• 제목/요약/키워드: Transportation

검색결과 15,065건 처리시간 0.272초

우편운송망에서의 운송편 관리를 위한 교환/집중국망 상시조정시스템 개발 (Development of a Transportation Planning System for the Mail Transportation Network)

  • 최지영;김완석;박종흥;이태한
    • 산업공학
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    • 제21권1호
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    • pp.120-130
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, we develop a transportation planning system for the mail transportation network, which consists of 25 mail centers and one mail exchange center. The main functions of the system are adjustment of transportation plan, creation of new transportation plan, and calculation of expected exchange mail volume which are transported through mail exchange center. We develop an adjusting algorithm which gives a new transportation plan by deleting, adding or changing the current routes. The algorithm based on the transportation results of current transportation plan and mail volume data. We design and implement a planning system by installing the algorithm as the planning engine. For the practical use, the system is connected to the information system of Korea Post, PostNet.

교통시스템 정보화와 철도중심의 연계교통정보시스템 (Intelligent Transportation Systems and Intermodal Transportation Information System for Railroad)

  • 남두희;이진선
    • 한국철도학회논문집
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    • 제6권1호
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 2003
  • The Korean high speed railroad is scheduled to open in 2004. For railroad-based integrated transfer system, it is essential to develop the intermodal information system for easy transfer to other travel modes. The understanding of mode choices by KTX passengers is crucial for the intermodal transportation planning. Recent development of Intelligent Transportation Systems(ITS) made it possible for railroad users to access the transportation information in a cabin or waiting areas at the station. Development of intermodal transportation information system will influence the relative demand for traveling by train from competing other transportation modes. The research is focused on a general overview of the ITS with an emphasis on intermodal transportation information system.

도시가계의 교통비 지출 변화 : 1985-1998 (The Changes in Transportation Expenditure Patterns of Urban Households During 1985-1998)

  • 전윤숙;이희숙
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • 제38권1호
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    • pp.139-154
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the changes in transportation expenditure patterns of urban households during 1985-19o8. The data were drawn from 'Annual Report on the family Income and Expenditure Survey' by National Statistical Office, Republic of Korea. For data analysis, frequency, percentile, mean, and multiple regression analysis were utilized by the SAS window program. The results of this study were as follows; Frist, the levels of public transportation expenditure showed increasing trend, whereas the portions of public transportation expenditure have showed decreasing trend during 1985-1998. And both the level and the portion of private transportation expenditure showed increasing trends during 1985-1998. Second, the marginal propensities to consume of public transportation have decreased, whereas the marginal propensities to consume of private transportation have increased during 1985-1998. Third, income elasticities of public transportation showed decreasing trend during 1985-1998, impling that consumers have less demand public transportation with increasing income. And income elasticities of private transportation showed increasing trend till 1993, and then showed decreasing trend till 1998, impling that consumers have perceived the car as one of necessary goods rather than luxury goods gradually since 1993.

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물류시스템에서 수송주기와 차량크기의 결정 (Determination of the Transportation Cycle Time and the Vehicle Size in a Distribution System)

  • 장석화
    • 산업경영시스템학회지
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    • 제27권4호
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 2004
  • This paper addresses a model for the transportation planning that determines the transportation cycle time and the vehicle size to minimize the cost in a distribution system. The vehicle routing to minimize the transportation distance of the vehicles is also determined. A distribution system is consisted of a distribution center and many retailers. Products are transported from distribution center to retailers according to transportation planning. A model is assumed that the time horizon is continuous and infinite, and the demand of retailers is constant and deterministic. Cost factors are the transportation cost and the inventory cost, which the transportation cost is proportional to the transportation distance of vehicle when products are transported from distribution center to retailers, and the inventory cost is proportional to inventory amounts of retailers. A transportation cycle time and a vehicle size are selected among respective finite alternatives. The problem is analyzed, and a illustrative example is shown.

유비쿼터스 컴퓨팅 환경에서 교통기술의 이슈와 역할 (Issues and Roles of the Transportation Technology under the Ubiquitous Computing)

  • 이청원;변완희
    • 대한토목학회논문집
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    • 제26권2D호
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    • pp.259-263
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    • 2006
  • 유비쿼터스 컴퓨팅이라는 화두가 새로운 국가성장동력으로 부상하면서 이에 대한 이해를 바탕으로 교통분야의 참여와 대응이 시급한 실정이다. 유비쿼터스란 IT네트워크가 일상화되는 개념으로 5 Any(Anytime, Anywhere, Anything, Anynetwork, Anydevice)의 실현을 기반으로 한다. 이에 IT기술과 교통기술을 접목하여 ITS를 발전시키고 있듯이, 유비쿼터스 컴퓨팅과 교통기술의 접목을 통한 u-Transportation 개념을 논의해야 할 시점이다. 최근 관련 문헌과 연구를 보면 교통분야, 특히 교통정보분야를 유비쿼터스의 매우 큰 응용분야로 빈번히 거론하고 있음을 알 수 있다. 그러나 대부분이 교통분야에 대한 심층적 이해 없이 단순한 상식수준에서 비전문적으로 다루어지고 있다. 본 논문은 최근기술동향자료를 토대로 u-Transportation 실현과 관련한 교통기술 분야의 쟁점과 역할에 대하여 집중 조명한다.

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우편운송망 성능평가를 위한 시뮬레이션 시스템 개발 (Development of the Postal Transportation Network Simulation System)

  • 박상용;이태한;최지영;이석
    • 산업공학
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    • 제18권4호
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    • pp.454-464
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    • 2005
  • In Postal logistics, the efficient design and operation of transportation network is very important issue. But, it is hard to operate the postal transportation network flexibly according to the change of mail volume. In Korea post, a transportation plan is pre-determined and the transportation of mail is performed through the routes in the plan. When the routes cannot transport all mail, temporary vehicles are used. In the postal transportation, it is important to make a good transportation plan and to manage the plan efficiently. But the change of transportation plan is not a simple work because hundreds of vehicles and persons are related to the plan. So, a methodology to check the effect of the change of the transportation plan in advance is required. In this paper, we develop a simulation model to evaluate the performance of a postal transportation plan. We implement the simulation model and develop an information system including user interface for managing data and simulation results. We apply our simulation model and system to the real change of transportation plan.

교통카드자료를 활용한 교통정보시스템 발전 방향 (The Development Trend of Transportation Information System through Transportation Card Data)

  • 김세원;손무성;민재홍;오석문
    • 한국철도학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국철도학회 2011년도 춘계학술대회 논문집
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    • pp.1835-1847
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    • 2011
  • 1996년 서울 고덕동~상일동 구간 시내버스에 교통카드 시범실시 이후 다년간 정부의 지속적인 지원으로 현재 수도권 대중교통 승객의 교통카드 이용률이 90%를 넘어서고 있다. 현 상황에서 국내 및 국외의 교통정보시스템은 도로운영 및 제어, 실시간 정보 제공에 집중되어 있으며, 기존의 교통정보시스템과 차별화되는 교통카드자료를 활용한 교통정보시스템에 관한 연구가 진행되어야 한다. 본 연구에서는 교통카드 사용이 활성화되어 있는 국내 및 국외사례를 중심으로 각 국에서 활용되고 있는 교통정보시스템을 비교/분석하여, 교통카드자료 기반의 대중교통 정책 및 제도 개선을 위한 의사결정지원 기능, 승객 통행정보에 대한 과학적 분석, 새로운 노선 구축에 대한 수요예측 및 변화 등의 정보를 제공할 수 있는 진화된 미래 교통정보시스템의 모습을 소개하고 발전방향을 제시하고자 한다.

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Exploration on Reform of Railway Transportation Management System Based on Separating Train Operation with Rail Equipment Management

  • Yu, Jie-Min
    • 대한교통학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 대한교통학회 1998년도 Proceedings The 4th International Transport Symposium
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    • pp.36-42
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    • 1998
  • This article analyzes Chinese railways transportation management system, uses the experiences of other countries' railway transportation management system for reference, as well as discusses the necessity of reform of railway transportation management system based on separating train operation with rail equipment management. Moreover, the article also puts forward an imagination on the reform scheme of railway transportation management system based on separating train operation with rail equipment management.

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A Network Capacity Model for Multimodal Freight Transportation Systems

  • Park, Min-Young;Kim, Yong-Jin
    • 한국항만경제학회지
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    • 제22권1호
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    • pp.175-198
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    • 2006
  • This paper presents a network capacity model that can be used as an analytical tool for strategic planning and resource allocation for multimodal transportation systems. In the context of freight transportation, the multimodal network capacity problem (MNCP) is formulated as a mathematical model of nonlinear bi-level optimization problem. Given network configuration and freight demand for multiple origin-destination pairs, the MNCP model is designed to determine the maximum flow that the network can accommodate. To solve the MNCP, a heuristic solution algorithm is developed on the basis of a linear approximation method. A hypothetical exercise shows that the MNCP model and solution algorithm can be successfully implemented and applied to not only estimate the capacity of multimodal network, but also to identify the capacity gaps over all individual facilities in the network, including intermodal facilities. Transportation agencies and planners would benefit from the MNCP model in identifying investment priorities and thus developing sustainable transportation systems in a manner that considers all feasible modes as well as low-cost capacity improvements.

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Prospects of the TKR-TSR Market

  • Yoo Ju-Young;Nam Ki-Chan;Son Sung-Il
    • 한국항해항만학회지
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    • 제29권9호
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    • pp.795-800
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    • 2005
  • Nowadays, road transportation which has played a key role in the market of both passenger and freight transportation is facing with a serious problem, the traffic congestion causing a delay of transportation. Therefore, railroad transportation is considered as an attractive alternative mode of inland transportation due to its inherent merits in mass transportation such as relatively low cost compared with road transportations, less air pollution and noise than other mode ets. In this paper, therefore, we examine the current situation of railroad transportation markets including TKR(Trans- Korean Railway}, TSR(Trans-Siberian Railway} and prospects for the connection of TKR-TSR. And then we examine the structure of the container transportation market by railroad in Korea with a brief analysis of the traffic volume of TKR-TSR.