• Title/Summary/Keyword: Small Island

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Study on climate change response of small island groundwater resources

  • Babu, Roshina;Park, Namsik
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.182-182
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    • 2017
  • Many small island nations rely on groundwater as their only other source of freshwater in addition to rainwater harvesting. The volume of groundwater resource of small island nations are further limited by their smaller surface area and specific hydrogeology. The rapid growth of population and tourism has led to increasing water demands and pollution of available groundwater resources. The predicted climate change effects pose significant threats to the already vulnerable freshwater lens of small islands in the form of rise in sea level, coastal inundation, saltwater intrusion, varied pattern of precipitation leading to droughts and storm surges. The effects of climate change are further aggravated by manmade stresses like increased pumping. Thus small island water resources are highly threatened under the effects of climate change. But due to the limited technical and financial capacity most of the small island developing states were unable to conduct detailed technical investigations on the effects of climate change on their water resources. In this study, we investigate how well small island countries are preparing for climate change. The current state of freshwater resources, impacts of predicted climate change along with adaptation and management strategies planned and implemented by small island countries are reviewed. Proper assessment and management practices can aid in sustaining the groundwater resources of small islands under climate change.

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Vulnerability assessment of drought of small island areas in Korea (읍면 단위 도서지역의 가뭄 취약성 평가)

  • Shim, Intae;Hong, Bongchang;Kim, Eunju;Hwang, Tae-Mun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.341-351
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate vulnerability of drought in small island areas. Vulnerability assessment factors of drought were selected by applying the factor analysis. Ninety Eup/Myon areas in small island were evaluated to vulnerability of drought by entropy method adapting objective weights. Vulnerability consisted of climate exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity. A total of 22 indicators were used to evaluate and analyze vulnerability of drought in small island areas. The results of entropy method showed that winter rainfall, no rainfall days, agricultural population rate, cultivation area rate, water supply rate and groundwater capacity have a significant impact on drought assessment. The overall assessment of vulnerability indicated that Seodo-myeon Ganghwa-gun, Seolcheon-myeon Namhae-gun and Samsan-myeon Ganghwa-gun were the most vulnerable to drought. Especially Ganghwa-gun should be considered policy priority to establish drought measures in the future, because it has a high vulnerability of drought.

Lived Experience of Women체s Urinary Incontinence in Small Island (도서지역여성의 요실금 체험)

  • 이명희;신경림
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.799-812
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    • 2000
  • This study adopts the phenomenological approach in order to explore the experience of urinary felt by the small island women and to find the meaning and structure of their experience, for the further understanding of them. This study succeeded in detecting five topics and three basic structure from eight participants, and followings are the comprehensive statement of them. The five topics include neglect of care after childbirth, unavoidable life in the tidal flat, shame which cannot be expressed even to their husbands, endless anxiety toward the expected future, and sad(dilemmatic) lived experience. The basic structure is that small island women who have urinary incontinence are apt to regard their disease as a natural destiny of women who fail to get adequate care after childbirth, and something to be endured to live in the seashore. They think of urinary incontinence as something so shameful that they cannot reveal it even to their husband and family. They believe that it even changes their personality since they must always stay alert in order to cope with the situation; for example, when it takes place unexpectedly, like too often to go to toilet, to change the underwears, to wake up in the middle of the night to go to toilet, to try not to laugh loudly, or to have showers. In addition, they accept it as a natural process of aging and incurable disease, and they consider themselves already ruined on the way of becoming uglier. They show dilemmatic abandonment: give it up unwillingly but at the same time think it is natural for others too. The unique experience of small island women with urinary incontinence implied in those statement are inseparable with the specific conditions for survival in the island. Unlike other diseases, it is considered the result of traditionally poor care after childbirth. However this misunderstanding that it is a natural phenomena for all the women who experience childbirth and aging and thereby incurable leads to an undesirable attitude toward urinary incontinence. According to the analysis, environmental conditions specific for small islands make the women there have distinct and unique experience concerned with urinary incontinence. Consequently, the future nursing plan for urinary incontinence in the small island area must be made and enforced with the consideration of these specific phenomenological meanings. Modern Korean nursing has basically been centered to hospital or urban areas. Besides, nursing intervention has long depended upon the research of western countries. This research, however, shows how greatly the regional and cultural characteristics influence the understanding of a certain disease, and is expected to make more specific and in-depth nursing approach enable for those who have urinary incontinence in small islands.

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Biological Characteristics and Preservation of Dokdo Island

  • Kim, Ki-Tai
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.59-62
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    • 2002
  • Dokdo, which is located in the middle of the East Sea, is a small island tilth a total area of 0.186 $\textrm{km}^2$. However, this small island, with its mild oceanic climate, has rich bio-resources and picturesque natural surroundings. Dokdo in the crystaline waters and In the central area of the deep sea is a treasury of algaes (sea oak, sea mustard, gulf weed, laver, agar-agar, etc.), molluscs (squid, ear shell, conch, etc.) and fishes (Alaska pollack, anchovy, saucy, herring, etc.). On the other hand, there are a lot of grasses and various kinds of grasses on the land of Dokdo. And a lot of back-tailed gulls (about 20,000 Individuals) live on this island. There have been disputes on the sovereignty over Dokdo between Korea and Japan. Japan has claimed sovereignty over Dokdo since Japan incorporated the island into Japanese territory in 1905 when it occupied the Korean Peninsula by force. Korea governed Dokdo not only before 1905 but also after its liberation in 1945. The Korean government, while heavily financing building facilities like pleas and quays, is endeavoring to preserve the natural surroundings of this island.

On the Vegetations of Judo and Gamagseum (주도와 까막섬의 식생)

  • 임양재
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.49-61
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    • 1976
  • A survey was conducted on the vegetation of Judo and Gamagseum in warm temperate zone of Southern Korea. They are covered with natural vegetation, evergreen forest dominated with Castanopsis cuspiadata in Judo and Machilus thunbergii in Gamagseum. Judo is a small island, ca. 1.75 ha, located within the Wando port. Since the flora of Wando including the Judo was reported in 1924, some investigator have reported evergreen trees of Judo. But the list of plant species of Judo is still unavailable. Gamagseum, located at the 15km morth of Judo, is a small island, ca. 1.45 ha, cosisting of two islands, Dae-o-do and So-o-do in low tide, and the report of its flora and any other survery on its is almost none. The vegetatons of Judo and Gamagseum are an example of natural forest vegetation occured rarely in warm temperate zone because of human disturbance in the southern coast zone of the Korean Peninsula. However, the ecological study of those vegetation has not ever been made, and the ecological or plant geographical situations of their vegetation is not clear. To determine the vegetation type, listing of plant species in the islands, calculation of basal area of trees over DBH=4.5cm, Raunkiaer's life form, leaf size class, Pte.-Q and etc., were studied. Total plant species of Judo was 110 species and that of Gamagseum was 99 species. In Judo, Castanopsis cuspidata was 1384 individuals among 2359 individuals over DBH=4.5cm, and in Gamagseum, Machilus thunbergii was remarkably abundant and Castanopsis cuspidata could not be found.

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Mass paraquat poisoning in a small island community (case report) (한 작은 섬에서의 파라콰트 집단중독)

  • Lee, Sung-Woo;Chung, Tae-Wha;Choe, Kang-Won;Lim, Jung-Ki;Lee, Duk-Hyoung
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.454-465
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    • 1989
  • In a small island community with a population of less than 100 residents, nine persons died and five experienced severe illnesses during the period from November 1986 to May 1988. Their initial symptoms were sore throat and fever. Renal failure and hepatitis developed within one week after the onset. Oral mucosal ulcer developed in some cases. After one week, progressive respiratory failure and dyspnea developed evidently and severe respiratory distress and hypoxia preceded those fatal cases. Chest X-ray findings revealed bilateral diffuse multiple cystic lesion with occasional multiple large emphysematous bullae. Based on these features paraquat poisoning was diagnosed and route of poisoning was investigated. In three sources of drinking water, trace amount of paraquat was detected in November 1988, six months after the incidence of recent fatal case. In November 1988, soybean sauces and soybean pastes from 12 households were found contaminated with high concentration of paraquat, the cause could not be identified. The possibility of the contamination of drinking water as the cause of this mass poisoning has been suggested.

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Factor of Tourism Attraction and Tourism Satisfaction in Jeju Island - Focused on Tourist - (제주 마라도의 관광만족도와 관광 유인요인 연구 - 관광객을 중심으로 -)

  • Byun, Kyeong-Hwa;Kang, Eun-Jung;Kim, Kyu-Han
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.45-54
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to examine factor of tourism attraction and tourism satisfaction in order to product plan of tourism policies related to architecture and urban design focused on Marado, Jeju Island. For that, a questionnaire is conducted by tourists who visit to Marado. The results are as follows. 30s and 40s tourists evaluate that Marado is more attractive in natural environment rather than 60s. Tourists who visit more than four times to Marado evaluated low in satisfaction for landscape of Marado but tourists who reside in other area not Jeju evaluate higher in satisfaction for landscape. The difference of residence areas shows same result in tourism attraction factors. Tourists participating in tour activities show higher in satisfaction rather than no-participants but the difference between participants and no-participants is not showed in tourism attraction factors. Tourism attraction is extracted four factors; natural environment, architectural environment, economic efficiency and psychological factor. The factors of natural environment and architectural environment have the relation with satisfaction but the factors of economic efficiency and psychology do not show no relation with satisfaction.

Effects of Tourist and Accommodation on the Municipal Solid Waste Generation in the Small Island (소규모 도서지역에서 관광객 및 숙박시설이 생활폐기물 발생량에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Ji-Young;Park, Sang-Hyun;Song, Seung-Jun;Cho, Young-Gun;Kim, Jin-Han
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzed the correlation between generation of municipal solid waste (MSW), number of tourists, and area of accommodation facilities of small island such as Shin, Si, Mo and Jangbong island in Ongjin county, Incheon for use as basic data for estimation of MSW generation. An analysis of statistics data from september in 2012 to august in 2018 showed MSW generation was steadily increasing, and MSW generation in 2018 was increased by about 3.98 times compared to 2012. In summer, which is the tourist season, MSW generation was 2.43~9.39 times higher than in winter. MSW generation was influenced by the number of tourists. As of August 2018, generation rate of per capita of MSW was $0.839kg/cap{\cdot}day$, which was about 3.71 times higher than August 2013. Area of accommodation increased continuously from 2008 to 2017, increasing by about 8.32 times. The coefficient of determination between the area of accommodation and the number of tourists was 0.8418. Also coefficient of determination between area of accommodation and MSW generation were 0.9370 and 0.6025 before and after August in 2015, respectively. Accommodation was lacked due to increase of tourists. Although accommodation was scarce because of increase in the number of tourists since 2015, the coefficient of determination decreased due to the increase in waste generation.

CO2 Laser Assisted Recrystallization of Polysilicon Island (CO2 레이저 열처리에 의한 다결정 실리콘 Island의 재결정화)

  • Oh, Min-Rok;An, Chul
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.536-538
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    • 1987
  • The recrystallization of polysilicon layer deposited on Si was attemped by means of C02 laser annealing. The polysilicon layer was defined in small island patterns ($50{\mu}m{\times}200{\mu}m$) by means of photolithography prior to the annealings. After the annealing an increase of grain size up to about 50um was obtained.

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Characteristics of Household Wastes from Fishing Village in Small Island (소규모 도서지역 어촌의 생활계 쓰레기 발생특성에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Byung-Gon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.181-186
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    • 2010
  • Characteristics of household wastes production from fishing village in small island was investigated. Investigation was conducted in August and December to represent seasonal characteristics of summer and winter, respectively. Amount of household wastes production was 0.65 kg/capita·day and this is relatively low value compared with nationwide average. Food wastes, papers, vinyl and plastics are major part of combustible portion in household wastes. Composting is inappropriate method as a final disposal method in terms of C/N ratio calculated from elemental analysis. It is recommended that incineration can be appropriate way as a final disposal method of household wastes because low heating value of household wastes is equivalent to that of crude oil. The fraction of food wastes in household is considerably higher than the values obtained from other residential areas in nationwide. Thus, it is evaluated that household composting devices and vermicomposting facilities are necessary to reduce the amount of food wastes. It also can be evaluated that incineration is optimal method as disposal method of household wastes from fishing village except food wastes.