• Title/Summary/Keyword: Tensile linearity

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A Study of the Tensile Properties for Poly(trimethylene terephthalate, PTT) 1×1 Rib Knitted fabrics (Poly(trimethylene terephthalate, PTT) 1×1리브 편성물의 신장특성에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jae-Woo;Jang, Boung-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.337-341
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    • 2006
  • The tensile properties of Poly(trimethylene terephthalate, PTT) $1{\times}1Rib$ knitted fabrics were experimentally studies, and the specimens has $1{\times}1$ rib stitched structure which are weft knitted fabrics with various lengths of loop. The $1{\times}1$ rib weft knitted fabric showed larger tensile linearity, tensile energy and tensile resilience in the direction of courses. The tensile properties increased with increasing the loop density in all directions, and perfectly increased with the course directions than the wale directions.

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A Study on the Tensile Properties of Polyester Warp Knitted Fabrics (폴리에스테르 경편포의 신장특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김석근;최재우;남은우
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.17-24
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    • 2000
  • The tensile properties of polyester warp knitted fabrics of satin and reverse satin structure with various lengths of underlap were studied. In the range of low tension, the satin warp knitted fabric showed larger tensile energy and elongation in the direction of $0^\circ$ and larger tensile linearity, tensile resilience and initial modulus in $90^\circ$. Meanwhile, reverse satin one showed larger initial moduli in 0$^{\circ}$ and larger the others in $90^\circ$. In the range of high tension, the tendencies of both fabrics in $0^\circ$ direction were almost the same as those in all direction. As the under laps were shorter for both fabrics, tensile linearity, tensile energy and elongation increased, but tensile resilience decreased in all directions. However initial moduli were changed little.

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Relationship Between Frictional Sounds and Mechanical Properties of Vapor Permeable Water Repellent Fabrics for Active Wear (스포츠웨어용 투습발수직물의 마찰음과 역학적 성질 간의 상관성)

  • Yang, Yoon-Jung;Park, Mi-Ran;Cho, Gil-Soo
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.566-571
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    • 2008
  • Frictional sounds of 8 vapor permeable water repellent fabrics by sound generator were recorded and analyzed through FFT fast Fourier transform analysis. The frictional Sounds were quantified by calculating level pressure of total sound(LPT), the level range(${\Delta}L$) and the frequency difference(${\Delta}f$). Mechanical properties were measured by KES-FB. LPT values of specimens finished wet coating were higher than those of other kinds of finishing. ${\Delta}L$ values of specimens laminated were highest. Absolute values of ${\Delta}f$ were high in the cire finished and laminated specimens. Values for bending rigidity, shear stiffness and energy required for the compression of coated specimens increased compared with the cire finished and laminated specimens. Laminated specimens had high values of frictional coefficient and low values of surface roughness. Relationship between frictional sounds and mechanical properties analysed by use of correlation coefficients and stepwise regression. LPT showed significant correlation with elongation, tensile energy, geometrical roughness, weight and thickness. ${\Delta}L$ was highly correlated with tensile linearity, frictional coefficient, and ${\Delta}f$ with tensile linearity, weight and thickness. LPT were revealed to be explained by elongation and weight. ${\Delta}L$were predicted by tensile linearity, and ${\Delta}f$ by tensile linearity and thickness.

A Study on Tensile Properties and Non-linear Behavior Analysis of Membrane for Stratospheric Airship Envelop (성층권 비행선용 막 재료의 인장 물성 측정 및 비선형 거동에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Han-Geol;Roh, Jin-Ho;Lee, In;Kang, Wang-Gu;Yeom, Chan-Hong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.103-106
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    • 2005
  • The material properties of membrane for stratospheric airship is experimentally investigated. Mechanical tensile properties of the membrane material at room, high and low temperature are measured using instron with thermal chamber. Experimentaly, material non-linearity is observed at room and high temperature. In order to simulate material non-linearity caused by the uniaxial extension curve of a woven fabric, the nonlinear hyperelastic problem is considered with finite clement program of ABAQS. Numerical results are compared with experimental results.

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Relationship between Rustling Sounds and Physical Properties of Suiting fabrics (슈트용 직물의 스치는 소리와 물성간의 관계)

  • 조길수;이은주
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
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    • pp.271-276
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to investigate the relationship between sound color and physical propertiessuiting fabrics. Rustling sounds of 23 suiting fabrics by sound generator developed for this study were recorded and analysed through FFT analysis. Three sound color factor(ΔL Δf. LPT) were obtained.Physical properties of specimens were measured by KES-FB. Level range(L) showed significant correlation with tensile resilience(RT) and thickness (T). Frequency difference(Δf) showed significant correlation with tensile linearity(LT), shear properties(G, 2HG, 2HG5), compressional energy(WC), and weight(W). Total sound pressure (LPT) showed significant correlation with elongation at maximum load (EM), tensile linearity(LY), and tesile energy(WT). By stepwise regression LPT was found to be explained by EM, MIU, RC, LT significantly.

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Influence of pre-compression on crack propagation in steel fiber reinforced concrete

  • Abubakar, Abdulhameed U.;Akcaoglu, Tulin
    • Advances in concrete construction
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.261-270
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    • 2021
  • In this study, a new understanding is presented on the microcracking behavior of high strength concrete (HSC) with steel fiber addition having prior compressive loading history. Microcracking behavior at critical stress (σcr) region, using seven fiber addition volume of 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.25, 1.5, 1.75, and 2.0% was evaluated, at two aspect ratios (60 and 75). The specimens were loaded up to a specified compressive stress levels (0.70fc-0.96fc), and subsequently subjected to split tensile tests. This was followed by microscopic analyses afterwards. Four compressive stress levels as percentage of fc were selected according to the linearity end point based on stress-time (σ-t) diagram under uniaxial compression. It was seen that pre-compression has an effect on the linearity end point as well as fiber addition where it lies within 85-91% of fc. Tensile strength gain was observed in some cases with respect to the 'maiden' tensile strength as oppose to tensile strength loss due to the fiber addition with teething effect. Aggregate cracking was the dominant failure mode instead of bond cracks due to improved matrix quality. The presence of the steel fiber improved the extensive failure pattern of cracks where it changes from 'macrocracks' to a branched network of microcracks especially at higher fiber dosages. The applied pre-compression resulted in hardening effect, but the cracking process is similar to that in concrete without fiber addition.

Analysis of Flexible Textile Composites with Large Shear Deformation (전단 대변형을 고려한 유연직물복합재료 해석)

  • Suh, Young-Wook;Woo, Kyeong-Sik;Kang, Wang-Gu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.36 no.8
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    • pp.734-739
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    • 2008
  • In this study, the nonlinear mechanical behavior of flexible textile composites was predicted by two-step analyses: micromechanics and mesomechanics. The effective material properties for fiber tows of flexible textile composite lamina were calculated in micromechanics, which were then used to calculate the effective tensile stress-strain curve of flexible textile composites in mesomechanics. A user defined material algorithm was developed and inserted in ABAQUS to account for the geometric non-linearity due to the large rotation and shear deformation of fiber tows in mesomechanics. It was found that the stress-strain behavior of flexible textile composites exhibited significant non-linearity. The effective tensile modulus agreed well with the test result.

Influence of Weft's Cotton Count & Weave Construction on the Mechanical Properties & Hand of Cotton Woven Fabrics (위사번수와 조직이 면직물의 역학특성 및 태에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Jin-Hwa;Park, Jung-Whan;An, Seung-Kook
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.553-559
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    • 2005
  • Hand characteristics related with structural properties of fabrics have something to do with mechanical properties of fabric. In this study, the mechanical properties and hand characteristics have been analyzed according to fabric structural parameters such as the weave structure and the linear density of weft of cotton fabric. Mechanical properties have been used by KES-FB system which measures hand characteristics and mechanical properties of fabric. Linear density of weft, tensile, bending, and shear properties are decreasing with increasing weft linear density, and there is no considerable effects on compression and surface properties. In case of formability with weft linear density, B/W, 2HG/G, 2HB/B, 2HB/W, $\sqrt[3]{B/W}$, $\sqrt{2HB/W}$, W/T except MMD/SMD, WC/T, and WC/W have been effected. There is a high correlation between the crimp, tightness, hand, formability and mechanical properties specially tensile linearity, bending, shear, and compression properties. The weft crimp influences the bending rigidity, shear properties, and the tightness which have effects on the tensile linearity, bending, shear, compression properties, hand, and formability.

Effect of Dyeing by Immature Persimmon Juice on the Hand of Fabrics (감즙염색이 직물의 태에 미치는 영향)

  • 고은숙;이혜선
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.27 no.8
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    • pp.883-891
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    • 2003
  • In this study, a change of hand of fabrics dyed with persimmon juice was measured using Kawabata Evaluation System. Using various cotton fabrics, linen fabric and silk fabric used frequently for persimmon juice dyeing, we examined the changes of physical properties and hand according to persimmon juice dyeing and washing. The dynamic characteristics of hand were measured tensile, shear, bending, compression, surface properties, thickness and weight. Linearity of load-extention and tensile resilience were increased in all kinds of fabrics after dyeing. Tensile energy decreased in cotton fabric 2(gauze), cotton fabric 3(muslin) and linen fabric. Shear stiffness and hysteresis of shear increased in most of fabrics. Bending rigidity of the bending property and hysteresis of bending, linearity of compression of the compression property, compression energy and compression resilience increased in all kinds of fabrics after dyeing. Thickness and weight increased much in all kinds of fabrics after dyeing. In the primary hand value, stiffness and anti-drape stiffness increased in all kind of fabrics after dyeing. The fullness and softness, crispness, scrooping feeling and flexibility with soft feeling decreased. As the stiffness after persimmons dyeing increased, it was suitable for clothes material of summer.

Mechanical Properties of Rayon Fabrics dyed with Persimmon Juice (감즙 염색에 의한 레이온 직물의 역학적 특성)

  • Bae, Jung-Sook
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.791-799
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    • 2014
  • For development of dyeability, the rayon fabrics were dyed repeatedly with persimmon juice by padding mangle. The merit of padding-based dyeing was easier color reproduction over traditional hand dyeing where various colors and color fastness to light and laundering are hard to obtain. We evaluated the mechanical properties and hand value by Kawabata Evaluation system for dyed rayon fabrics. The results obtained from this study were as follows. With the increase of repeating padding times of dyeing, the linearity load-extension curve and tensile energy per unit length of the rayon fabrics were increased, but the tensile resilience of fabrics were decreased. The value of shear stiffness and shear hysteresis were increased. Also compression resilience and linearity of compression thickness were increased. The rayon fabrics dyed with persimmon juice had shown the thickness and weight increase as the number of padding increase. As repeating times of dyeing with persimmon juice were increased, among the 6 hand values, the item of koshi(stiffness) and Hari(anti-drape stiffness), fukurami(fullness and softness) were increased. while Shinayakasa (flexibility with soft feeling) and Shari(crispness) were greately decreased. The amount of coated persimmon juice on the surface of the fabric was gradually increased as the padding times of dyeing.