• Title, Summary, Keyword: Saccharum spontaneum

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Two unrecorded species from Korea: Anthoxanthum glabrum (Trin.) Veldkamp and Saccharum arundinaceum Retz. (Poaceae) (한국 미기록 벼과식물: 애기향모(Anthoxanthum glabrum (Trin.) Veldkamp)와 큰개사탕수수(Saccharum arundinaceum Retz.))

  • Jung, Su-Young;Lee, You-Mi;Park, Soo-Hyun;Yang, Jong-Cheol;Chang, Kae-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.81-86
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    • 2011
  • Two unrecorded Poaceae species, Anthoxanthum glabrum and Saccharum arundinaceum, are herein newly reported from Korea. Anthoxanthum glabrum (Ae-Gi-Hyang-Mo) was found in Ansan-si, Gyeonggi-do, Sangju-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do and Hwasun-gun, Jeollanam-do. It is distinguished from A. nitens by the length of its spikelet, glume and lemma. Saccharum arundinaceum (Keun-Gae-Sa-Tang-Su-Su) was found in Mapo-gu, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, and Hwasun-gun, Jeollanam-do. It is distinguished from S. spontaneum by hair on the lower glume and according to the length of the hair on the callus of its spikelet. In this study, a description and illustrations of the species and photos of the habitat are provided.

Pharmacological study of 'treenoponchomul'-an Ayurvedic diuretic preparation

  • Haque, Sabera;Hannan, JMA;Shahriar, Masum;Islam, M Naimul;Sattar, Mafruhi;Choudhuri, MSK
    • Advances in Traditional Medicine
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 2003
  • The pharmacological effects of an Ayurvedic diuretic drug 'Treenoponchomul' (TPM) was investigated in animal model. The pharmacological actions of the test drug along with that of the components thereof, on the Central Nervous System (CNS) were studied. The drug under study TPM showed little effect on the CNS, the same can not be said about the components. The most prominent CNS depressant effect was observed with Saccharum officinarum Linn. (EE) in that it lowered the spontaneous motor activity as well the exploratory -behavior of the animals. An exploration retarding effect of moderate degree, was evident with Imperata cylindrica Beauv. (UU), and Phragmites maxima Blatter & McCann (NN). Although the test drug did not alter the normal locomotor and/ or exploratory behavior of the treated animals, it did significantly (p<0.01) lower the locomotion of the amphetamine induced hyperactive animals. TPM along with its components (especially Desmostachya bipinnata Stapf. Root, KU), significantly reduced the gastro-intestinal motility of the treated animals (p<0.01). The test drug and its components lowered the body weight of the treated animals, on being administered chronically (30 days), with EE being the only exception.