• Title, Summary, Keyword: Underwater lights

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Spectral Irradiance and Underwater Transmission Characteristics of a Combined High-Luminance Light-Emitting Diodes as the Light Source for Fishing Lamps (복수 조합에 의한 고휘도 발광 다이오드의 분광분포와 수중투과특성)

  • Choi, Sok-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.703-710
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    • 2009
  • The spectral irradiance and underwater transmission characteristics of a combined high-luminance light-emitting diode (LED) lights have been studied to evaluate suitable light sources for fishing lamps of the next generation. The wavelengths at which the irradiance was maximum were changed from 473, 501, 525, and 465 nm for blue, peacock blue, green, and white LED light to 475, 504 and 528 nm for [$F_{WB}$], [$F_{PB}$] and [$F_{GB}$] combined LED lights, respectively. If the irradiance characteristics at 400-700 nm wavelengths are set as 100%, the irradiance rates at 450-499 nm and 500-549 nm were decreased from 82.4% and 56% for blue, peacock blue LED light to 60.0%, 38.5% for [$F_{WB}$], [$F_{WP}$] combined LED lights. The underwater transmission characteristics of the combined LED lights were superior in the order [$F_{WB}$], [$F_{BP}$], [$F_{GB}$] in optical water type I; [$F_{WB}$], [$F_{PB}$], [$F_{GP}$] in optical water type II-III; and [$F_{GP}$], [$F_{WP}$], [$F_{PB}$] in optical water type 1. Setting the 10m depth underwater transmission characteristics of the combined LED lights in optical water type I at 100%, the transmission of water types II, III and 1 drops to 29.5%, 8.0% and 2.2%. Based on the distribution of spectral irradiance and underwater transmission characteristics calculated in optical water types II-III, where was the jigging ground for fishing lamps, the [$F_{WB}]$ and [$F_{GP}$] combined LED lights can be used as a suitable light sources for fishing lamps of the next generation.

Underwater Docking of a Visual Servoing Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Using a Single Camera (단일 카메라를 이용한 비쥬얼 서보 자율무인잠수정의 수중 도킹)

  • 이판묵;전봉환;홍영화;오준호;김시문;이계홍
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.316-320
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    • 2003
  • This paper introduces an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) model, ASUM, equipped with a visual servo control system to dock into an underwater station with a camera and motion sensors. To make a visual servoing AUV, this paper implemented the visual servo control system designed with an augmented state equation, which was composed of the optical flow model of a camera and the equation of the AUV's motion. The system design and the hardware configuration of ASUM are presented in this paper. ASUM recognizes the target position by processing the captured image for the lights, which are installed around the end of the cone-type entrance of the duct. Unfortunately, experiments are not yet conducted when we write this article. The authors will present the results for the AUV docking test.

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Terminal Guidance Control for Underwater-Docking of an AUV Using Visual Guidance Device (광학식 유도장치를 이용한 자율 무인잠수정의 수중 도킹 종단 유도 제어)

  • Choi, Dong-Hyun;Jun, Bong-Huan;Park, Jin-Yeong;Lee, Pan-Mook;Kim, Sang-Hyun;Oh, Jun-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korea Committee for Ocean Resources and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.335-338
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    • 2006
  • The more deeply the researches make progress in ocean researches including the seabed resource investigation or the oceanic ecosystem investigation, the more important the role of UUV gets. In case of study on the deep sea, there are difficulties in telecommunications between AUV and ships, and in data communication and recharging. Therefore, docking is required. In AUV docking system, the AUV should identify the position of docking and make contact with a certain point of docking device. MOERI (Maritime & Ocean Engineering Research Institute), KORDI has conducted the docking testing on AUV ISIMI in KORDI Ocean Engineering Water Tank. As AUV ISIMI approachs the docking device, it is presented that attitude is unstable, because the lights Which is on Image Frame are disappeared. So we fix the rudder and stem, if the lights on Image Frame are reaching the specific area in the Image Frame. In this paper, we intend to solve the problems that were found in the testing, which, first, will be identified via simulation.

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Study on the Docking Algorithm for Underwater-Docking of an AUV Using Visual Guidance Device (광학식 유도장치를 이용한 자율 무인잠수정의 수중 도킹 알고리즘에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Dong-Hyun;Jun, Bong-Huan;Lee, Pan-Mook;Kim, Sang-Hyun;Lim, Geun-Nam
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.33-39
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    • 2007
  • The more deeply the researches make progress in ocean researches including the seabed resource investigation or the oceanic ecosystem investigation, the more important the role of UUV gets. In case of study on the deep sea, there are difficulties in telecommunications between AUV and ships, and in data communication and recharging. Therefore, docking is required. In AUV docking system, the AUV should identify the position of docking device and make contact with a certain point of docking device. MOERI (Maritime & Ocean Engineering Research Institute), KORDI has conducted the docking testing on AUV ISIMI in KORDI ocean engineering water tank. As AUV ISIMI approachs the docking device, there is some cases of showing an unstable attitude, because the lights which is on Image Frame are disappeared. So we propose the docking algorithm that is fixing the rudder and stem, if the lights on image frame are reaching the specific area in the Image Frame. Also we propose the new docking device, which has a variety of position and light number. In this paper, we intend to solve the some cases of showing an unstable attitude that were found in the testing, which, first, will be identified the validity via simulation.

Experimental Study on Underwater Docking of a Visual Servoing Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (비쥬얼 서보 자율무인잠수정의 수중 도킹에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Lee, Pan-Mook;Jeon, Bong-Hwan;Lee, Ji-Hong;Kim, Sea-Moon;Hong, Young-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Committee for Ocean Resources and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.89-93
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    • 2003
  • The Korea Research Institute of Ships and Ocean Engineering (KRISO), the ocean engineering branch of KORDI, has designed and manufactured a model of an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) to test underwater docking. This paper introduces the AUV model, ASUM, equipped with a visual servo control system to dock into an underwater station with a camera and motion sensors. To make a visual servoing AUV, this paper implemented the visual servo control system designed with an augmented state equation, which was composed of the optical flow model of a camera and the equation of the AUV's motion. The system design and the hardware configuration of ASUM are presented in this paper. A small long baseline acoustic positioning system was developed to monitor and record the AUV's position for the experiment in the Ocean Engineering Basin of KRISO, KORDI. ASUM recognizes the target position by processing the captured image for the lights, which are installed around the end of the cone-type entrance of the duct. Unfortunately, experiments are not yet conducted when we write this article. The authors will present the results for the docking test of the AUV in near future.

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A Study on Underwater Camera Image Correction for Ship Bottom Inspection Using Underwater Drone (수중드론을 활용한 선박 선저검사용 수중 카메라 영상보정에 대한 연구)

  • Ha, Yeon-chul;Park, Junmo
    • Journal of the Institute of Convergence Signal Processing
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.186-192
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    • 2019
  • In general, many marine organisms are attached to the bottom of a ship in operation or a ship in construction. Due to this phenomenon, the roughness of the ship surface increases, resulting in loss of ship speed, resulting in economic losses and environmental pollution. This study acquires / utilizes camera images attached to ship's bottom and underwater drones to check the condition of bottom. The acquired image will determine the roughness according to marine life by the administrator's visual confirmation. Therefore, by applying a filter algorithm to correct the image to the original image can help in the correct determination of whether or not attached to marine life. Various correction filters are required for the underwater image correction algorithm, and the lighting suitable for the dark underwater environment has a great influence on the judgment. The results of the research test according to the calibration algorithm and the roughness of each algorithm are considered to be applicable to many fields.

Green Panel Lighting Fixture of LED Lamp for Aquaculture and Marine Aquanautics (수중 양식과 탐사를 위한 LED 녹색평판조명램프)

  • Soh, Hyun-Jun;Kang, Sang-Taek;Kim, Jae-Gyun;Soh, Dea-Wha
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.730-733
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    • 2010
  • The Green Lamp Fixture (GLF) of LED prepared with thin panel structure was investigated for illumination of street lamps and other lighting system uses, which was also very useful to aquaculture and aquafarm lighting uses, or fish luring lights and marine aquanautics of aquamarinautics (aquamarine+aquanautics) uses, etc. In the case of fish luring lights, it was verified that the fish luring of Green Lamp Fixture of LED was very effective for phototaxis movement and ecological community promotion to the micro-living things of organisms and the small fries and fishes, like as 'crowding together'. For the aquaculture lightings, it was also very excellent in waterproof and heat-sink properties, photosynthetic growing of algae and micro-organisms, water-weeds and seaweeds living underwater.

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Relationship between the Catch of Squid, Todarodes pacificus STEENSTRUP, According to the Jigging Depth of Hooks and Underwater Illumination in Squid Jigging Boat (소형 오징어 채낚기 어선의 낚시 깊이별 조획량과 수중 조도)

  • CHOI Sok-Jin;ARAKAWA Hisayuki
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.624-631
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    • 2001
  • The relationship between the catch of squid, Todarodes pacificus, according to the jigging depth and underwater illumination by fishing lamps was investigated during nighttime operations off-Tusima Islands in November 1994 and off-Oki Islands in November 1995. We used echo sounder to observe the distribution of squid. Echo images on the echo sounder showed the distribution of squid at the water layer of 50 meter depth at the beginning of jigging operation. After the time elapsed, a continuous dense image had moved to the layer of 60-80 meters jigging depth. A larger number of squid were caught by jigging machines set at a lowest depth of 90 meters, when it compared with machines set at a 60 meters. However, Catch increased around 60 meters jigging depth, when fishing lamps output were switched to 24 kW halogen lights:.The underwater illumination, under the each light power of fishing lamps of squid jigging boat was continuously measured with an underwater illuminometer. Values of the underwater illumination, when schools were distributed from 60 to 80 meters, ranged from $3.0\times10^{-2}lx\;to\;3.4\times10^{-3}lx$ in average at $80\~360$ kW fishing lamps output of squid jigging boat.

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