• 제목/요약/키워드: Salivary gland

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Effects of Korean Red Ginseng on Dry Mouth: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

  • Park, Jae-Woo;Lee, Beom-Joon;Bu, Young-Min;Yeo, In-Kwon;Kim, Jin-Sung;Ryu, Bong-Ha
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.183-191
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    • 2010
  • Dry mouth is easily neglected if not associated with oral diseases. Consequently, xerostomatic patients often use unconventional therapies. In traditional Korean medicine, Korean red ginseng (KRG) has long been used to relieve dry mouth. However, no clinical trials have investigated whether KRG actually has an effect on dry mouth. This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of KRG for dry mouth. We enrolled 100 volunteers with no obvious oral or salivary gland diseases and divided them into KRG and placebo groups. Each group was divided into six subgroups according to age and gender. The subjects received 6 g/day of KRG or placebo for 8 weeks. The dry mouth visual analog scale (VAS), salivary flow rate, and a dry mouth-related symptom questionnaire were evaluated at baseline and at 4 and 8 weeks. KRG treatment did not show any significant differences for any of the variables. However, KRG improved the dry mouth VAS at 4 weeks and dry mouthrelated symptoms at 8 weeks in women, but not in men. Subgroup analyses revealed that KRG markedly improved the dry mouth VAS in women of menopausal age (40 to 59 years) at 4 and 8 weeks. KRG may have beneficial effects for dry mouth in women, especially those of menopausal age, but not in men. Further investigation in post- and perimenopausal women is required to elaborate on these findings.

EXPRESSIONS OF VASCULAR METASTASIS RELATED FACTORS IN MURINE ORTHOTOPIC TUMOR MODELS OF SALIVARY GLANDS (마우스에서 확립된 타액선 동위종양에서 혈관성 전이관련 인자의 발현)

  • Jang, Jae-Hyun;Kwon, Kwang-Jun;Park, Young-Wook
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.499-508
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    • 2007
  • Background and Purpose: Some subtypes of malignant salivary gland tumors such as adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) frequently result in distant metastasis of vascular origin, which are main causes of treatment failure. The reasons for the affinity for vascular metastatic potential are unclear. Therefore, molecular characteristics that influence the dissemination of metastatic tumor cells are important for the design of more effective treatment of salivary ACC. Tumor angiogenesis has been known to be essential for the distant metastasis of malignant cells. So, we determined expressions of vascular metastasis related factors in orthotopic (parotid) murine models of parotid ACC and compared with those in ectopic (subcutis) tumors of athymic mice. Experimental Design: Using specimens from murine parotid (orthotopic, experimental group) and subcutaneous (ectopic, control group) tumors, which have developed via transplantation of tumor cells, originated from human parotid ACC, we performed immunohistochemical assays with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF, FGF2), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, and interleukin (IL)-8 antibodies. We also performed immunohistochemical assays with VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-1, VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, and phosphorylated VEGFR-2. Results: Transplantation of human ACC tumor cell $(5{\times}10^5)$ into the parotid and subcutis successfully resulted in orthotopic (parotid) and ectopic (subcutaneous) tumors in athymic mice. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated higher expression of major angiogenic factors (VEGF, bFGF, MMP-9) in the orthotopic tumors than in ectopic tumors (P<0.05). But the expression level of angiogenic receptors were same in orthotopic and ectopic tumors of parotid ACC. Conclusion: VEGF, bFGF, and MMP-9 could be a good candidates for antiangiogenic therapy for the contol of vascular metastatic lesions of salivary ACC.

Comparison of the diagnostic performance of panoramic and occlusal radiographs in detecting submandibular sialoliths

  • Kim, Jun Ho;Aoki, Eduardo Massaharu;Cortes, Arthur Rodriguez Gonzalez;Abdala-Junior, Reinaldo;Asaumi, Junichi;Arita, Emiko Saito
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.87-92
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the diagnostic performance of panoramic and occlusal radiographs in detecting submandibular sialoliths. Materials and Methods: A total of 40 patients (20 cases and 20 controls) were included in this retrospective study. Cases were defined as subjects with a submandibular sialolith confirmed by computed tomography (CT), whereas controls did not have any submandibular calcifications. Three observers with different expertise levels assessed panoramic and occlusal radiographs of all subjects for the presence of sialoliths. Intraobserver and interobserver agreement were assessed using the kappa test. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive values, and the diagnostic odds ratio of panoramic and occlusal radiographs in screening for submandibular sialoliths were calculated for each observer. Results: The sensitivity and specificity values for occlusal and panoramic radiographs all ranged from 80% to 100%. The lowest values of sensitivity and specificity observed among the observers were 82.6% and 80%, respectively (P=0.001). Intraobserver and interobserver agreement were higher for occlusal radiographs than for panoramic radiographs, although panoramic radiographs demonstrated a higher overall accuracy. Conclusion: Both panoramic and occlusal radiographic techniques displayed satisfactory diagnostic performance and should be considered before using a CT scan to detect submandibular sialoliths.

Application and usefulness of Ultrasound sonography in dentistry (영상치의학에서 초음파영상의 진단과유용성)

  • Choi, Yong Suk;Seo, Yoo Kyung;Kang, Ju Hee;Oh, Song Hee;Kim, Gyu Tae;Hwang, Eui Hwan
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.55 no.11
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    • pp.778-788
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    • 2017
  • Ultrasound sonography(US) is used to evaluate various diseases of oral and maxillofacial region including salivary glands, soft tissue and jaw lesions because of easy accessibility and no hazard of ionizing radiation. Also, US can offer dynamic study showing real-time images during diagnostic or surgical procedure. US images provide accurate information about the internal features of lesions on the jaw prior to surgical treatment. Doppler images are used to visualize the vascular distribution of the lesions and to provide additional information to enhance diagnostic value. It is necessary to evaluate the diagnostic value of US and evaluate its usefulness by looking at clinical cases using US images. Therefore, US imaging may be recommended as an assistant image in evaluating jaw lesions. US images provided accurate information about the internal structure of lesions on the jaw prior to surgical treatment, and diagnostic value was enhanced by visualizing the vascular distribution of the lesion using doppler imaging. We report the protocol and suggest the effectiveness of US for various lesions and US-guided sialography.

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Two Cases of Inflammatory Pseudotumor in Respiratory System (호흡기계에 발생한 염증성 가성종양 2예)

  • Kim, Jae-Gwon;Jeong, Nak-Yong;Kim, Kwang-Hyun;Kim, Hee-Sun;Lee, Won-Yeon;Yong, Suk-Joong;Shin, Kye-Chul;Yang, Seok-Woo;Jeong, Soon-Hee
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.394-401
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    • 1999
  • Inflammatory pseudotumor is a infrequent, benign tumor that affects at all ages and involves the lung, gastrointestinal tract, and salivary gland. They are the most common, isolated, primary lesion of the lung in children, and usually present as circumscribed, peripheral, parenchymal tumors or endobronchial tumors, which may be usually static or increase slowly in size without causing symptoms. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice because of the location and benign nature of this lesion. The prognosis after resection is excellent. Other therapeutic modalities include radiation and steroid therapy. We experienced two cases of inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung parenchyme and endobronchus. We report these cases with a review of literatures.

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A case report of the Pulmonary Malignant Lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue(MALT) (폐에 발생한 점막-연관 림프조직(MALT) 림프종 1예)

  • Ohn, Joon-Sang;Son, Hyung-Dae;Kim, Chang-Seon;Lee, Young-Sil;Yoon, Sang-Won;Rheu, Nam-Soo;Cho, Dong-Ill
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.1019-1027
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    • 1996
  • The pulmonary lymphomas were thought to originate in specialized lymphoid tissue that is associated with bronchial mucosa(bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue(BALT)), and they were categorized as mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue(MALT) lymphoma. MALT lymphoma consists of a monoclonal population of cell, in contrast to reactive lymphoid proliferation, which consists of polyclonal cells. Lymphoma arising from MALT(=MALToma) represents a distinct clinicopathologic features. It is usually localized 10 their original site for a long time and shows much more favorable prognosis than lymphoma at other site. Some MALT lymphoma could arise simultaneously or successively in different organ or that cells from MALT lymphoma might circulate and give rise to another lymphoma by homing in the MALT of another organ, such as breast, salivary gland, stomach etc, and can be multifocally disseminated or recurred. We report a case of low-grade B-cell lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue(MALT) of the lung, which was confirmed by open lung biopsy, immunohistochemistry and PCR assay.

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Effects of Cinnamaldehyde on Salivary Gland Tissue in Xerostomia Model

  • Choi, Ja-Hyeong;Lee, Jung-Hwa;Kim, Yeon-Hwa;Hyun, Kyung-Yae;Park, Chung-Mu;Lee, Min-Kyung
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.93-100
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    • 2020
  • Xerostomia is a relatively common oral disease that causes various problems such as pain, discomforted, tissue damage, and infection. When the activity of AQPs, which plays an important role in the microbial channel transmembrane activity in tissues, decreases saliva secretion and the oral cavity dryness occurs. In this study, we observed whether there was a change in tissue through the expression level of AQP-5 in the submandibular gland in the 4-DAMP-induced xerostomia model. First, in order to construct a xerostomia model, 4-DAMP (1 mg/kg) and 20% urethane (0.5 mL/kg) were administered intraperitoneal (i.p.) to experimental animals. To observe the changes in the submandibular gland was excised, H&E staining was performed and protein quantitation analysis was performed using the submandibular tissue to observe the changes in AQP5 protein expression involved in changes in saliva secretion. Also, cinnamaldehyde (5, 12.5, 25 and 50 mg/kg) dissolved in 20% DMSO, in distilled water for each concentration, and then orally administered at a dose of 1 mL for biopsy and protein quantitative analysis. As a result, it was observed that the submandibular tissue, a model of xerostomia was wider than the naïve group. And then western blot analysis, the expression level of AQP5 decreased in the 4-DAMP group compared to the naïve group, and the expression increased in the group administered orally with cinnamaldehyde. Therefore, administration of 4-DAMP resulted in histological changes for xerostomia, and cinnamaldehyde would be a material that can be developed by reducing xerostomia.

Clinical Value of fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy in Head and Neck Masses (두경부 종물에 대한 세침천자생검의 임상적 의의)

  • 김성근;강성호;김경래;이형석;김선곤
    • Proceedings of the KOR-BRONCHOESO Conference
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    • 1993.05a
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    • pp.103-103
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    • 1993
  • Fine needle aspiration biopsy(FNAB) is widely used in screening of head and neck(H&N) masses because it has high accuracy and few damage. The 235 cases of FNAB were performed on patient with H&N mass at the Department of Otolaryngology, Hanyang University Hospital during 1 years, from March 1985 to February 1992. The 188 of 235 were proven histologically, clinically. The results obtained were as follows ; 1) FNAB for malignant H&N mass shows sensitivity of 81.5% specificity of 96.8%. 2) FNAB for malignant LN shows sensitivity of 86.0%, specificity of 88.9%. 3) FNAB for salivary gland shows sensitivity of 66.7%, specificity 81.8%. 4) FNAB for soft tissues, bone, and intraoral lesions shows sensitivity of 90%, specificity 95.8%. 5) FNAB for tuberculosis shows false negative of 55.2%. 6) The result of FNAB was not closely related with location or size of neck nodes.

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MYOEPITHELIOMA ON SOFT PALATE -A CASE REPORT- (연구개에 발생한 근상피종 1예 -증례보고-)

  • Choi, Y.S.;Kim, J.K.;Kim, H.J.;Suh, C.H.;Cha, I.H.;Yoon, J.H.
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.115-119
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    • 1996
  • Myoepithelioma is composed exclusively of myoepithelial cells. Myoepithelial cells are ectodermally derived contractile cells that can be routinely identified in many normal tissues having secretory function such as major and minor salivary glands, lacrimal gland and sweat gland. Tumors composed exclusively of myoepithelial cells, so-called myoepitheliomas, are rare-less than 1% of all salivary gland tumors. Grossly, these tumors are well demarcated. The external surface is smooth and may be bosselated. The cut surface is white and homogenous. Microscopically, these tumors are surrounded by a thin fibrous capsule. They are composed of benign-appearing spindle- shaped and/or polygonal cells. Mitoses are rare. Frequently these tumors contain myxomatous stroma which is susceptible to alcial blue stain. Clinically, myoepitheliomas present as slow-glowing, painless masses and can not distinguished from pleomorphic adenomas. Treatment is the same as for pleomorphic adenoma, and the surgical excision should include a margin of normal tissue. Although the majority of myoepitheliomas have behaved in a beingn manner, pleomorphism and mitotic activity have been associated with local aggressiveness.

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The Effect of Salivary Gland of Streptozotocin Induced Diabetic Rats by Stress (스트레스가 Streptozotocin유도 당뇨백서의 타액선에 미치는 영향)

  • 김홍모;전양현;홍정표
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.65-80
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    • 1997
  • Cytochrome P450 is an oxidase involved in oxidation of alcohol and is known to be an activator of carcinogen. The present study was perfomed to analyze the effect of diabetes and cold stress on the expression of Cytochrome P450 IIE1(CYPIIE1) in the liver and salivary glands in rats by an immunoblot analysis. Sixty three divided into 4 groups; 1) 20 rats belonging to group I were allowed diabetes (40mg/kg. I.V.) 2) 20 rats of group II were bathed in cold water for 30 seconds twice a day 3) 20 rats comprising group III were received diabetes and cold stress as described above 4) 3 rats of group IV were selected as a control. The rats were sacrificed at the end of the same day 1, 2, 3, 4 weeks experiment. The liver and parotid glands were removed and stored at $-70^{\circ}C$ until use. The stored organs were homogenized for 10 seconds and the supernatants were obtained by centrifugation. The proteins of the supernatants were separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate- polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and subjected to Western blotting. The blotted membranes were incubated with polyclonal antibodies to CYPIIE1. And sepimens were observed with light microscope also under the Hematoxillin-Eosin staining. The obtained results were as follows : 1. In diabetes group, acini had changed to degeneration severely 1 week experiment, but repaired gradually in lapse of time. 2. In diabetes group, septal connective tissue had changed to degeneration little by little from 1 week after experiment, and progressed severely in lapse of time. 3. In stress group, acini had not changed remarkably, but slightly separated each other 3 weeks after experiment. 4. In diabetes and stress group, histological feature had changed remarkably campare with in the group of diabetes only. 5. In all experimental group, CTPIIE1 had expressed remarkably in the liver tissue, but not in the parotid gland tissues. 6. In diabetes and stress group, CYPIIE1 had expressed remarkably campare with in the group of diabetes only.

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