• Title, Summary, Keyword: T-N

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Calculation of Nonlinear T-N Curve of DC Motor by Inductance (인덕턴스에 의한 DC모터의 비선형 T-N곡선의 산출)

  • Sung, Bu-Hyun;Lee, Jin-Won;Choa, Sung-Hoon
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.840-842
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    • 2000
  • DC모터의 T-N(토크-회전수)특성이 선형성을 갖는다는 사실은 널리 알려져 있다. 더욱이 인덕턴스가 작은 소형 모터의 경우에는 T-N특성이 거의 직선에 가깝게 된다. 그러나 대형모터일수록 인덕턴스가 커지므로 이 인덕턴스의 영향으로 T-N특성은 비선형의 곡선으로 변하게 된다. 이렇게 되면 모터의 출력은 직선으로 예측하였을 때 보다 실제적으로 작은 출력이 발생하게 된다. 따라서 일반적으로 DC모터를 설계할 때 T-N특성의 비선형화로 인한 출력의 감소현상을 고려하여 임의의 여유를 주고 설계하여 왔다. 그러나 효율적인 모터설계를 위하여서는 임의의 여유가 아닌, 이론적 계산에 의한 정확한 T-N특성의 곡선을 필요로 하게 된다. 하지만 아직까지 이를 위한 용이한 계산법은 마련되어 있지 않다. 따라서 본 논문에서는 matlab을 이용하여 DC모터의 비선형 T-N곡선의 계산법을 도출하여 그 방법을 제시하고자 한다.

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Effect of Protein Deprivation on Subsequent Efficiency of Dietary Protein Utilization in Finishing Pigs

  • Whang, K.Y.;Donovan, S.M.;Easter, R.A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.659-665
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    • 2000
  • A nitrogen (N) balance trial was conducted to examine the effect of N deprivation on subsequent N retention, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and IGF-I levels and the ratio of IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-3 to IGFBP-l and -2. Pigs in treatment (T) 1 were given diet A (2.39% N) and those in T2 and T3 were given diet B (1.31% N) and excreta were collected (period 1 (P1)). Pigs in T1 continued to receive diet A while diets for T2 and T3 were changed to diets A and C (2.74% N), respectively. The excreta were collected for two more periods (P2 and P3). During P1, pigs in T2 and T3 retained 50% less N (p<0.001) than those in T1. However, pigs provided T2 (p<0.01) and T3 (p<0.05) retained more N than those assigned to T1 during P2. Pigs in T3 tended to retain more (p=0.10) N than those receiving T2 for the same period. The BUN values were lower (p<0.05) for pigs assigned to T2 and T3 than T1 during P1 and P2. Both IGF-I and IGFBP ratios of pigs assigned to T1 were higher (p<0.05) than those given T2 and T3 during P1 but no differences were found during P2 and P3.

ON SINGLE CYCLE T-FUNCTIONS GENERATED BY SOME ELEMENTS

  • Rhee, Min Surp
    • Journal of the Chungcheong Mathematical Society
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.331-343
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    • 2015
  • Invertible transformations over n-bit words are essential ingredients in many cryptographic constructions. When n is large such invertible transformations are usually represented as a composition of simpler operations such as linear functions, S-P networks, Feistel structures and T-functions. Among them we study T-functions which are probably invertible transformations and are very useful in stream ciphers. In this paper we study the number of single cycle T-functions satisfying some conditions and characterize single cycle T-functions on $(\mathbb{Z}_2)^n$ generated by some elements in $(\mathbb{Z}_2)^{n-1}$.

CERTAIN MAXIMAL OPERATOR AND ITS WEAK TYPE $L^1$($R^n$)-ESTIMATE

  • Kim, Yong-Cheol
    • Communications of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.621-626
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    • 2001
  • Let { $A_{>o}$ t= exp(M log t)} $_{t}$ be a dilation group where M is a real n$\times$n matrix whose eigenvalues has strictly positive real part, and let $\rho$be an $A_{t}$ -homogeneous distance function defined on ( $R^{n}$ ). Suppose that K is a function defined on ( $R^{n}$ ) such that /K(x)/$\leq$ (No Abstract.see full/text) for a decreasing function defined on (t) on R+ satisfying where wo(x)=│log│log (x)ll. For f$\in$ $L_{1}$ ( $R^{n}$ ), define f(x)=sup t>0 Kt*f(x)=t-v K(Al/tx) and v is the trace of M. Then we show that \ulcorner is a bounded operator of $L_{-{1}( $R^{n}$ ) into $L^1$,$\infty$( $R^{n}$).

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Finite Operators and Weyl Type Theorems for Quasi-*-n-Paranormal Operators

  • ZUO, FEI;YAN, WEI
    • Kyungpook Mathematical Journal
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.885-892
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, we mainly obtain the following assertions: (1) If T is a quasi-*-n-paranormal operator, then T is finite and simply polaroid. (2) If T or $T^*$ is a quasi-*-n-paranormal operator, then Weyl's theorem holds for f(T), where f is an analytic function on ${\sigma}(T)$ and is not constant on each connected component of the open set U containing ${\sigma}(T)$. (3) If E is the Riesz idempotent for a nonzero isolated point ${\lambda}$ of the spectrum of a quasi-*-n-paranormal operator, then E is self-adjoint and $EH=N(T-{\lambda})=N(T-{\lambda})^*$.

The Jerking Force by Hooked Carp and its Periodicity with the Tail Beat (낚시에 물린 잉어가 미치는 힘과 꼬리 진동에 의한 주기성)

  • KO Kwan-Soh;KIM Yong-Hae
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.226-232
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    • 1982
  • The measurements of the jerking force and the tail beat by hooked carp were carried out using a strain gauge at a fish pond from July to August 1981. The maximum jerking force was sustained for a while in the initial state after a carp was hooked, but the jerking force was gradually decreased as a function of the time elapsed until the fish was utterly exhausted, and it converged to the body weight at last. The results are as follows : 1. The maximum jerking force $F_m(g)$ can be expressed with empirical formula : $$F_m=3.23W+105$$ where W (g) is the body weight. 2. Dynamic change of the maximum jerking force $F_n(g)$ by one tail beat with time $t_{n}(-10T/2{\leq}\;t_n{\leq}10T/2)$ can he induced with the equation as follows : $$F_n=(0.27W-6.52)(|t_n|+C)^{-2.10}$$ where the period T (sec) is given by the following equation with the body weight : T=0.000385W+0.193 3. The jerking force at each of the peak points $F_p$ (g) varies with the time elapsed t (sec) as following equation : $$F_{p}=(2.23W+105)e^{-{\beta}t}+W$$. The value of durability index $\beta$ was nearly zero in the initial state and about 1.7 in the exhausted state at last. 4. It was clearly shown that the change of jerking force by hooked carp was closely related to the tail beat from a paired difference T-test.

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STUDY ON THE TENSOR PRODUCT SPECTRUM

  • Lee, Dong Hark
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2006
  • We will introduce tensor product spectrums on the tensor product spaces. And we will show that ${\sigma}[P(T_1,T_2,{\ldots},T_n)]=P[({\sigma}(T_1),{\sigma}(T_2){\ldots},{\sigma}(T_n)]={\sigma}(T_1,T_2{\ldots},T_n)$.

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A generalized form of software reliability growth (소프트웨어 신뢰도 성장모델의 일반형)

  • 유재년
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics C
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    • v.35C no.5
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    • pp.11-16
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    • 1998
  • We analyze the software reliability growth models for the specified period from the viewpoint of theory of differential equations. we defien a genralized form of reliability growth models as follws: dN(t)/dt = b(t)f(N(t)), Where N(t) is the number of remaining faults and b(t) is the failure rate per software fault at time t. We show that the well-known three software reliability growth models - Goel - Okumoto, s-shaped, and Musa-Okumoto model- are special cases of the generalized form. We, also, extend the generalized form into an extended form being dN(t)/dt = b(t, .gamma.)f(N(t)), The genneralized form can be obtained if the distribution of failures is given. The extended form can be used to describe a software reliabilit growth model having weibull density function as a fault exposure rate. As an application of the generalized form, we classify three mentioned models according to the forms of b(t) and f(N(t)). Also, we present a case study applying the generalized form.

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무기담채를 이용한 폐수처리

  • Cha, Wol-Seok;Gwon, Gyu-Hyeok;Choe, Hyeong-Il;Jeong, Gyeong-Hun;Lee, Dong-Byeong;Jeong, Gil-Rok
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.343-347
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    • 2003
  • Power of loess ball on nitrogen and phosphorous removal in wastewater treatment were investigated. flow line A ( anaerobic${\rightarrow}$oxic${\rightarrow}$anoxic(organic source methanol)${\rightarrow}$p-absorption) showed the results of T-P 0.5, T-N 1.0, and COD 10ppm bellow, and flow line B ( oxic${\rightarrow}$anoxic, organic source: methanol${\rightarrow}$p-absorption) showed the results of T-P 0.3, T-N 5.0, and COD 15 ppm bellow. flow line C ( anaerobic${\rightarrow}$oxic${\rightarrow}$anoxic, organic source: wastewater ${\rightarrow}$ p-absorption) showed the results of T-P 0.6, T-N 10, and COD 15 ppm bellow, and flow line D ( oxic${\rightarrow}$anoxic, organic source: methanol${\rightarrow}$p-absorption) showed the results of T-P 1, T-N 8m, and COD 20 ppm bellow. So the results of these experiments showed the probability of loess ball in wastewater treatment.

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CHANGE OF SCALE FORMULAS FOR A GENERALIZED CONDITIONAL WIENER INTEGRAL

  • Cho, Dong Hyun;Yoo, Il
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.53 no.5
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    • pp.1531-1548
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    • 2016
  • Let C[0, t] denote the space of real-valued continuous functions on [0, t] and define a random vector $Z_n:C[0,t]{\rightarrow}\mathbb{R}^n$ by $Z_n(x)=(\int_{0}^{t_1}h(s)dx(s),{\ldots},\int_{0}^{t_n}h(s)dx(s))$, where 0 < $t_1$ < ${\cdots}$ < $ t_n=t$ is a partition of [0, t] and $h{\in}L_2[0,t]$ with $h{\neq}0$ a.e. Using a simple formula for a conditional expectation on C[0, t] with $Z_n$, we evaluate a generalized analytic conditional Wiener integral of the function $G_r(x)=F(x){\Psi}(\int_{0}^{t}v_1(s)dx(s),{\ldots},\int_{0}^{t}v_r(s)dx(s))$ for F in a Banach algebra and for ${\Psi}=f+{\phi}$ which need not be bounded or continuous, where $f{\in}L_p(\mathbb{R}^r)(1{\leq}p{\leq}{\infty})$, {$v_1,{\ldots},v_r$} is an orthonormal subset of $L_2[0,t]$ and ${\phi}$ is the Fourier transform of a measure of bounded variation over $\mathbb{R}^r$. Finally we establish various change of scale transformations for the generalized analytic conditional Wiener integrals of $G_r$ with the conditioning function $Z_n$.