• Title, Summary, Keyword: Scholastic achievement

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Scholastic Self-Concept And Attribution Tendencies Of Institutionalized Children (시설아동의 학문적 자아개념과 귀인성향에 관한 연구)

  • Chang, Hee Soon;Lee, Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.100-114
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    • 1990
  • The present research investigated scholastic self-concepts and attribution tendencies of institutionalized children in comparison with home-reared children. The subjects were 286 institutionalized and 327 home-reared fifth. sixth, seventh, and eighth grade children. Instruments were the Scholastic Self-Concept Test(Park. Lee. & Cho. 1980). the Attribution Tendency Test(Lee, 1983) and a questionnaire constructed by the researcher. Data were analyzed by ANOVA. Duncan's Test of Multiple Comparsion, and product- moment correlation coefficient(r). Findings showed that (1) the scholastic self-concept of institutionalized children was lower than that of home-reared children; (2) higher scholastic self-concept of institutionalized children was correlated with (i) higher degree of contentment with the institution. (ii) shorter length of residence in the institution. and (iii) older age at admission to the institution; (3) institutionalized children attributed achievement more to uncontrollable. external factors. while home-reared children attributed achievement more to controllable. internal factors; (4) institutionalized children with a lower degree of contentment with the institution attributed achievement to luck while those with a higher degree of contentment attributed achievement to ability; and (5) the higher the scholastic self-concept. the higher the tendency to attribute achievement to internal. controllable factors, and the lower the scholastic self-concept, the higher the tendency to attribute achievement to external, uncontrollable factors.

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A Case Study of the Scholastic Achievement Grades Results for Junior College Students of Engineering Department according to the Basic Academic Skills: Based on the Case Study of I Junior College (전문대학 공학계열 학생의 기초학습능력 수준에 따른 학업성취도 결과 사례연구: I 전문대학 사례를 중심으로)

  • Han, Sung-Il;Kang, Moon-Sang
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.119-124
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    • 2012
  • The influences of the basic academic skills to the scholastic achievement grades has been researched and we made a test of the basic academic skills(Korean language, mathematic, foreign language) to the students of engineering department in I college in Seoul and analyzed the correlation between the basic academic skills and the scholastic achievement grades. Results show that the scholastic achievement grades has a correlation(r=.456, p<0.01) to the average grade of the basic academic skill test. High level students of the scholastic achievement grades have a correlation(r=.292, p<0.01) to the mathematical department and the others have a correlation(r=.232, p<0.05 and r=.279, p<0.01) to the Korean linguistic department. The results of this study through multiple regression analysis indicate that the scholastic achievement has a relation on Korean language skill. As a result, It is recommendable that the mathematical basic academic skill programs are suggested to the high-level students of the scholastic achievement grades and the linguistic basic academic skill programs to the others. Also, the required basic linguistic subject is needed to the low-level students of the basic academic skills and in this paper, we propose the test and management system for the basic campus-life skills including the basic academic skills and the basic major skills.

The Consequences of Development and Application of Interest Induced Learning Material on Mathematics Scholastic Achievement - Focused on vocational high school - (흥미유발 학습자료의 개발ㆍ적용이 수학과 학업성취에 미치는 영향 (실업계 고등학교를 중심으로))

  • 오수창
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2000
  • This study is focused on vocational high school students who feel hardly interested in mathematics and are considered to have very limited basic scholastic ability. It analyzes the data obtained by applying the material, extracted from the Internet and literature to school classes from March to July, for the purposes of improving the degree of scholastic achievement on the basis of the fact that interest induced learning materials were developed and applied to the students to bring about their motivation resulting in a positive change in understanding and attitudes to mathematics. According to the result of the analysis, the level of students' scholastic ability of both the comparative class and the experimental class were too low to become interested in mathematics. However, the experimental class students seemed to feel familiar to the learning materials rather than reluctant, and it appeared that their interest and behavior of learning began to change gradually in an extent. In addition to that, as an aspect of scholastic achievement there was not considerable difference between the two classes, but as time went, some valuable changes were found. Unfortunately, the size of group of the research was small and the period of the experimental classes was not extensively long, and therefore the same result might not occur in other groups. However, it is believed that in class-time, educating students by putting in learning materials bringing about relevant motivation to the class, will lead them to become interested in mathematics, and change their attitudes and understanding of mathematics. After all, scholastic achievement will be effective.

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The Effect of Basic Mathematical Ability Improvement Program on Scholastic Achievement and Scholastic Motivation - A Case Study on Engineering Freshmen in D University - (수학기초학력 향상프로그램이 학업성취도와 학습동기에 미치는 영향 - D대학교 공과대학 신입생을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Jung-Rye;Lee, Sung-Jin;Kwon, Hyuk-Hong;Lee, Gyeong-Hee
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.167-184
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    • 2011
  • In D university, 2010 year engineering freshmen were taken basic mathematical ability test and were given basic mathematical ability improvement program based on the test. In order to study the effect of this program for scholastic achievement, we analyse basic mathematical ability test score and college mathematics score among student groups. And to study the effect of this program for scholastic motivation, we survey the mathematical inclination, the recognition of mathematics, and classes of mathematics. As results, engineering freshmen in D university were poor at basic mathematical ability and basic mathematical ability improvement program effected scholastic achievement and motivation in mathematics, greatly. For the success of college mathematics in engineering college, this study suggests basic mathematical ability test and the survey for engineering freshmen's mathematical background. Finally, we suggest that college mathematics must be focused on the improvement of basic mathematical abilities.

Development a Tool Which Can be Used in Factor Analysis of Inequality on Mathematics Scholastic Achievement (수학 학업성취의 불평등을 측정할 수 있는 도구의 개발)

  • Lee, Kang-Sup;Park, Yong-Beom
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.321-330
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a tool which can be used in factor analysis of inequality on mathematics education. The objectives for study are develop an index that can be used to find a deviation of objects on mathematics scholastic achievement. The results of this study are deviation index of objects on mathematics scholastic achievement which development can be applications to Gini coefficient.

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Development a Model for 'Factor Analysis of Inequality on Mathematics' and Inequality of Secondary Mathematics (중등 수학교육에서의 불평등 요인 분석)

  • Lee, Kang-Sup;Park, Yong-Beom
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.303-320
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a tool which can be used in factor analysis of inequality on mathematics scholastic achievement. The objectives for study are as follows: First, we develop a model for 'factor analysis of inequality on mathematics scholastic achievement' transformed from Persell's 'A model for factor analysis of inequality on education'. Second, we analyze the inequality factors with the deviation index of objects on mathematics scholastic achievement that we have developed. The results of this study are as follows: We development a model for 'factor analysis of inequality on Mathematics' and inequality factors on mathematics scholastic achievement in secondary schools are private education, scholarships of parents, region, sex and school system. The factors most influenced in mathematics scholastic achievement are economic standings of household, scholarships of parents and private educations in order.

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Instructional Media Exploitation and Application for Efficient Culinary Practice (효과적인 조리 실습을 위한 교수매체 개발 및 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kab-Young;Kang, Keoung-Shim
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.7
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    • pp.73-83
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    • 2006
  • This paper is focused on culinary practice. The objective of this research was to develop Instructional Media for efficient culinary practice at high school. For evaluation, Instructional Media were developed and used for culinary practice at a high school located in Chunan. Understanding, interest and scholastic achievement in culinary practice were evaluated and compared for the study group using the developed Instructional Media and the control group not using the developed Instructional Media. Understanding (p<.001), interest (p<.01) and scholastic achievement(p<.01) were higher in the study group than in the control group. The important contributions of this research include the reduction of practice time and improvement of scholastic achievement. The Instructional Media developed in this research will increase the students' interest, reduce the difficulties of culinary practice, and improve the students' culinary skill. The study and development of culinary practice is limited to CDs and illustrated books, and research on the development of various Instructional Media will continue.

A Study on the Methods of the Enhancement of Scholastic Achievement in Mathematics through Small Group Activities Based on the Students′ Ability Levels. (협력학습을 통한 수학과 학력신장에 관한 연구)

  • 이상구
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.197-205
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    • 1998
  • This study aims to examine how cooperative teaming of small ability level groups influences the enhancement of their scholastic achievement in mathematics. The conclusions are as follows; 1. The students which participate in cooperative learning in small ability level groups demonstrate academic improvement over those that participate in non-cooperative learning groups. 2. In particular, this method is more effective for high-level classes, than for middle or low-level students. 3. The learners' perception, interest and attitude towards mathematics has not changed through their placement in small ability groups involved in cooperative activities.

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Correlation analysis of factors and the geriatric oral health-related quality of life in Gumi (구미 일부지역 노인의 구강건강관련 삶의 질 수준과 요인간 상관관계 분석)

  • Kim, Han-Na;Ku, In-Young;Moon, Seon-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.1039-1048
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The objective of this paper is to clarify the factors of the geriatric oral health influencing oral health-related quality of life by using the contracted OHIP-14 tool. Methods : This research conducted individual interview for 177 seniors using senior citizen center by using structured questionnaires. SAS(Ver.9.2) Program was used for the collected data to perform frequency analysis, reliability and scale analysis, t-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. Results : The oral health-related quality of life level related to oral health according to the demographical characteristics showed that it was better in case that they are younger, married, more educated and have more living expenses. Except for age, oral health-related quality of life was connected to scholastic achievement, living expenses, subjective health condition and subjective oral health condition. The factors influencing the oral health condition were subjective health condition, marriage, scholastic achievement, living expenses, age and sex. As the subjective health condition is better, in case of cohabitation of only a couple and as the age or scholastic achievement is higher and the living expenses are more, the oral health condition was better. The factors influencing oral health-related quality of life were subjective oral health condition, marriage, sex, subjective health condition, scholastic achievement and living expenses. As the subjective oral health condition and health condition were better and in case of sole living and cohabitation of only a couple, male's oral health-related quality of life was higher. Conclusions : It is considered that because the geriatric oral health condition becomes an important factor to oral health-related quality of life, the development of the geriatric oral health business and the geriatric heal education program to maintain and improve oral health is required and the activation of the oral health insurance policy for preventive dental service is necessary.

Response of High School Students on Development of Gradually-Processing Completion Concept Map and It's Application - Case Study on 'Diastrophism in Earth Science I'- (점진적 완성 개념도의 개발과 적용에 따른 고등학생들의 반응 -지구과학 I 지각변동 단원에의 적용 사례 -)

  • Cho, Kyu-Seong;Cho, Sung-Ho;Kim, Cheong-Bin;Chung, Duk-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.140-150
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    • 2008
  • In this study, a new teaching model was developed using concept maps and applied to the Earth Science I unit on diastrophism. We analyzed the effects of this model on students' scholastic achievement, ability to construct concept maps, and attitudes towards concept map lessons, in comparison to traditional teaching methods. The data was sampled from 128 second-year male high school students in Gyunggido, Korea. Although the results are not statistically significant, the new teaching model seems to have contributed to an increase in scholastic achievement as opposed to the traditional teaching models. We also found that the students to whom the new teaching model was applied showed both significant and positive effects in terms of scholastic achievement, the ability to construct a concept map, and changes in attitudes towards concept map lessons.