• Title/Summary/Keyword: Spatial Environmental Planning

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Problems of Environmental Conservation Planning and its Improvement in Aspects of Spatial Environmental Planning (공간환경계획 측면에서의 환경보전계획의 문제점 및 개선방안)

  • Choi, Hee-Sun;Sung, Hyun-Chan;Eum, Jeong-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 2010
  • Environmental conservation planning as set forth in the "Framework Act for Environmental Policy" is a representative planning that demands linkages with spatial development planning like urban master plan. However, despite the intentions and efforts of government (including revision of relevant guidelines etc.), controversy still continues regarding the efficacy of environmental conservation planning in respect of its linkages to spatial development planning. Accordingly, this study was devised to examine existing issues and produce proposals for improvement in ensuring the efficacy of environmental conservation planning by local governments. This study focused in particular on the establishment of spatial environmental plans as suggested in the guidelines of the Ministry of Environment for the purposes of strengthening the efficacy of environmental conservation planning. Based of questionnaires for relevant officials of local governments, the study found that although local governments with established current spatial environmental plans are not numerous, the need for establishment of spatial environmental plans were high in terms of the applicability of environmental conservation and spatial plans. Furthermore, this study also confirmed through analysis of questionnaires data, archival research and case study research that there were a number of salient issues including an overly access and program centered planning method based on individual pollution sources and individual post factor measures in the planning aspect, a lack of usable spatial information in the application of spatial environmental information, and inadequate connections with spatial development planning in respect of linkages with other plans. Under these circumstances, various proposals for improvement were presented including the establishment of contents in environmental conservation planning for each urban master planning item from the standpoint of planning, strengthening of basic environmental surveys for spatial planning and preparation of applicable proposals from the perspective of leveraging of spatial environmental information, and systematic improvements that can enable mutual consideration through feedback between environmental conservation planning and urban master planning from the perspective of connections with spatial planning.

A Study on Identification of the Heat Vulnerability Area - Case Study in Chungcheongnamdo - (폭염 취약지역 도출에 관한 연구 - 충청남도를 대상으로 -)

  • Lee, Gyeongjin;Cha, Jungwoo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2019
  • This study is to identify the heat vulnerability area as represented by heat risk factors which could be attributable to heat-related deaths. The heat risk factors were temperature, Older Adults(OA), Economic Disadvantage(ED), Accessibility of Medical Services(AMS), The population Single Person Households(SPH). The factors are follow as; the temperature means to the number of days for decades average daily maximum temperature above $31^{\circ}C$, the Older Adults means to population ages 65 and above, furthermore, the Economic Disadvantage means to the population of Basic Livelihood Security Recipients(BLSR), the Accessibility of Medical Services(AMS) means to 5 minutes away from emergency medical services. The results of the analysis are showed that the top-level of temperature vulnerability areas is Dong, the top-level of vulnerability OA areas is Eup, the top-level of AMS vulnerability is Eup. Moreover, the top-level of vulnerability ED area appears in the Eup and Dong. The result of analysing relative importance to each element, most of the Eup were vulnerable to heat. Since, there are many vulnerable groups such as Economic Disadvantage, Older Adults in the Eup. We can be figured out estimated the number of heat-related deaths was high in the Eup and Dong by the data of emergency activation in the Chungcheongnam-do Fire Department. Therefore, the result of this study could be reasonable.