• Title/Summary/Keyword: Task Performance

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Influencing Factors on Task Performance of Wound Ostomy Continence Nurses in Korea (상처장루실금간호사의 간호업무성과에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Lee, Sun Hee;Yoo, Jae Soon
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.533-541
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify variables influencing task performance of wound ostomy continence nurses (WOCN). Methods: Data were collected from 80 WOCN in Korea from September to October 2011 using a self-reported questionnaire. Variables consisted of task performance, empowerment, professional autonomy, job satisfaction and job-related variables. Data were analyzed by frequencies, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Professional autonomy was a major predictor of task performance of WOCN (F=37.37, p=<.001). Empowerment(F=33.10, p=.001) and completion of the professional education course for wound ostomy continence nursing WOCN(F=7.46, p=.008) were the other significant predictors of task performance. The regression model explained 45.3% of task performance. Conclusion: Professional autonomy, empowerment and completion of the professional education course contribute to task performance of WOCN. These findings have important implications for organizations hoping to achieve the maximum potential of WOCN's professional role. Therefore, strategies for reinforcement of professional autonomy, empowerment, and completion of professional education course are necessary for WOCN working in South Korea.

The Effect of Innovativeness, Technology Resources, and Market Orientation on Individual Task Performance : Mediating Role of Information Technology Use (관광산업에서 혁신성, 기술자원, 시장지향성이 개인의 업무성과에 미치는 영향 : 정보기술사용의 매개적 역할)

  • Koo, Chulmo;Lee, Chang Seok;Chung, Namho
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.99-126
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    • 2014
  • Tourism industry increasingly rely on information technology (IT) to improve the task performance. Many studies suggested that the evidence of IT showed not only task performance improvement but also organizational performance. Drawing from the resource-based view, technology and task fitness, and marketing orientation theories, this study proposes that IT use influences directly the task performance and proved the effectiveness of IT in the organizations of tourism industry. Further, the innovativeness, resources, and marketing orientation are identified as main determinants of IT use. The use of IT can serve as a catalyst in improving task performance for organizations in tourism industry. Based on data collected from surveying people who work in the tourism industry, the present study shed light on these issues. The findings provide a new perspective of IT effectiveness in the tourism industry. Then, we discussed the theoretical and practical implications.

Relationship among Task Interruption and Task Performance and Burn-out in Emergency Room Nurses (응급실 간호사의 업무중단과 업무중단으로 인한 업무상 문제 및 소진과의 관계)

  • Rhu, Eun-Jung;Lee, Eun-Nam
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.34-43
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the relationship among task interruption, task performance, and burn-out in nurses working at emergency room. Methods: The subjects of this study were 225 working at emergency rooms of 19 hospitals. Data was collected by using the structured questionnaire, including frequency of task interruption. problems in task performance due to interruption, and burn-out. Results: The average scores of task interruption were 2.06 due to communication, 1.49 due to treatment and record, and 1.39 due to other services (range 1-4). Frequency of task interruption was significantly correlated with task performance and burn-out. Conclusion: Emergency room nurses experienced some task interruption. The task interruption can influence upon task performance and burn-out of emergency room nurse.

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Analysis of Task Importance and Task Performance for Medical Insurance Review Nurses' Using the IPA Method (IPA를 활용한 보험심사간호사의 직무 중요도와 수행도의 인식차이)

  • Kim, Nan-Young;Lee, Gyu-Hee;Cho, Kyoung-Won
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.43-53
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : In this paper, we proposed a method to comprehensively examine the roles of medical insurance review nurses' by analyses of task importance and task performance. Methods : For the analyses, we used the responsesof 268 nurses who completed a questionnaire for members of the Medical Insurance Review Nurses Association in 2015, and analyzed task importance and task performance using the IPA method and the standard task guide. Results : There were significant differences in task importance and task performance according to task position. In the category of 'Keep up the good work,' 'Calculate benefit standard' was indicated only in administrative positions, and in the category of 'Concentrate here,' 'Manage hospital resources' and 'Process after appeal results' was demonstrated only in general positions. There were differences in the 'Low priority' and 'Possible overkill' categories by task performance according to task position. Conclusions : Our results indicate the necessity of a new education system and task reassignment according to task importance and task performance as perceived by medical insurance review nurses.

The Effects of Task Interdependence and Emotional Commitment on Employees' Two-way Communication and Their Knowledge Sharing (과업 상호의존성과 정서적 조직몰입이 구성원의 양방향 커뮤니케이션과 지식공유에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Seung Lim;Baek, Seung Nyoung
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.77-99
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    • 2020
  • Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of two-way communication and knowledge sharing on the task performance of employees in the interdependent task structure in organizations. Based on the theories of social interdependence and organizational commitment, this study hypothesized the effects of task interdependency and emotional commitment on two-way communication and knowledge sharing, followed by the effects of these variables on the task performance of employees. Design/methodology/approach Survey results show that task interdependence and emotional commitment have positive effects on the degree of two-way communication and knowledge sharing. Two-way communication also has a positive impact on knowledge sharing, and knowledge sharing also improved the task performance of members. However, the relationship between two-way communication and task performance shows no significant impact. Findings Theoretically, this study is meaningful in that the process of task interdependence in relation to emotional commitment leading to task performance is theorized. In practice, this research suggests it is important to improve employees' two-way communication and knowledge sharing in order to lead to increase task performance in the interdependent task environment.

Effect of Online Collaborative Learning Strategies on Nursing Student Interaction Patterns, Task Performance and Learning Attitude in Web Based Team Learning Environments (웹 기반 원격교육에서 온라인 협력학습전략이 간호학전공 학습자의 소집단 상호작용 유형, 학습결과 및 학습태도에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Sun-Ock;Suh, Minhee
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.577-586
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study investigates patterns of small group interaction and examines the influence among graduate nursing students of online collaborative learning strategies on small group interaction patterns, task performance and learning attitude in web-based team learning environments. Method: To analyze patterns of small group interaction, group discussion dialogues were reviewed by two instructors. Groups were divided into two categories depending on the type of feedback given (passive or active). For task performance, evaluation of learning processes and numbers of postings were examined. Learning attitude toward group study and coursework were measured via scales. Results: Explorative interactions were still low among graduate nursing students. Among the students given active feedback, considerable individual variability in interaction frequency was revealed and some students did not show any specific type of interaction pattern. Whether given active or passive feedback, groups exhibited no significant differences in terms of task performance and learning attitude. Also, frequent group interaction was significantly related to greater task performance. Conclusion: Active feedback strategies should be modified to improve task performance and learning attitude among graduate nursing students.

An Analysis of Nurse's Perception of Internal Marketing Activities Affecting on Nurse's Turnover Intention, Nursing Task Performance and Nursing Productivity (간호사가 지각하는 내부마케팅활동 정도가 간호사의 이직의도, 간호업무수행 및 간호업무생산성에 미치는 영향)

  • Doo, Eun-Young;Seomun, Gyeong-Ae;Kim, In-A;Lim, Ji-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose was to analyze the effects of internal marketing activity factors on nurse's turnover intention, nursing task performance and nursing productivity. Methods: The subjects were 355 nurses who were working at the 3 universities hospital over 1 year. The instruments were used of internal marketing activity factors(Lee, 2001), turnover intension(Lee, 1995), nursing task performance(Park, 1988) and nursing productivity(McNeese-Smith, 1996). Results: The mean score of internal marketing activity factors was 2.79, education and training 2.97, individualization 2.93, communication 2.87, promotion 2.76, work environment 2.63, reward system 2.62, and management vision for employee 2.61. The turnover intention was 3.12, nursing task performance 3.49, and nursing productivity 3.38. The internal marketing activity factors were negatively correlated with turnover intention(r=-0.37, p<0.0001), and positively correlated with nursing task performance(r=0.29, p<0.0001) and nursing productivity(r=0.30, p<0.0001). The key predictor of turnover intension was reward system, education and training, communication, and salary. They explained 35.0% of the total variance. In nursing task performance, communication, management vision for employee, salary and unit explained 26.0% of the total variance. In nursing productivity, communication, reward, education and training, salary, and position explained 24.0%. Conclusions: To increase nurse's nursing task performance and nursing productivity and to decrease turnover intention, it is necessary to concentrate on improving communication and reward system in the internal marketing activity factors. Through these activities, the effectiveness of internal marketing strategies will be enhanced and finally, nursing organizational outcome will be increased.

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The Impact of Organizational Justice, Empowerment on the Nursing Task Performance of Nurses: Focused on the Mediating Effect of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment (간호사의 조직공정성, 임파워먼트가 간호업무성과에 미치는 영향: 직무만족과 조직몰입의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Jun, So Yeun;Rho, Hyung Jin;Lee, Ji Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.55-66
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze the structural model on the Nursing Task Performance of Hospital Nurses. Methods: Data collection was done by the 200 hospital nurses from May 1st to May 20th, 2013 in Seoul city. The sample variance-covariance matrix was analyzed using AMOS 19.0 and the maximum likelihood minimization function. The goodness of fit was evaluated using the SRMR, RMSEA and its 90% confidence interval, CFI, and TLI. Results: First, hospital nurses' organizational justice and empowerment was not found to have a significant direct effect on nursing task performance. Second, organizational justice and empowerment had a direct effect on job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Third, organizational commitment was found to have a significant direct effect on nursing task performance. Forth, hospital nurses' empowerment was found to have a significant direct effect on nursing task performance. Conclusion: Nurses' nursing task performance was influenced by organizational justice, empowerment, and organizational commitment. In order to increase the degree of nursing task performance in hospital nurse, it is necessary to develop the nursing program and its application considering hospital nurses' organizational justice and empowerment and organizational commitment.

Relationships among Work Stress, Self-Efficacy and the Task Performance of the Preceptor (프리셉터가 지각한 직무스트레스, 자기효능감과 업무수행과의 관계)

  • Jung, Gye-Hyun;Park, Young-Im
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.151-161
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This survey aimed to find out the relationship of work stress, self-efficacy, and task performance of the preceptor. Method: The data of this study were collected from 215 Preceptors who have been working in four hospitals in Deajeon. The data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA and Duncan test for group differences, Pearson's correlation and Multiple Linear Regression with SPSS WIN 17.0 program. Result: There were significant positive relations between the work stress (r=0.193, p<0.05), self-efficacy (r=0.346, p<0.00), and the task performance of preceptor. The most predictive factors of the task performance were self-efficacy(11.5%), the job stress(2.7%), and age(2.0%). Conclusion: Nursing department supervisors need to manage preceptor to reduce work stress and to improve self-efficacy. It is recommended that work stress should be decreased and programs for increasing self-efficacy need developing in order to satisfy self-realization of preceptors and their needs.

A Study on Structural Model of Work-Values, Job Satisfaction and Task Performance of Generation Y Staff in the Hotel Industry

  • Choi, Hyunjung
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.78-88
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    • 2017
  • The main goal of this study was to demonstrate the causal relationships between multi-dimensional work-values, job satisfaction and task performance of Y generational employee in the Korean hotel industry. In order to achieve the purpose, the data were collected from Y generational employees working in the major cities in Korea. To analyze the data, frequency, exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, PROCESS Macro analysis and simple regression analysis were undertaken by using SPSS 18.0. The results were as follows; 1. Work-values were found out as five factors; Prestige workvalues, Personal development work-values, Work condition work-values, Personal welfare work-values, Social/ Altruistic work-values. 2. All five factors were found to be significant in enhancing job satisfaction. 3. Two factors which were prestige work-values and personal welfare work-values were found to be significant in facilitating task performance. 4. Job satisfaction was revealed as a mediator between all work-value factors and task performance. This study provided practical information about work-values of Y generational hoteliers to positively affect their job satisfaction and task performance. This study also confirmed that it is important to enhance job satisfaction in order to make employees perform their service duties better.