• Title/Summary/Keyword: Secondary school

Search Result 812, Processing Time 0.228 seconds

A Study On the Connection Between the Computer Science Education Curriculum of University and that of Primary and Secondary School (초·중등학교와 대학교의 컴퓨터교과 교육과정 연계 연구)

  • Kang, Shin-Cheon
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
    • /
    • v.9 no.3
    • /
    • pp.29-45
    • /
    • 2006
  • The IT(Information Technology) is very important growth power in the knowledge information based society. But there is nothing an educational program or system for putting the computer science education in the primary and secondary school into practice. We can talk this problem because of the national curriculum. This existing state brings to a conclusion not only to the political and administrative support but also to the national curriculum. These internal problems are two. First problem is the content in the computer textbook. And second problem is the connection between the computer science education curriculum of university and that of primary and secondary school. This study analyzed the relation about it. And this study suggested the ideal method for connecting those of them. Finally, the results of this study are two. First result is the necessary to reconstruct the domain knowledge of the computer based on the computer science for getting the identity. And second result is necessary to connect between the domain knowledge of the computer based on the computer science identity of university and that of primary and secondary school.

  • PDF

Exploring Writing Education Standards for Secondary School Science Teachers (중등 과학교사 글쓰기 교육 기준 탐색)

  • Eo, Seon-Sug;Cho, Hee-Hyung
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.32 no.1
    • /
    • pp.182-200
    • /
    • 2012
  • There is growing recognition that secondary students must be given the opportunity to write in their science classrooms as well as in scientific inquiry based learning situations, yet the development of writing education standards for secondary school science teachers still needs to be addressed. The primary objective of this research was to explore the writing education standard for secondary school science teachers. The research objective was attained through the use of literature analyses. Drawing upon those results of the related literature analyses, this study suggests a list of writing education standards for secondary school science teachers. The list consists of 17 education standards and includes 42 sub-standards in total across four education areas.

A Study on the Current Status and Improvement of the University Admission System for Talented Students in Computer and Information Areas (대학 컴퓨터.정보화 특기자 특별전형의 운영 실태 및 개선방안)

  • Lee, Ho-Seub
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.393-407
    • /
    • 2013
  • The university admission system for talented students in computer and information areas has been mainly implemented during early admission period centering on universities located in metropolitan area since 1997. However, the current trend is that total number of selected students and universities that are selecting are continuously declining and 14 students were selected from 2 universities in school year 2013. Accordingly, it is difficult to expect positive effects on education related to information on secondary school curriculum, as well as train and select very talented students in certain areas. Such phenomenon is a result of insufficient educational activities on information of secondary school curriculum, as well as a reflection of social perception in the areas of computer and information. It shows that major variable with significant effects of university admission system has not been properly considered in the policy of training talented students at national level and the administration of secondary school curriculum on computer and information areas. Accordingly, there is a need for a comprehensive approach that considers the method and standards of universities' student selection system when establishing related future policy.

Revisiting the Definitions and the Textbook Descriptions of Dissolution, Diffusion and Effusion (용해, 확산, 분출의 정의와 교과서 서술에 대한 재고찰)

  • Park, Jong-Yoon
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.31 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1009-1024
    • /
    • 2011
  • Previous studies showed that many secondary school students and teachers have difficulties in distinguishing the phenomena of dissolution and diffusion, as well as the phenomena of diffusion and effusion. In this study, currently accepted term definitions of dissolution, diffusion and effusion were searched from the IUPAC Gold Book and the physical chemistry textbooks, and the points to differentiate the definitions were sought. Also, the term definitions of these three phenomena in the secondary school text books and the college general chemistry textbooks were surveyed and compared to the currently accepted definitions. It was found that dissolution is formation of one new phase from mixing two phases, while diffusion is the migration of matter down from the concentration gradient. The "concentration gradient" is considered to be a key point to distinguish diffusion from the dissolution. However, the concentration gradient was not mentioned in the definitions of diffusion in most of the secondary school textbooks and the college general chemistry textbooks. Effusion is differentiated from diffusion by the gas molecules escaping from the container through a tiny hole without collision. The definition of effusion was not found in most of the secondary school textbooks.

A Study on the Preferable Motivation Types in Science Learning of the Secondary School Students (과학 학습시 중.고등학생들이 선호하는 동기 유형에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Seok;Kwon, Hye-Lyun;Chang, Nam-Kee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.477-485
    • /
    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the preferable motivation types in science-learning and to find out the relationship between these types and scientific achievement of students in the secondary school. The subjects of the study were the second grade 581 students sampled by random cluster sampling method in three middle schools and three high schools. Three motivation types in science learning were analyzed, and they were named to task-orientation, ego-orientation and work-avoidance. From our results, secondary school students preferred task-orientation and work-avoidance to ego-orientation. In the case of task-orientation, high school students, especially in male group, had much preferable tendency than that of middle school students (p<0.001). It is interpreted that, as the level of scientific content of texts or the cognitive level of students were higher, a preference for the motivation type was focused to the task-orientation, especially in male group. In the case of ego-orientation, the female group showed much preferable tendency than that of male group in middle school (p<0.05). However, the female group in high school students was not different from the other groups in this motivation type. In the case of work-avoidance, there were not only a significant difference between males and females in the middle school (p<0.001), but also difference between middle and high school students in female group (p<0.05). It showed that female group had much preferable tendency than that of male group, and this tendency was decreased to the higher grade students in secondary school. From the analysis of correlation between motivation types and scientific achievement, task-orientation and work-avoidance were correlated to the scientific achievement. Its results were interpreted that the scientific achievement could be accomplished by the external motivation stimulus as well as the scientific content of texts. The task-orientation were comparatively correlated to the intelligence quality. It means that the students having high intelligence quality showed much preferable for the task-orientation.

  • PDF

The Effects of Individual and Environmental Characteristics of Secondary-school Teachers on Teacher Efficacy and Job Satisfaction (중등교사의 개인 특성과 환경 특성이 교사효능감과 직무만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Seong Ju;Kang, Dae Yong;Kim, Kyung Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
    • /
    • v.8 no.6
    • /
    • pp.171-180
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study was executed to verify the effects of individual and environmental characteristics of secondary-school teachers on teacher efficacy and job satisfaction. To do so, a survey of teacher efficacy and job satisfaction was conducted to 696 man and woman teachers from 55 secondary schools in Gwangju and Jeonnam province, and then the results of the survey were analyzed. In this study, teacher efficacy was composed as four factors: sense of calling, teaching-learning, colleague relation and school organization. And job satisfaction was categorized as three factors: job relation, compensation system and working environment. The Multivariate analysis results showed a significant difference in teacher efficacy and job satisfaction according to teachers' individual characteristics and working environment. Conclusively, teacher efficacy and job satisfaction are complicated factors formed by teachers' individual and environmental characteristics. To improve secondary-school teachers' teacher efficacy and job satisfaction, it is necessary to develop training and education programs reflecting individual and environmental characteristics.

Demographics, Social Media Use and Perceived Academic Stress of Secondary School Students in St. Thomas Aquinas College, Akure, Nigeria

  • Igbinovia, Magnus Osahon;Idhalama, Ogagaoghene Uzezi;Alex-Nmecha, Juliet C.
    • International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology
    • /
    • v.9 no.4
    • /
    • pp.7-29
    • /
    • 2019
  • The study was carried out to investigate the influence of demographics and social media use on perceived academic stress of secondary school students in St. Thomas Aquinas College, Akure, Nigeria. This was achieved using five research questions and four null hypotheses. The population of the study consisted of 1,107 students at ISCED level 3, out of which 286 were selected based on the Israel (2003) model for determining sample size. The Ex-Post Facto (EPT) research design of the correlational type was employed to investigate the study while questionnaire was used for data elicitation. Out of the 286 copies distributed, 192 (67% response rate) were retrieved and analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (correlation and multiple regression). The findings revealed that there is high frequency of social media use among secondary school students, majorly for meeting new friends and chatting. The perceived academic stress (PAS) of the students was found to be moderate. Of the three demographics considered, only class had significant influence on PAS. Use of social media did not have significantly influence on PAS of the students. When combined, demographics and social media use predicted PAS; and when considered relatively, of the independent variables, only class as an aspect of demographics predicted PAS. Therefore, the authors concluded that PAS of secondary school students is not directly influenced by demographics (except for class) and social media use. Based on the study's conclusion, recommendations were made.

Development and Application of Artificial Intelligence Education Program for Secondary School Students using Self-Driving Cars (자율주행 자동차를 이용한 중등 학생 대상 인공지능 교육 프로그램 개발 및 적용)

  • Ryu, Hyein;Lee, Jeonghun;Cho, Jungwon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.19 no.7
    • /
    • pp.227-236
    • /
    • 2021
  • This study aims to develop an AI education program for secondary school students to help understand AI and to provide an experience of solving real-life problems by using AI, and to analyze the effectiveness of education. The education program based on the AI education system for K-12 developed in the previous study was composed of a total of 12 lessons by selecting the self-driving cars, which is emerging as a recent issue among real life problems, as the main topic. Classes were conducted for secondary school students who had experience in software education, and the effectiveness of education and class satisfaction were analyzed. As a result of the analysis, it was confirmed that the understanding of AI and the sense of AI efficacy were improved, and the class satisfaction was high in all items such as educational content, fun in class, difficulty of class, and interest in AI. Based on these results, implications for AI education for secondary students were proposed.

A Comparative Analysis of Informatics Education for Preparing the Unification of the Korean Peninsula (통일대비 남북한 정보통신교육 비교 분석)

  • Park, Jung-Ho;Kim, Young-Gi;Lee, Tae-Wuk
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.157-165
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study aims to compare and analyse computer curriculum and textbooks of South Korea and North Korea in order to provide the basis for unifying the Informatics Education. Result of this study follows : First, there isn't any course for Informatics Education in the elementary school but it was requisitely carried 2 hours per week in secondary school in North Korea. But contents of curriculum is much different according to the level of school : genius secondary school, first secondary school, general secondary schol. In especially, Informatics Education had centered in genius secondary school. Second, in comparison of computer textbooks used in South and North Korea, we found that most contents of South Korea textbook was selected equally from all scope whereas those in North Korea were not contained the newest contents(e.g. Internet, Multimedia). But in contrast to South Korea textbook, there was BASIC programing course for improving problem-solving skills in North Korea textbook.

  • PDF

Common Misconceptions and Future Intention to Smoke among Secondary School Students in Malaysia

  • Caszo, Brinnell;Khair, Muhammad;Mustafa, Mohd Habbib;Zafran, Siti Nor;Syazmin, Nur;Safinaz, Raja Nor Intan;Gnanou, Justin
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1159-1164
    • /
    • 2015
  • Background: The prevalence of smoking among secondary school children continues to remain unchanged over the last 3 decades even though awareness regarding the health effects of smoking is increasing. Common misconceptions about smoking and parental influence could be factors influencing future intentions to smoke among these students. Hence, we looked at the common misconceptions as well as student perceptions about their future intention to smoke among Form 4 students in Shah Alam, Malaysia. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted by distribution of a questionnaire developed as part of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey to Form 4 student in 3 schools at Shah Alam. Results: Prevalence of smoking (current smokers) was 7.5%. Almost half of the children came from families where one or both parents smoked and a third of the parents had no discussion regarding consequences of smoking with them. A large number of students were classified as "triers" as they had tried smoking and were unsure of whether they would not be smoking in the future. Contrary to our expectations, students generally felt smoking did make one feel more uncomfortable and helped one to reduce body weight. Most students seemed to be aware of the ill-effects of smoking on health. They felt they had received adequate information from school regarding the effects on smoking on health. Conclusions: Our study showed that even though Form 4 students in Shah Alam were knowledgeable about ill-effects of smoking and were taught so as part of their school curriculum, the prevalence of smoking was still high. Students in the "trier group" represent a potential group of future smokers and strategies targeting tobacco control may be aimed at tackling these vulnerable individuals. Efforts are also needed to help educate secondary school children about common misconceptions and dispel myths associated with cigarette smoking.