• Title/Summary/Keyword: Technology Diffusion

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A Technology Diffusion Model Based on Technology Policy: The Case of Solid-State Lighting Technology Diffusion in the U.S. (정책변수를 고려한 확산모형의 연구 - 고체조명(Solid-State Lighting : SSL) 기술을 중심으로)

  • Jin, Mei-Yue
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.2522-2527
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    • 2011
  • Technology policy has a substantial impact on the diffusion of a new technology. This paper uses technology policy as a variable in the general epidemic model to quantify the effects of the policy on technology diffusion. The results obtained in this study, using data on solid-state technology diffusion in the U.S. indicate that technology policy plays a positive role in technology diffusion and provide a firm basis for understanding the relationship between technology policy and technology diffusion through the use of quantitative data.

Technology Diffusion Policies of Korea : Current Situation and Policy Directions (우리나라 기술확산정책의 현황과 전개방안)

  • 이공래
    • Proceedings of the Technology Innovation Conference
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    • pp.226-249
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    • 1998
  • Technology diffusion policy can be defined as the role of government in linking knowledge production with usage. It has an importance due to the fact that linking knowledge between the producing agent and using agent does not automatically occur. If knowledge produced by an R&D agent is not used by somebody else, the knowledge may deteriorate to a social loss since knowledge production consumes a considerable degree of social resources. Explicit technology diffusion policies are not found in Korea. There we, however, a number of implicit policies to promote technology diffusion, mainly by promoting cooperation among universities, industries and research institutes. Government R&D programs have provided incentives for cooperative research projects, and many government sponsored institutes have been assigned the role of technology assistance for small and medium sized firms. Nevertheless, diffusion policies remain weak in comparison to other innovation and technology policies. This is reflected in the relatively small scale of government support for technology diffusion programs. In addition, there is no systematic approach between the different ministries for enhancing diffusion across technologies, institutions, sectors and regions. A comprehensive evaluation of government diffusion programs, which is necessary for improving policy and program design, is lacking. Enhancing the diffusion of technology in Korea will require the strengthening of policies at different levels, including; 1) increasing the orientation of science and technology policies towards diffusion; 2) increasing the scale of existing diffusion programs; 3) developing new diffusion programs, in particular sector-specific or manpower training programs; 4) developing policies to encourage a culture of cooperation that can facilitate technology diffusion; and 5) carrying out substantial policy research to develop diffusion policies.

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A study on technology diffusion trend considering technological performance enhancement and economics : case of technology evolution of 32nm, 22nm, 14nm logic semiconductors (기술적 성능향상 및 경제성을 고려한 기술 확산(Technology Diffusion) 추세에 대한 연구 : 32nm, 22nm, 14nm 로직 반도체의 기술진화 사례)

  • Park, Changhyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.177-184
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    • 2017
  • Understanding trends and drivers of technology diffusion is imperative to forecast new technology adoption and understand the process of technological innovation. Our research utilizes a quantitative trend analysis considering both technological and economic indicators for trends and drivers of technology diffusion for 32nm, 22nm, and 14nm logic semiconductor technology. In terms of technological performance, the technology diffusion curve showed an S-curve pattern during the stages of maturity and decline, and the diffusion curve showed evidence supporting the learning curve. The diffusion curve showed the life cycle duration of 2 years, and the rate of technological performance and obsolescence are observed quantitatively between generations. Architectural innovation is affected by technological drivers more significantly than economic drivers. This research has implications as empirical research on the trends and drivers of technology diffusion in the high-tech semiconductor industry, and is meaningful in forecasting new technology adoption or build technology strategy.

An Empirical Study of Technology Diffusion on the Internet using Bass Model (Bass 모형을 이용한 인터넷에서의 기술 확산에 대한 실증분석)

  • Nam, Ho-Hun;Yang, Kwang-Min
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.55-64
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    • 2008
  • The Internet possesses not only features of mass media but also features of word of mouth communication. Communication channel is considered as one of most important variables in diffusion process. In this paper, we examined functionality of technology diffusion on the Internet through the use of meta tags. We have measured the coefficients of the Bass diffusion model which has been well-established in new product diffusion. This research shows that the Bass model is appropriate for describing technology diffusion on the Internet. The external influence as represented by the coefficient of innovation was found to be much smaller while the internal influence dominates in all meta tag diffusion. In meta tag diffusion, the internal influence as represented by the coefficient of imitation was increased at least twice bigger than that of consumer durables and information technology. Collecting necessary data in social sciences research can be a burden. This research shows that it can be alleviated through the use of software agents over the Internet. The research made use of software agents for collecting longitudinal data from publicly accessible archive such as Archive.org.

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An Empirical Research on Relation between FDI and Technology Diffusion: Using Nonstationary Panel Data (외국인 직접투자의 기술확산 효과에 대한 실증분석 : 비안정적 패널자료를 이용하여)

  • Kim Hong-Kee;Kim Jong-Woon
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.1225-1249
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    • 2005
  • This study aims at investigating whether foreign direct investment plays a role as a channel of international technology diffusion. We used the annual panel data from 1980 to 2002. The nonstationary panel techniques, in particular group mean panel FMOLS(fully modified OLS) was exploited as an empirical methodology in order to tackle the heterogeneity between members and low frequency. The empirical results show that inflow direct investments lead to an increase in total factor productivity and economic growth. Also outflow direct investments contribute to an higher total factor productivity and economic growth. These results confirms that both inflow and outflow direct investments are important channels for international technology diffusion or spillover.

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The Analysis on the Roles of Patents, Standards, and Licensing as Technology Diffusion Media for Technology Innovation (기술혁신을 위한 기술확산매체로서의 특허와 표준, 그리고 라이센싱의 역할 분석)

  • 이상무
    • Proceedings of the Technology Innovation Conference
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    • pp.226-244
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    • 1999
  • Very closely related to technologies, patents, standards, and licensing interact with them, cores of technology innovation, as the technology diffusion media for technology innovation. Todays it is usually impressed that no one can face to international technology competetion environment without the strategy of patent, standardization, and licensing. In this paper, the whole configuration of technology innovation is represented including the patent, standard, licensing as these media, their basic characteristics and how they roles as technology diffusion media interacting with the technology, core of the technology innovation configuration are analyzed, and some related practical cases to be understood as the applications of these three media for technology innovation are also explained : such as IMT-2000 and CDMA technology which have been international issues currently involved in patents and standardization together, the advent of Linux operating system being the new event in the field of computer technology. Finally this paper intends to have the implicated meanings needed for national policy improvement, through appreciating the importance and the mechanism of roles of three media factors for technology innovation.

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Study on Establishment of National Technology Transfer System

  • Kim, Eun-Sun;Koo, Young-Duk;Park, Young-Seo
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.119-122
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, we examine the necessity and the role of technology transfer/diffusion in the frame of national technology innovation system. On the base of this, we present a construction plan of technology transfer/diffusion system to make the national electric industry for 21st century to possess the competitive power. To achieve above purpose, we examine the relations between theory of technology transfer/diffusion structure and policy. Furthermore, we try to find the necessity for construction of technology transfer & diffusion system and a driving plan. Then, it is analyzed that expected design requirements for the construction of electric technology transfer & diffusion system. Finally, construction and activation plan for electric technology transfer & diffusion system are presented, which would strengthen the national technology competitiveness.

An Analysis of the Effect of Density of the Joint Research Network between Countries on Technology Diffusion: focusing on the case of secondary battery and the electric vehicle field (국가 간 공동연구 네트워크 밀도가 기술 확산에 미치는 영향 분석: 이차전지, 전기자동차 분야 사례를 중심으로)

  • Jeong, Dae-Hyun;Kwon, Young-Il;Hong, Soon-Ki;Cho, Keuntae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.582-588
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze how a joint research network between countries affects the diffusion of technology information and how much countries with high centrality on the network accept new technology and to seek their meaning. With this aim, the joint research network density between countries by year and the number of participating countries were measured using thesis information regarding the secondary battery field and the electric vehicle field, and a regression analysis of relevant variables was conducted. As a result of the analysis, the greater the joint research network density in the secondary battery field, the higher the number of participating countries in a linear relationship. Also, on the joint research network, countries with high degree centrality were discovered to have led development in the mid to large size secondary battery field. Meanwhile, for the electric vehicle field, although there appeared no increase in the network density value, the number of participating countries was found to have increased. This was analyzed that joint research between countries was not a necessary and sufficient condition although it played a crucial role in promoting technology diffusion. Such a result is meaningful in that it verified promoting factors for essential technology diffusion statistically; however, with this research, there exist limitations that the index of a central role on the network was measured only with degree centrality and that only the relationship between two players was measured for network density in interactions between players. Accordingly, it is necessary to carry out research into a method to measure interactions among multiple researchers in the future.

An Empirical Analysis on the Diffusion Impact of IT Technological Knowledge (정보통신 기술지식의 파급효과에 대한 실증분석)

  • 조형곤;박광만;이영용;박용태;김문수
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.73-94
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    • 2000
  • The main objective of this research is to examine the spillover effects of technological knowledge from IT industry to other industrial sectors and, based on empirical findings, to draw policy implications and suggest policy directions. To this end, we divide IT industry into IT equipment and IT service, assuming that these two sub-sectors are considerably different each other in terms of technology knowledge flow. Other industries are classified into 17 different sectors based on the KSIC of 1990. As the proxy measure of technological knowledge, the notion of R&D stock is employed. The Input/output(I/O) Table is used to define the inter-industrial flow pattern and to draw the knowledge flow matrix. As the research methodology, cost function model is employed to gauge the spillover effects of technological knowledge of IT industry. Based on the results of analysis, it is found that the economic impact of technology diffusion also exhibits a different pattern between IT equipment and IT service. The diffusion of IT equipment tends to show labor-substitution effect whereas IT service displays labor-creation effect. This fact should be considered in devising industry, education, and labor policy. The expectations from this research are as follows. First, the sectoral pattern, difference between IT equipment and service in particular, identified from this research may shed light on the sector-specific policy direction. It is emphasized that a sector-specific approach, rather than an aggregate approach, is relevant for formulating IT policy. Second, it is expected that the importance of technology diffusion programs and policy measures are recognized among policy makers in IT industry.

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R&D Performance Analysis on Convergence Technologies Using Patent Citation : Comparison of IT/ET Convergence with Others (특허인용정보를 활용한 R&D 융합기술의 성과분석 : IT와 에너지의 융합기술과 타 융합기술과의 비교)

  • Jung, Woo-Jin;Lee, Sang-Yong Tom
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.65-96
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    • 2014
  • To have global competitiveness in newly growing industry, good quality R&D's in convergence technology arerequired. Korean government also started to emphasize the importance of convergence technology as a new engine of growth for the future development. Since 2008, worldwide energy crisis and concerns on low carbon green growth made people focus on the convergence between information technology (IT) and energy technology (ET). However, the R&D performance comparison among the convergence technologies is not well explored so far. Therefore, this study uses Korea's patent citation database to measure the R&D performance of convergence technologies. We adopt technology development cycle, technology spillover analysis, and technology diffusion analysis to see the knowledge flow from R&D industry to others. We find that IT_ET convergence technology generally shows higher R&D performance than other convergence technologies. Contrary to public belief, convergence R&D by big companies has relatively low performance especially measures in technology spillover and technology diffusion. This implies that they might concentrate on delicate Fuel Cell Energy/Environment Technology (FEIT) or Nano Environment/Energy Information Technology (NEIT) rather than general energy information technologies. We also find that Korea's chemical industry may play a crucial role for the growth of other convergence technologies.