• Title, Summary, Keyword: Silicon carbide mat

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Heating Behavior of Silicon Carbide Fiber Mat under Microwave

  • Khishigbayar, Khos-Erdene;Seo, Jung-Min;Cho, Kwang-Youn
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.53 no.6
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    • pp.707-711
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    • 2016
  • A small diameter of SiC fiber mat can produce much higher heat under microwave irradiation than the other types of SiC materials. Fabrication of high strength SiC fiber consists of iodine vapor curing on polycarbosilane precursor and heat treatment process. The curing stage of polycarbosilane fiber was maintained at $150-200^{\circ}C$ in a vacuum condition under the iodine vapor to fabricate a high thermal radiation SiC fiber. The structure and morphology of the fibers were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TG) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In this study, the thermal properties of SiC fiber mats under microwave have been analyzed with an IR thermal camera and its image analyzer. The prepared SiC fiber mats radiated high temperature with extremely high heating rate up to $1100^{\circ}C$ in 30 seconds. The fabricated SiC fiber mats were not oxidized after the heat radiation process under the microwave irradiation.

Effect of Silicon on Intergranular Corrosion Resistance of Ti-stabilized 11 wt% Cr Ferritic Stainless Steels (11 wt% 크롬이 함유된 Ti 첨가 페라이트스테인리스강의 입계부식에 미치는 규소의 영향)

  • Hyun, Youngmin;Kim, Heesan
    • Corrosion Science and Technology
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.265-273
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    • 2013
  • Ti-stabilized 11 wt% Cr ferritic stainless steels (FSSs) for automotive exhaust systems have been experienced intergranular corrosion (IC) in some heat-affected zone (HAZ). The effects of sensitizing heat-treatment and silicon on IC were studied. Time-Temperature-Sensitization (TTS) curves showed that sensitization to IC was observed at the steels heat-treated at the temperature lower than $650^{\circ}C$ and that silicon improved IC resistance. The sensitization was explained by chromium depletion theory, where chromium is depleted by precipitation of chromium carbide during sensitizing heat-treatment. It was confirmed with the results from the analysis of precipitates as well as the thermodynamical prediction of stable phases. In addition, the role of silicon on IC was explained with the stabilization of grain boundary. In other words, silicon promoted the formation of the grain boundaries with low energy where precipitation was suppressed and consequently, the formation of Cr-depleted zone was retarded. The effect of silicon on the formation of grain boundaries with low energy was proved by the analysis of coincidence site lattice (CSL) grain boundary, which is a typical grain boundary with low energy.

Microwave-Assisted Heating of Electrospun SiC Fiber Mats

  • Khishigbayar, Khos-Erdene;Joo, Young Jun;Cho, Kwang Youn
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.54 no.6
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    • pp.499-505
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    • 2017
  • Flexible silicon carbide fibrous mats were fabricated by a combination of electrospinning and a polymer-derived ceramics route. Polycarbosilane was used as a solute with various solvent mixtures, such as toluene and dimethylformamide. The electrospun PCS fibrous mats were cured under a halogen vapor atmosphere and heat treated at $1300^{\circ}C$. The structure, fiber morphology, thermal behavior, and crystallization of the fabricated SiC fibrous mats were analyzed via scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermal imaging. The prepared SiC fibrous mats were composed of randomly distributed fibers approximately $3{\mu}m$ in diameter. The heat radiation of the SiC fiber mats reached $1600^{\circ}C$ under microwave radiation at a frequency of 2.45 GHz.

Heat-Generating Behavior of SiC Fiber Mat Composites Embedded with Ceramic Powder for Heat Conservation

  • Joo, Young Jun;Cho, Kwang Youn
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.56 no.6
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    • pp.583-588
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    • 2019
  • Silicon carbide (SiC) fiber mats generate large amounts of heat through microwave interactions and are used as heating elements in rapid heat treatment furnaces. However, SiC fibers cool immediately when the microwave power is turned off. Therefore, ceramic layers are inserted between the SiC fiber layers to improve the heat conservation performance of SiC fiber mats. In this study, we fabricated SiC fiber mat composites (SMCs) with ceramic layers under various pressures. The SMC fabricated under 0.007 kPa showed the lowest heat-generating temperature and deviation because less necking was observed between the materials. On the other hand, the SMC fabricated under 0.375 kPa showed the highest heat-generating temperature of 1532.33℃. The SMCs prepared in this study using ceramic powder not only showed heat-generating temperatures comparable to those of conventional SiC fiber mats but also exhibited excellent heat-preserving ability.

Preperation of Silicon Carbide Oxidation Protection Film on Carbon Thermal Insulator Using Polycarbosilane and Its Characterization (폴리카보실란을 이용하여 탄소단열재에 코팅한 실리콘카바이드 코팅막의 내산화 특성)

  • Ahn, Su-Bin;Lee, Yoonjoo;Bang, Jung-Won;Shin, Dong-Geun;Kwon, Woo-Teck
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.27 no.9
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    • pp.471-476
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    • 2017
  • In order to improve the high temperature oxidation resistance and lifespan of mat type porous carbon insulation, SiC was coated on carbon insulation by solution coating using polycarbosilane solution, curing in an oxidizing atmosphere at $200^{\circ}C$, and pyrolysis at temperatures up to $1200^{\circ}C$. The SiOC phase formed during the pyrolysis process was converted into SiC crystals as the heat treatment temperature increased, and a SiC coating with a thickness of 10-15 nm was formed at $1600^{\circ}C$. The SiC coated specimen showed a weight reduction of 8.6 % when it was kept in an atmospheric environment of $700^{\circ}C$ for 1 hour. On the other hand, the thermal conductivity was 0.17 W/mK, and no difference between states before and after coating was observed at all.