• Title, Summary, Keyword: Self-regulation

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The Effects of Children's Internal and External Variables on Self-Regulation (유아의 내적$\cdot$외적 변인이 자기규제 발달에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Mee-Hae;Yoon Ho-Yeol
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.185-197
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    • 2005
  • The purpose or this study was to investigate the effects of children's internal (age, sex, self-respect) and external (maternal belief, childrearing behavior) variables on self-regulation. The subjects were 2004-and-5-year-olds, their mothers, and teachers. Children's age, sex, and self-respect had m influence on self-regulation; that is 5-year-olds were higher than 4-year-olds for behavioral self-regulation, girls were higher than boys for cognitive and behavioral self-regulation, and the high self-respect group was higher than the low self-respect group for cognitive self-regulation. The psychological controlling and externally directed strategies had a negative influence on children's self-regulation. Maternal affectionate childrearing behavior had an influence on children's self-regulation; that is the high affectionate group had children with higher self-regulation.

A Study of Self-regulation for Consumer Protection in E-Commerce Business (전자상거래 사업자의 소비자보호 자율규제에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, Mi-Kyeong;Seo, Min-Kyo;Woo, Kwang-Myung
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the self-regulation in E-commerce business and review the major issues of self-regulation in several countries. This paper reviewed the legislation for the self regulation of APEC, OECD and EC, and introduced the regulation system for several countries, such as U.S. U.K and Japan. Also, we analyzed the current issues and problems of self-regulation in Korea and tried to suggest the future direction. There were three different regulations such as market forces, government regulation and self-regulation and the model of self-regulations were shaped in various types. Even though the government made the standard regulations for business sector but it was impossible to direct individual firms and their compliance of those regulations. To compensate the government regulation, the self regulation with low cost is needed and also two kinds of regulations has to be unified to enhance the regulation system in E-commerce. Industries should participate for the regulation voluntarily and consumers must give an award of legislation for self-regulation to motivate the self-regulations of industries.

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The Effects of Family Climate, Peer Support and Self-Esteem on Children's Self-Regulation (가정분위기 및 또래지지와 자아존중감이 아동의 자기조절능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Hee-Sun;Park, Seong-Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.19-33
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    • 2010
  • This study examined the effects of family climate, peer support and self-esteem on children's self-regulation. The participants in this study were 369 children (M=11.78 year) who completed questionnaires regarding family climate, peer support, self-esteem and self-regulation. Data were analyzed means by of a Structural equation model using AMOS 7.0. Our results indicated that (1) family climate, peer support and self-esteem were directly linked with children's self-regulation (2) the associations between family climate or peer support and children's self-regulation were mediated by children's self-esteem. These results imply that family climate and peer support are important antecedent variables in predicting children's self-regulation as well as their relative levels of self-esteem.

Mediating Effects of Self-Regulation on the Relationship between Childhood Smart Device Immersion Tendency and Pro-Social Behavior (유아의 스마트미디어 몰입경향성과 친사회적 행동의 관계에서 자기 조절력의 매개 효과)

  • Kim, Seo-Hee;Hwang, Sung-On
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.55 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2017
  • This study examines the relationship among children's smart device immersion tendency, children's self-regulation, and pro-social behavior as well as investigates the mediating effect of self-regulation between children's smart device immersion tendency and pro-social behavior. Participants were composed of 263 4-year-old children attending kindergarten in Incheon and Gyeonggi province. Data were analyzed by means of Pearson's correlation coefficients in SPSS, the structural equation model and bootstrapping in AMOS. The results are as follows. First, there is a statistically meaningful relationship among children's smart device immersion tendency, self-regulation, and pro-social behavior. There is a negative correlation between children's smart device immersion tendency and children's self-regulation as well as pro-social behavior; however, there is positive relationship between children's self-regulation and pro-social behavior. Second, children's smart device immersion tendency had a direct effect on children's self-regulation. In addition, children's self-regulation indicated a direct effect on children's pro-social behavior. Third, children's self-regulation was found sufficient to mediate the relationship between children's smart device immersion tendency and pro-social behavior. The results indicate that the effort to increase children's self-regulation may decrease the negative effect toward children's pro-social behavior caused by smart device immersion tendencies.

Mediating Effect of Self-esteem on the Teacher-Young Child Relationship and Self-regulation Ability of Young Children (교사유아관계와 유아의 자기조절능력 간의 관계에서 자아존중감의 매개효과)

  • Woo, Hee-Jung
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.155-165
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the mediating effects of self-esteem on the teacher-young child relationship and self-regulation ability of young children. A survey was conducted on a random sample of 252 young children aged 3-5 years attending a nursery in Gwang-ju, Korea. Based on the data, Person's correlations between variables were analyzed, and hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to identify the direct and indirect effects of the teacher-young child relationship and self-esteem on the self-regulation ability of the young children. First, there were positive correlations among the teacher-young child relationship (intimacy) and self-esteem as well as self-regulation ability. There were negative correlations among the teacher-young child relationship (conflict, dependence) and self-esteem as well as self-regulation ability. Second, self-esteem partially mediated the correlation between the teacher-young child relationship and self-regulation ability. The results suggest that self-esteem may affect the self-regulation ability of young children as a mediating response to the teacher-young child relationship.

A Structural Analysis on School-Aged Children's Self-Regulation Competence and Its Related Variables (학령기 아동의 자기조절능력과 관련변인들 간의 관계 구조분석)

  • Choi, Hae-Joo;Moon, Soo-Back
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.23-40
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationships between of school-aged children's self-regulation competence, self-determination, self-efficacy, and mother's acceptive parenting. The subjects for this study were 544 Children in 5th and 6th grade randomly selected from three elementary schools located in Ulsan-city. The collected data were analyzed with AMOS 19.0. The results showed that 1) children's self-determination and self-efficacy were found to affect children's self-regulation competence directly. 2) children's self-efficacy were found to have indirect effect on children's self-regulation competence mediated by children's self-determination. 3) mother's acceptive parenting were found to have indirect effect on children's self-regulation competence mediated by children's self-efficacy or children's self-determination.

Effects of a Self-regulation Program on Blood Pressure Control and Self-Care in Patient with Essential Hypertension (자기조절프로그램이 고혈압환자의 혈압 및 자가간호행위에 미치는 효과)

  • Choo, Hyang Im;Kim, Gwang Suk
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Rural Health Nursing
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.33-43
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was done to verify the effects of a self-regulation program for management of hypertension. Method: Thirty patients with hypertension registered in a community health center were selected as the experiment group, and control group were patients in another community health center, matched for age and gender. The self-regulation program included daily blood pressure checks, periodic counseling, and health education. A self-check digital device with instructions was provided for self-monitoring of blood pressure, and the participants were interviewed before they took part in the program. Results: The first hypothesis was supported: There will be a greater reduction in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure for patients with hypertension who participate in the self-regulation program compared to patients in the control group. The second hypothesis was also supported: Patients with hypertension who participate in the self-regulation program will perform self-care activities better than those in the control group. Conclusion: The findings indicate that a self-regulation program reduces systolic and diastolic blood pressure and improves self-care in patients with hypertension. It is recommended that this self-regulation program be used in community health clinics for management of hypertension and prevention of complications.

Children's self-regulation and problem behavior according to family interaction types (가족상호작용 유형에 따른 유아의 자기조절력과 문제행동)

  • Cho, Soon Ok
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.1071-1087
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to examine children's self-regulation and their problem behavior according to family interaction types. The subjects were 227 children and their mothers, and 14 teachers in Jeonbuk. To obtain family interaction types, self-questionnaires of FACES III are given to mothers. Also, self-questionnaires of children's self-regulation and problem behavior were given to teachers. The data were analyzed by computing t-test, ANOVA, Duncan post test, and multiple liner regression. The results were as follows. First, There was a difference in the children's self regulation and problem behavior, but not in family cohesion and adaptability, according to the children's sex, age, and family variables. Second, it was found that there was a difference in self-regulation and problem behavior according to family interaction types. It showed that self-regulation was higher and problem behavior was lower in the most 'enmeshed' families in cohesion and the most 'chaotic' families in adaptability. Third, considering the relative strength of each variable on children's problem behavior, it was shown that children's sex and age had the greatest influence on problem behavior, followed by self-regulation and family's cohesion. In conclusion, it is suggested that the efforts to improve family cohesion as a psychological environment should be made in order to increase the children's self regulation and to decrease the children's problem behavior.

Relationships Between Children's Impulsivity, Sociodramatic Play and Children's self-regulation (유아의 충동성 기질 및 사회극놀이 참여도와 자기규제간의 관계)

  • Ohm, Jung Ae
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.41-58
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    • 2004
  • This study examined the relations between children's Impulsivity temperament, socio-dramatic play, and self-regulation of 4-year-old children. Subjects were 117 4-year-old children(59 boys and 58 girls) selected from three kindergartens. Each mother completed a questionnaire on her child's temperament. Naturalistic observations of total socio-dramatic play, complex socio-dramatic play, solitary dramatic play and of self-regulation in two classroom contexts - clean-up periods and group circle time - were conducted for obtaining data. Significance was analyzed by Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis. Children's Impulsivity was negatively related to self-regulation and to total and complex socio-dramatic play, but impulsivity was positively related to solitary dramatic play. Total and complex socio-dramatic play was positively related to self-regulation while solitary dramatic play was negatively related to self-regulation. Total and complex socio-dramatic play, and solitary dramatic play displayed a mediating role between impulsivity and self-regulation during clean-up periods.

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The Relations Among Teachers' Beliefs Regarding Self-control, Preschoolers' Behavioral Self-regulation and School Readiness : The Gender Difference (자기조절에 대한 교사신념, 유아의 행동적 자기조절 및 학교준비도의 관계 : 유아 성별에 따른 차이)

  • Sung, Miyoung;Chang, Young Eun;Son, Seunghee Claire
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.61-78
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    • 2016
  • The current study examined the relations among teachers' beliefs, behavioral self-regulation and school readiness of preschoolers. The study sample included 229 preschoolers aged 3 to 5 attending child care centers located in Seoul and Gyeonggi area of Korea. Using Structural Equation Modeling, the paths from teachers' beliefs to children's school readiness via the mediation of their behavioral self-regulation were examined. Children's self-regulation was directly assessed using Head-to-Toe Tasks. The results showed that teachers' stronger beliefs in and responsibility for children's self-regulation and interpersonal skills significantly predicted greater behavioral self-regulation among children, which in turn, significantly influenced greater social skills and work-related skills. The contribution of teachers' beliefs and behavioral regulation to social skills and work-related skills was positive and stronger for boys.