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Sensory Characteristics of Dasik containing Gardenia blue pigments (치자 청색소를 첨가한 녹말다식의 특성)

  • 추수진;윤혜현;한태룡
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.255-259
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    • 2000
  • The effects of the concentrations of Gardenia blue pigments and sugar types(honey and oligosugar) on the sensory quality characteristics of starch Dasik were investigated to develop a new blue colored starch Dasik. The blueness(-b value) was increased with the increase of blue pigment, while lightness(L value) was decreased. TPA values showed that hardness, fracturability, gumminess and chewiness were increased with the increase of blue pigment significantly(p<0.05), especially in honey-Dasik. In sensory evaluation, honey-Dasik with 0.04%-blue pigment showed higher scores than any other samples, especially in color, sweetness and overall acceptability, but was not significantly different.

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A Study on Sensory Properties of Backsulgi using Dry Non-Glutinous Rice Flour

  • Park, Young Mi;Yoon, Hye Hyun
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.34-42
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    • 2014
  • The study explores the sensory properties of Backsulgi prepared with dry non-glutinous rice flour sweetened with various sweeteners(sugar, honey, oligosaccharide, trehalos, erythritol and accesulfame K). Sensory attributes of Backsulgi were evaluated by quantitative descriptive analysis(QDA), PCA and PLSR. The QDA results revealed that the sample sweetened with trehalose showed highest value in dryness, and samples with accesulfame K, honey and erythriol had relatively high levels in moisture and springiness. Principle component analysis (PCA) results showed 78.89 % of the total variation with PC1 (54.92%) and PC2 (23.98%), respectively. The samples with accesulfame K(AF) and honey, which showed high values in moisture level, springiness and sweet taste, showed similar attributes which led to a positive direction of PC1. The correlation between the sensory attributes and consumer acceptance showed that the most important factors for high consumer acceptance were moistness, springiness, sweet taste and sweet flavor. Overall, the samples with accesulfame K(AF) had the closest position in the PLSR results with highest overall consumer satisfaction.

Effects of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colony size on the pollination of greenhouse-cultivated watermelon (Citrullus lanatus L.) under forcing cultivation

  • Lee, Kyeong Yong;Yoon, Hyung Joo;Lim, Jeonghyeon;Ko, Hyeon-Jin
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 2018
  • We investigated the effects of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colony size on the pollination of greenhouse-cultivated watermelon grown under the forcing cultivation system. The highest pollination activity of bees was observed ($14.3{\pm}5.0$ honey bees/day) when the bee colony size was 10,000 followed by 7,500 and 5,000 honey bees. There was a positive correlation between the bee colony size and pollination activity (R = 0.262) but insignificant difference in fruit set with different honey bee colony sizes (88%-91%). Evaluation of physical properties revealed that the weight and shape of watermelon were also not significantly different among different colony sizes. However, larger the bee colony size, higher the number of seeds were fertilized and rate of seed fertilization (p > 0.05). Number of seeds and content of sugar were negatively correlated (R = -0.714). Fertilized seeds showed a significant increase in mealy flesh, which has a negative effect on fruit quality, compared with that of the unfertilized seeds. Overall, we found that a colony size of 5,000 honey bees was the most effective for the pollination of watermelon grown under forcing cultivation. A comparison of the effects of bee pollination with those of artificial pollination suggested that artificial pollination can be effectively replaced by bee pollination in the forcing cultivation of watermelon, because fruit set, weight, and shape by bee pollination were similar to those achieved by artificial pollination.

Comparison on the Storage Life of Different Large Seed Grapes (tetraploid) (서로 다른 대립계 포도 품종(4배체)의 저장력 비교)

  • 남상영;강한철;김태수
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.11-15
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    • 1999
  • Grapes (large seed strains)were treated with fumigation using SO\ulcorner and seal-packaged by PE film, then storage at 0$^{\circ}C$ at 90$^{\circ}C$ RH for the test of storage life. The fruits weight loss and abnormal fruits increased with storage. The abnormal fruits were rapidly produced after 80 days, however, these rates of Rubel muscat and Shingyoku were only 8.0 and 8.3%, respectively. After 90 days, the rate of Rubel muscat was 19.1%, resulting in the least rate. Moisture content of Kaiji and Honey black slightly increased and that of other grapes decreased. Soluble solids content and acidity decreased except Shingyoku and Honey black, however, sugar/acid ratio increased with these strains. The external appearances were depressed with storage but sensory test value of Shingyoku, Honey black, Rubel muscat were ranged from 7 to 9, showing good evaluation. The hardness of Honey black after 90 days resulted in the highest value 0.51 and that of Izunishiki and Kaiji were 0.23-0.25, showing the least value.

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Effects of Flower Thinning Formulation on Activities of Digestive Enzymes and Acetylcholine Esterase in Honey bee Apis mellifera

  • Hemayet Jahan, S.M.;Shim, Jae-Kyoung;Son, Tae-Gwon;Jo, Jaedoo;Choi, Cheul;Lee, Kyeong-Yeoll
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.63-66
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    • 2014
  • The effects of a newly developed flower thinning formulation (FTF) on the vitality of the honey bee Apis mellifera were examined by measuring the activities of various digestive enzymes in adult worker bees. First, direct spraying of the FTF solution did not cause any behavioral changes or lethal effects for the honey bees based on 24 h observation. Second, oral ingestion of a sugar solution containing the FTF did not produce any significant change in the activities of amylase, proteinases, lipase, or acetylcholine esterase (AChE) in the worker bees 6 h or 24 h after treatment. Meanwhile, a commercial formulation containing sulfur compounds showed slightly reduced activities for several digestive enzymes and AChE, although no behavioral disturbance. Thus, the results of the present study suggest that the FTF is not toxic for honey bees, in terms of contact and ingestion. Therefore, this newly developed FTF can be used for flower thinning without any detrimental effects on pollinating insects.

Traditional Honey Wine Prepared with Nuruk-Yeast Mixture (누룩과 효모의 혼합사용에 의한 벌꿀주의 제조)

  • Kim, Sul-Hee;Kim, Seon-Jae;Kim, Bo-Hee;Kang, Seong-Gook;Jung, Soon-Teck
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.1168-1172
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    • 2000
  • Fermentation characteristics for the production of honey wine with Saccharomyces sake, Saccharomyces bayanus and nuruk were investigated. Among the yeast strains and the mixture with nuruk tested, nuruk-Sacch. sake mixture and nuruk-Sacch. bayanus mixture showed higher alcohol production and better fermentability than the single strains. Total acid and pH did not change considerably during the whole period of fermentation. As the fermentation progressed, reducing sugar decreased rapidly until the 6 days of fermentation, while alcohol content increased rapidly during the same period. In fermentation of 6 days, honey wine consisted of about $7.5{\sim}8.1^{\circ}Brix$ of soluble solid, $22.7{\sim}31.8%$ of reducing sugar. Alcohol content were reached up to 12.5 and 13.1% for honey wine manufactured with nuruk-Sacch. sake mixture and nuruk-Sacch. bayanus mixture, respectively, relative to $5.2{\sim}7.2%$ of the single strains. Generally, honey wines prepared with the mixture of nuruk-yeast strains were fermented more efficiently than those with the single yeast.

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Characteristics of Native-Bee Honey Harvested in Kangwon-area (강원도산 토종꿀의 식품학적 특성)

  • Lee, Deug-Chan;Lee, Sang-Young;Cha, Sang-Hoon;Choi, Yong-Soon;Rhee, Hae-Ik
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.1082-1088
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    • 1997
  • To compare the characteristics between native bee honey (NBH) and foreign bee honey (FBH), NBH harvested from eight different areas of Kangwon, Korea and FBH harvested from Chuncheon, Kangwon, Korea and from other nations were investigated by measuring the contents of moisture, sugar, 5-hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF), and pollen. Our results showed that contents of moisture in NBH and FBH were $16.4{\sim}23.0%$ and $15.8{\sim}21.0%$, respectively. Sugar contained in bee honey such as fructose, glucose, sucrose, maltose, and isomaltose were also analyzed. No difference were found between NBH and FBH in pH. The contents of HMF in NBH and FBH were $0.0{\sim}19.2\;mg/kg$ and $0.0{\sim}85.8\;mg/kg$, and was found that NBH is much lower than that in FBH. And production of HMF were accelerated by conditions of storage. Distributions of pollen in NBH were $0.4{\sim}88.3{\times}10^4/g$, which were significantly different from $0.0{\sim}0.4{\times}10^4/g$ obtained from FBH. According to those results, the methods used in this study are not suitable for identification of difference between NBH and FBH.

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Physicochemical Properties and Sensory Evaluation of Brown Waxy Rice Yetgangjeong Prepared Using Different Sugar Types of Binders and End Heating Temperature (당종류와 최종가열온도가 다른 결착제로 제조한 찰현미 쌀엿강정의 물리화학적, 관능적 특성 변화)

  • No, JunHee;Kim, Hyun Jin;Choi, Eun Ok;Lee, Kyong Ae;Shin, Malshick
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.463-471
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    • 2014
  • Yetgangjeong is a traditional Korean rice cookie which used rice syrup (Chocheong) to bind fried rice grains. Brown waxy rice and binders prepared using different sugar types and end heating temperatures were assessed to improve the textural properties and functionality and to promote global consumption. Binder was made by mixing different ratios of starch syrup, rice syrup, honey, sugar, and trehalose, and the binder mixture was heated up to a temperature of $100^{\circ}C$ or $105^{\circ}C$. Specific electrical conductivity of binder containing ST (starch syrup and trehalose) showed the lowest values (9.51 and 9.77), and binders containing the rice syrup showed increased values for specific electrical conductivity. The fructose content was higher in the binder mixture containing C (starch syrup and sugar) than in the binder mixture containing ST, but it did not affect the end temperature. Viscosity of the binder was 123.90-175.20 cP and the binder showed higher viscosity at the end heating temperature (EHT) of $100^{\circ}C$ compared at EHT of $105^{\circ}C$. The fracturability of brown rice yetgangjeong prepared using different sugar types was higher at EHT of $100^{\circ}C$ than at that of $105^{\circ}C$ and it was reduced with an increase in the rice syrup content. However, the hardness of yetgangjeong was lower at $100^{\circ}C$, unlike fracturability. With respect to sensory evaluation, its moistness and stickiness decreased, but the crunchiness increased with addition of trehalose instead of sucrose. The overall eating quality score of yetgangjeong was higher at EHT of $105^{\circ}C$ than at that of $100^{\circ}C$ in every experiment and the highest score was found for SHT (starch syrup, honey and trehalose) with 20% rice syrup at EHT of $105^{\circ}C$ (20%RSHT105 (starch syrup, honey, and trehalose containing 20% rice syrup)).

Quality Characteristics of Rice Dasik Made with Yam(Dioscorea japonica) Powder (마 분말 첨가량에 따른 쌀다식의 품질 특성)

  • Jo, Sun-Eui;Choi, Soo-Keun
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.308-321
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    • 2010
  • This study attempts to find optimum mixing proportion of rice dasik with yam powder by adding rice powder in different quantity and using honey and oligosaccharide as a sweetener. The results of the mechanical test and the sensory test on rice dasik are as follows. Moisture content of honey added one had less moisture than oligosaccharide added one did while having more sugar content than that. In color, honey added one showed the higher L-value and a-value than those of oligosaccharide added one, but it had the lower b-value. In hardness, chewiness, gumminess, and cohesiveness, oligosaccharide added one was higher. As a result of the preference test, the group which was added with 20% of yam powder was the highest. Based on the results above, adding yam powder makes the preference of rice dasik high, and the one added with 20% of yam powder is the best for rice dasik when using honey and oligosaccharide. This study used honey and oligosaccharide as a sweetening ingredient to make rice dasik, but it is necessary to research dasik with various sweetners and their different ratios.

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Evaluation of Commercial Korean Honey Quality and Correlation Analysis of the Quality Parameters (국내 시판 벌꿀의 품질 평가 및 품질인자간 상관관계 분석)

  • Sung, Hwa-Jung;Jung, Chuleui;Kwon, Jiyoung;Sohn, Ho-Yong
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.28 no.12
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    • pp.1489-1500
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    • 2018
  • Honey is made from flower nectar by honey bees. In this study, 120 honeys from various flowers and across eight different provinces in Korea were collected and their components, antioxidants, and hemolytic activities against red blood cell were evaluated. Our results show that total polyphenol (TP) varied widely across the samples, with chestnut honey showing the highest TP ($77.1{\pm}8.4mg/100g$), protein content ($25.9{\pm}0.9mg/100g$), and absorbance at 400 nm ($A_{400}$ : $0.156{\pm}0.036$). In contrast, the acacia honey and sugar honey had a TP of 9.5~30 mg, 12~15 mg/100g of, and the lowest $A_{400}$ of $0.06{\pm}0.02$. High amounts of total flavonoid were quantified in the jujube and chestnut honeys at $8.73{\pm}7.31$ and $8.39{\pm}3.02mg/100g$, respectively. No samples demonstrated hemolytic activity up to 1 mg/ml. Antioxidant activities determined by DPPH, ABTS, and nitrite scavenging placed the chestnut honey highest, followed by jujube, styrax, multi-floral, citrus, acacia and sugar honey. Analysis of parameter correlations indicated that the components and bioactivity of the honey are dependent on the origin of the flower rather than on bee-farming regions. A positive correlation between TP content and antioxidant activity was identified. The correlation coefficients between $A_{400}$ and the TP, ABTS scavenging, and reducing power values were 0.804, 0.772 and 0.741, respectively. We therefore suggest that $A_{400}$ could be used as a noble, economic and simple factor for honey quality evaluation. Our results can potentially be used to develop functional honey for the food and pharmaceutical industries.