• Title/Summary/Keyword: Systematic Conservation Planning

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Problems of Environmental Conservation Planning and its Improvement in Aspects of Spatial Environmental Planning (공간환경계획 측면에서의 환경보전계획의 문제점 및 개선방안)

  • Choi, Hee-Sun;Sung, Hyun-Chan;Eum, Jeong-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 2010
  • Environmental conservation planning as set forth in the "Framework Act for Environmental Policy" is a representative planning that demands linkages with spatial development planning like urban master plan. However, despite the intentions and efforts of government (including revision of relevant guidelines etc.), controversy still continues regarding the efficacy of environmental conservation planning in respect of its linkages to spatial development planning. Accordingly, this study was devised to examine existing issues and produce proposals for improvement in ensuring the efficacy of environmental conservation planning by local governments. This study focused in particular on the establishment of spatial environmental plans as suggested in the guidelines of the Ministry of Environment for the purposes of strengthening the efficacy of environmental conservation planning. Based of questionnaires for relevant officials of local governments, the study found that although local governments with established current spatial environmental plans are not numerous, the need for establishment of spatial environmental plans were high in terms of the applicability of environmental conservation and spatial plans. Furthermore, this study also confirmed through analysis of questionnaires data, archival research and case study research that there were a number of salient issues including an overly access and program centered planning method based on individual pollution sources and individual post factor measures in the planning aspect, a lack of usable spatial information in the application of spatial environmental information, and inadequate connections with spatial development planning in respect of linkages with other plans. Under these circumstances, various proposals for improvement were presented including the establishment of contents in environmental conservation planning for each urban master planning item from the standpoint of planning, strengthening of basic environmental surveys for spatial planning and preparation of applicable proposals from the perspective of leveraging of spatial environmental information, and systematic improvements that can enable mutual consideration through feedback between environmental conservation planning and urban master planning from the perspective of connections with spatial planning.

The Management Planning Model for Wetland Conservation Area in South Korea: Focused on Conservation and Management Planning According to Making Mt. Daeam's Yong-neup Opening to the Public (한국의 습지보호지역 관리계획 모델: 대암산 용늪 개방에 따른 보전 및 관리계획을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Gwan-Gyu;Lee, Jung-Hwan;Cha, Jin-Yeol
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.185-201
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    • 2014
  • The Yong-neup of Mt. Daeam, which was designated as Korea's National Monument No.246 in 1973, is a high moor, and it has been managed with the designation as an ecosystem conservation area, Ramsar wetlands, and wetland conservation area. With the closing of the officially announced 5-year period for 'No-Trespassing' on the ecosystem conservation area starting August, 2010, it becomes necessary to arrange a systematic management and conservation scheme in consideration of the access & use of the visitors and Yong-neup's potential change into land consequent on making it open to the public. This study thinks that in order to preserve the Yong-neup, it's necessary to prepare the conservation plan for the program operation for exterminating exotic species, development of replacement wetlands and nurseries, access limit through zone categorization, establishment of environment-monitoring system, institutional management support, and establishment of managing facilities, etc., and to make scientific approaches, such as survey on wetland ecosystem, establishment of inventories, wetland monitoring, and drawing up of wetland ecology maps, etc. In addition, it is required that there should be adequate considerations of restoration of slope faces, drains, artificial embankment, water-collecting wells, roads for military operations, and wild-boar-stricken areas, etc., and should be continuous and systematic management of Yong-neup through the wise use of residents' participation-style maintenance, organization of a consultative body, introduction of CEPA programs, and introduction of visiting facilities and alternative transportation system, etc.

Natural Environment Conservation Planning for Sustainable Development (지속가능한 자연환경보전계획 수립방향 연구)

  • Byun, Byungseol
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.71-81
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    • 2004
  • Recently the ecosystem has been seriously damaged by reckless development. The Ministry of Environment is now shifting its policy from one of "end-of-pipe" management and being regulation-centered to one striving to be preparatory and self-regulating. The nature conservation plan has been focused on protecting only the wildlife, so a systematic conservation of the nationwide ecosystem is inherently limited. To go beyond this limit, the strengthening of the link between the natural environmental conservation plan and the land use development plan is necessary. This study first diagnosed the "AS-IS" status of the natural environment conservation planning process and then envisioned a "TO-BE" image of the organic link between that plan and the land/metropolitan development plan. In conclusion, it was determined that the system of planning should be reformed and the focus of the planning should be shifted from source oriented planning to spatial environment planning. A biotope map should be drawn during this process and the examination criteria, methodology, and drawing standards are needed. The central government and self-governing bodies should have reasonable roles and responsibilities, and cooperate for more efficient conservation planning.

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A Study of Reservoir Management System in Japan - Focus on Hyogo Prefecture - (일본 농업용 저수지 관리 체계에 관한 연구 - 효고현을 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Jin-Wook
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2021
  • The study aims to draw out implications regarding systematic reservoir management through analyzing the reservoir conservation activities and policies in Hyogo Prefecture which has the most agricultural reservoirs in Japan and similar agricultural form to that of Korea. The results are as follows. First, it turns out that consistency in policies and persistent drive are key to success. Since the late 1990s, the Hyogo Prefectural government has expanded the reservoir conservation policies, consistently trying to ellicit the multifunctionality of reservoir, and also has shown persistent drive toward the conservation policies through systematic process. Second, it is clear that the Prefectural government has shown a great degree of activeness. It established ordinances before acts were legislated by the central government. In addition, the Hyogo Prefectural government ran a supportive organization with its own funds. Third, the establishment of systematic enforcement system played a critical role. The efficiency in the policy enforcement derived from the dual conferences, Prefectural-level conference dealing with the related policies throughout the Prefecture, and local-level conference discussing policies based on regional characteristics.

A study on the Developmental Indicators of Urban Forest with Reference to User Recreational Satisfaction -Case study of Mt. Gum-Jung- (이용자의 레크리에이션 이용만족에 기초한 도시림의 개발지표 설정에 관한 연구 -부산시 금정산을 사례로-)

  • 박승범;김승환;남정칠;강영조;양위주
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.50-60
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the prime factors that affect user satisfaction of area and facilities in urban forests, to classify those factors, to find out factorial structure of user satisfaction about them, and then to suggest important indicators in the urban forest planning, design, and development. The survey research was done using the self-administered questionnaire method by the people in the city of the Pusan who participated in recreational activities in the Mt. Keumjung. Factor analysis was used to extract the prime factors related to the recreational satisfaction concerning the area and facilities of the urban forest by the SPSS program, and then prime factors were used to investigate the factorial structure of user recreational satisfaction in the urban forest by the LInear Structure RELation program. According to the factor analysis concerning the 13 variables, 4 prime factors by the statistical values were considered as effective, indicating, 'health and recreational facilities', 'convenience and management facilities','facilities for the physical and psychological training' and 'historical and cultural areas'. The results of the causal structure analysis were identified as having significant effects mutually on endogenous variables, 'overall recreational satisfaction of the areas and facilities in the Mt. Keumjung','health and recreational facilities','convenience and management facilities','facilities for the psychological training', and 'historical and cultural areas'. But exogenous variables which have significant effects on endogenous variables were also indentified. Overall fits of both causal model were very good. The hypothetical causal structural equation models based on the results found partially significant correlation between dndogenous variables and between envogenous and exogenous variables. These significant relationships indiate important factors and variables that should be considered in planning, design, and development of the urban forests. Therefore, development direction of the Mt. Keumjung has to be analyzed as significant factors concerning user recreational satisfaction in a systematic was, recognized as important variables for planning process. The plan for development and management also should reflect the natural conservation policy from the environmental conservation movement like natural conservation advertisement and environmental education.

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The Status and Development Trend of Nature Reserves in Heilongjiang Province, Northeastern China

  • Piao, Xi-Wan;Hong, Sun-Kee
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.339-345
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    • 2000
  • Heilongjiang Province has set up 104 nature reserves, with a total area of 2,641,700 ha, or 5.88% of the total area of the province. These constitute a network of nature reserves comprising most important types of nature reserves. and play an active role for improving the protection of the ecological environment and for the continuous economic and social development of the province. But in the management of these nature reserves, there are still some problems with people's idea, with educating the public, and with capital investment. These problems should be treated seriously. To preserve our natural heritage and biodiversity and to promote the sustainable development of our society and economy, it is projected that by the year 2000. the number of nature reserves in Heilongjiang is to reach 109, covering 6.17% of the total land area of the province. This percentage will be further increased to 8.62% by 2010, at which time the network of nature reserves is to have a proper distribution and comprehend all the important types of nature reserves. This will ensure the healthy development of the cause of nature conservation. with systematic planning, active protection. and sustainable use, so that ecological and social benefits can be developed hand in hand with economic benefits.

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Selecting Protected Area Using Species Richness

  • Kwon, Hyuksoo;Kim, Jiyoen;Seo, Changwan
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.14-20
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    • 2015
  • We created species richness maps of mammals, birds and plants using "Nnational Ecosystem Survey" data and identified correlations between species richness maps of each taxa. We examine the distribution of species richness of each taxa and calculated conservation priority rank through plotting species-area curves using an additive benefit function in Zonation. The conclusions of this study are as follows. First, plant showed high species richness in Gangwon province and Baekdudaegan, and mammals showed high species richness at eastern slope of Baekdudaegan in Gangwon province unusually and the species richness of mammals distributed equally except Gyeonggi and Chungnam province. However, birds showed high species richness in the west costal because the area is the major route of winter migratory birds. Second, correlation of each taxa's distribution is not significant. Correlation between mammals and birds is positive but correlations between birds and others are negative. Because mammals inhabit in forest but birds mostly live in coastal wetlands and rivers. Therefore, bird's habitats are not shared with other habitats. Third, the probability of mammals occurrence is very low under 25% in species-area curve, others increase proportionally to area. Birds increase dramatically richness at 10% because bird's habitat is concentrated in coastal wetlands and rivers. Plants increased gently species richness due to large forest in Gangwon province. We can calculate the predicted number of species in curves and plan various conservation strategies using the marginal number of species. Finally, high priority ranks for conservation distributed mainly in Gangwon province and Baekdudaegan. When we compared with priority map and terrestrial national parks, the parks were evaluated as high priority ranks. However, the rank of parks away from Baekdudaegan was low. This study has the meaning of selecting conservation priority area using National Ecosystem Survey. In spite of the omission of survey data in national parks and Baekdudaegan, the results were good. Therefore, the priority rank method using species distribution models is useful to selecting protected areas and improving conservation plans. However, it is needed to select protected areas considering various evaluation factors, such as rarity, connectivity, representativeness, focal species and so on because there is a limit to select protected area only using species richness.

Genetic Diversity among Local Populations of the Gold-spotted Pond Frog, Rana plancyi chosenica (Amphibia: Ranidae), Assessed by Mitochondrial Cytochrome b Gene and Control Region Sequences

  • Min, Mi-Sook;Park, Sun-Kyung;Che, Jing;Park, Dae-Sik;Lee, Hang
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2008
  • The Gold-spotted pond frog, Rana plancyi chosenica, designated as a vulnerable species by IUCN Red list. This species is a typical example facing local population threats and extinction due to human activities in South Korea. A strategic conservation plan for this endangered species is urgently needed. In order to provide information for future conservation planning, accurate information on the genetic diversity and taxonomic status is needed for the establishment of conservation units for this species. In this study, we used a molecular genetic approach using the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene and control region sequences to find the genetic diversity of gold-spotted pond frogs within South Korea. We sequenced the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b gene and control region of 77 individuals from 11 populations in South Korea, and one from Chongqing, China. A total of 15 cytochrome b gene haplotypes and 34 control region haplotypes were identified from Korean gold-spotted pond frogs. Mean sequence diversity among Korean gold-spotted pond frogs was 0.31% (0.0-0.8%) and 0.51% (0.0-1.0%), respectively. Most Korean populations had at least one unique haplotype for each locus. The Taean, Ansan and Cheongwon populations had no haplotypes shared with other populations. There was a sequence divergence between Korean and Chinese gold-spotted pond frogs (1.3% for cyt b; 2.9% for control region). Analysis of genetic distances and phylogenetic trees based on both cytochrome b and control region sequences indicate that the Korean gold-spotted pond frog are genetically differentiated from those in China.

Evaluating Coastal Wetland Using Environmental Indicators (환경지표를 이용한 연안습지의 평가)

  • 이동근;방광자
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.70-78
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    • 1998
  • The objective of this study was to enforce systematic evaluation on the present condition and ecosystem of coastal wetland to use frame of environmental indicators, For this, the indicators for evaluation of coastal wetland were established and were applied to the present condition. Then, the application possibility of this evaluation indicators and management method by group of coastal method are presented. These results present the following consideration in case that the ideal management method on the conservation and development of coastal wetlands was proposed. In case of Kang-hwa island which had the good natural environment, the mlnimum development with maintenance of the present state must be driven. In case of Tae-an which had the good natural environment and development potential, the development that was in harmony with the nature must to be driven. In case of Seo-chon which was previously developed region, the various development programs which had the minimum effects on the natural, living and socio $.$ economic environment must to be provided.

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A Basic Study on Establishment of the Ecological Landscape Planning Model (경관생태계획 모형설정을 위한 기초적 연구)

  • Ra, Jung-hwa;Cho, Hyun-Ju;Lee, Hyun-Taek
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.48-64
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    • 2008
  • The aim of this research is to set a systemic Ecological Landscape Planning Model to cope with the destroyed landscape problems which was caused by massive development project and thoughtless development in country areas. The summary of research result are as follows. As a result of analysis on domestic and international literature, there are 60 planning index items which are nature conservation area, landscape conservation area, and build and manage wetland biotope and so on. total number of planning index is 34 after finalizing the physical index items. As a result of on-spot research, all 34 planning index after literature analysis is existing. Also, there are 38 finally-selected index which includes 4 added planning index in the process of research like natural vegetation in frequently-used spot. As a result of importance analysis on detailed planning index, most are above 5 points, which is relatively high. As a result of factor analysis on patterning for the detailed planning index, it was classified with seven elements. The first Ecological Landscape Planning model was set with integrated analysis on result of pattering for the detailed planning index and importance of detailed planning index. Based on first model, to make more systematic landscape, the analysis of MCB was conducted. As a result of MCB analysis according to planning index, it is confirmed that each planning index shows maximum. As a result of importance analysis on the 9 plans keynote, the average importance point was 4.62 for conservation area and 4.54 for enrichment area respectively. By integrating the result of importance analysis on basic aims of the first model, MCB analysis and plans, we set the second Ecological Landscape Planning model. In vertical transition, for example, 'conservation area' showed the importance point above 5.2 for all planning index except setting recreational space. Also, the analysis on parallel structure showed that relation between 'additional improvement, management, and connection' and other planning index is above 5.3 and importance on correlation with 'the part which should be protected from nature and landscape' marked 6.07 which is the highest.