• Title/Summary/Keyword: Taxonomy of educational objectives

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Cognitive Domain of Problems in Korea Mathematics Textbooks (중학교 수학 교과서 문제의 인지적 영역 분석)

  • Ee, Ji Hye;Huh, Youjin;Shin, Minkyong;Huh, Nan
    • East Asian mathematical journal
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.451-465
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    • 2019
  • Textbooks are official materials so that these are the most frequently used teaching materials in school. The teacher constructs the lesson based on the contents of the textbook to achieve the learning goal. Thus, textbooks play an important role because the quality of the contents in textbooks affects the cognitive level of students. This study investigates the cognitive domain based on Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives(knowledge, understanding, application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation) of 'Values and Expression' in the mathematics textbook of the first grade of middle school reflecting the 2015 revised mathematics curriculum. We also looked at cognitive levels based on Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. As a result, it was found that understanding was dominant in 'Values and Expression'. Also, although the problem of requiring a higher level of cognition is increasing as the unit finishes, there are still a high percentage of low level of problems.

Analysis about Learning Objectives of Informatics Textbooks in High School using Anderson's and Fuller's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Anderson과 Fuller의 교육목표 분류법을 이용한 고등학교 정보 교과서의 수업 목표 분석)

  • Choe, Hyun-Jong
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.185-196
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    • 2014
  • This study has analyzed the learning objectives in 6 Informatics textbooks that were published this year in the basis of 2009 revised curriculum using Anderson's taxonomy of Educational Objectives that was a revision of Bloom's taxonomy and Fuller's taxonomy that was presented for programming activities. Some dimensions of Anderson's taxonomy, such as conceptual and procedural knowledge, understand and apply in cognitive process are much more used in learning objectives in 6 Informatics textbooks. Interpreting and producing dimensions of taxonomy are well presented to balance in 6 Informatics textbooks by analysis of Fuller's taxonomy. This results will be a good case study in research about taxonomy of educational objectives and development of Informatics textbooks.

Analyses of Instructional Objectives of 'Wise Life' Based on Bloom's Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Bloom의 신 교육목표분류학에 따른 슬기로운 생활 교과의 수업 목표 분석)

  • Lee, Eun-Young;Shin, Myeong-Kyeong;Choi, Chui-Im
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to explore instructional objectives of 'Wise Life' based on Bloom's Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. It was to extend understanding the 7th and the revised Wise Life 2007 as well. The written objectives of two curriculum of Wise Life were divided into two, the 'knowledge' dimension and the 'cognitive process' dimension based on Bloom's Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. Major activity subjects presented in the 7th and the revised Wise Life 2007 were dominantly the basic inquiry activity types. It was found from this research that the 'factual' knowledge of the 'knowledge' dimension and the 'understand' of the 'cognitive process' dimension took a large proportion of the revised Wise Life 2007 objectives. The 'meta-cognitive' knowledge was increased. 'Remember' of the 'cognitive process' dimension was decreased and the high level objectives as 'analyze' and 'create', in the 'cognitive process' dimension was increased from the 7th to the revised curriculum. The 'factual' knowledge, 'conceptual' knowledge and 'metacognitive' knowledge were engaged with 'understand' and the 'procedural' knowledge were engaged with 'apply'. The 'meta- cognitive' were engaged with 'create' is the 'procedural' knowledge in the revised Wise Life 2007. 'Remember' was decreased. 'Create' was increased in the basic inquiry activities. It was analysed in zero percent of 'Observing', 'Investigating and Presenting', and 'Making'.

Study of Analysis about Learning Objectives of Informatics Textbooks in Middle School using Anderson's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Anderson의 교육목표분류법을 이용한 중학교 정보 교과서의 수업목표 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Choe, Hyun Jong
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.51-63
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    • 2014
  • Learning objectives is used to be a good guidance of a class evaluation and activity design for an effective teaching and learning activities in class. Anderson's taxonomy of Educational Objectives that was a revision of Bloom's taxonomy has presented in research field of other subject matters and used as a better guideline for analyzing learning objectives in textbook and achievement levels in test recently. This study has behaved some questionnaires for that Anderson's taxonomy is suitable for a guideline of stating learning objective in Informatics subject matter, and analyzed the learning objectives in 6 Informatics textbooks by Anderson's taxonomy. It has proposed that Anderson's taxonomy is satisfactory for expressing learning objective of Informatics subject matter in class and some dimensions, such as conceptual and procedural knowledge, understand, and apply, are much more used in learning objectives in 6 Informatics textbooks. This results will be a good case study in research about taxonomy of educational objectives and development of Informatics textbooks.

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A Compare of 'Understanding' in Backward design and Taxonomy of Educational Objectives in Informatics (정보과 수업 설계에서 백워드 디자인의 '이해'와 교육목표분류학의 6단계 비교 분석)

  • Kim, JaMee;Lee, WonGyu
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.25-35
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    • 2019
  • The backward design suggested in the 2015 revised curriculum takes into consideration the consistency between a goal and its evaluation, and emphasizes the essence of knowledge. However, the method for designing lesson plans is different from those of the past and, as a result, teachers in the field have experienced some difficulty in applying the design. Accordingly, this study was aimed at examining the differences between the taxonomy of educational objectives with which teachers are familiar and the viewpoint of informatics. The result of the analysis indicated no difference when applying the hierarchy of the six-sided view of the concept of understanding, of which teachers felt some difficulty in terms of applying the backward design. However, the analysis did show some similarity to the hierarchy of the six levels suggested in the taxonomy of the educational objectives. In general, when a new theory is suggested, it is very difficult for it to be accepted and applied. This study holds significance in that it suggests that a new theory must be accepted on the basis of sufficient analysis along with the necessity of efforts to be dedicated in order to increase its applicability.

An Analysis of Education Objectives of Oral Health Education Based on Revision Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (신교육목표분류학의 틀에서 본 구강보건교육학 목표 분석)

  • Choi, Gyu-Yil;Choi, Byung-Ok
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.259-269
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    • 2012
  • This study examined in what category that the knowledge dimension and the cognitive processes dimension are described based on 'A revision o Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives' in oral health education textbooks. Oral health education and practice from Educational Objectives of Dental Hygiene Department(Korea dental hygienist Prof Council, 2009) were selected to analyze a textbook, the body contents was analyzed in the knowledge dimension, and the activity was analyzed in cognitive processes dimension. Three experts were selected as a corder for reliable analysis. As a result of this study, the knowledge dimension in oral health education textbook was focused on the categories of factual knowledge and conceptual knowledge in textbook analysis based on 'A revision of Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives', and the category dimension of 'understand' showed to be the most for the cognitive processes dimension. Moreover, there was no 'meta cognitive knowledge' that conforms to a higher-order thinking and the category dimensions of 'analyze', 'evaluate', and 'create' took very low proportion or did not exist. Conclusion, Oral health education textbooks were analyzed to fragmentary and Memorizing the level knowledge. Thus we have to develop oral health education textbooks reflected a variety of cognitive and knowledge dimension.

An Analysis of Unit Evaluation Items in Middle School Science Textbooks (중학교 과학 교과서의 단원평가문항 분석)

  • Jo, Changhyun;choi, Wonho
    • Korean Educational Research Journal
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.29-39
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzes the items of acid base and redox unit in the middle school science textbook based on the 2009 revised science curriculum using Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives. As a result of the analysis, the elements of knowledge area appeared the most in textbook items of all publishing companies, and those elements were less in order of understanding, application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation. And the sub-domain of cognitive domains were not evenly distributed by the publisher. Therefore, schools need to refer to the evaluation items of the textbooks of various publishing companies and use them in class.

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Analysis of Cognitive Learning Objectives in the 2007 Home Economics High School Textbooks and Achievement Standards by the Anderson's 'Revision of Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives' (Anderson이 개정한 'Bloom의 신교육목표 분류체계'에 의한 2007 개정 고등학교 기술.가정 교과서에 제시된 인지적 학급목표 및 성취기준 분석)

  • Lee, Gyeong-Suk;Yoo, Tae-Myung
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.53-68
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    • 2011
  • This study analyzed the learning objectives in the 2007 revised 10th grade Home Economics textbooks of 6 different publishing companies and the achievement standards developed by Ministry of Education, Science and Technology(2009). Two experienced coders performed initial analysis based on the 'revision of Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives' and had subsequent conferences to reach an agreement on different results between coders. For knowledge dimension, the results show that the major types of learning objectives in the "Future Family Life" unit are mainly consisted of factual knowledge and procedural knowledge, where as those of "Family Life Culture" unit are consisted of factual knowledge and conceptual knowledge. The achievement standards in both "Future Family Life" and "Family Life Culture" units are solely in a factual knowledge major type. The sub-type of knowledge dimension of both learning objectives and achievement standards fall into 'a specific facts and knowledge component'. For cognitive process dimension, the results show that the leaning objectives are focused on 'understand' and 'analyze'. Those of achievement standards are 'analyse' in the "Future Family Life" unit and 'understand' in the "Family Life Culture" units. From the result of this study, we can conclude that both learning objectives and achievement standards do not adapt any meta-cognitive knowledge, higher order thinking, and cognitive process.

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Analysis of Instructional Objectives in a Teaching-Learning Material for Gifted Elementary Students in Science by Bloom's Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Bloom의 신 교육목표 분류학에 의한 초등 과학 영재교육 자료의 수업목표 사례 분석)

  • Ha, So-Hyun;Kwack, Dae-Oh
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.591-612
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    • 2008
  • In order to investigate the composition and characteristics of instructional objectives in a teaching-learning material for gifted elementary students in science, 217 instructional objectives across 13 themes in 4 areas of 'energy','materials', 'life' and 'earth' were analyzed by Bloom's revised taxonomy of educational objectives. Four types of factual, conceptual, procedural and meta-cognitive knowledge in knowledge dimension were all comprised in the objectives. Conceptual knowledge was primary constituent of the objectives and the proportion of factual knowledge was the least. On the other hand, all 6 categories of 'remember', 'understand', 'apply', 'analyze', 'evaluate' and 'create' in cognitive process dimension were also comprised in the objectives. The category of 'understand' was primary constituent and that of 'remember' was the least one. While conceptual knowledge in knowledge dimension was primary constituent of the objectives in 'energy', 'materials' and 'earth' areas, procedural knowledge was the most objectives in 'life' area. The least type of knowledge was factual knowledge in all 4 areas. In cognitive process dimension, the category of 'understand' was primary constituent and that of 'remember' was the least one in all 4 areas. In conclusion, it was showed that the instructional objectives in the teaching-learning material reflected the characteristics of educational objectives for gifted students in science.

Analysis of Summative Evaluation Objectives in Middle school Science Examination by Klopfer's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (중학교 과학과 총괄 지필평가 문항의 목표 분석)

  • Park, HyunJu
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.293-302
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze of the science examination of middle school 7th grade by Klopfer's taxonomy of educational objectives. A total of 645 test items from 10 middle schools were analyzed for this study. The examination items were analyzed according to the objectives of science education, such as behavior and contents area, question types, and the degree of difficulty. It was shown that, when the distribution of behavioral objectives was considered, the items emphasized knowledge and comprehension, and were scientific knowledge oriented. The tests consisted of multiple choice questions at a relatively high rate, compared to short answer questions. Comparing the rate of teachers' expectations to the degree of difficulty, the ratio of "top" was low and that of "medium" was high. The results of this study suggested that using various types of question and multiple levels of content and behavior enabled more effective evaluation of the diverse thinking powers and learning of the students.

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