• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sleep condition

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Influence of the Bathing starting Time on Sleep in Winter

  • Sung, Eun-Jung;Yutaka Tochihara
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
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    • pp.86-90
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    • 2000
  • The effects of the timing of daily bathing on sleep in winter were studied. Eight healthy male subjects were assigned to three sleep conditions: bathing just before sleeping (Condition J), bathing 2 h before sleeping (Condition T0 and no bathing before sleeping (Control). We can found that slow wave sleep and REM sleep were increased, and sleep onset latency and wake after sleep onset were shortened in Condition T compared with Condition J. Rectal and mean skin temperatures n both bathing conditions were the same levels after the first half of sleep. Furthermore, subjective sleep sensation was the highest value in Condition T. These results suggest that bathing done before going to bed in winter was good for sleep; moreover, bathing 2 h before going to bed was more effective than bathing immediately before going to bed.

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Evaluation of Thermal Comfort during Sleeping in Summer - Part I : On Results of Questionnaire Before and After Sleep - (여름철 수면시 온열쾌적감 평가 - 제1보 : 수면 전후 설문에 관하여 -)

  • Kim Dong-Gyu;Kum Jong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.404-409
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    • 2005
  • This study is to investigate effects of thermal conditions on sleep. Five female university students participated in the sleep experiment. Three temperature levels (22, 26, and $30^{\circ}C$) were given, and relative humidity was maintained to $50\%$. When as subject arrived in the chamber at 9 o'clock in the evening, questionnaire was given to check physical and psychological conditions. After checking conditions, subjects went to bed till 07 : 30 in the morning. Body movement was checked during sleeping. After sleep in the chamber, questionnaire was given to the subject in order to check sleep quality. Subjects evaluated sleep quality by themselves by answering the time they fall asleep and wake up, frequency of wake during sleep, causes of each waking, and feeling after sleep. Sleep quality was rated with 7-point scale. At $30^{\circ}C$ condition, body movement was significantly higher than of other thermal conditions. The best sleep quality was obtained at the $26^{\circ}C$ condition, while the worst sleep was taken at the $30^{\circ}C$ condition.

A study on sleep environment in bedroom and segmentation of sleepers in Korea (한국인의 침실환경과 침실 사용자그룹 세분화에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Bi-Na;Chun, Chung-Yoon
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.291-296
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    • 2008
  • This paper reports on the results of a questionnaire survey on actual conditions of sleep environment, sleep problems and sleep patterns in bedroom of house. The objectives of survey are: 1) classifying Korean people into several groups by sleep environment condition, sleep problem and life pattern, 2) describing the characteristics of user groups, and 3) searching needs of support for each user group. Despite of several studies about sleep condition that researched in advance, they weren't considered about user's respective characters. So it seems necessary for more studies about users' needs, and segment users to grasp their each detail needs. Therefore, this study conducted questionnaire survey gathering relevant information to classify user groups and to investigate the current bedroom condition. In the result, 702 respondents were divided into six clusters by extracted eight factors. Four clusters of them had some problems for sleep, so it could be seen that they need environmental solution for their good sleep. As the further objective, it will be connected to develop the good sleep system.

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A study of constitutional disease with sleep as constitutional symptom (수면(睡眠)이 사상체질(四象體質) 병증관리지표(病證管理指標)로써의 역할에 대한 고찰(考察))

  • Kim, Myung-Gune;Park, Seong-Sik
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.52-57
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    • 2004
  • 1. Objectives In ShinChukbon "DongyiSuseBowon", there are many contents of constitutional diseases and symptoms. The aim of the present study was to investigate recognition of sleep as Dong-Mu's constitutional symptoms. 2. Methods In ShinChukbon "DongyiSuseBowon", I found contents about sleeping and made comparative study of acquired contents. And I made comparative of previous studies. 3. Results (1) I concluded that Soumin who has interior and exterior diseases didn't get sleep well. Under the condition that constitutional diseases are cured, Soyangin gets to sleep well. (2) I concluded that Soyangin who has interior and exterior diseases sleep lesser than ordinary symptoms. Under the condition that constitutional diseases are cured, Soyangin gets to sleep well. (3) I concluded that Taeumin who has interior diseases sleep lesser than ordinary symptoms. Under the condition that constitutional diseases are cured, Taeumin gets to sleep well. (4) I concluded that Taeang who has constitutional disease may sleep lesser than ordinary symptoms. But not confirmed. 4. Conclusions There is some ground that sleep as constitutional symptom would be a good authority of checking constitutional disease.

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The Effects of Aroma Hand Massage on Anxiety and Sleep in Cancer Patients during Hospitalization (아로마 손 마사지가 입원한 암 환자의 불안과 수면에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Eun;Kim, Keum-Soon
    • Perspectives in Nursing Science
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.42-53
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of aroma hand massage on anxiety and sleep in cancer patients during hospitalization. Methods: This study used a pre-post non-synchronized quasi-experimental design. Data were collected from 66 participating patients from July to December 2008. The participants were divided into an aroma massage group (n=25), a hand massage group (n=15), and a control group (n=26). The experimental group received aroma hand massage using 1% diluted lavender aroma oil once per day for 3 days. The massage was given by the researcher following the Korea Aromatherapy Health Professional Association massage protocol In contrast control group A received only a hand massage. The state anxiety, sleep condition, sleep satisfaction levels, and sleep duration were measured before and after the intervention trial. Results: The aroma hand massage group experienced in a significant decrease in their state anxiety (F=7.658 p=.001). Moreover, there was a significant increase in their sleep condition (F=18.047, p=.001), sleep satisfaction (F=30.016, p=.001) and sleep duration (F=23.019, p=.001) compared to the other groups according to one-way ANOVA and Scheffe's multiple comparison test. Also, noted was a significant increase in the sleep condition of the hand massage group as in the aroma hand massage group according to the Scheffe test. Conclusion: The study findings indicates that aroma hand massage decreases anxiety and increases the sleep condition, sleep satisfaction, and sleep duration of cancer patients.

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Insomnia in Medical Illnesses:The Secondary Insomnia (내과적 질환에 동반된 불면증:이차성 불면증)

  • Lim, Se-Won;Kim, Leen
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.11-16
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    • 2005
  • Sleep can be easily disrupted by variety of conditions. Most of medical illnesses could be a primary condition causing secondary insomnia. The common underlying mechanism of secondary insomnia is presumed to be stress effects on sleep. The assessment and treatment of secondary insomnia are often complicated. Establishing an causal inference between primary condition and insomnia is the key to assessment. However, it can be difficult even for experienced clinicians due to diagnostic ambiguity of secondary insomnia. Therefore, through medical evaluation and integrative understanding of primary condition is essential to manage secondary insomnia properly. Although treatment have been usually focused on the primary medical illnesses per se, nonpharmacologic interventions, such as sleep hygiene, might be effective in many cases.

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Study on Prevention of Drowsiness Driving using Electrocardiography(LF/HF) Index (심전도(LF/HF)를 활용한 졸음운전 예방 연구)

  • Moon, Kwangsu;Hwang, Kyungin;Choi, Eunju;Oah, Shezeen
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.56-62
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between the index of Electrocardiography(LF/HF) and the occurrence of drowsiness driving while driving in a simulated situation. Participants were 31 undergraduate students with an experience in driving and they participated 30 minutes driving under enough sleep condition and 1 hour under the sleep deprivation condition. The Euro Truck Simulator II was used for driving simulation task and ECG and perceived drowsiness of each participants were measured during two driving conditions. Perceived sleepiness recorded by the checklist every 10 minutes and ECG data extracted before and after 15 seconds of every 10 minutes to verify the relationship between two variables. The results showed that the level of perceived sleepiness under sleep deprivation condition was higher than that under the enough sleep condition, and the level of LF/HF under sleep deprivation condition was lower than that under the enough sleep condition. In addition, the result of analysis of repeated measure ANOVA for ECG indicated that authentic sleepiness revealed in 20 minutes after the start of driving under the sleep deprivation condition. However, the result of perceived drowsiness indicated that authentic sleepiness revealed in 30 minutes after the start of driving. These result suggest that the time difference between biological and perceived response on drowsiness may be exist. Finally, the significant negative correlation between the LF/HF level and perceived drowsiness was observed. These findings suggest that ECG(LF/HF) can be an possible index to measure drowsiness driving.

The Relationship between Sleep Pattern, Eating Habit, and the Perceived Skin Health among Female Adults (여성의 수면습관 및 식습관과 지각된 피부건강 간의 관계)

  • Yang, Mi-Young;Suh, Kyung-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 2009
  • Objectives: The researchers investigated the relationship between sleep pattern (circadian rhythm/sleep deprivation), eating habit, and the perceived skin condition of female adults, in orders to provide valuable information to women who want to maintain healthy skin and professionals in health promotion. Methods: The participants were 297 female adults whose ages ranged from 20 to 60 (M=35.14, SD=10.37). The questionnaires and psychological tests used in this research included the following: Circadian Rhythm Questionnaire, Sleep Deprivation Scale, Eating Habit Questionnaire, Skin Condition Questionnaire, Scale for Perceived Skin Health. Results: Results indicated that evening type women had more fatty skin and felt their skins less healthier than morning type. Although women who did not deprived their sleep had more fatty and sensitive skin and felt their skins less healthier than women who deprived their sleep, sleep deprivation was positively related to the morningness, and the morningness was negatively related to the preference of fatty and spicy foods. Only the preference of fatty foods among eating habit was positively related to the fatty and sensitive skin, and negatively to the perceived skin health. Regression analyses with circadian rhythm and the preference of fatty foods revealed that only circadian rhythm was significant predictor for the fatty skin, while the preference of fatty foods was only significant predictor for the sensitive skin and the perceived skin health. And, circadian rhythm and the preference of fatty foods accounted for around 12.0% variance of the fatty skin. Conclusion: This study reiterates the roles of fatty foods on skin health, and found the role of circadian rhythm on skin health, and it is needed to explore the relationship between sleep deprivation and skin condition further. These results may provide useful information for health practitioners.

A Study on Sleep Environment in Bedroom and Segmentation of Sleepers in Seoul and Metropolitan Area (서울시 및 수도권 거주자의 침실환경과 침실 사용자그룹 세분화에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Bi-Na;Chun, Chung-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2009
  • Sleep has big influence on our life, for example productivity, character formation of babies, mortality and the people who suffered from sleep problem are also diverse. Therefore, indoor environmental supports for good sleep, might be different with the situation and need of respective person. The objectives of this study are: 1) to investigate the current bedroom condition, sleep problem, and life pattern of Korean. 2) to classify Korean into several groups and explain their characteristics relevant to sleep, in order to understand Korean's need for good sleep. The questionnaire was sent out to Seoul and its environs in Jan.$\sim$Feb. 2008, and total of 702 questionnaires were collected. The research on the bedroom condition was conducted around perceived influence of environmental factors, opening and closing of the door, cooling and heating strategy, clo value during sleep, bedding type, lighting, sharing bedroom. People are divided into 6 groups by 8 factors, and 5 groups could be seen that they need some management for good sleep because of their sleep problem.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Restless Leg Syndrome and Periodic Limb Movement of Sleep (하지불편 증후군과 주기성 사지운동장애의 진단과 치료)

  • Ham, Byung-Joo
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.26-31
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    • 2003
  • Restless leg syndrome (RLS) and periodic limb movement of sleep (PLMS), often concurrent, come under diagnosed disorders of sleep and treatable condition. RLS symptoms are evoked in the limbs at rest and increase in the evening and during the night. PLMS is characterized by periodic episodes of repetitive limb movements caused by muscle contractions during sleep. RLS is often associated with a sleep complaint and PLMS. Both RLS and PLMS represent one of the most commonly encountered sleep disorders in a primary care setting. The circadian rhythm and the presence of PLMS cause sleep disturbances in RLS. The emphasis on pathophysiology includes consideration of central nervous system localization, neurotransmitter, and the role of iron metabolism. Dopaminergic agents are considered the treatment of choice for RLS and PLMS. With proper diagnosis and effective treatment patients' ability to fall asleep and maintain sleep improves, and their sense of well being increases.

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