• Title, Summary, Keyword: Self-Transcendence

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Effects of the Self-help Group Program for Promoting Self-Transcendence in Women with Breast Cancer (유방암 환자의 자기초월감 증진을 위한 자조집단과정 개발 및 운영 효과)

  • Kwon, In-Gak;Park, Eun-Young;Ham, Yun-Hee;Rhoo, Sung-Suk;Lee, Eun-Ok
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.217-228
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    • 2001
  • Cancer survivor's self-help group may promote psychosocial adjustment in cancer patients. Self-transcendence has been shown to be related with crisis and adjustment in women with breast cancer. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of self-transcendence promoting program to facilitate self-transcendence, physical, and emotional well-being in women with breast cancer. Thirty patients who received mastectomy were recruited, but 9 subjects of experimental group and 14 subjects of control group participated in this study. Subjects of experimental group attended the self-help group for self-transcendence once a week for 6 weeks. Each session of program was proceeded for 2hours and the program contained activities for promoting self-transcendence, stress management, communication skill, exercise and relaxation, symptom management, and family support. Data were collected by self-reporting questionnaires within seven days after mastectomy and after the program was finished in experimental group, within 7 days after mastectomy and after 3 months in control group. Self-transcendence was assessed using the self-transcendence scale (STS) developed by Reed. Physical well being was assessed using Symptom distress scale (SDS) developed by McCorkle and Young and emotional well being was assessed using Profile of mood states (POMS). As a result, no significant differences were found between both groups in changes of self-transcendence, emotional well-being, and physical well-being. Self-transcendence score was significantly decreased in control group (p =0.16). But that of experimental group showed no decrease. In conclusions, when the self-transcendence promoting program is provided to the patients with breast cancer, it can be helpful for promoting self- transcendence. For the further study, repeated research with appropriate sample size and more intensive nursing intervention to promote self-transcendence is suggested. And reassessment after 6 months is recommended for testing long term effects of the program.

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Self-transcendence, Spiritual well-being, and Death Anxiety of the Elderly (재가노인의 자기초월, 영적안녕, 죽음불안)

  • Kim, Soon Yi;Lee, Jeong In
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.480-489
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine self-transcendence, spiritual well-being, and death anxiety of elderly. Method: This was a descriptive survey study. Data were collected from March to June, 2013, from 243 elderly persons. Questionnaires were used in order to solicit information on self-transcendence, spiritual well-being, and death anxiety. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression were used in analysis of data. Results: Average scores were 2.96 for self-transcendence, 4.19 for spiritual well-being, and 3.08 for death anxiety. Statistically significant negative correlations were observed between self-transcendence and death anxiety, spiritual well-being and death anxiety. However, from the statistical point of view, significantly positive correlation was observed between self-transcendence and spiritual well-being.. Spiritual well-being, health status, and gender were significant predictors of self-transcendence. Conclusion: This study will provide basic information for use in development of a program to encourage a healthy lifestyle for elderly persons.

Values and Pro-Environmental Behaviors of Homemakers (주부의 가치와 친환경적 행동)

  • 장혜연
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 1997
  • Recently, much of attention has been given to the role of values in pro-environmental behaviors. The reasons are that most of environmental pollution comes from the home-living and polluting behavior is motivated by the undesirable value pursuing self-interests. This study is designed to investigate the effect of values on environmental behaviors. The results of this study are as following: Homemakers' value structure had 'self-transcendence·conservation' value, 'self-enhancement·conservation' value and 'openness-to-change' value as value factors. And the homemakers thought of self-transcendence·conservation value as "most important" and self-enhancement·conservation value as "not important". Consequently, homemakers had a tendency to do more pro-environmental behaviors when they perceived self-transcendence·conservation value as "more important value", while they did less when they regarded self-enhancement·conservation value as "more important". Therefor self-transcendence·whereas self-enhancement·conservation value is a negative predictor. Especially, self-transcendence·conservation value had more influence on pro-environmental behaviors than self-enhancement·conservation value.

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The Lived Experience of Self-Transcendence of Elders (노인의 자기초월 체험에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Soon Yi
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.595-605
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    • 2000
  • This Qualitative nursing research used a hermeneutic phenomenological approach to discover meaning in an self-transcendence experience. The ultimate aim of the inquiry was to discover the essence of self-transcendence experience and to promote understanding. The study used van Manen's Methodology of phenmonological research. Multiple strategies for data collecting were utilized : in depth face-to-face interview and analysis of elders' literature. The following themes of experience emerged : Accepting becoming older as a natural phenomenon, transferring to one's own sons' and daughters' oriented life. Maintaining harmonious relationship with neighbors and peer, observing real situations with silence, forming internal integrity with perseverance, compromising own's real situation, actualizing one's death, giving up roots of life, depending on God and conforming to human limitation. From this study essential themes for understanding self-transcendence experience and needs for continuing inquiry were identified.

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Effects of the Self-transcendence Enhancement Program among Patients with Drug Addiction: A Mixed Method Research (약물중독자를 위한 자기초월증진 프로그램의 효과: 혼합설계연구 적용)

  • Kim, Younsil;Kim, Suk-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this mixed method study was to examine effects of the self-transcendence enhancement program among patients with drug addiction, and to explore their experiences through the program. Methods: For the quantitative study, a non-equivalent control group quasi-experimental design was used. The sample was 49 hospitalized patients with drug addiction. The self-transcendence enhancement program was provided twice a week for 6 weeks. Quantitative data were analyzed using $x^2$ test, t-test and ANCOVA. For the qualitative study, 12 patients in the experimental group participated in a focus group interview, and data were analyzed using the content analysis technique. Results: After the intervention, there were significant improvements for the experimental group in self-transcendence and declines in depression compared to the control group. From the qualitative findings three themes were identified as the change process after the intervention: 'looking back at myself', 'gaining confidence through small changes', and 'finding meaning in life'. Conclusion: Results suggest that the self-transcendence enhancement program can be utilized as a nursing intervention program for patients with drug addiction.

The effect of self-transcendence and loneliness on quality of life of the elderly (자기초월과 고독감이 재가 노인의 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Soon Yi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.6679-6687
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    • 2015
  • purpose : The purpose of this study was examine the effect of self-transcendence and loneliness on quality of life of the elderly. Method : This was a descriptive survey study. The subjects was 171 elderly persons. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression were used in analysis of data. Results : Average score were 2.7 for self-transcendence, 2.0 for loneliness, and 3.0 for quality of life. Statistically significant positive correlations were observed between quality of life and self-transcendence. however, from the statistical point view, significantly negative correlation was observed between quality of life and loneliness. self-transcendence, economic status, general health status, loneliness and spouse were significant predictors of quality of life. Conclusion : This study will provide basic information for use in development of a program to encourage a quality of life for elderly persons.

An Empirical Study on the Effects of Career Ambition and Self-Compassion on Innovation Work Behavior of CEOs and Executives of SMEs (중소기업 최고경영자(CEO 및 임원)의 커리어 야망과 자기자비가 혁신행동에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jinsook;Hwang, Kumju
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.139-158
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    • 2018
  • Considering that the subject of innovation of SMEs is the CEO, it is very important to study the innovation behavior of the CEO at the individual level. The purpose of this study is to examine factors affecting innovation work behavior of SME CEOs. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of self-compassion and self-transcendence on innovation work behavior, which are the emotional intelligence factors that show the psychological growth and potential of individual, and the career ambition and positive psychological capital did. In order to verify the research hypothesis, we analyzed 238 questionnaires collected from CEOs and executives of SMEs focused on auto parts and manufacturing. Factors affecting innovation behavior of SME CEO are summarized as follows. First, career ambition has a positive effect on positive psychological capital. Second, positive psychological capital has a positive effect on innovation work behavior. Third, self-compassion of CEO has positive influence on self - transcendence. Fourth, the self-transcendence of CEO has a positive effect on innovation work behavior. This study confirms the relationship between CEO career ambition, positive psychological capital, self-compassion, self-transcendence, and innovation work behavior of SME CEO and confirms the influence relationship between positive psychological capital and self-transcendence It is meaningful. Finally, theoretical and practical implications were discussed based on the results of the study.

Predictors of Resilience in Adolescents with Leukemia (백혈병 청소년의 회복력 영향 요인)

  • Hong, Sung Sil;Park, Ho Ran
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.595-603
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors relating to resilience for adolescents with leukemia and examine the relationship between these factors. Methods: From June to September in 2014, 199 adolescents aged 11 to 21 participated in the study as they visited the out-patient clinic at C university hospital for follow-up care. To verify the predictors and the effects of resilience, uncertainty, symptom distress, perceived social support, spiritual perspective, defensive coping, courageous coping, hope, and self-transcendence were measured. Collected data were analyzed using hierarchical regression analysis with the SAS statistics program. Results: The final regression model showed that courageous coping, hope, and self-transcendence were significant predictors related to resilience in adolescents with leukemia and explained for 63% of the variance in resilience. Conclusion: The findings indicate that adolescent-oriented intervention programs enhancing courageous coping, hope, and self-transcendence should be provide for adolescents with leukemia in order to overcome illness-related stress and support physical, psychological and social adjustment.

Self-transcendence, Life Satisfaction and Preference for care near the end of life of the Elderly (재가노인의 자기초월, 삶의 만족도와 임종기 치료 선호도 관련성)

  • Lee, Jeong In;Kim, Soon Yi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.212-220
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine self-transcendence, life satisfaction, and preference for end-of-life care in elderly patients. Method: This was a descriptive survey study. The study period was between August 2013 and October 2013 and included 208 elderly patients. Results: The average scores for self-transcendence, life satisfaction, and preference for end-of-life care were 2.79, 9.97, and 3.24, respectively. Statistically significant positive correlations were observed between self-transcendence and life satisfaction, decision making by health care professionals, spiritual area, family area. A positive correlation was observed between: (1) life satisfaction and spiritual area, (2) decision making by health care professionals and family area, and (3) decision making by health care professionals and pain area. Self-transcendence was a significant predictor of PCEOL. Conclusion: This study will provide basic information for use in the development of a program to encourage self- transcendence and life satisfaction, as well as to consider the elder's autonomy, pain control, and spirituality as important factors at the end-of-life care.

The Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire in Relation to the Temperament and Character Inventory of Personality in Korean High School Students (SPAQ에 의한 계절성과 TCI에 의해 평가된 기질과 성격과의 관련성 - 한국 고등학생을 대상으로 -)

  • Hong, Jun-Keun;Lee, Moon-Soo;Kim, Seung-Hyun;Joe, Sook-Haeng;Jung, In-Kwa
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : Recently, many authors investigated the relation of temperament and character to seasonality and the genetic factors in seasonality and personality. In this study, we investigated the relation between personality structure obtained from the psychobiological Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and self-reported seasonal variations in mood and behavior measured by the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SPAQ). Methods : 600 high-school students who live in Seoul of Korea, were participated in this study. Subjects were surveyed with the Korean translation of the SPAQ of Rosenthal, an instrument for investigating mood and behavioral changes with respect to the seasons of the you. Korean version of the TCI of Cloninger was also used for assessment of personality. Results : Female students were significantly higher scores on harm avoidance, reward dependence, and cooperativeness than male students who had significant higher scores on persistence and self·transcendence than the formers. GSS were showed positive correlation with harm avoidance and self-transcendence, and negative correlation with cooperativeness and self-directedness. By employing logistic regressions, the regression coefficients of SAD were significantly negative in SD, and positive in ST. Also, the regression coefficients of S-SAD were significantly negative in CO, and positive in ST. Those with GSS at least 11 were significantly higher mean ST values compared to the remaining individuals, and those with worst in winter were significantly lower mean CO values compared to the remaining individuals. Those who considered the seasonality as a problem at least to a moderate degree were associated with high HA and ST. Conclusion : We add the evidence that the seasonality is related to the temperament and character. Although there have been many reports about the seasonality in relation to the temperament and character in foreign countries, there has been very limited report from Korea before. We hope that this result would be a helpful in the clinical field in Korea.

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