• Title, Summary, Keyword: Urban green space

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Urban Park and Green Space Planning System according to Newly Enacted Land Planning Related Laws, South Korea

  • Lee Myung-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture International Edition
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    • no.2
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 2004
  • Newly revised Urban Park Act and Land Planning Law are evaluated. Through exploring their functions and limits. Critical guidelines for Green Space Preservation and Planning Law are suggestec. The following is the summary of the findings: 1. New urban and regina! planning system has the foundation for green space plannig expressed as environmental planning, green space planning, landscape planning and park planning. 2. New Urban park act broadens and diversifies the range of urban park and green space(eg, stream and river, road, detention pond etc.) 3. The Urban Natural park items are removed because of long tenn unconstructed urban facilities and the new concept of 'Urban Park Zone' are inserted. And Green Space Preservation District and Urban Greening District's were introduced. And system of Contract of green space utilization and Agreement of Greening were adapted. 4. There exists new emerging needs for establishment of comprehensive green space preservation and planning law. 5. And the green space system can be classified to preservation system, recreation system and scenery system .. 6. The types of proposed green space planning are regional green space plg. urban green space plg, and district unit green space plg.

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Research on the Accessibility of Urban Green Space Based on Road Network- A Case Study of the Park Green Space in City Proper of Nanjing

  • Fan, Yong;Zhao, Ming-yuan;Ma, Lin;Zhao, Lan-yong
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2016
  • Accessibility of urban green space, as an important index of evaluating the service level of urban green space, not only shows the resident's access to green space, but also reflects the environment quality of urban living. Since the quantity, area and space distribution of the patches in urban green space directly affect the function of urban green space and the quality of urban environment, the research on the accessibility of urban green space holds great significance to improve the service of urban green space and the living environment quality. Based on GIS software, this research uses the road network and the population distribution data of Nanjing's city proper to conduct quantitative analysis of the accessibility of park green space and the convenience for residents to travel under different forms of transportation. After the case analysis, the author tests the application of road network in studying the accessibility of urban park green space and proposes a GIS-based method to study the accessibility and the rational layout of urban green space.

Determining the Effect of Green Spaces on Urban Heat Distribution Using Satellite Imagery

  • Choi, Hyun-Ah;Lee, Woo-Kyun;Byun, Woo-Hyuk
    • Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.127-135
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    • 2012
  • Urbanization has led to a reduction in green spaces and thus transformed the spatial pattern of urban land use. An increase in air temperature directly affects forest vegetation, phenology, and biodiversity in urban areas. In this paper, we analyze the changing land use patterns and urban heat distribution (UHD) in Seoul on the basis of a spatial assessment. It is necessary to monitor and assess the functions of green spaces in order to understand the changes in the green space. In addition, we estimated the influence of green space on urban temperature using Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) imagery and climatic data. Results of the assessment showed that UHD differences cause differences in temperature variation and the spatial extent of temperature reducing effects due to urban green space. The ratio of urban heat area to green space cooling area increases rapidly with increasing distance from a green space boundary. This shows that urban green space plays an important role for mitigating urban heating in central areas. This study demonstrated the importance of green space by characterizing the spatiotemporal variations in temperature associated with urban green spaces.

Changes in Parks and Green Spaces Ratio According to Land Ownership Processing Method in Urban Development

  • Lee, Sang Jo;Huh, Keun Young;Chung, Jae Woo
    • Journal of People, Plants, and Environment
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.545-555
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze land use plans of 61 residential complexes and identify the factors that caused the variation of urban parks and green space ratio depending on the land ownership processing method. The ratio of urban parks and green space of expropriation districts was higher than that of replotting districts. Within the same city and country as well as other regions, the parks and green space ratio of land expropriation districts increased higher than 7% compared to that of replotting districts. The variation of urban parks and green space ratio was mainly related to the ratio of road. Small housing complexes such as detached house and quasi-residential sites resulted to expand space for road construction, thus, the areas of urban parks or green space came to reduce. The average urban parks and green space ratio in the urban development by the expropriation method and replotting method are 24.5% and 16.8% respectively. In order to prevent the reduction of urban parks and green space ratio according to the preference of detached house sites or quasi-residential sites in development zones, it is necessary to make systematic adjustment such as adjusting the urban parks and green space ratio securing standard.

Analyzing the Social-Ecological Network Characteristics of Green Space in City of Jeonju

  • Kim, Bin;Park, Serin;Park, Jeryang;Lee, Junga
    • Journal of East Asian Landscape Studies
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2018
  • There is growing interest in the various functions of urban green spaces that can improve urban resilience. Urban green spaces have an important role in wildlife habitat, climate and hydrological control, and recreation and outdoor activities. The connectivity of a green space network is known to control urban resilience by minimizing the disturbance caused by urbanization and climate change and strengthening the adaptation capacity. In this study, we analyzed the social-ecological network characteristics of green space in the city of Jeonju, South Korea. To analyze the ecological network, we defined wildlife habitat as the ecological node and used an index based on graph theory. We defined residential area as the social node, and we analyzed the accessibility of green space from the residential area to assess the social network. The results indicate that the green spaces in Jeonju are highly connected in the social and ecological perspectives on the fringe of the city. However, our founding also indicated that the social and ecological connectivity of the green space network in the downtown area should be improved. This study can be used as a basis for establishing an Urban Open Space Conservation Plan that considers the improvement of urban resilience in the future.

Haussmann's Urban Green Space System in Paris' The Efficacities and the Logic of the Green Politics (오스만의 파리시 도심녹지시스템 : 그 효용성과 녹지정책의 논리)

  • 견진현
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2003
  • The urban park provides a safe rest and leisure area, and offers the beauty of nature to counter the drearyness of urban space. It can provide benefits such as the reduction of environmental pollution, the regulation of the local climate, and it can also provide a safe area during times of disaster. However, there was no interest in urban park development and control in Korea during the economic boom of the mid 1960s. Furthermore, during the industrialization process, the population grew significantly in the cities and the cities' scales were noticeably extended; as a result of this, the living environment and the natural environment in the cities worsened. With rapid urbanization and industrialization, urban green area diminished, and it became necessary to organize the urban park system to improve quality of life. 45% of south korea's population lives in 6 cities, which is only 4% of Korea's land size. The Urban park system has to be considered in the urban planning process. Paris' urban green system can be a role-model for Korea's urban green development plan to function organically. Urban public park concepts have been used in Paris's urban planning since 1850. There were hardly any parks, gardens and squares for the public before the middle of the 19th century. For improving life-styles for the poor, Napoleon III strongly supported the development of green space systems in Paris by G.E. Haussmann. Napoleon III and Haussmann established and applied the urban green regulation within Paris urban planning. The purpose of this study is to investigate the green regulations Haussmann's Paris urban plan and urban green space system: and as a result of this, it can be an indicator for urban green space development in Korea.

Estimation of Carbon Uptake for Urban Green Space: A Case of Seoul (도시 녹지 가치 평가를 위한 탄소 흡수량 추정 - 서울시를 대상으로 -)

  • Lee, Dong-Kun;Park, Jin-Han;Park, Chan
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.607-615
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    • 2010
  • Urban green space is often at the centre of the debate on urban substantiality because it provides functions of space, e.g. for wildlife, recreation, growing vegetables, psychological wellbeing, social interaction, etc. Traditionally, the various functions of urban green spaces clearly show that green spaces contain important values that contribute to the overall quality of urban life. After Kyoto protocol, it has becoming important to more accurately evaluate carbon uptake by urban green space. Many studies have analyzed the benefits, costs, and carbon storage capacity associated with urban green space. These studies have been limited by a lack of research on urban tree biomass and carbon uptake by soil, such that estimates of carbon storage in urban systems. This study calculate more accurately the amount of carbon uptake by urban green space. This study also complement the existing methods to estimate the urban green space carbon uptake. It has been studied how to evaluate carbon uptake function of urban green space. The surface area of urban green space increased 5% by complemented method and carbon uptake is also increased. Based on this result, the carbon uptake per capita was analysed and compared to the area of carbon uptake. And this study discussed the reasons for the differences between the new and earlier estimates, as well as implications for our understanding of the global carbon cycle. In conclusion, these results could contribute as preliminary data to policy makers when climate change adaptation strategy is established.

To Protect and Utilize Suburban Green Space and To Expend Green Ecological Space at Urban Periphery

  • Dinghua Liu;Yaojiong Mei
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture International Edition
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    • no.2
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    • pp.164-170
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    • 2004
  • Suburban green space is an important component part of urban ecological system, the third largest space between urban center and peripheral countryside. Because of the specific regional location of the suburban green space, it differs from the green space in the center of the city in the respects of construction and planning. Anyhow, it has the features of less investment, quicker efficiency, free and easy management and good ecological effects. The writer of this paper holds that urban ecological construction should be planned rationally and laid out in an overall way under the prerequisite of making full use of and protecting local species so as to further extend the green ecological space at urban periphery, to create dense green surroundings, and to explore a way for ecological construction to develop in a scientific, effective and healthy way.

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A Conceptional Study on Establishment of Indicators for Analysis and Evaluation in the Environment of Urban Green Spaces (도시녹지환경의 분석.평가지표설정에 관한 개념적 연구)

    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.59-69
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    • 1998
  • This research was conducted to suggest some directions for desirable urban green space planning through 1) establishing a new classification system by examining the existing concept, problems and characteristics of green space and 2) defining the essence of green space environment and finding some analytical and evaluative methods through a clear establishment of functions, indicators of green space. An analytical technique of green space, in which the coexistent relationship of human and other organisms was emphasized, was tried in order to realize urban green space planning. Based on the relevancy between green space and human being, green space was classified into green space for existence green space for utility, green space for both of existence and utility. The ratio of green covered, the ratio of greenery within the frame of vision, and the ratio of green volume in green space for existence was used as analytic and evaluative indicators.

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The Role of Green Space in Metropolitan -Region with Practical Reference to Taegu City, Korea- (대도시 공원녹지의 역할에 관한 연구(I) -대구시민의 공원녹지의 가 치 분석을 중심으로-)

  • 이수봉;김용주
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 1992
  • Every assumptions on the importance of urban green space were highly valued by urban and land-scape professionals. This paper, therefore, investigated residents' values on urban green space as a first stage study on the role of green space in metropolitan region. Case study area was Taegu city. Questionnaire was main tool for the investigation. This study discussed operationtional defition of green space and the appropriateness of the hierarchy of green space in order to examine the changing role of urban green space in terms of people's values on green space. The investigation proposed that the people's values were quite different from those of the professionals' and suggested the need of new method which was more suitable to investigate people's emotions and values on the green space in the city.

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