• Title, Summary, Keyword: Vibration Control

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Experimental System of Active control for Building Structures (구조물의 능동제어 실험을 위한 시스템 구성)

  • 민경원
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.274-285
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    • 1998
  • Increasing flexibility and lightness of recently built high-rise buildings make the structures susceptible to loads such as earthquakes and winds. Therefore, higher performance vibration control systems to reduce the vibration levels are demanded more than any time in the past. One of typical active vibration control systems is the active mass damper(AMD). In this paper, an active vibration control system consisting of small shaking table, building model, sensors, signal processing board and AMD is constructed. The dynamic characteristics of these individual systems are investigated through the experimental study. The performance of the active vibration control system is verified through harmonic resonant load excitation on building model.

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Active Vibration Control of Smart Hull Structure in Underwater Using Micro-Fiber Composite Actuators (MFC 작동기를 이용한 수중 Hull 구조물의 능동 진동 제어)

  • Kwon, Oh-Cheol;Sohn, Jung-Woo;Choi, Seung-Bok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.466-471
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    • 2008
  • Structural vibration and noise are hot issues in underwater vehicles such as submarines for their survivability. Therefore, active vibration and noise control of submarine, which can be modeled as hull structure, have been conducted by the use of piezoelectric materials. Traditional piezoelectric materials are too brittle and not suitable to curved geometry such as hull structures. Therefore, advanced anisotropic piezoceramic actuator named as Macro-Fiber Composite (MFC), which can provide great flexibility, large induced strain and directional actuating force is adopted for this research. In this study, dynamic model of the smart hull structure is established and active vibration control performance of the smart hull structure is evaluated using optimally placed MFC. Actuating performance of MFC is evaluated by finite element analysis and dynamic modeling of the smart hull structure is derived by finite element method considering underwater condition. In order to suppress the vibration of hull structure, Linear-Quadratic-Gaussian (LQG) algorithm is adopted. After then active vibration control performance of the proposed smart hull structure is evaluated with computer simulation and experimental investigation in underwater. Structural vibration of the hull structure is decreased effectively by applying proper control voltages to the MFC actuators.

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New vibration control device and analytical method for slender structures

  • Takabatake, Hideo;Ikarashi, Fumiya
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.11-39
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    • 2013
  • Since slender structures such as utility poles, radio masts, and chimneys, are essentially statically determinate structures, they often collapse during earthquakes. Although vibration control is the most logical method for improving the earthquake resistance of such structures, there are many practical problems with its implementation due to their very long natural vibration period. This paper proposes a new vibration control device to effectively prevent the collapse of slender structures subjected to strong earthquakes. The device consists of a pendulum, an elastic restraint and a lever, and is designed such that when it is attached to a slender structure, the second vibration mode of the structure corresponds to the first vibration mode of the same structure without the device attached. This is highly effective in causing the transverse motions of the device and the structure to oppose each other and so reduce the overall transverse vibration during an earthquake. In the present paper, the effectiveness of the vibration control device is first evaluated based on laboratory experiments and numerical studies. An example of applying the device to a tall chimney is then simulated. A new dynamic analytical method for slender structures with abrupt rigidity variations is then proposed.

Active Vibration Control of Underwater Hull Structure Using Macro-Fiber Composite Actuators (MFC 작동기를 이용한 수중 Hull 구조물의 능동 진동 제어)

  • Kwon, Oh-Cheol;Sohn, Jung-Woo;Choi, Seung-Bok
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.138-145
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    • 2009
  • Structural vibration and noise are hot issues in underwater vehicles such as submarines for their survivability. Therefore, active vibration and noise control of submarine, which can be modeled as hull structure, have been conducted by the use of piezoelectric materials. Traditional piezoelectric materials are too brittle and not suitable to curved geometry such as hull structures. Therefore, advanced anisotropic piezocomposite actuator named as Macro-Fiber Composite(MFC), which can provide great flexibility, large induced strain and directional actuating force is adopted for this research. In this study, dynamic model of the smart hull structure is established and active vibration control performance of the smart hull structure is evaluated using optimally placed MFC. Actuating performance of MFC is evaluated by finite element analysis and dynamic modeling of the smart hull structure is derived by finite element method considering underwater condition. In order to suppress the vibration of hull structure, Linear Quadratic Gaussian(LQG) algorithm is adopted. After then active vibration control performance of the proposed smart hull structure is evaluated with computer simulation and experimental investigation in underwater. Structural vibration of the hull structure is decreased effectively by applying proper control voltages to the MFC actuators.

A nonlinear structural experiment platform with adjustable plastic hinges: analysis and vibration control

  • Li, Luyu;Song, Gangbing;Ou, Jinping
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.315-329
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    • 2013
  • The construction of an experimental nonlinear structural model with little cost and unlimited repeatability for vibration control study represents a challenging task, especially for material nonlinearity. This paper reports the design, analysis and vibration control of a nonlinear structural experiment platform with adjustable hinges. In our approach, magnetorheological rotary brakes are substituted for the joints of a frame structure to simulate the nonlinear material behaviors of plastic hinges. For vibration control, a separate magnetorheological damper was employed to provide semi-active damping force to the nonlinear structure. A dynamic neural network was designed as a state observer to enable the feedback based semi-active vibration control. Based on the dynamic neural network observer, an adaptive fuzzy sliding mode based output control was developed for the magnetorheological damper to suppress the vibrations of the structure. The performance of the intelligent control algorithm was studied by subjecting the structure to shake table experiments. Experimental results show that the magnetorheological rotary brake can simulate the nonlinearity of the structural model with good repeatability. Moreover, different nonlinear behaviors can be achieved by controlling the input voltage of magnetorheological rotary damper. Different levels of nonlinearity in the vibration response of the structure can be achieved with the above adaptive fuzzy sliding mode control algorithm using a dynamic neural network observer.

Vibration and noise control of slab using the multi-tuned mass damper (다중질량감쇠기를 이용한 슬래브의 진동 및 소음저감에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Jae-Seung;Kim, Hong-Jin;Kang, Kyung-Soo;Hong, Gun-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.659-664
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    • 2008
  • In this study, it is outlined that heavy weight floor impact noise induced by the vibration of slab can be reduced by multi tuned mass damper(MTMD) effectively. Substructure synthesis is utilized to develope analytical model of slab coupled with MTMD and acoustic power is introduced to evaluate the performance of noise control for simplicity. Numerical analysis is carried out to investigate the effect of the properties of MTMD on the vibration and noise control. Numerical analysis shows that mass ratio of MTMD is critical on the vibration and noise control of the slab and it is essential to reduce the vibration in higher modes of slab because it has a great effect on the radiation of sound.

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Dynamic characteristics of ALA and Active Vibration Control Experiment (ALA 동적 특성 및 능동진동제어 실험)

  • Lee, Han-Dong;Kwak, Moon-K.;Kim, Jeong-Hoon;Song, Yoon-Chul;Shim, Jae-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.639-644
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    • 2009
  • This research is concerned with the application of the active linear actuator to the active vibration control of structure. The active linear actuator will be mounted on the sub-frame so that it can cancel the excitation transferred from the engine. Accelerometer mounted on the sub-frame detects the vibration and its signal is fed into the DSP controller where the control algorithm is installed. The output of the DSP controller is connected to the driver which amplifies the DSP output. In general, the pulse width modulation power amplifier is used to drive the voice-coil type actuator. This study shows the dynamic characteristics of the active linear actuator and active vibration control experimental results.

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Vibration and Noise Control of the Simply Supported Slab Using the Multi-tuned Mass Damper (다중동조질량감쇠기를 이용한 단순지지 슬래브의 진동 및 소음저감에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Jae-Seung;Hong, Geon-Ho;Park, Hong-Gun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.1006-1013
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    • 2008
  • In this study, it is outlined that heavy weight floor impact noise induced by the vibration of slab can be reduced using multi tuned mass damper(MTMD) effectively. Substructure synthesis is utilized to develope analytical model of the slab coupled with MTMD and acoustic power is introduced to evaluate the performance of noise control for simplicity. Numerical analysis is carried out to investigate the effect of the properties of MTMD on the vibration and noise control of the simply supported slab. Numerical analysis shows that mass ratio of MTMD is critical on the vibration and noise control of the slab and it is also essential to reduce the vibration in higher modes of slab in the light of its great effect on the radiation of sound.

Dynamic Characteristics of ALA and Active Vibration Control Experiment (ALA 동적 특성 및 능동진동제어 실험)

  • Lee, Han-Dong;Kwak, Moon-K.;Kim, Jeong-Hoon;Song, Yoon-Chul;Shim, Jae-Ho
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.19 no.8
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    • pp.781-787
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    • 2009
  • This research is concerned with the application of the active linear actuator to the active vibration control of structure. The active linear actuator will be mounted on the sub-frame so that it can cancel the excitation transferred from the engine. Accelerometer mounted on the sub-frame detects the vibration and its signal is fed into the DSP controller where the control algorithm is installed. The output of the DSP controller is connected to the driver which amplifies the DSP output. In general, the pulse width modulation power amplifier is used to drive the voice-coil type actuator. This study shows the dynamic characteristics of the active linear actuator and active vibration control experimental results.

Vibration Control of a Flexible Two-link Manipulator based on the Sliding Mode Control (슬라이딩 모우드 제어에 기초한 유연한 2링크 조작기의 진동제어)

  • Chae, Seung-Hoon;Yang, Hyun-Seok;Park, Young-Phil
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.511-516
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    • 2000
  • In order to not only perform as a extreme model under the severe operating condition but also acquire more diverse and advanced control capability utilizing high compliance, active vibration control of a flexible 2-link robot manipulator are investigated. Multi variable-structured frequency shaped optimal sliding mode is proposed for the flexible robot manipulator like control system, whose control variables, an angular motion of joint and vibration of flexible link, have to be controlled simultaneously by one control torque at a driving joint. The control system is divided into two subsystems, a control input related subsystem and an added subsystem. The proposed sliding mode, composed of multi control variables, makes optimized relation between subsystems and a individual control input, thus, the sliding mode controller can compensate whole dynamics of each subsystems simultaneously. And the possibility and effectiveness are verified by vibration control of a manipulator having two flexible links. Simulation and experiment results show that the proposed control scheme achieves the purpose effectively.

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