• Title, Summary, Keyword: Self-help Group

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Effects of Tai Chi combined with Self-help Program on Arthritic Symptoms and Fear of Falling in Women with Osteoarthritis (골관절염 여성에게 적용한 타이치 운동과 자조관리 프로그램의 관절염증상 및 낙상공포감에 대한 효과비교)

  • Song, Rha-Yun;Eam, Ae-Yong;Lee, Eun-Ok;Lam, Paul;Bae, Sang-Cheol
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.46-54
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of the Tai Chi self-help program with a self-help program on pain, stiffness, physical functioning, and fear of falling in women with osteoarthritis. Method: Total of 82 women with Osteoarthritis recruited from outpatient clinics or community health centers were randomly assigned either to a Tai Chi self-help group or a self-help group. Thirty subjects in the Tai Chi self-help group and 39 in the self-help group completed posttest measures(pain, stiffness, physical functioning, and fear of falling) at 6 months. Results: After the 6 month study period, the subjects in the Tai Chi self-help group reported significantly less difficulties in performing daily activities(mean difference=-0.16 vs. 6.19 for the self-help), and less fear of falling(mean difference=-3.20 vs. 0.27 for the self-help) than those in the self-help group. There were no significantly differences in pain and stiffness between the groups. Conclusion: The Tai Chi combined with self-help program was more effective than the self-help only program in reducing difficulties in performing daily activities and fear of falling in women with Osteoarthritis. Whether these changes prevent fall episodes requires further study.

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The Effect of a Community-Based Selp-Help Management Program for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (당뇨병 환자를 위한 지역사회 중심 자조관리 프로그램의 효과)

  • Kim, Eun-Young;So, Ae-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.307-315
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was done to assess the effects of a self-help intervention on clinical, lifestyle and psycho-social outcomes in patients with Type II diabetes. Methods: Eligible adults with Type II diabetes were randomly assigned to either the intervention group receiving the diabetes self-help or the control group receiving usual care. Of the 36 patients who completed the study, 15 were in the intervention group and 21 were in the control group. The self-help group consisted of six weekly sessions covering aspects of diabetes self-care and using continuing education, discussion, and structured social activities. Outcomes included changes in glycemic control, knowledge, self-management behaviors, diabetes-related self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life. Analysis of covariance was used to compare outcomes between the groups, adjusting for baseline measures. Results: After the six week intervention, significant improvements from the baseline were observed in the measurements of self-management behaviors, diabetes-related self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life for the intervention group. Conclusion: The findings provide preliminary evidence that a diabetes self-help group intervention can benefit diabetes patients in self-management behaviors, diabetes-related self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life. However, larger longitudinal studies are needed to determine the most efficacious self-management methods to sustain long-term glycemic control and psychological well-being.

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Effects of the Selp-Help Group Program for Quality of Life in Women with Breast Cancer (자조집단 프로그램이 유방암환자의 삶의 질에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Mi-Sook;Chyon, Mi-Sun
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.45-55
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    • 2003
  • Self-help group program is an elective procedure intended to improve the quality of life of women undergoing mastectomy. The purpose of this study is explore effects of the self-help group program for QOL after mastectomy. 40 Women who had undergone mastectomies between stagel to 3 were recruited. Subjects of experimental group attended the self-help group for 4 weeks. Data were collected by self-reporting questionnaire. QOL was assessed using the Quality of Life Scale(QLS) translated by Kwon(1990). As a results, no significant differences were found between experimental and control group in changes of QOL. But, experimental group increased QOL score. In conclusions, when the self-help group program is provided to the patients with breast cancer, it can be helpful for promoting QOL and emotional support, even no statistical difference. For the further study, repeated researched with appropriate duration of intervention is suggested. Significant anxiety about their disease and fear of recurrence will be persisted despite intervention.

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The Effect of Self-help Group Program on Adaptation and Quality of Life of Mastectomy Patients (자조집단 프로그램이 유방절제술 환자의 적응과 삶의 질에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Young-Shin;Lim, Nan-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.61-71
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    • 1999
  • This quasi-experimental study was intended to test the effect of self-help group program, which is one of the way to enhance adaptation and quality of life to mastectomy patients. Data was collected from July 14, 1998 to Oct. 31, 1998 at two Medical Center in Seoul. The subjects for this study were the patients who had undergone mastectomy and were follow-up ; 14 in experimental group and 14 in control group matched with age and treatment. The instruments for this study were adaptation in Lee(1994)'s physical symptom questionnaire, Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale(SDS, 1965), and Self-rating Anxiety Scale(SAS, 1970), quality of life in Spranger(1996)'s and No(1988)'s Quality of Life Questionnaire. The self-help group program for mastectomy patients was developed based on literature review and pilot study by the investigator. The subjects of experimental group were participated in 6 weeks self-help group program and were received arm and shoulder exercise, informational support, and interpersonal support by group members. The control group were received no intervention, Both group answered questionnaires prior to intervention and 6 weeks later. The data analyzed by frequency, $X^2$-test, Mann-Whitney U test. Wilcoxon Signed Rank test, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient and Stepwise Multiple Regression using SPSS WIN. The results are as follows ; Hypothesis 1. "The experimental group with the self-help group program will have a higher score on adaptation state than control group." was not supported. But the post test score of anxiety and depression in experimental group were declined and the depression score was reduced relatively. Hypothesis 2. "The experimental group with the self-help group program will have a higher score on quality of life than control group." was not supported. But the posttest score of quality of life in experimental group was reduced relatively. Hypothesis 3. "The higher adaptation state of mastectomy patients, the higher quality, of life." was supported(r=,80, p<.001). Additionally, the lower physical symptom, depression and anxiety, the higher quality of life And depression, which was the main predictor of quality of life, accounted for 59.5%, depression and anxiety accounted for 65.5% of the variance in quality of life. In conclusion, when the self-help group program was intervened to mastectomy patients, it was tended to increase quality of life and to reduce depression and anxiety. So self-help group program can be considered useful nursing inter vention effect on adaptation and quality of life of mastectomy patients. With discussion, I suggest repeated further re search on self-help group with appropriate sample size and longitudinal study. Also during adjuvant therapy, it is needed to develop convenient method to be supported from peer group and family, such as computer mediated support group.

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A study on current situation of self-help group program in community-based home visiting health service (보건소 방문건강관리사업의 자조집단 운영 현황)

  • Park, Jeong Sook;Kwon, Sang-Min
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.8
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    • pp.449-458
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to examine and analysis self-help group program performed in community-based home visiting health service. The data was collected public servants from the Home Visiting Health Care Service of 253 public health centers all over the country and was analyzed by SPSS/Win 17.0 program. 43.1% of self-help program was performed and 56.9% was not from year 2007 to 2010. As the years passed, the number of self-help group program was getting increased. The action for activating self-help programs was voluntary participation of clients, enthusiasm of management practitioner, and encouragement about self-help group. Self-help group programs based on public health center are insufficient. Self-help programs should be activated for clients of home visiting health care service. A systematic operating model of self-help group is also needed to develop and apply in consideration of these findings.

Effects of a Self-Help Group Program for Young Adults with Hemophilia (성인 초기 혈우인을 위한 자조관리 프로그램의 효과)

  • Kang Hyun-sook;Kim Won-ock;Lee Hya-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.602-610
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of Self-help program for Young adults with hemophilia. Method: A quasi-experimental design was used. The subjects were 40 young adults with hemophilia, 21 in the experimental group and 19 in the control group. The subjects of the experimental group participated in a self-help group program for five sessions for 5 weeks. The program consisted of health education abouthemophilia, exercise, and therapeutic recreation. Its outcomes were evaluated on self-efficacy, ADL, depression, and quality of life. The obtained data was analyzedusing the Mann- Whitney U test of SPSS. Result: 1) The scores of self-efficacy, ADL and quality of life increased significantly in the experimental group as compared to the control group. 2) The score of depression decreased significantly in the experimental group as compared to the control group. Conclusion: Considering these research results, the program is effective in improving self-management ability and quality of life. Therefore this program could be implemented as a self-help group program for hemophilia clients.

The Effect of Self-Help Management Program by Strengthen Self-Efficacy on Self-Efficacy and the Activities of Daily Living in Stroke Patients (자기효능증진 자조관리 프로그램이 뇌졸중 환자의 자기효능과 일상생활동작 수행능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, In-Sook;Kang, Seung-Joo;Kim, Kye-Ha
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.526-536
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study examined the effect of a self-help management program which strengthens self-efficacy on the self-efficacy and the activities of daily living(ADL) in stroke patients. Methods: A quasi-experimental nonequivalent control group, pre and post design was used. The subjects consisted of 47 stroke patients. Twenty-six patients were assigned to the experimental group and 21 patients were assigned to the control group. The self-help management program by strengthen self-efficacy and general hospital care were carried out on the experimental group. General hospital care was performed on the control group. The data was collected before and 5 weeks after the program. All subjects were questioned about the self-efficacy and ADL before and after the program. Results: The scores of the self-efficacy and ADL in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group. Conclusion: The self-help management program by strengthen self-efficacy is effective in increasing the self-efficacy and ADL. Therefore this program may be a useful intervention to increase the ADL in stroke patients.

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Comparison of Effects among Tai-Chi Exercise, Aquatic Exercise, and a Self-help Program for Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis (슬골관절염 환자를 위한 타이치운동, 수중운동과 자조관리프로그램의 효과비교)

  • Lee Hea-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.571-580
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was to compare the effects among Tai-Chi exercise, aquatic Exercise, and a self-help program for knee osteoarthritis patients on symptoms of arthritis, muscle strength, balance, and difficulty of performing activities. Method: There were 50 final subjects50. A non-equivalent pretest-posttest design was used. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS for Window. One-way ANOVA and Scheffe's multiple comparison test were used 8weeks after each program. Result: There were significant differences in joint pain(p=.000), stillness (p=.001), knee extensor peak torque(p=.006), knee flexor(p=.002), and difficult of performing activity (p=.000), but there was no significant difference in balance(p=.648). The Tai-Chi group was significantly different from the self-help group for knee extensor peak torque, knee flexor and stiffness on Scheffe's multiple comparison tests. In addition, the Tai Chi group or aquatic group were significantly different from the self-help group for difficulty of performing activities(p<0.05). Conclusion: There are significant differences in the effects of the nursing intervention among the three groups. The Tai Chi group and aquatic group were significantly different from the self-help group. However, it seems that Tai-chi exercise may be more suitable than aquatic exercise in osteoarthritis exercise programs. Further studies with a longitudinal study are necessary to confirm the longer exercise period.

Effects of Self Help Program for Pain, ADL, Exercise Self-Efficacy, and Knowledge about Arthritis in Patients with Osteoarthritis (자조관리 과정이 골관절염 환자의 통증, 일상생활 활동 운동효능감, 관절염 지식에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Sang-Youn;Son, Jung-Tae;Park, Du-Hee;Lee, Kyung-Hee;Kim, Jin-Suk
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.31-41
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the effects of self-help program offered to patients with arthritis. Method: A quasi-experimental study design with nonequivalent groups was employed for the study. The subjects in the experimental group were 19 residents of K City who visited K Health Center with chief complaints of osteoarthritis and who agreed to participate in the self-help program from January through April 2003. The subjects in the control group were 18 patients with arthritis, selected among patients on the waiting list of self-help program using random sampling method. Data related to pain, ADL, exercise self-efficacy, and knowledge about arthritis were obtained from both groups. SPSS Win 11.5 was used for the data analysis. Results: The results of this study were as follows. 1. The pain score and exercise self-efficacy of the study group were significantly higher than the control group. 2. The ADL score and knowledge about arthritis were not significantly higher than the control group. Conclusion: Based on the study results, self-help program was proved to be effective in alleviating pain, and promoting exercise self-efficacy related to arthritis.

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Effects of the Self-help Group Program for Promoting Self-Transcendence in Women with Breast Cancer (유방암 환자의 자기초월감 증진을 위한 자조집단과정 개발 및 운영 효과)

  • Kwon, In-Gak;Park, Eun-Young;Ham, Yun-Hee;Rhoo, Sung-Suk;Lee, Eun-Ok
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.217-228
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    • 2001
  • Cancer survivor's self-help group may promote psychosocial adjustment in cancer patients. Self-transcendence has been shown to be related with crisis and adjustment in women with breast cancer. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of self-transcendence promoting program to facilitate self-transcendence, physical, and emotional well-being in women with breast cancer. Thirty patients who received mastectomy were recruited, but 9 subjects of experimental group and 14 subjects of control group participated in this study. Subjects of experimental group attended the self-help group for self-transcendence once a week for 6 weeks. Each session of program was proceeded for 2hours and the program contained activities for promoting self-transcendence, stress management, communication skill, exercise and relaxation, symptom management, and family support. Data were collected by self-reporting questionnaires within seven days after mastectomy and after the program was finished in experimental group, within 7 days after mastectomy and after 3 months in control group. Self-transcendence was assessed using the self-transcendence scale (STS) developed by Reed. Physical well being was assessed using Symptom distress scale (SDS) developed by McCorkle and Young and emotional well being was assessed using Profile of mood states (POMS). As a result, no significant differences were found between both groups in changes of self-transcendence, emotional well-being, and physical well-being. Self-transcendence score was significantly decreased in control group (p =0.16). But that of experimental group showed no decrease. In conclusions, when the self-transcendence promoting program is provided to the patients with breast cancer, it can be helpful for promoting self- transcendence. For the further study, repeated research with appropriate sample size and more intensive nursing intervention to promote self-transcendence is suggested. And reassessment after 6 months is recommended for testing long term effects of the program.

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