• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sugar-honey

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Sensory and Textural Characteristics of Ogapisulggi by Different Ingredient Ratios (오가피 설기의 재료 배합비에 따른 관능적 텍스처 특성)

  • Choi, Young-Sim;Cho, Seon-Haeng;Jhee, Ok-Hwa
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1046-1055
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    • 2008
  • The principal objective of this study was to assess the sensory and mechanical characteristics, moisture content and color values of Ogapisulggi by varying the quantity of Acanthopanax sessiliflorus Seemann var. Goma(Ogapi) berry powder and the types of sugar utilized. The moisture content, color values, texture characteristics, and sensory characteristics of the different Ogapisulggi were then measured and compared. When the quantity of the Ogapi berry powder was the same, Ogapisulggi with honey added and the equal amount of sugar and honey added group was moister than that with sugar. The ightness values and yellowness values were decreased with increasing the Ogapi berry powder, whereas the redness values was increased. In particular, decreased proportions were observed in the Ogapi berry powder and sugar-added group($R^2$=0.922), the equal amount of sugar and honey-added group($R^2$=0.922) and the honey-added group$R^2$=0.966). In our texture analysis, hardness and adhesiveness values were reduced in the 0.3% Ogapi berry powder-added group, and springiness, cohesiveness, and chewiness values were increased the Ogapi berry powder-added group. Sensory evaluation showed that the Ogapisulggi containing 0.3% Ogapi berry powder was the lowest in terms of color, flavor, after-swallowing and overall preference. On the basis of the results of this study, the best ratio of ingredients was as follows: 0.3% addition of Ogapi berry powder with sugar and 0.1% addition of Ogapi berry powder with honey, which supports the conclusion regarding the benefits of Ogapi berry powder supplementation in Ogapisulggi in terms of taste and functionality.

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Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activities of Rehmannia glutinosa JungKwa Prepared with Different Kinds of Sugars (당종류를 달리하여 제조한 지황정과의 품질특성 및 항산화성)

  • Kim, Hyun Jeong;Min, Sae Rom;Kim, Mee Ree
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.76-83
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    • 2014
  • In this study, we have investigated the quality characteristics and antioxidant activities of Rehmannia glutinosa JungKwa (RJ) prepared with different types of sugars (sucrose, isomalto-oligosaccharide, honey or sorbitol). Moisture content was the highest in RJ with honey. The pH level was the highest in RJ with sorbitol, whereas the acidity is the highest in honey. The reducing sugar content is the highest in RJ with honey. The L and a values of Hunter color system showed the highest in RJ with honey, while the b value the highest in RJ with sorbitol. The hardness of texture profile analyses represented the lowest in RJ with sorbitol. Sensory results showed that RJ with sugar was the best in the sensory preference test. The total phenol content was the highest in RJ with honey, while the lowest in RJ with sorbitol. The antioxidant activity determined by $IC_{50}$ values of DPPH and hydroxy radical scavenging activities was the highest in RJ with honey. From these results, it was suggested that RJ with honey show the highest antioxidant activity.

Texture Characteristics of Mokwapyun as affected by Ingredients (木瓜片의 재료배합비에 따른 Texture 특성)

  • Lee, Ji-Yeon;Lee, Hyo-Gee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.386-393
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    • 1994
  • This study aims to establish the most favorable recipe for Mokwapyun. The ingredients were changed in a variety aspects. The kind and amount of sugar and starch are following: white sugar, brown sugar, honey(4T, 5T); white sugar and honey, brown sugar and honey(2T+2T, 3T+1T, 3T+2T). There are potato starch and mungbean starch. In this, the amount of starch to water are 4t to 3t and 5t to 3t. The moisture content of Mokwa was 76.23%, and that of Mokwapyun made of mungbean starch 41~50%, and the Mokwapyun made of potato starch was 38~47%. The pH of Mokwa juice was 3.15~3.43. The brix of Mokwa juice was 5.3%, and that of Mokwapyun made of potato starch was 43.1~45.9%, and the Mokwapyun made of mungbean starch was 40.1~46.5%. Mokwapyun tasted the best when it was made of potato starch(starch to water=4t to 3t) mixed white sugar(3T) and honey(1) than that of made of one kind of sugar, and was higer evaluated the texture.

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Are colony developmental stages of bumblebee, Bombus terrestris (hymenoptera: apidae) affected by different concentrations of sugar and honey solutions?

  • Imran, Muhammad;Ahmad, Munir;Naeem, Muhammad;Mahmood, Khalid;Nasir, Muhammad;Aslam Sheikh, Umer Ayyaz
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2017
  • Bumblebees, more efficient than honeybees, provide important services for pollination especially in tomato, pepper, cucumber, strawberries and other crops grown under tunnel farming or glasshouse conditions to yield maximization. These bees require pollen and nectar to meet their dietary needs and maintain their colony structure, development and reproduction. Keeping in view their economic importance, the effect of five concentrations of sugar and honey solutions (1:1, 1:1.5, 1:2, 2:1,1.5:1) each as alternative to nectar were used to observe their effect on life history parameters of Bombus terrestris. The 1:1 ratio of sugar solution was found most effective followed by 1.5:1, 1:1.5, 1:2 and 2:1 and also more effective of all five concentrations of honey solutions on all three stages of colony development i.e., at colony initiation, colony development and colony maturation stages. At colony initiation stage, early pre-oviposition period ($6.40{\pm}0.97$ days), early emergence of first worker in the first batch ($25.40{\pm}1.21$ days) and maximum numbers of workers ($6.20{\pm}0.24$) emergence in the first batch were observed at 1:1 ratio of sugar solution. Colonies reared on 1:1 ratio of sugar solution reached earlier ($52.13{\pm}1.28$ days) at colony foundation stage with minimum mortality ($3.27{\pm}0.54$ workers). At colony maturation stage, maximum numbers of workers, sexual (males, queens) and maximum mother queen longevity was observed at the same 1:1 ratio of sugar solution. It can be suggested from present study that sugar solution as alternative of nectar at 1:1 ratio was better than other sugar concentration levels and also from those of honey solution.

Effect on the Change of Sugar Metabolism in Rat by Fed the Honey (벌꿀 섭취가 흰쥐의 당 대사 변화에 끼치는 영향)

  • 정동현;백승화
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.189-200
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to find the effect of honey on the sugar metabolism In Sprague-Dawley rats. All experimental rats were fed ad libitum, for seven weeks, 68% saccharide diet anti 10% or 20% honey from acacia, sumac and miscellaneous flower honey, respectively, and sucrose. The amount of glucose in whole blood was increased in all groups fed with honey except the group fed with 10% sumac honey solution. The amount of fructosamine in serum of rat taken diet with honey solution was increased in comparison with normal group, control group, sucrose group. The amount of fructosamine in serum of rat taken diet with honey solution was high in order of sumac honey > miscellaneous flower honey > acacia honey. The amount of lactate and pyruvate in whole blood of rat taken diet with sucrose group or honey group were decreased in comparison with the normal group and control group. The amount of $\beta$-hydroxybutyrate in serum of rat taken diet with sucrose or honey was increased in comparison with the normal group, control group.

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Studies on the constituents of Korean honey harvested seasonally in Chonbuk area (전북지방 한봉꿀의 계절별 성분에 관한 연구)

  • 최은영;전창권;김용수;노수일
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.172-179
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    • 1996
  • This study was to investigate the properties such as amounts of moisture, inverted sugar, cane sugar and 5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-furfural (HMF) in feeding-honey(n=45) and wild-honey (n=3) harvested in Chonbuk area from April to November 1995. The results obtained were summarized as follows ; The average percentages of moisture in both feeding- and wild-honey was 20.2%(range, 17.5~23.1) and 20.7%(19.4~22.2). And those of inverted sugar/cane sugar in both honeies were 64.4%(55.8~69.3)/6.8%(1.0~l5.7) and 68.9%(68.5~69.8)/3.1%(2.5~3.7), in seasonal analysis those were 65.9%/5.3% in spring, 65.7%/6.6% in summer, 62.1%/8.0% in autumn, respectively. On the other hand, the average amounts of HMF in both honeies were 44.86mg/kg(22.6~68.6) and 7.0mg/kg(6.2~7.6), its average difference between both honeies were about 37.86mg/kg regardless of region and season.

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Sensory and mechanical characteristics of Okgalseobyung by Different ratio of Ingredient (옥갈서병의 재료배합에 따른 Texture 특성)

  • 이효지;허수연
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.538-547
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    • 2000
  • Ok-gal-seo-byung is a steamed rice cake which is made from rice flour mixed with com powder, sugars and cinnamon powder. This study aimed for exploring the best recipe of Ok-gal-seo-byung to popularize it. The most desirable recipe was determined after sensory evaluation and mechanical test for measuring texture, moisture content and colorimetry. In case of mixing rice flour with yellow com powder, the best result on each item was obtained in the following conditions: 15% of yellow com powder with honey for color, 15% of yellow com powder with sugar for flavor and sweetness, 5% of yellow com powder with honey for graininess, 5% of yellow com powder with sugar for moistness and chewiness, and 10% of yellow corn powder with sugar for overall quality. When glutinous com powder was used, the conditions giving the best results were as follows: 20% of glutinous com powder with sugar for color, graininess and chewiness, 30% of glutinous com powder with sugar for flavor, 10% of glutinous com powder with sugar for moistness and sweetness, 20% of glutinous com powder with sugar for overall quality. The best condition for each textural property was as follows: 10% of yellow com powder with sugar and 20% of glutinous com powder with sugar for springiness, 5% of yellow com powder with sugar and 30% of glutinous com powder with sugar for cohesiveness, 15% of yellow com powder with sugar and 20% of glutinous corn powder with honey for chewiness, 15% of yellow com powder with sugar and 30% of glutinous com powder with oligosaccharides for gumminess, 5% of yellow com powder with sugar and 10% of glutinous corn powder with sugar adhesiveness, 15% of yellow com powder with sugar and 30% of glutinous com powder with oligosaccharides for hardness. Moisture content in Ok-gal-seo-byung with yellow com powder and with glutinous corn powder which gave the most desirable results were 46.108% and 43.623%, respectively. As a result of colorimetry, the highest L value was obtained from 10% yellow com powder or glutinous com powder with oligosaccharides. The highest a value was obtained from 10% yellow com powder or glutinous corn powder with honey. The best b value was obtained from 15% yellow com powder with oligosaccharides and 30% glutinous corn flour with honey. Based on the results, the best recipe for Ok-gal-seo-byung was determined as follows: in case of using yellow corn powder, rice flour 315g, yellow com powder 35g, sugar 60g, water 100$m\ell$, cinnamon powder 0.5g, salt 3.5g, and in case of using glutinous com powder, rice flour 280g, glutinous com flour 70g, sugar 50g, water 110$m\ell$, cinnamon powder 0.5g, salt 3.5g.

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Sensory and Mechanical characteristics of Shinsunchosulgi by Different Ratio of Ingredient (신선초설기의 재료배합비에 따른 관능적$\cdot$텍스쳐 특성)

  • Lee Hyo-Gee;Lee Eun-Mi;Cha Gyung-Hee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.422-432
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    • 2005
  • Shinuncho(Angelica keiskei koidz)sulgi is a kind of steamed rice cake by an earthenware steamer. I made Shinuncho-sulgi samples with different amounts of Angelica keiskei koidz - powder and different types of sugars (sugar or honey). The more Angelica keiskei koidz powder it has the bitter it tastes but the lower sweetness, moistness and chewiness it has. Samples with honey have higher sweetness, moistness and chewiness but lower bitterness and after-swallowing than ones with sugar. Color is Shinsuncho-sulgi with $3\%$ of Angelica keiskei koidz - powder and honey has been judged to have the best quality. Flavor and Overall-acceptability are Shinsuncho-sulgi with $2\%$ of Amge;oca keiskei koidz - powder and honey has been judged to have the best quality. The more Angelica keiskei koidz powder it has the higher hardness but the significantly cohesiveness, springiness, gumminess, and chewiness it has. Samples with honey have higher hardness, springiness, cohesiveness, gumminess and chewiness, but lower adhesiveness, than ones with sugar. The moisture content of Shinsuncho-sulgi is $35.89\~37.08\%$. Samples with honey have higher b-value but lower L-value and a-value than ones with sugar. Based on the results of the study, the best ratio of ingredients is as follow non-glutinous flour 196g, Angelica keiskei koidz powder $2\%$ (4g), honey 35ml, salt 2g, water 20ml and $37.08\%$ of moisture content.

Effect of sweeteners on the quality characteristics of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc) Jungkwa (감미료가 생강정과의 품질특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Yeong-Min;Lee, Hyeon-Jeong;Cho, Jeong-Seok;Choi, Ji-Young;Woo, Jin-Ho;Moon, Kwang-Deog
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.406-412
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    • 2017
  • In this study the physicochemical properties and antioxidant capacities of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc) Jungkwa with different kinds of sweeteners were determined. Jungkwa made with different sugars (sugar, xylitol, honey or oligosaccharides) were compared in aspect of physiochemical properties, antioxidant activities, total phenolic contents and sensory evaluation. Moisture contents Jungkwa treated different kinds of oligosaccarides showed highest value, in the order of honey, xylitol and sugar. $L^*$ value of Jungkwa treated with xylitol was the highest, $a^*$ value of Jungkwa treated with honey, sugar JungKwa were higher then others. Free sugar contents of Jungkwa treated with sugar showed the highest value in sucrose, glucose and galactose. Jungkwa with xylitol showed lowest value in all free sugar contents. Hardness and chewiness of Jungkwa treated with xylitol showed the highest value. The antioxidant activity measured by DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activity and total penolic content were the highest in Jungkwa treated with honey, followed by Jungkwa treated with xylitol, oligosaccharides and sugar. Appearance and color of oligosaccarides and honey treated Jungkwa were preferred. In ginger taste, sweetness, chewiness were highest in sugar treated Jungkwa (not significant difference in treatments). As a result, honey treated Jungkwa has higher antioxidant activity and quality than other sugar treatments.

Effects of the Kinds of Starch and Sweetener on the Quality Characteristics of Kamgyulpyon (전분과 감미료의 종류가 감귤편의 품질특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 김기숙;채윤경
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.50-56
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    • 1998
  • This study was performed to find out the quality characteristics of Kamgyulpyon in which the kinds of starch and sweetener were varied. The quality characteristics of the samples were estimated in terms of sweetness, color difference, instrumental texture and sensory evaluation. The results from this study were as follows. $\circled1$ Sweetness of the samples prepared with oligosaccharide was lower than those with sugar or honey. When Kamgyulpy n was prepared with sugar, the sweetness of the samples containing mung bean starch was higher than that with other starch sources. $\circled2$ Lightness, redness and yellowness of the samples prepared with oligosaccharide were higher than those with sugar or honey. When the same sweeteners were used, the lightness of the samples containing corn starch and the rednness of the samples containing potato starch were higher than those with other starch sources, but there were no significant differences in yellowness. $\circled3$ Hardness and chewiness of the samples prepared with sugar were higher than those with oligosaccharide or honey, but there were no significant differences in springiness and cohesiveness. When Kamgyulpyon was prepared with honey, the hardness and chewiness of the samples containing potato starch were lower than those with other starch sources. $\circled4$ In the results of sensory evaluation, the sweetness, clarity, springiness and overall acceptability of the samples containing potato starch or com starch were higher than those with mung bean starch. Kamgyulpyon containing potato starch and oligosaccharide showed the highest overall acceptability.

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