• Title/Summary/Keyword: Uterine cervix

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A Study on Dose Calculation in Intracavitary Radiotherapy of the Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix with TAO Applicator (TAO Applicator를 이용한 자궁경암 강내조사시의 선양계산에 관한 고찰)

  • Kim, Chul-Soo;Kim, Jung-Jin
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 1984
  • Various methods are available for determination of exposure time in intracavitary radiotherapy of the carcinoma of the uterine cervix. To determine the accuracy of dose calculation with isodose curve for TAO applicator, comparison with results calculated by computer for radiotherapy treatment Planning was done in 24 procedures done in 12 consecutive patients with the carcinoma of the uterine cervix from May to December, 1983. The results are as follows: 1. The average dose rate Per hour of Point A was 87.70 rad, being 89.91 rad ana 85.49 rad in left and right, respectively. 2. The average percentage of dose rate of point A calculated by isodose curve method over that by computer was $101.28\%$ and the difference was less than $5\%$ in 17 Procedures and over $10\%$ in only 3 procedures. 3. The average percentage in case of point B was $108.67\%$. In conclusion, in most cases the difference was less than 200 rad for point A and less than 100 rad for point B during 2 courses of intracavitary radiotherapy. And so the dose rate calculation with isodose curve for TAO applicator is comparatively accurate.

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Association of Educational Levels with Survival in Indian Patients with Cancer of the Uterine Cervix

  • Krishnatreya, Manigreeva;Kataki, Amal Chandra;Sharma, Jagannath Dev;Nandy, Pintu;Gogoi, Gayatri
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.3121-3123
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    • 2015
  • The main objective of this paper was to assess the influence of educational level on the survival of uterine cervix cancer patients in our population. A total of 224 patients were registered in our registry, of which 178 had information on stage and different educational levels. The overall median survival (MS) was 23 months, with values of 18.5, 20.7 and 41.3 months for the illiterate, literate and qualified groups, respectively. In the illiterate patients, stage I was seen in 2.6% and stage IV in 11.8%, while in other 2 groups stage I was seen in 10% to 17% of patients at the time of diagnosis. The survival probability at around 50 months was around 42%, 30% and 26% (approximately) for qualified, literates and illiterates respectively [Log Rank (Mantel-Cox) showed p=0.023]. Emphasis on imparting education to females can be a part of comprehensive cancer control programme for improving the overall survival in patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix in our population.

High versus Low Dose-Rate Intracavitary Irradiation for Adenocarcinoma of the Uterine Cervix (자궁경부 선암 환자에서 고선량률 강내치료와 저선량률 강내치료의 비교)

  • Kim Woo Chul;Kim Gwi Eon;Chung Eun Ji;Suh Chang Ok;Hong Soon Won;Cho Young Kap;Loh JK
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.32-39
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    • 2000
  • Purpose :The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix is low. Traditionally, Low Dose Rate (LDR) brachytherapy has been used as a standard modality in the treatment for patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix. The purpose of this report is to evaluate the effects of the High dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy in the patients with adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix compared with the LDR. : From January 1971 to December 1992, 106 patients of adenocarcinoma of uterine cervix were treated with radiation therapy in the Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University with curative intent. LDR brachytherapy was carried out on 35 patients and 71 patients were treated with HDR brachytherapy. In LDR Group, 8 patients were in stage I, 18 in stage II and 9 in stage III. External radiation therapy was delivered with 10 MV X-ray, daily 2 Gy fractionation, total dose 40$\~$46Gy (median 48 Gy). And LDR Radium intracavitary irradiation was peformed with Henschke applicator, 22$\~$59 Gy to point A (median 43 Gy). In HDR Group, there were 16 patients in stage 1, 38 in stage II and 17 in stage III. The total dose of external radiation was 40$\~$61 Gy(median 45 Gy), daily 1.8$\~$2.0 Gy. HDR Co-60 intracavitary irradiation was peformed with RALS (Remote Afterloading System), 30 $\~$ 57 Gy(median 39 Gy) to point A, 3 times a week, 3 Gy per fraction. Conclusion : The 5-year overall survival rate in LDR Group was 72.9$\%$, 61.9$\%$, 45.0$\%$ in stage I, II, III, respectively and corresponding figures for HDR were 87.1$\%$, 58.3$\%$, 41.2$\%$, respectively (p>0.05). There was no statistical difference in terms of the 5-year overall survival rate between HDR Group and LDR Group in adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. There was 11$\%$ of late complication rates in LDR Group and 27$\%$ in HDR Group. There were no prognostic factors compared HDR with LDR group. The incidence of the late complication rate in HDR Group stage II, III was higher than that in LDR Group(16.7$\%$ vs. 31.6$\%$ in stage II, 11.1$\%$ vs. 35.3$\%$ In stage III, p>0.05). Although the incidence of radiation induced late complication rate was higher in HDR Group stage II and III patients than that in the LDR Group, statistical significance was not detected and within acceptable level. Conclusion : There was no difference in terms of 5-year survival rate and failure pattern in the patients with adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix treated with HDR and LDR brachytherapy. Even late complication rates were higher in the HDR group It was an acceptable range. This retrospective study suggests that HDR brachytherapy seems to replace the LDR brachytherapy in the adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. However, further studies will be required to refine the dose rate effects.

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A Study on Specificity of Cancer Incidence in Daegu-Kyungbuk Area (일부 지역의 암발생 특성에 관한 조사연구)

  • 김진모;민경진
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.60-65
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    • 1989
  • A statistical analysis was made on 15,971 surgically operated patients at D-Medical Center in the year of 1978 and 1988. 1,416 cancer patients among them were classified by sex, age, and malignant tumor site. The obtained results indicated that trend of male cancer was generally similar to the results of nation wide study. But, specific phenomenon was found in the case of female cancer in Daegu-Kyungbuk area. Among females the frequency rank was uterine cervix (35.77%), breast (17.97%), stomach (11.65%) in 1988. The frequency of uterine cervix was higher than other area. Breast cancer was highly ranked tumor compare with other area, and its age distribution also appeared in much younger decade.

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Economic Consideration of Mass Screening Program for Early Detection of Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix (자궁부암의 조기발견을 위한 집단 적격 검사 계획의 경제학적 고려)

  • Yang, Dal-Sun
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.367-372
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    • 1974
  • Authors reviewed 2,362 cases of consecutive vaginal and cervical smears submitted to the Department of Pathology, Pusan Gospel Hospital during one year period from Jan. 1, 1974 to Dec. 31, 1974. Prevalence of dysplasia, carcinoma in situ and invasive carcinoma of the uterine cervix was analyzed, and cost per a lesion was calculated. The followings are conclusions: 1. Prevalence of dysplasia, carcinoma in situ and invasive carcinoma was 2.88%, 0.34% and 2.58% restectively. 2. Cost per a lesion for dysplasia was calculated as 34,735 Won, for carcinoma in situ, as 295,250 Won and for invasive carcinoma as 38,721 Won. Cost per a lesion for dysplasia and carcinoma in situ was calculated as 31,079 Won and for dysplasia and for all the lesions as 17,248 Won. 3. The results obtained suggested that mass cytologic screeiding for detection of dysplasia, carcinoma in situ and invasive carcinoma was reasonable in the present status of economy.

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Extranodal Malignant Lymphoma Concurrent Involving Female Urethra and Cervix: a Case Report

  • Kim, Dong Chan;Kim, You Me
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.168-173
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    • 2020
  • Extranodal lymphoma presents in almost one-third of all non-Hodgkin lymphoma cases. The gastrointestinal tract, skin, and central nervous system are common sites of involvement, whereas the urethra and cervix are very rare. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on concurrent extranodal involvement of the uterine cervix and urethra. We report imaging findings of malignant lymphoma involving urethra and cervix concurrently in a 79-year-old female patient with literature review. The magnetic resonance imaging showed huge intermediate to high signal intensity mass on T2 weighted images and strong homogeneous enhancement in uterine cervix and periurethral area, but no surrounding architectural disruption.

Comparison on the Deep Learning Performance of a Field of View Variable Color Images of Uterine Cervix (컬러 자궁경부 영상에서 딥러닝 기법에서의 영상영역 처리 방법에 따른 성능 비교 연구)

  • Seol, Yu Jin;Kim, Young Jae;Nam, Kye Hyun;Kim, Kwang Gi
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.23 no.7
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    • pp.812-818
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    • 2020
  • Cervical cancer is the second most common female cancer in the world. In Korea, cervical cancer accounts for 13 percent of female cancers and 4,200 cases occur annually[1]. The purpose of this study is to use a deep learning model to identify the possibility of lesions in the cervix and to evaluate the efficient image preprocessing in order to diagnose diverse types of cervix in form. The study used 4,107 normal photographs of uterine cervix and 6,285 abnormal photographs of uterine cervix. Two types of image preprocessing were resized to square. The methods are cropping based on height and filling the space up and down with black images. In addition, all images were resampled to 256×256. The average accuracy of cropped cases is 94.15%. The average accuracy of the filled cases is 93.41%. According to the study, the model performance of cropped data was slightly better. But there were several images that were not accurately classified. Therefore, the additional experiment with pre-treatment process based on cropping is needed to cover images of the cervix in more detail.