• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sliding wear

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Wear of UHMWPE Pins against Ti-alloy and Stainless Steel Disks Moving in Two Kinematic Motions (두가지 기구운동을 하는 타이타늄 합금과 스테인레스 스틸 디스크에 대한 초고분자량 폴리에틸렌 핀의 마멸)

  • 이권용;김석영;김신윤
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.67-71
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    • 2000
  • The wear behaviors of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene pins against titanium alloy and stainless steel disks moving in two different kinematic motion were investigated by conducting repeat pass rotational sliding and linear reciprocal sliding wear tests. Linear reciprocal motion wore more the polyethylene pin than did repeat pass rotational motion for both disk materials. It means that the repeated directional change of contact stresses generates more wear debris in polyethylene. For the linear reciprocal sliding tests, titanium alloy disks were damaged with some scratches after one million cycles but no surface damage was observed on the polyethylene pins. On the other hand, for the repeat pass rotational sliding tests, all titanium alloy disks were severely abraded on the entire region of sliding track. This phenomenon can be interpreted by that stress fatigue under repeated sliding contact initiated titanium oxide layer wear particles from disk surface, and these hard particles were embedded into polyethylene pin and then they severely abraded the disk surface. From these results it can be concluded that the kinematic motion in pin-on-disk wear tests play a crucial role on the wear behaviors of UHMWPE pins against titanium alloy and stainless steel disks.

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Wear of UHMWPE Pins Against Ti-alloy and Stainless Steel Disks Moving in Two Kinematic Motions (두가지 기구운동을 하는 타이타늄 합금과 스테인레스 스틸 디스크에 대한 초고분자량 폴리에틸렌 핀의 마멸)

  • 이권용;김석영;김신윤
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.167-172
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    • 2002
  • The wear behaviors of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene pins against titanium alloy and stainless steel disks moving in two different kinematic motion were investigated by conducting repeat pass rotational sliding and linear reciprocal sliding wear tests. Linear reciprocal motion wore more the polyethylene pin than did repeat pass rotational motion for both disk materials. It means that the repeated directional change of contact stresses generates more wear debris in polyethylene. For the linear reciprocal sliding tests, titanium alloy disks were damaged with some scratches after one million cycles but no surface damage was observed on the polyethylene pins. On the other hand, fur the repeat pass rotational sliding tests, all titanium alloy disks were severely abraded on the entire region of sliding track. This phenomenon can be interpreted by that stress fatigue under repeated sliding contact initiated titanium oxide layer wear particles from disk surface, and these hard particles were embedded into polyethylene pin and then they severely abraded the disk surface. From these results it can be concluded that the kinematic motion in pin-on-disk wear tests play a crucial role on the wear behaviors of UHMWPE pins against titanium alloy and stainless steef discs.

A Study of Sliding Friction and Wear Properties for PTFE Layer coated on Steel (철강재료위 coating된 PTFE 막층의 미끄럼 마찰마모특성 연구)

  • Lee, Han-Young
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.96-103
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    • 2008
  • PTFE is generally utilized as the form of composites with adding various fillers. The purpose of this paper lies on clarifying the friction and wear properties of the PTFE coating layer on steel. Especially, the effects of PTFE powder size for coating and surface roughness of the counter material on the properties are investigated. Sliding friction and wear tests are conducted at several sliding speeds by employing two types of PTFE coating layer using different powder sizes. One type of coating layer is composed of uniform fine powder, whereas the other type is made up of mixture powder of different sizes. As results, it is found that PTFE coating layer are effective to improve the wear resistance and to reduce the friction coefficient. It is clear that PTFE coating layers are abrasively removed by asperities of the counter material during sliding contact. However, PTFE coating layer with uniform fine powder shows somewhat better wear resistance than that with mixture powder of different sizes in low sliding speed region. It can be seen that the wear of the coating layer are drastically reduced because wear fragment from counter material are transferred to the coating layer. On the other hand, friction coefficient is shown not to be directly related with PTFE powder size in coating layer.

Friction and Wear Behavior of Ceramics under Various Sliding Environments (세라믹 재료의 미끄럼 환경 변화에 따른 마찰 및 마멸 거동)

  • 장선태;이영제
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.11-23
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    • 1995
  • The friction and wear behavior of $Al_{2}O_{3}$, SiC, and $Si_{3}N_{4}$ under the different sliding conditions were investigated. The cylinder-on-disc wear tester was used for a wear test method. Using the servo-motor, the sliding speed did not alternate due to the frictional forces. Three kinds of loads were selected to watch the variation of the wear rates and the frictional forces under a constant speed. Three kinds of sliding conditions were used to see the effects of the oxidation and the abrasion. The dominant wear mechanisms of $Al_{2}O_{3}$ were the abrasion and the formation of transfer layers. The abrasion has a great effect on the wear of SiC. The wear of $Si_{3}N_{4}$ was due to the asperity-failure and the oxidation. Also, the wear rate of each ceramic is shown to be related to the frictional power provided to the tribological system.

Wear and friction characteristics of a carbon fiber composite against specular counterpart (탄소 섬유 복합재의 경면 상대재에 대한 마찰 및 마모 특성)

  • YANG BYEONG-CHUN;KOH SUNG-WI
    • Proceedings of the Korea Committee for Ocean Resources and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.390-394
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    • 2004
  • This is the study on dry sliding wear behavior of unidirectional carbon fiber reinforced epoxy matrix composite at ambient temperature. The wear rates and friction coefficients against the stainless steel counterpart specularly processed were experimentally determined and the resulting wear mechanisms were microscopically observed. Three principal sliding directions relative to the dominant fiber orientation in the composite were selected. Wren sliding took place against smooth and hard counterpart, the highest wear resistance and the lowest friction coefficient were observed in the antiparallel direction. When the velocity between the composite and the counterpart went up, the wear rate increased. The fiber destruction and cracking caused fiber bending on the contact surface, which was discovered to be dominant wear mechanism.

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Effect of Phase Transformation and Grain-size Variation on the Dry Sliding Wear of Hot-pressed Cobalt

  • Kim, Yong-Suk;Lee, Jong-Eun;Kang, Suk-Ha;Kim, Tai-Woong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute Conference
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    • pp.879-880
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    • 2006
  • Effect of phase transformation and grain-size variation of hot-pressed cobalt on its dry sliding wear was investigated. The sliding wear test was carried out against glass (83% $SiO_2$) beads at 100N load using a pin-on-disk wear tester. Worn surfaces, cross sections, and wear debris were examined by an SEM. Phases of the specimen and wear debris were identified by an XRD. Thermal transformation of the cobalt from the hcp $\varepsilon$ phase to the $\gamma$ (fcc) phase during the wear was detected, which was deduced as the wear mechanism of the sintered cobalt.

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A study on abrasive wear characteristics of side plate of FRP ship (FRP 선박 외판재의 연삭마모 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Byung-Tak;Koh, Sung-Wi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.250-256
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    • 2008
  • Generally the side plate materials of FRP ship are composed of glass fiber and unsaturated polyester resin composites(GFRP composites). In this study, the effect of applied load and sliding speed on friction and wear characteristics of these materials were investigated at ambient temperature by pin-on-disc friction test. The cumulative wear volume, friction coefficient and wear rate of these materials for SiC abrasive paper were determined experimentally. The cumulative wear volume showed a tendency to increase nonlinearly with increase of sliding distance and was dependent on applied load and sliding speed for these composites. The friction coefficient of GFRP composites was increased as applied load increased at same sliding speed in wear test. It was verified by SEM photograph of worn surface that major failure mechanisms were microfracture, deformation of resin, cutting and cracking.

Wear Behaviors of ${Si_3}{N_4}$ under Various Sliding Conditions (미끄럼 환경의 변화에 따른 ${Si_3}{N_4}$의 마멸거동)

  • Lee, Yeong-Jae
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.1753-1761
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    • 1996
  • The wear behaviors of ${Si_3}{N_4}$ under the different sliding conditions were investigated. The cylinder-on-disc wear tester was used. Using the servo-metor, the sliding speed did ot alternate due to the frictional forces. Threekinds of loads and speeds were selected to watch the variation of the wear rates and the frictional forces. Also three kinds of sliding condition under a constant speed were used to see the effects of the oxidationand the abrasion. The contact pressure was more effective than the repeated cycle on the wear behavior of ${Si_3}{N_4}$. With the low loads, the effect of the asperity-failure was more dominant than that of oxidation and abrasion. As increasing the load, the effects of oxidation and abrasion were increased, but the asperity-failure effects were decreased. The wear particles destroyed the ozide layers formed on sliding surfaces. The wear rate could be decreased due to delaying the oxidation. The frictional power and the wear weight per time were usefuel to see the transition of wear.

A Study on Wear loss of Motorcycle Brake Disk by Response Surface Method (반응 표면법을 이용한 이륜자동차 브레이크 디스크 마멸량에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, H.Y.
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.44-49
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    • 2008
  • In this research, I would like to choose sliding distance and ventilated hole number which affect to the amount of wear of disk and pad as experiment conditions of 'the amount of wear' through wear test of motorcycle brake disk. Also, I analyze the amount of wear according to the variation of coefficient of friction by using design of experiment that is being widely used in diverse areas. With the tests of least, I present the correlation of each experiment condition. Therefore, I analyzed the variation of the amount of wear of disk and pad according to test factors such as ventilated hole number, applied load, sliding speed, and sliding distance in wear test of motorcycle brake disk by applying the design of experiment. Also, I analyzed quantitatively the influence of test factors through Taguchi Robust experimental design, response surface and examined the most suitable level and estimation of the amount of wear of disk. From these, I reached the following conclusions. response surface design, mathematical model was constructed about amount of wear of disk and pad. The amount of wear that decrease according to increase of ventilated hole number, and it's increase according to Increase of applied load, sliding speed, and sliding distance.

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Sliding Wear Properties of Ni-Al based Intermetallics Layer coated on Aluminum through Reaction Synthesis Process (알루미늄 기판 위 반응합성 Coating 된 Ni-Al계 금속간화합물의 미끄럼마모 특성 해석)

  • Lee, Han-Young
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 2018
  • Ni-Al intermetallic coating technology is an available method for the strengthening of aluminum substrate. In this study, Ni-Al intermetallics were coated on an aluminum substrate through a reaction synthesis process at a temperature lower than melting point of aluminum. And the sliding wear properties of the coatings have been investigated to verify their usability and compared the wear properties with those of a cast Al-12.5%Si alloy and an anodizing layer on aluminum. Results show that the wear rate of the coating layer greatly increased at 1 m/s and 1.5 m/s when compared with that of the cast Al-12.5%Si alloy. Much pitting damages were observed on the worn surfaces at these sliding speeds, unlike at other sliding speeds. The wear of the intermetallic coating layer at these sliding speeds seems to be increased by pitting as a consequence of adhesion. In contrast, wear of the coating layer at other speeds hardly occurs, regardless of wear periods. Nevertheless, the wear properties of the intermetallic coating layer on the aluminum substrate through the reaction synthesis process are more stable than those of anodized aluminum and are superior to those of the cast Al-12.5%Si alloy in a steady-state wear period.