• Title/Summary/Keyword: Upstream migration

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Hydraulic Model Experiment for Field Application of Iceharbor-type Precast Fishway (조립식 아이스하버식 어도의 현장 적용을 위한 수리모형실험)

  • Kim, Jae-Ok;Park, Sang-Hyun;Cho, Jae-Won;Hwang , Jong-Seo;Jo , Guk-Hyun;Joh , Seong-Ju
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.3-14
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to assess the possibility of the field application of the iceharbor-type precast fishway. When overflow depth of weir is 4.0 cm in model fishway, upper part velocities appear appropriate for upstream migration of fish and the lowest overflow wall (right line) in lower part has shown velocity distribution more or less inadequate for upstream migration. Except that right line, left and middle line revealed that velocities are appropriate for upstream migration of fish. Therefore, we concluded that this fishway owing to be not broad growth width of overflow velocities according to increasing discharges can correspond to variation of water level. Also We consider that various velocities in fishway were effective, because slow velocity line can guide flow for upstream migration. For low flow, the arrangement of different crest level or each overflow part (higher left, middle and lower right, or lower left, middle and higher right) was more effactive than unform crert level. Hole plays an important role as migration pass during drought and flood flow. Therefore, We concluded that this fishway can cope with water depth variation by various overflow wall height change and raise the field applicability with better performance hydraulically and structurally.

Study on Hydraulic Characteristis for Upstream Migration of Fish in a Pool-and-Weir Fishway (어족의 소상을 위한 계단식어도 수리특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Hong;Kim, Chul
    • Water for future
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 1994
  • In this study, hydraulic characteristics for upstream migration of fish in a pool-and-weir fishway were analyzed through experiment. The results showed that streaming flow was preferable to plunging flow for upstream migration of fish and it was not good to make an orifice beneath the septum since it generates turbulent jet and eddies. Protrusions on the side wall of fishway were preferable to grooves since they decelerate flow velocity and make upstream migration easy. A vertically movable septum was necessary for a flushing of deposited bed material, and net installing over fishway was also needed for birds not to approach the fishway and eat fish.

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Hydraulic Characteristics and Upstream Migration of Fish by the Weir Type in a Pool-Weir Fishway (階段式魚道에서 隔壁 形狀에 따른 水理學的 特性 및 魚類의 上流移動)

  • 김진홍
    • Water for future
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.225-235
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    • 1996
  • This study deals with hydraulic characteristics and their effects on upstream migration of fish by the weir type in a pool-weir fishway, and presents an optimal type of weir for an easy upstream migration. Experiment was performed to estimate hydraulic conditions by the weir type and to determine which type was good. The results showed that a rectangular weir with a small rectangular notch installed by a zig-zag type was preferable to a simple weir with no notch or to a trapezoidal weir, since it makes possible for upstream migration even when a water level draws down and moreover, it makes falling flow through a notch which facilitates upstream migration. It was proposed that the notch must be designed that the flow situation may keep the streaming flow so long as the maximum flow velocity does not exceed the critical swiming velocity, i.e., the dimensionless flow rate may exist whthin the range of 0.27 and 0.41.

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Fish migration through fish ways on Namdae-Cheon in Yangyang and Osib-cheon in Yungdeok (양양 남재천과 영덕 오십천의 어도 및 어류의 소상)

  • 황종서
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.70-77
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    • 2000
  • The fishways at Namdae-cheon and Osib-cheon were investigated from July 1998 through October 1999. There are three types of fishways on these rivers. those are baffied fishway, fish ladder, and fish ladder with gabion. Namdae-cheon has 7 baffled fishways and 19 fish ladders, and Osib-cheon has 7 gabion fishways. On namdae-cheon, 1,775 fishes of 24 species were collected. Among these fishes, 452 fishes of 11 species were anadromous fishes occupying 46% in species and 25% in number. On Osib-cheon, 1,953 fishes of 24 species were collected. Among these fishes, 483 fishes of 5 species were anadromous fishes occupying 21% in species and 25% in number. On Namdae-cheon the species number and abundance decreased gradually upstream. The poor structure of fishways seems to have worked as an obstacle to the upstream migration of fishes in the Namdae-cheon . On Osib-cheon all the observed fish species except three-spined stickleback(Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus) which stay and spawn around downstream of fiver could migrate upstream. The good structure of fishways on this river is thought to have helped upstream fish migration.

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Behavior Patterns during Upstream Migration of Chum Salmon (Oncorhynchus Keta) in the Lower Reaches of Yeon-gok Stream in Eastern Korea (연곡천 하류에서 소상하는 연어(Chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta)의 이동특성)

  • Kim, Beom-Sik;Jung, Yong-Woo;Jung, Hae-Kun;Park, Joo-Myun;Lee, Cheul Ho;Lee, Chung Il
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.29 no.9
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    • pp.885-905
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    • 2020
  • This study described the characteristics of the upstream migration of salmon (Chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta) along Yeon-gok Stream in the eastern coastal region of Korea from October 24 to November 9, 2018 using radio tag and data storage tag loggers for the detection of the locations of tagged salmon and measurement of water temperature. Tracking experiments were conducted and classified into four types (case 1 to case 4) depending on the release time and the number of salmon tracked. Experiments from case 1 to case 3 were classified depending on the number of salmon tracked into cases in which a single tagged salmon was tracked (case 1), a pair of tagged salmon was tracked (case 2), and salmon were tracked by different sex ratios (case 3). Experiments from cases 1 to 3 were conducted between 10 AM and 1 PM, and case 4 was conducted after 3:30 PM. Salmon moved and spawned in the downstream region of the Yeon-gok, where water temperature is higher than in other rivers and salmon return in Canada, Russia, Japan, and the U.S.A. Most of the radio-tagged salmon swam in deep and shaded areas during the day but actively moved upstream close to sunset, regardless of the release time. Females showed relatively more active movements than males during upstream migration.

Hydraulic and Upstream Migratory Experiments on Combined Fishway of Herring-bone Bottom Baffle Type and Brush Type (헤링본 조류판·브러시 겸용어도의 수리 및 어류 소상실험)

  • Lee, Hyeong Rae;Kim, Ki Heung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.157-168
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    • 2011
  • In order to promote efficiency of upstream and downstream migration of fishes, this study has developed a combined fishway of herring-bone bottom baffle type and brush type fishways. The results obtained are as follows : 1. In a channel with constant incline, the velocity of current generally shows a distinct tendency of acceleration as it goes down the stream. But in the hydraulic experiment of herring-bone bottom baffle type fishway, the velocity reached its maximum only at 0.4m/sec, and it tended to be stable without any acceleration. 2. The velocity in the brush type fishway showed a distinct tendency of acceleration as the discharge increased. But its greatest velocity was only 0.3m/sec, and its velocity change according to the discharge increase was only 0.15m/sec at maximum. 3. The maximum velocity in the combined type fishway was less than half of the blast speed of the poorest swimmer, the juvenile eel with 90mm of body length. So any species of fishes are supposed to be able to migrate upstream from the estuary through this combined type fishway. 4. The field experiment of upstream migration showed that the combined type fishway can promote efficiency of upstream and downstream migration of any species of fishes.

The Fishways at Namdae-cheon and Osib-Cheon, and the Use of Migratory Fishes (양양 남대천과 영덕 오십천의 어동현황과 어류의 이용)

  • Hwang, Chong-Seo;Hur, Hyub
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers Conference
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    • pp.721-726
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    • 1999
  • The fishways on Namdae-cheon and Osib-cheon and the use of migratory fishes were investifated from July 1998 through Jung 1999. There are three types of fishways on these rivers. Those are baffled fishways, fish ladder, and fish ladder with gabion. Namdae-cheon has 7 baffled fishways and 19 fish ladder, and Osib-cheon has only fish ladder with gaboin. On Namdae-cheon 1,195 fishes of 24 species were collected. Amog these fishes 241 fishes of 9 species were anadromous fishes occupying 38% in species and 19% in number. On Osib-cheon 1,015 fishes of 24 species were collected. Among these fishes 240 fishes of 5 species were anadromous fishes occupying 21% in species and 24% in number. On Namdae-cheon the species number and auundance decreased gradually upstream. The poor structure of fishways seems to have worked as an obstacle to the upstream migration of fishes on Namdae-cheon. On Osib-cheon all the observed fish species except three -spined stickleback(Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus) which stay and spawn around downstream of river could migrate upstream. The good structure of fishways on this river is thought to have helped upstream fish migration.

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A Study on the Efficiency Improvement of Existing Pool-and-Weir Type Fishway in Namgang Weir (남강수중보의 기존 전면월류형 계단식 어도의 효율성 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hyeong-Rae;Kim, Ki Heung;Park, Ho Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.61-71
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    • 2014
  • A river fishway is a hydraulic structure enabling fish to overcome stream obstructions such as dams and weirs. The main aim of this paper is to investigate the collectibility of upstream-migrating fishes and hydraulic problems in pool-and-weir type fishway which has been established for upstream-migration at Namgang weir in the downstream of Namgang dam, and to grope for improvement measures which pool-and-weir type fishway can be switched to pool-and-partial weir type fishway through hydraulic field experiment. Exsisting fishway had problems which upstream-migrating fishes can not take a rest due to the seiche and vortex phenomena in pools and migrate to upstream because of height difference in entrance pool. In order to prevent hydraulically the seiche and vortex phenomena and establish rest area for fishes in each pool, we carried out hydraulic field experiments. In the fishway, it was to improve pool-and-weir into pool-and-partil weir, to decrease the height difference in entrance pool, and to reduce oriffice velocity of each pool. Also, we investigated fishes collectibility of after improving fishway for 6 days in September 2013. To resolve chronic problems(seiche-vortex phenomena and rest area for fishes), as weirs were remodeled into partial weir only which central part of weirs was part of non-overflow weir, we confirmed results that pool-and-weir type fishway could be switched to efficient pool-and-partial weir type fishway with relatively simple construction and low cost. Type-B which has the closed oriffices and the parts of non-overflow has the ideal conditions, but this conditions are limited to fishway of Namgang weir used in this study. Representative Ice-habor type fishway is pool-and-partial weir type fishway which has together parts of overflow and oriffices, and has excellent ability of upstream-migration. To switch from pool-and-weir type fishway to pool-and-partial weir type fishway, the size of oriffice has to be regulated by the discharge of fishway and the dimension on parts of non-overflow and overflow in weirs. Entrance pool is important facility which upstream-migrating fishes have to not only be collect but also charge with energy. In this study, entrance-pool is temporary and roughly-built, but fishes gather together more than the case of no entrance-pool. In the case of fishway which was protruded to downstream, as entrance of fishway turns toward or parallels to weir, the collectibility of fishway was excellent by attraction water.

Experimental analysis of geomorphic changes in weir downstream by behavior of alternate bar upstream (보 상류 교호사주의 거동에 따른 하류 지형변화에 대한 실험적 분석)

  • Lee, KyungSu;Jang, Chang-Lae;Kim, GiJung
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.52 no.spc2
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    • pp.801-810
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzes the impact on geomorphic changes downstream due to alternate bars developed weir upstream through laboratory experiments. The disturbance, such as a spur in the side wall, of the flow at the inlet of the channel triggers the development of alternate bar upstream at the beginning of the experiment, and gradually moved downstream with keeping their shapes over time. The bed in the downstream of weir in the mid of channel scoured due to the scarcity of sediment inflow because weir upstream traps it. Moreover, bar migration speed decreases as the bars approaches to the weir with time. However, as time increases, the alternate bars upstream migrate over the weir, and sediment in the eroded bed of the weir downstream are deposited. The phase of the bar upstream changes oppositely after passing through the weir. The phase of the bar downstream changes rapidly as the shape of alternate bar is clear upstream, which is affected by the strong disturbance. The phase of bar changes, and the bar migration speed decreases gradually with time, and finally stopped due to forcing effects on the bar by the disturbance. The faster the reaction of alternate bar with a long spur, the larger the bar height formed downstream and the shorter the bar length. This means that the larger the forcing effect of bar, the more it affects the bar migration. In addition, although the size of the alternate bar increases over time, the bar doesn't migrate downstream and a forced bar is generated.

Thymoquinone Suppresses Migration of Human Renal Carcinoma Caki-1 Cells through Inhibition of the PGE2-Mediated Activation of the EP2 Receptor Pathway

  • Park, Geumi;Song, Na-Young;Kim, Do-Hee;Lee, Su-Jun;Chun, Kyung-Soo
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.64-72
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    • 2021
  • Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is likely to metastasize to other organs, and is often resistant to conventional chemotherapies. Thymoquinone (TQ), a phytochemical derived from the seeds of Nigella sativa, has been shown to inhibit migration and metastasis in various cancers. In this study, we assessed the effect of TQ on the migratory activity of human RCC Caki-1 cells. We found that treatment with TQ reduced the proteolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in Caki-1 cells. TQ significantly repressed prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production, its EP2 receptor expression as well as the activation of Akt and p38, the wellknown upstream signal proteins of MMP-9. In addition, treatment with butaprost, a PGE2 agonist, also induced MMP-9 activity and migration/invasion in Caki-1 cells. Moreover, pharmacological inhibitors of PI3K/Akt and p38 remarkably attenuated butaprost-induced Caki-1 cell migration and invasion, implying that activation of PI3K/Akt and p38 is a bridge between the PGE2-EP2 axis and MMP-9-dependent migration and invasion. Taken together, these data suggest that TQ is a promising anti-metastatic drug to treat advanced and metastatic RCC.