteered hospice care(F=3.833, P=.024) were noted. 4.Statistically significant demographic characteristics of hospice service volunteers was religion(t=-4.38, p=0.000), status of marriage(F=3.505, p=0.033), frequency of visiting for volunteered hospice care(F=3.107, p=0.048), level of satisfaction from hospice care volunteer service(F=3.610, p=0.030), hospice service volunteers doing more home visiting(5-9times/month) had higher status of spiritual well being than volunteer with less home visiting(1-4times/month) 5.A significant relationship between activities of hospice service volunteers and status of spiritual well-being was noted(r=.236, p=.004), activities of hospice service volunteers was related to both subcategories of spiritual well-being such as religious well-being(r=.210, p=.010) and existential well-being(r=.208, p=.011). From the results of the study It is noted that status of spiritual well-being for hospice volunteers influences on service activities. It means spiritual well-being should be considered as a essential character for hospice service volunteers, it also means that managing and maintaining of status of spiritual well-being for hospice service volunteers is important. On the base of the study recommendation are made as follows: 1.Considering status of spiritual well-being for hospice care service volunteers is needed to promote hospice care activities. 2.It is necessary to develope spiritual well-being programs for hospice care service volunteers and further study for effect validation of them is needed. 3.Further study to sort out effecting variables for hospice care service volunteer activities is needed. 4.It will be desirable to have spiritual well-being information included in the hospice education program.

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An Analysis of the Volunteers Activities in Korean Library: Focusing on the Public and School Libraries (국내 도서관 자원봉사자 활동 현황 분석 - 공공도서관 및 학교도서관을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Hae-Joo;Ahn, In-Ja;Park, Mi-Yung;Kim, Ho-Yeun
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.181-195
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    • 2009
  • The Purpose of the study is to analyze present state of the volunteers activities in Korean libraries and for reinforcing Library volunteer activity. 180,000 people were asked questionaires for the purpose looking into present state. the analysed places of the subject are public library and school library where most of volunteers work. this research is greatly meant due to the collection of broad investigation through the public library and school library in Korea. A questionnaire made to twice and the results were shown in four parts which are the aspects of the participant, the volunteers' duty, the management of the volunteers(training and recruitment), and about cultural program volunteers.

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A Study on the Improvement of Volunteer Operation of Church Library (교회도서관 자원봉사 운영 개선 방안 연구)

  • Jeon, Jeongmi;Cha, Mikyeong
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.361-389
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    • 2015
  • This research conducted questionnaire surveys of church library managers and volunteers in church libraries, in order to improve volunteer management in church libraries by the analysis of current situation and problems with regards to operating volunteer activities. Seventy one church library managers out of 101 church libraries, and 221 volunteers responded to the questionnaire. The survey results indicated that volunteers' satisfaction with their work and need for education and continuous motivation Perception gap was found between managers and volunteers on application of task and the reward system Based on the results, this research suggests the ways of improvement for operating and training volunteers in church libraries.

A Study on the Death Orientation of Hospice Volunteers (호스피스 자원봉사자의 죽음의식에 관한 연구)

  • 박석춘
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.68-80
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    • 1992
  • In order to provide data basic to the training of hospice volunteers, this study was carried out to investigate the personal attributes and the Death Orientation of hospice volunteers. 80 hospice volunteers were sampled from those registered on Seoul Catholic Social Service and Korean Association for Volunteers Effort conveniently. Data were gathered from August 16th to October 3rd, 1991. The instrument used for this study was the Death Orientation Questionnaire developed by Thorson and Powell, subjective age and religiosity questionnaire developed by Bell and Batterson, and subjective health criteria developed by Baumann. Data were analyzed using frequency, mean, standard deviation, Chi-square, and t-test by SPSS - program. Result of this study are summarized as follows ; 1. The majority of hospice volunteers perceived younger in their subjective age than their chronological age (65%), Perceived themselves to be healthy subjectively(88.8%), and revealed to have high religiosity score(96.3%) 2. Level of Death Orientation of hospice volunteers was revealed to be moderate.(Mn=2.06, SD=0.40, range, 1.45-3.53) Among 25 Death Orientation items, respondents revealed the highest concern over the afterlife (Mn=3.53, SD=0.71), revealed the lowest anxiety about not knowing the next world after his or her death(Mn=1.45, SD=0.69), and relatively high concern over leaving careful instructions after death (Mn=2.97, SD=0.83) Respondents revealed low Death Orientation score(below 1.99) to 12 negative items(2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22). Thus hospice volunteers seem to be preparing for their own death and shown positive Death Orientation to some items relatively. 3. According to personal attributes (demographic, socioecnomic, and relevant variables) of hospice volunteers, there were no significant statistic differences of Death Orientation score. Thus pre-existing Death Orientation of hospice volunteers and their motive of participation to the hospice service are to be considered important variables influencing the Death Orientation.

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Factors Affecting Subjective Quality of Life of Hospice Volunteers (호스피스 자원봉사자들의 주관적 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Roh, Seung-Hyun;Lim, Seung-Hee
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.163-171
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study tested a model of hospice volunteer's motivations and outcomes to encourage more volunteer workers to participate in hospice care. Methods: This included 200 volunteers who attended the Autumn Conference in 2007 and 132 volunteers from five hospice organizations. Results: Volunteers' existential well-being affected an endogenous variable of volunteers' participation in volunteer activities. The durability of volunteer activity was affected by value motivation, the level of participation in volunteer activities and the level of job satisfaction. For volunteers' job satisfaction level, valid endogenous variables included existential well-being, social motivation, understanding motivation and value motivation. The durability of volunteer activities was indirectly affected through three different paths. Volunteers' existential well-being determined the level of their participation in volunteer activities, which in turn affected the durability of such activities. Social motivation influenced volunteers' job satisfaction, and then the durability of volunteer activities. Volunteers' understanding of motivation also influenced their job satisfaction, and then the durability of volunteer activities. Conclusion: Based on these results, this study proposes that the durability of volunteers activities could be improved by developing a program to improve volunteers' well-being and by providing volunteers with education on altruistic values, encouraging them to seek intellectual growth, and advocating them to continue volunteer activities based on close relationships with other volunteers.

Challenges in Volunteering from Cancer Care Volunteers Perspectives

  • Kamaludin, Kauthar Mohamad;Muhammad, Mazanah;Abdul Wahat, Nor Wahiza;Ibrahim, Rahimah
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.4795-4800
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    • 2013
  • The involvement of non-government organizations (NGOs) and support groups has helped strengthen public health services in addressing cancer care burden. Owing to the contribution of volunteers in cancer care, this article documents a qualitative study that examined challenges in attracting and retaining cancer care volunteers as part of the effort to develop a volunteer recruitment model. Data were collected through three focus group discussions involving 19 cancer support group members in Malaysia. Findings of the study revealed that mobility and locality appeared to be significant in Malaysian context, while the need for financial support and time flexibility are challenges faced by cancer support groups to attract and retain volunteers. The findings imply that cancer care initiatives can benefit from more local volunteers but at the same time these volunteers require flexibility and financial support to sustain their engagement.