• Title, Summary, Keyword: Spirituality

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Spirituality of Student Nurses (일 지역 간호대학생의 영성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee Myung-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.265-274
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study was to identify the level of spirituality in student nurses and to provide baseline data to develop a spirituality development education program. Method: The participants were 499 students in departments of nursing in 5 universities in Busan. The data were collected between June 7 and July 18, 2002. The instrument was used Howden's spirituality assessment scale. Collected data were analyzed with frequencies, percentages, $Means{\pm}SD$, t-test F-test, Scheffe test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. The SPSS program was used. Results: 1) The mean score for spirituality was $101.14{\pm}8.70$ (range 26-130). 2) The mean score for perceived health state was $3.42{\pm}0.80$. 3) Spirituality according to general characteristics showed significant differences for sex, religion, practice experience, smoking, drinking, and climate of home. 4) Spirituality according to religious characteristics showed significant differences for influence of religion, necessity of religion, help from religion, subjectivity of God in life, reading religious books, participation in religion ceremonies. 5) There was a significant positive correlation between perceived health state and spirituality. Conclusion: The spirituality of the student nurses was high and differed according to sex, religion, practice experience, smoking, drinking, and climate of home, religious characteristics, spirituality, and perceived health status.

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Nurses' Death Anxiety and Spirituality (간호사의 죽음불안과 영성)

  • Kim, Sook-Nam;Choi, Soon-Ock
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.101-110
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was a descriptive research study that investigates nurses' beliefs concerning death anxiety and spirituality. Method: The subjects were 150 nurses working at general hospitals located in Busan city. Data collection was carried out from October 15 to November 30, 2008. The study used a 'Death Anxiety Scale' and a 'Korean Spirituality Scale.' The collected data was analyzed for frequency, percentage, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient with the SPSS/WIN 17.0. Result: The level of death anxiety of the subjects averaged 3.25. In each sub-factor, 'awareness of shortness of time' was the highest at 3.57 points. Spirituality level of the subjects averaged 3.51. In each sub-factor, meaning and purpose of life was the highest at 3.70 points. In differences of death anxiety followed by general characteristics, there were significant differences according to age, and educational level. For spirituality, followed by general characteristics, there were significant differences according to age, educational level, religion, working period, and understanding about death and spirituality. There was a weak inverse correlation among fear for accidents involved with death, total spirituality level and meaning, and purpose of life. Conclusion: Future research should examine relations between nurses' death anxiety and spirituality level through random sampling and research to check psychological and social variables that influence death anxiety and spirituality. Development of a program to lessen nurses' death anxiety and to raise their spirituality level would be prudent.

The Effect of Workplace Spirituality on Workplace Deviant Behavior and Employee Performance: The Role of Job Satisfaction

  • ASTUTI, Rini Juni;MARYATI, Tri;HARSONO, Mugi
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.12
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    • pp.1017-1026
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to analyze the effect of workplace spirituality in reducing workplace deviant behavior through job satisfaction and its impact on employee performance. The objectives of this study are to explore and investigate (1) the effect of workplace spirituality on workplace deviant behavior; (2) the effect of workplace spirituality on job satisfaction; (3) the effect of workplace spirituality on employee performance; (4) the effect of job satisfaction on employee performance; (5) the effect of workplace deviant behavior on employee performance; and (6) the mediating role of job satisfaction in the relationship between workplace spirituality and workplace deviant behavior. This study was conducted with 143 permanent non-lecturer staff at Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The data analysis technique employed in this study was Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) based on Partial Least Square (PLS). The results of this study indicate that workplace spirituality affected workplace deviant behavior; workplace spirituality affected job satisfaction; job satisfaction affected employee performance; and workplace deviant behavior affected employee performance. Meanwhile, the findings further showed that workplace spirituality did not affect employee performance; job satisfaction did not affect workplace deviant behavior; and job satisfaction could not mediate the effect of workplace spirituality on workplace deviant behavior.

Effects of Hope and Gratitude on Spirituality among Nursing Students (간호대학생의 희망, 감사성향이 영성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jo, Myoung-Ju;Jun, Won-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.569-576
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study investigates the factors affecting spirituality in nursing students. Method: A total of 247 nursing students participated in the study. Data were analyzed by frequencies, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple stepwise regression via SPSS WIN 18.0. Results: The mean scores for hope, gratitude, and spirituality were above-average. However, there were significant mean differences in spirituality according to religion, religious activity, voluntary service, satisfaction with the nursing field, and motivation for entering a college of nursing. Spirituality positively correlated with hope and gratitude. Significant predictors of spirituality included hope, gratitude, voluntary service and religious activity. The regression model explained 51.3% of perceived spirituality. Conclusion: To improve spirituality among nursing students, nursing educators should develop educational intervention programs to promote hope and gratitude, and support participation in voluntary service and religious activity.

Evolutionary Concept Analysis of Spirituality (진화론적 방법을 활용한 영성 개념분석)

  • Ko, Il Sun;Choi, So Young;Kim, Jin Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.242-256
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was done to clarify attributes, antecedents, and consequences of spirituality. Methods: Rodgers's evolutionary concept analysis was used to analyze fifty seven studies from the literature related to spirituality as it appears in systematic literature reviews of theology, medicine, counseling & psychology, social welfare, and nursing. Results: Spirituality was found to consist of two dimensions and eight attributes: 1) vertical dimension: 'intimacy and connectedness with God' and 'holy life and belief', 2) horizontal dimension: 'self-transcendence', 'meaning and purpose in life', 'self-integration', and 'self-creativity' in relationship with self, 'connectedness' and 'trust' in relationship with others neighbors nature. Antecedents of spirituality were socio-demographic, religious, psychological, and health related characteristics. Consequences of spirituality were positive and negative. Being positive included 'life centered on God' in vertical dimension, and among horizontal dimension 'joy', 'hope', 'wellness', 'inner peace', and 'self-actualization' in relationship with self, 'doing in love' and 'extended life toward neighbors and the world' in relationship with others neighbors nature. Being negative was defined as having 'guilt', 'inner conflict', 'loneliness', and 'spiritual distress'. Facilitators of spirituality were stressful life events and experiences. Conclusion: Spirituality is a multidimensional concept. Unchangeable attributes of spirituality are 'connectedness with God', 'self-transcendence', 'meaning of life' and 'connectedness with others nature'. Unchangeable consequences of spirituality are 'joy' and 'hope'. The findings suggest that the dimensional framework of spirituality can be used to assess the current spiritual state of patients. Based on these results, the development of a Korean version of the scale measuring spirituality is recommended.

Suicidal Ideation and Spirituality of College Students (대학생의 자살생각과 영성)

  • Choi, Soon-Ock;Kim, Sook-Nam
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.190-199
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate suicidal ideation and spirituality of college students. Method: The participants were 295 college students located in Busan city and Kyung Nam Province. The study used a 'Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire' and a 'Korean Spirituality Scale'. The collected data was analyzed for t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression with the SPSS/WIN 19.0 program. Result: The level of suicidal ideation and spirituality of the participants averaged 1.73 and 3.44 respectively. In each sub-factor, meaning and purpose of life was the highest at 3.70 points. In differences of suicidal ideation and spirituality followed by general characteristics, there were significant differences according to gender, major, religion, and cohabitation. There were inverse correlations among suicidal ideation, spirituality level, connectedness, meaning and purpose of life, inner resources, and awareness. Suicidal ideation was significantly associated with major, spirituality level, connectedness, and meaning and purpose of life which explained 22% of variance in suicidal ideation. Conclusion: Future research should examine relations between college students' suicidal ideation and spirituality level through random sampling. Development of a program to lessen college students' suicidal ideation and to raise their spirituality level should be prudent.

Spirituality: Concept Analysis Based on Hybrid Model

  • Oh Pok Ja;Kang Kyung Ah
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.709-720
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    • 2005
  • Purpose. The purpose of this study was to obtain a clearer understanding of spirituality and examine the process of spirituality through defining the meaning and attributes of spirituality. Method. Concept analysis was done in the three phases, theoretical phase, fieldwork phase, and analytical phase suggested in the Hybrid Model. Five people participated in the fieldwork phase. Results. Spirituality is activated through self-awareness which occurs as spirit being activated through self-introspection, and through restoration of the relationship with Supreme Being. This interconnectedness with Supreme Being has an absolute impact on one's harmonious interconnectedness with self and neighbors, thus leads all the critical attributes of spirituality to be revealed. The core energy of this harmonious inter-connectedness is love. When activated, it has a great impact on an individual as integrative energy, leads one to go beyond everyday experience as well as to have new perspectives, and to live a satisfactory life in every aspect. Conclusion. The results of this study suggest that promotion of connectedness is the most important element in spiritual nursing interventions. The results can also be used effectively in developing spirituality assessment scales and theory.

Factors Affecting Spirituality in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 영성에 미치는 영향 요인)

  • Yun, So Hyeon;Jun, Won Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.64-71
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study investigated the factors affecting spirituality in nursing students. Method: A total of 152 nursing students participated in the study. Data collection was conducted from October to November 2018. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, analysis of variance, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple stepwise regression via SPSS WIN 25.0. Results: The mean scores for empathy, gratitude, positive affect, negative affect, and spirituality were all average. However, there were significant differences in mean scores for spirituality according to satisfaction with major (F=5.88, p=.003), study grade (F=10.17, p<.001). Spirituality was found to be correlated with fantasy (r=.17, p<.001), empathic concern (r=.41, p<.001), perspective taking (r=.42, p<.001), personal distress (r=-.31, p<.001), gratitude (r=.65, p<.001), positive affect (r=.52, p<.001), and negative affect (r=-.30, p<.001). Significant predictors of spirituality included gratitude (${\beta}=.38$, p<.001), study grade (${\beta}=.34$, p=.009), positive affect (${\beta}=.29$, p<.001), and perspective taking (${\beta}=.16$, p=0.37), one of the sub-dimensions of empathy. Conclusion: To improve spirituality among nursing students, nursing educators should develop educational intervention programs to promote gratitude, study grades, positive affect, and perspective taking.

Minimizing Workplace Deviant Behaviors through Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Commitment: A Case Study in Indonesia

  • AMIN, Shofia;SITUNGKIR, Sihol;AIRA, Dian Mala Fithriani
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.1119-1128
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    • 2021
  • This study aims to investigate a model for reducing workplace deviance from employees' perspectives. Specifically, it examines the relationship between workplace spirituality and workplace deviance through the improvement of organizational commitment. Through the quantitative approach, questionnaires were distributed to 400 civil servants in the various government agencies in Indonesia. Structural Equation Model with Analysis of Moment Structures (SEM-AMOS) was used to analyze the data and test the hypotheses. The results reveal that workplace spirituality has no significant negative effect directly on workplace deviance, but it has a significantly positive effect on organizational commitment. Organizational commitment also has a significant negative effect on workplace deviance. The non-significance of workplace spirituality's direct effect on workplace deviance proves that there is a full mediation effect of organizational commitment. It implies that, to reduce workplace deviance, merely workplace spirituality is not adequate, but it should enhance organizational commitment. The findings can add an understanding of the empirical evidence related to the relationship between workplace spirituality, organizational commitment, and workplace deviance. Practically, the top decision-makers in civil servant institutions need to consider the right strategies, policies, and real efforts to carry out workplace spirituality practices and organizational commitment by designing a control system.