• Title/Summary/Keyword: Urban planning

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A Study on the Urban Planning Information System under the Paradigm Shift of Urban Planning (도시계획분야의 환경변화에 적응하는 도시계획정보체계의 발전방향에 대한 연구)

  • Choi, Bong-Moon
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.45-54
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    • 2002
  • The purposes of this paper are to review the shifts and changes in urban planning environment, and to grasp how the new 'National and Urban Planning Law' accommodates these changes. In order to accomplish proposed schemes, I suggest that the following three details should be considered for the proper way of Urban Planning Information System(UPIS) from the beginning stage. First, new techniques are required to realize the new concepts in 'National and Urban Planning Law' with GIS and constructed DB by NGIS, as planning support systems. Second, the status of UPIS rises to the highest status among land-related information systems. Third, to adapt the UPIS to the decision support system, the restructuring of urban planning itself should be proceeded under considering the changes of concepts, paradigms and techniques.

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A Study on Developing Model of Urban Planning Information System (도시계획정보체계 개발모델 연구)

  • 염형민;이승일;전유신
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.77-92
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    • 2002
  • In order to prevent indiscreet urban growth and harmonize urban development with environmental preservation, it is strongly required in Korea that urban planning should be reasonable and transparent. From this societal demand, the urban planning system was changed to be strengthened for the establishment of harmonious land-use order in urban space. However, implementation of the urban planning system demands a lot of information to analyze and estimate the present condition and problems of urban area. For this purpose, the information should quickly be collected, managed and analyzed. The urgent demand of information in urban planning field is able to be fulfilled with recent GIS and its relevant information technique, which can quickly, accurately and conveniently collect various spatial and statistical information, systematically analyze and manage them, and visually present the result of spatial analysis. This study suggested a urban planning information system and its basic implementing scheme to support the urban planning system with GIS and presented a development model of the urban planning information system using the recent GIS and its relevant information technique.

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Roles of Urban Planning Authorities and Their Guidelines in the Urban Design Decision Making Process, UK (영국 도시설계 의사결정과정에서 도시계획관련기구와 가이드라인의 역할에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Bin
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.169-178
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    • 2012
  • The purposes of this study, centered around the decision-making process of UK's urban planning, are to analyze the establishment of background, and, as a requirement of its successful implementation, examine the role of public sector, and to understand their mutual connectivity. As the establishment of background, changes in the urban planning system and the perception about urban design were analyzed and the change process of urban planning decision-making process associated with this were examined. By systematically analyzing the relevant bodies and guidelines that contributed significantly in the successful implementation of urban planning decision making process, which were established while undergoing many changes, the proactive roles of public sector were examined. As such, ascertainable was the fact that the establishment of a sound urban environment is not done through the efforts of one part such a change in the overall urban planning system, decision-making process, roles of each of the related organizations, assistance of guidelines, etc. but through comprehensive and integrated efforts.

A Development Case on the Healthy Urban Planning in a Urbanrural Complex Area (일개 도농 복합지역의 건강한 도시계획 개발 사례)

  • Koh, Kwangwook;Yun, Youngsim;Kim, Heesuk;Shin, Yonghyun;Kim, Hyunjun
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.159-166
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: In spite of many Healthy Cities projects in Korea, there are few research about healthy urban planning. So we tried to use available recent models to a Healthy Cities project in a medium sized city in Gyeongnam province. Methods: Using mainly European Healthy Urban Planning Model and opinion leader survey, SWOT analysis, forum and discussion have been done to a city. Secondary city health indicator obtained from Ministry of Statistics. Results: There are strong need to develop health industry, green traffic and healthy living from survey using Healthy Cities policy direction of Korean Health Promotion Fund. Among the Healthy Urban Planning objectives, improvements of physical environments, prevention of accidents and crime, improvements of healthy esthetics rated highly. Although environmental pollution was problem local government push forward to the pilot healthy urban project as active healthy water-front development. Considering secondary healthy city indicators, change of external forces and internal capacity final task for healthy urban planning for Yangsan city were development of riverside physical education park and active living and anti-ageing environments etc. Conclusions: Comprehensive assessment and plan was possible through MAPP Model using European Healthy Urban Planning objectives to draw the direction of future urban planning for Healthy Cities Projects. Further research and formal introduction would be needed.

Planting Design of Beijing Olympic Forest Park

  • Yi-Xia, Wu;Jie, Hu;Yan, Zhang
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture Conference
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    • pp.38-43
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    • 2007
  • Beijing Olympic Forest Park, which occupies about 680hectares, sustains a healthy ecosystem in Beijing by maintaining regional ecological systems and improving urban ecology.

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A Study on the Standardization of the Urban Planning Information System (도시계획정보시스템 표준화를 위한 방향설정에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, In-Hyun;Oh, Kyu-Shik
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.75-81
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    • 2010
  • The Urban Planning Information System is the core system in urban planning field which should operate at the national level of network, and requires a close inspection from the initial level of development. Therefore, this study analyzes international standards, domestic laws, preceding plans, as well as the standard system established in 2008, in order to identify the problems and propose directions for the future direction of the Urban Planning Information System. Suggestions from this study can be summarized as follows: (1) to take initiatives to create standards for the development of the Urban Planning Information System, followed by the establishment as international standards, (2) to have the system developed as an open structure, and (3) to comply w ith the preceding plans of related national GIS system to enable integration.

Exposed Noise Simulation for Urban Planning Alteration Using Spatial Statistical Model (공간통계모형을 이용한 도시계획변경에 따른 소음도 예측)

  • Ryu, Hunjae;Chun, Bum Seok;Park, In Kwon;Chang, Seo Il
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.948-951
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    • 2014
  • Road traffic noise is closely related with urban forms and urban components, such as population, building, traffic and land-use, etc. Hence, it is possible to minimize the noise exposure problem depending on how to plan new town or urban planning alteration. This paper provides ways to apply for urban planning in consideration of noise through exposed noise estimation for urban planning alteration. Spatial autoregressive model which explains about 81.4% of road traffic noise from the former paper is used. The simulation results by the spatial statistical model are compared with those by the engineering program-based modeling for 5 small-scaled scenarios of urban planning alteration. The error from the limitation of containing informations inside the grid cell and the difficulties of reflecting acoustic phenomena is existed. Nevertheless, in the stage of preliminary design, the use of the statistical models that have been estimated well is useful in time and economically.

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Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing Data Utilization for Urban Heat Island and Urban Planning Studies

  • Lee, Hye Kyung
    • Journal of KIBIM
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.36-43
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    • 2017
  • Population growth and rapid urbanization has been converting large amounts of rural vegetation into urbanized areas. This human induced change has increased temperature in urban areas in comparison to adjacent rural regions. Various studies regarding to urban heat island have been conducted in different disciplines in order to analyze the environmental issue. Especially, different types of thermal infrared remote sensing data are applied to urban heat island research. This article reviews research focusing on thermal infrared remote sensing for urban heat island and urban planning studies. Seven studies of analyses for the relationships between urban heat island and other dependent indicators in urban planning discipline are reviewed. Despite of different types of thermal infrared remote sensing data, units of analysis, land use and land cover, and other dependent variable, each study results in meaningful outputs which can be implemented in urban planning strategies. As the application of thermal infrared remote sensing data is critical to measure urban heat island, it is important to understand its advantages and disadvantages for better analyses of urban heat island based on this review. Despite of its limitations - spatial resolution, overpass time, and revisiting cycle, it is meaningful to conduct future research on urban heat island with thermal infrared remote sensing data as well as its application to urban planning disciplines. Based on the results from this review, future research with remotely sensed data of urban heat island and urban planning could be modified and better results and mitigation strategies could be developed.

A Study on the Establishment of Database for the Efficient Management of Unexecuted Urban Planning Facilities (미집행 도시계획시설의 효율적 관리를 위한 DB구축 방안에 관한 연구)

  • KIM, Kwang-Yeol;KIM, Shin-Hey;BAEK, Tae-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to conduct an analysis for classification of unexecuted urban planning facilities using the Geographic Information System(GIS) to prepare measures for systematic and efficient management of unexecuted urban planning facilities and to find ways to establish national territory information for continuous management and operation by database of spatial data of classified unexecuted urban planning facilities. For this purpose, the present state of urban management plan, thematic map, cadastral map, satellite image of Korea Land Information System(KLIS) were collected from Miryang City, and qualitative analysis of the execution and non-execution of urban planning facilities was conducted by combining the layer of urban planning facilities, satellite images, and continuous cadastral layers of cadastral maps with classified and processed owner attribute information. According to the analysis, the unexecuted facilities were derived as unexecuted facilities, as most of the private land, without any current status roads or facilities created in satellite imagery. In addition, although the current status road was opened, the facilities that included some private land were derived as facilities that were recognized and executed by the local government as the de facto controlling entity through public transportation. The derived unexecuted urban planning facilities were divided into layers of shape data and the unexecuted property data were organized to quickly and accurately identify the status of non-executed and statistical information. In this study, we proposed an analysis plan that introduced GIS technology for scientific and rational analysis of unexecuted urban planning facilities and the establishment of reliable spatial data, and proposed a plan to establish a database for connection with existing systems and use of information.

Spatial Regeneration for Preservation of Historic Urban Features and Improvement of Living Conditions in High-density Historic Districts: Urban Renewal Design Strategies for Shanghai's Old Town

  • Huang, Na;Cai, Yongjie;Zhuang, Mingyu;Zhou, Yi;Zhou, Jun
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2021
  • Being the origin of Shanghai City, the Old Town presents a high-density spatial texture, a characteristic of local living conditions in the Shanghai context. However, the Old Town is faced with competing interests: the preservation of historic urban features and the improvement of contemporary living conditions. In view of its high density and poor living conditions, this paper focuses on two types of blocks for urban design research, and proposes two spatial regeneration strategies, as "overlapping lilong" and "texture continuity". It is expected to inherit the regional characteristics of urban space, improve the plot ratio and supplement the mix of functions, through the translation of the traditional lilong typology and the reproduction of historical streets and alleys, so as to provide operable spatial strategies and design methods for the organic renewal of Old Town and other historic districts.